Abstract

Spatial modulation (SM) has been proposed and studied in high-speed indoor optical wireless communication systems to improve the spectral efficiency and system capacity by exploring the spatial domain information of transmitters. However, the correct detection of active transmitter(s) is critical, and it typically requires precise channel state information (CSI) and low correlation between channel gains. To overcome this limit, in this paper an orthogonal-filters enhanced SM scheme is proposed for high-speed indoor optical wireless communication systems, where the use of orthogonal-filters can improve the correct detection of active transmitter(s) significantly. The proposed scheme is experimentally demonstrated, and results show that with 4-pulse amplitude modulation (PAM-4) and two transmitters, 7.5 Gb/s optical wireless data transmission is achieved with 2.5 GS/s symbol rate. The power penalty of proposed scheme on the receiver sensitivity is negligible, and the active transmitter(s) can be correctly detected even under high channel correlations and without CSI. The scalability of proposed orthogonal-filters enhanced SM scheme is also studied, and it is shown that higher dimensions can be realized to achieve higher spectral efficiency, which provides a promising solution in indoor optical wireless communications to achieve ultra-high bit rate.

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