Abstract

Optical mitigation of interchannel interference (ICI) for multiple spectrally overlapped data channels is experimentally demonstrated without multichannel detection and channel spacing estimation. The ICI mitigation takes place in three stages of periodically poled lithium niobate (PPLN) waveguides. In the first PPLN stage, the conjugate copies of channels are generated. In the second stage, the overlapped signals are coherently multiplexed with different complex taps. In the third stage, the concurrent nonlinear processes and the coherent multiplexing of the signals with their delayed copies compensate the ICI. The bit error rate and the constellation diagrams of wavelength division multiplexed (WDM) channels carrying quadrature phase-shift keying (QPSK) or 16 quadrature amplitude modulation (16-QAM) formats demonstrate the potential capability of the proposed method to reduce the ICI and its possible modulation format transparency. The effect of channel spacing on the performance of the method is also demonstrated. After optical ICI mitigation, a reduction of almost 4 dB is achieved for the value of optical signal-to-noise ratio at BER of 10–3 for 20-GBd QPSK signals with a channel spacing of 17.5 GHz. The overlapped WDM system of 20-GBd 16-QAM signals with channel spacing of 17.5 GHz is also ICI mitigated and error vector magnitudes are reduced by almost 28%.

© 2018 IEEE

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