Abstract

The availability of coarse-resolution cost-effective optical spectrum analyzers (OSAs) allows their widespread deployment in operators’ networks. In this paper, we explore several machine learning approaches for soft-failure detection, identification, and localization that take advantage of OSAs. In particular, we present three different solutions for the two most common filter-related soft-failures: filter shift and tight filtering, which noticeably deform the expected shape of the optical spectrum. However, filter cascading is a key challenge as it affects the shape of the optical spectrum similarly to the tight filtering; the approaches are specifically designed to avoid the misclassification of properly operating signals when normal filter cascading effects are present. The proposed solutions are as follows: First, the multi-classifier approach, which uses features extracted directly from the optical spectrum; second, the single-classifier approach, which uses preprocessed features to compensate for filter cascading; and third, the residual-based approach, which uses a residual signal computed from subtracting the signal acquired by OSAs from an expected signal synthetically generated. Extensive numerical results are ultimately presented to compare the performance of the proposed approaches in terms of accuracy and robustness.

© 2018 IEEE

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