Abstract

We demonstrate a novel fiber Bragg grating (FBG) temperature sensor based on lead sulfide (PbS)-doped silica optical fiber, prepared by atomic layer deposition (ALD) doping technique. The FBGs are fabricated using the phase mask method, without hydrogen loading. The temperature sensitivity of the FBG-PbS is found to be $\sim$ 19 pm/ $^\circ$ C within 20–150 $^\circ$ C, showing great linearity and repeatability. It is increased by approximately 60% compared to the temperature sensitivity of FBG in standard single mode fiber (SMF). Furthermore, the temperature characteristics of PbS-doped silica optical fiber are investigated. The thermal expansion coefficient and thermal-optic coefficient of PbS-doped silica fiber are 6.3 $\times\; 10^{-7}$ and 1.23 $\times\; 10^{-5}$ / $^\circ$ C, respectively. Moreover, the thermal-optic coefficient value of the PbS-doped silica optical fiber is nearly one order of magnitude higher than that of SMF. Therefore, the FBG based on PbS-doped silica optical fiber appears to be very attractive for the temperature sensing fields.

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