Abstract

A 1 × 2 integrated four-mode power splitter based on multimode interference is proposed and experimentally demonstrated for the first time. A three-dimensional simulation is used to optimize the core/cladding refractive index difference and the input waveguide position for the TE00, TE01, TE10, and TE11 input waveguide modes. Minimum insertion loss (IL) and mode-dependent loss (MDL) of 0.1 and 0.2 dB are predicted, respectively. IL and MDL less than 1 dB can be maintained over a bandwidth of approximately 50 and 25 nm, respectively. The device was fabricated on SiO2 and experimentally characterized. The variation of the power splitting ratio for each mode is less than 0.4 dB over the full C-band, and the excess losses of the splitter for all four modes exceed the IL of a straight waveguide by less than 1.85 dB.

© 2019 IEEE

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