Abstract

We propose the optimum design of high spatial density few-mode multicore fiber (MCF) for repeated space-division multiplexed (SDM) transmission. Numerical analyses reveal that a hexagonally arranged six-mode seven-core structure is potentially better than the other possibility, the six-mode multicore structure, in terms of realizing high spatial density and low mode-dependent loss (MDL) characteristics at the splice point; its benefits will enable us to construct long-haul dense SDM transmission links. We fabricate a 171 μm cladding six-mode seven-core fiber and successfully demonstrate low loss, differential mode delay (DMD), crosstalk, and splice-induced MDL characteristics while maintaining the relative core multiplicity factor of more than 50. Finally, we demonstrate repeated optical 12 × 12 MIMO transmission of more than 100 km using our six-mode MCF and erbium doped fiber amplifier (EDFA).

© 2018 IEEE

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