Abstract

Long period fiber gratings (LPFGs) were coated with iron (Fe) and exposed to oxidation in air and in water having different concentrations of sodium chloride (NaCl) to detect the formation of iron oxides and hydroxides. The process was monitored in real time by measuring the characteristics of the LPFGs attenuation bands. Thin films of Fe were deposited on top of silica (SiO2) substrates, annealed in air, and exposed to water with NaCl. The composition of the oxide and hydroxide layers was analyzed by SEM/EDS and X-ray diffraction. It observed the formation of oxide phases, Fe3O4 (magnetite), and Fe2O3 (hematite) when annealing in air, and Fe2(OH)3Cl (hibbingite) and FeO(OH) (lepidocrocite) when exposed to water with NaCl. Results shows that Fe-coated LPFGs can be used as sensors for real-time monitoring of corrosion in offshore and in coastal projects where metal structures made of iron alloys are in contact with sea or brackish water. In addition, LPFGs coated with hematite were characterized for sensing, leading to the conclusion that the sensitivity to the refractive index of the surrounding medium can be tuned by proper choice of hematite thickness.

© 2017 IEEE

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