Abstract

We present the demonstration of an integrated frequency modulated continuous wave LiDAR on a silicon platform. The waveform calibration, the scanning system, and the balanced detectors are implemented on a chip. Detection and ranging of a moving hard target at upto 60 m with less than 5 mW of output power is demonstrated in this paper.

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  1. A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, L. Lombard, M. Valla, A. Durécu, and C. Besson, “Long-range wind monitoring in real time with optimized coherent lidar,” Opt. Eng., vol. 56, no. 3, pp. 031 217–031 217, 2017.
  2. C. Weitkamp, Lidar: Range-Resolved Optical Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere, vol. 102. New York, NY, USA: Springer, 2006.
  3. P. Feneyrouet al., “Frequency-modulated multifunction lidar for anemometry, range finding and velocimetry–2.experimental results,” Appl. Opt., vol. 2, no. 57, pp. 9676–9685, 2018.
  4. P. Feneyrouet al., “Frequency-modulated multifunction lidar for anemometry, range finding and velocimetry–1.theory and signal processing,” Appl. Opt., vol. 2, no. 57, pp. 9663–9675, 2018.
  5. A. M. Pawlikowska, A. Halimi, R. A. Lamb, and G. S. Buller, “Single-photon three-dimensional imaging at up to 10 kilometers range,” Opt. Express, vol. 25, no. 10, pp. 11 919–11 931, 2017. [Online]. Available: http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-25-10-11919
  6. I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, L. Nenadovic, and N. R. Newbury, “Rapid and precise absolute distance measurements at long range,” Nature Photon., vol. 3, no. 6, pp. 351–356, 2009.
  7. C. Weimannet al., “Measurement of length and position with frequency combs,” in J. Phys, Conf. Ser., vol. 605, no. 1, 2015, Art. no. .
  8. P. Trochaet al., “Ultrafast optical ranging using microresonator soliton frequency combs,” Science, vol. 359, no. 6378, pp. 887–891, 2018.
  9. M.-G. Suh and K. Vahala, “Soliton microcomb range measurement,” Science, vol. 359, no. 6378, pp. 884–887, 2018.
  10. F. Aflatouni, B. Abiri, A. Rekhi, and A. Hajimiri, “Nanophotonic coherent imager,” Opt. Express, vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 5117–5125, 2015.
  11. B. Behroozpouret al., “Electronic-photonic integrated circuit for 3-D microimaging,” IEEE J. Solid, State Circuits, vol. 52, no. 1, pp. 161–172, 2017.
  12. C. V. Poultonet al., “Coherent solid-state lidar with silicon photonic optical phased arrays,” Opt. Lett., vol. 42, no. 20, pp. 4091–4094, 2017.
  13. Z. Du, G. Luo, Y. An, and J. Li, “Dynamic spectral characteristics measurement of DFB interband cascade laser under injection current tuning,” Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 109, no. 1, 2016, Art. no. . [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4955411
  14. T. DiLazaro and G. Nehmetallah, “Multi-terahertz frequency sweeps for high-resolution, frequency-modulated continuous wave ladar using a distributed feedback laser array,” Opt. Express, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 2327–2340, 2017.
  15. C. Scarcellaet al., “Plat4m: Progressing silicon photonics in Europe,” Photonics, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 1–10, 2016.
  16. P. Feneyrou, G. Pillet, and J. Minet, “Method for generating m demodulation signals,” Patent EP20150165519, 4, 2015. [Online]. Available: https://www.google.com/patents/EP2940522A1?cl=en

2018 (4)

P. Feneyrouet al., “Frequency-modulated multifunction lidar for anemometry, range finding and velocimetry–2.experimental results,” Appl. Opt., vol. 2, no. 57, pp. 9676–9685, 2018.

P. Feneyrouet al., “Frequency-modulated multifunction lidar for anemometry, range finding and velocimetry–1.theory and signal processing,” Appl. Opt., vol. 2, no. 57, pp. 9663–9675, 2018.

P. Trochaet al., “Ultrafast optical ranging using microresonator soliton frequency combs,” Science, vol. 359, no. 6378, pp. 887–891, 2018.

M.-G. Suh and K. Vahala, “Soliton microcomb range measurement,” Science, vol. 359, no. 6378, pp. 884–887, 2018.

2017 (5)

A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, L. Lombard, M. Valla, A. Durécu, and C. Besson, “Long-range wind monitoring in real time with optimized coherent lidar,” Opt. Eng., vol. 56, no. 3, pp. 031 217–031 217, 2017.

A. M. Pawlikowska, A. Halimi, R. A. Lamb, and G. S. Buller, “Single-photon three-dimensional imaging at up to 10 kilometers range,” Opt. Express, vol. 25, no. 10, pp. 11 919–11 931, 2017. [Online]. Available: http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-25-10-11919

B. Behroozpouret al., “Electronic-photonic integrated circuit for 3-D microimaging,” IEEE J. Solid, State Circuits, vol. 52, no. 1, pp. 161–172, 2017.

C. V. Poultonet al., “Coherent solid-state lidar with silicon photonic optical phased arrays,” Opt. Lett., vol. 42, no. 20, pp. 4091–4094, 2017.

T. DiLazaro and G. Nehmetallah, “Multi-terahertz frequency sweeps for high-resolution, frequency-modulated continuous wave ladar using a distributed feedback laser array,” Opt. Express, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 2327–2340, 2017.

2016 (2)

C. Scarcellaet al., “Plat4m: Progressing silicon photonics in Europe,” Photonics, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 1–10, 2016.

Z. Du, G. Luo, Y. An, and J. Li, “Dynamic spectral characteristics measurement of DFB interband cascade laser under injection current tuning,” Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 109, no. 1, 2016, Art. no. . [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4955411

2015 (2)

C. Weimannet al., “Measurement of length and position with frequency combs,” in J. Phys, Conf. Ser., vol. 605, no. 1, 2015, Art. no. .

F. Aflatouni, B. Abiri, A. Rekhi, and A. Hajimiri, “Nanophotonic coherent imager,” Opt. Express, vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 5117–5125, 2015.

2009 (1)

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, L. Nenadovic, and N. R. Newbury, “Rapid and precise absolute distance measurements at long range,” Nature Photon., vol. 3, no. 6, pp. 351–356, 2009.

Abiri, B.

Aflatouni, F.

An, Y.

Z. Du, G. Luo, Y. An, and J. Li, “Dynamic spectral characteristics measurement of DFB interband cascade laser under injection current tuning,” Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 109, no. 1, 2016, Art. no. . [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4955411

Behroozpour, B.

B. Behroozpouret al., “Electronic-photonic integrated circuit for 3-D microimaging,” IEEE J. Solid, State Circuits, vol. 52, no. 1, pp. 161–172, 2017.

Besson, C.

A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, L. Lombard, M. Valla, A. Durécu, and C. Besson, “Long-range wind monitoring in real time with optimized coherent lidar,” Opt. Eng., vol. 56, no. 3, pp. 031 217–031 217, 2017.

Buller, G. S.

A. M. Pawlikowska, A. Halimi, R. A. Lamb, and G. S. Buller, “Single-photon three-dimensional imaging at up to 10 kilometers range,” Opt. Express, vol. 25, no. 10, pp. 11 919–11 931, 2017. [Online]. Available: http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-25-10-11919

Canat, G.

A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, L. Lombard, M. Valla, A. Durécu, and C. Besson, “Long-range wind monitoring in real time with optimized coherent lidar,” Opt. Eng., vol. 56, no. 3, pp. 031 217–031 217, 2017.

Coddington, I.

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, L. Nenadovic, and N. R. Newbury, “Rapid and precise absolute distance measurements at long range,” Nature Photon., vol. 3, no. 6, pp. 351–356, 2009.

DiLazaro, T.

Dolfi-Bouteyre, A.

A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, L. Lombard, M. Valla, A. Durécu, and C. Besson, “Long-range wind monitoring in real time with optimized coherent lidar,” Opt. Eng., vol. 56, no. 3, pp. 031 217–031 217, 2017.

Du, Z.

Z. Du, G. Luo, Y. An, and J. Li, “Dynamic spectral characteristics measurement of DFB interband cascade laser under injection current tuning,” Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 109, no. 1, 2016, Art. no. . [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4955411

Durécu, A.

A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, L. Lombard, M. Valla, A. Durécu, and C. Besson, “Long-range wind monitoring in real time with optimized coherent lidar,” Opt. Eng., vol. 56, no. 3, pp. 031 217–031 217, 2017.

Feneyrou, P.

P. Feneyrouet al., “Frequency-modulated multifunction lidar for anemometry, range finding and velocimetry–2.experimental results,” Appl. Opt., vol. 2, no. 57, pp. 9676–9685, 2018.

P. Feneyrouet al., “Frequency-modulated multifunction lidar for anemometry, range finding and velocimetry–1.theory and signal processing,” Appl. Opt., vol. 2, no. 57, pp. 9663–9675, 2018.

P. Feneyrou, G. Pillet, and J. Minet, “Method for generating m demodulation signals,” Patent EP20150165519, 4, 2015. [Online]. Available: https://www.google.com/patents/EP2940522A1?cl=en

Hajimiri, A.

Halimi, A.

A. M. Pawlikowska, A. Halimi, R. A. Lamb, and G. S. Buller, “Single-photon three-dimensional imaging at up to 10 kilometers range,” Opt. Express, vol. 25, no. 10, pp. 11 919–11 931, 2017. [Online]. Available: http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-25-10-11919

Lamb, R. A.

A. M. Pawlikowska, A. Halimi, R. A. Lamb, and G. S. Buller, “Single-photon three-dimensional imaging at up to 10 kilometers range,” Opt. Express, vol. 25, no. 10, pp. 11 919–11 931, 2017. [Online]. Available: http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-25-10-11919

Li, J.

Z. Du, G. Luo, Y. An, and J. Li, “Dynamic spectral characteristics measurement of DFB interband cascade laser under injection current tuning,” Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 109, no. 1, 2016, Art. no. . [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4955411

Lombard, L.

A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, L. Lombard, M. Valla, A. Durécu, and C. Besson, “Long-range wind monitoring in real time with optimized coherent lidar,” Opt. Eng., vol. 56, no. 3, pp. 031 217–031 217, 2017.

Luo, G.

Z. Du, G. Luo, Y. An, and J. Li, “Dynamic spectral characteristics measurement of DFB interband cascade laser under injection current tuning,” Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 109, no. 1, 2016, Art. no. . [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4955411

Minet, J.

P. Feneyrou, G. Pillet, and J. Minet, “Method for generating m demodulation signals,” Patent EP20150165519, 4, 2015. [Online]. Available: https://www.google.com/patents/EP2940522A1?cl=en

Nehmetallah, G.

Nenadovic, L.

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, L. Nenadovic, and N. R. Newbury, “Rapid and precise absolute distance measurements at long range,” Nature Photon., vol. 3, no. 6, pp. 351–356, 2009.

Newbury, N. R.

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, L. Nenadovic, and N. R. Newbury, “Rapid and precise absolute distance measurements at long range,” Nature Photon., vol. 3, no. 6, pp. 351–356, 2009.

Pawlikowska, A. M.

A. M. Pawlikowska, A. Halimi, R. A. Lamb, and G. S. Buller, “Single-photon three-dimensional imaging at up to 10 kilometers range,” Opt. Express, vol. 25, no. 10, pp. 11 919–11 931, 2017. [Online]. Available: http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-25-10-11919

Pillet, G.

P. Feneyrou, G. Pillet, and J. Minet, “Method for generating m demodulation signals,” Patent EP20150165519, 4, 2015. [Online]. Available: https://www.google.com/patents/EP2940522A1?cl=en

Poulton, C. V.

Rekhi, A.

Scarcella, C.

C. Scarcellaet al., “Plat4m: Progressing silicon photonics in Europe,” Photonics, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 1–10, 2016.

Suh, M.-G.

M.-G. Suh and K. Vahala, “Soliton microcomb range measurement,” Science, vol. 359, no. 6378, pp. 884–887, 2018.

Swann, W. C.

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, L. Nenadovic, and N. R. Newbury, “Rapid and precise absolute distance measurements at long range,” Nature Photon., vol. 3, no. 6, pp. 351–356, 2009.

Trocha, P.

P. Trochaet al., “Ultrafast optical ranging using microresonator soliton frequency combs,” Science, vol. 359, no. 6378, pp. 887–891, 2018.

Vahala, K.

M.-G. Suh and K. Vahala, “Soliton microcomb range measurement,” Science, vol. 359, no. 6378, pp. 884–887, 2018.

Valla, M.

A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, L. Lombard, M. Valla, A. Durécu, and C. Besson, “Long-range wind monitoring in real time with optimized coherent lidar,” Opt. Eng., vol. 56, no. 3, pp. 031 217–031 217, 2017.

Weimann, C.

C. Weimannet al., “Measurement of length and position with frequency combs,” in J. Phys, Conf. Ser., vol. 605, no. 1, 2015, Art. no. .

Weitkamp, C.

C. Weitkamp, Lidar: Range-Resolved Optical Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere, vol. 102. New York, NY, USA: Springer, 2006.

Appl. Opt. (2)

P. Feneyrouet al., “Frequency-modulated multifunction lidar for anemometry, range finding and velocimetry–2.experimental results,” Appl. Opt., vol. 2, no. 57, pp. 9676–9685, 2018.

P. Feneyrouet al., “Frequency-modulated multifunction lidar for anemometry, range finding and velocimetry–1.theory and signal processing,” Appl. Opt., vol. 2, no. 57, pp. 9663–9675, 2018.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Z. Du, G. Luo, Y. An, and J. Li, “Dynamic spectral characteristics measurement of DFB interband cascade laser under injection current tuning,” Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 109, no. 1, 2016, Art. no. . [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4955411

IEEE J. Solid, State Circuits (1)

B. Behroozpouret al., “Electronic-photonic integrated circuit for 3-D microimaging,” IEEE J. Solid, State Circuits, vol. 52, no. 1, pp. 161–172, 2017.

J. Phys, Conf. Ser. (1)

C. Weimannet al., “Measurement of length and position with frequency combs,” in J. Phys, Conf. Ser., vol. 605, no. 1, 2015, Art. no. .

Nature Photon. (1)

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, L. Nenadovic, and N. R. Newbury, “Rapid and precise absolute distance measurements at long range,” Nature Photon., vol. 3, no. 6, pp. 351–356, 2009.

Opt. Eng. (1)

A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, L. Lombard, M. Valla, A. Durécu, and C. Besson, “Long-range wind monitoring in real time with optimized coherent lidar,” Opt. Eng., vol. 56, no. 3, pp. 031 217–031 217, 2017.

Opt. Express (3)

A. M. Pawlikowska, A. Halimi, R. A. Lamb, and G. S. Buller, “Single-photon three-dimensional imaging at up to 10 kilometers range,” Opt. Express, vol. 25, no. 10, pp. 11 919–11 931, 2017. [Online]. Available: http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-25-10-11919

F. Aflatouni, B. Abiri, A. Rekhi, and A. Hajimiri, “Nanophotonic coherent imager,” Opt. Express, vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 5117–5125, 2015.

T. DiLazaro and G. Nehmetallah, “Multi-terahertz frequency sweeps for high-resolution, frequency-modulated continuous wave ladar using a distributed feedback laser array,” Opt. Express, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 2327–2340, 2017.

Opt. Lett. (1)

Photonics (1)

C. Scarcellaet al., “Plat4m: Progressing silicon photonics in Europe,” Photonics, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 1–10, 2016.

Science (2)

P. Trochaet al., “Ultrafast optical ranging using microresonator soliton frequency combs,” Science, vol. 359, no. 6378, pp. 887–891, 2018.

M.-G. Suh and K. Vahala, “Soliton microcomb range measurement,” Science, vol. 359, no. 6378, pp. 884–887, 2018.

Other (2)

C. Weitkamp, Lidar: Range-Resolved Optical Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere, vol. 102. New York, NY, USA: Springer, 2006.

P. Feneyrou, G. Pillet, and J. Minet, “Method for generating m demodulation signals,” Patent EP20150165519, 4, 2015. [Online]. Available: https://www.google.com/patents/EP2940522A1?cl=en

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