We propose two-photon absorption light-induced self-written (LISW) waveguide formation using short-wavelength infrared pulse laser light. It is suitable and efficient for single-mode optical interconnection, and also promising for small-core single-mode optical interconnection. The approach offers the possibility of not only decreasing the insertion loss, but also reducing the interconnection task time. We assessed this approach for single-mode optical interconnection. We obtained an LISW waveguide loss of about 0.06 dB for an LISW waveguide length of 100 μm and a connection loss per facet of about 0.37 dB. We also presented the results on the interconnection between high-numerical-aperture small-core thermally-diffused expanded-core single-mode fibers having the mode field diameters of about 3 μm by using the same approach. The results showed the present approach to be a promising alternative route for efficient interconnection of small-core single-mode optical devices, such as silicon nanowires with appropriate configurations.
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