Abstract

A high-sensitivity Fabry–Perot interferometer (FPI) strain sensor based on a concave-core photonic crystal fiber (CPCF) was proposed and demonstrated. The FPI was formed by directly splicing a CPCF to a standard single-mode fiber. The CPCF was fabricated by cleaving a high-numerical-aperture solid-core photonic crystal fiber under axial tension using a traditional fiber cleaver. An FPI strain sensor with a cavity length of 4.85 μm and a strain sensitivity of 31.58 pm/με was successfully produced. The sensor also demonstrated a low temperature sensitivity of 0.653 pm/°C, reducing the cross-sensitivity between tensile strain and temperature. The benefits of the proposed sensor include simple fabrication, high strain sensitivity, and low temperature cross-sensitivity, making it attractive for practical applications.

© 2018 IEEE

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