Abstract

We demonstrated guard-band-less dense wavelength division multiplex signal amplification with a phase sensitive amplifier (PSA). The PSA consists of periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide that employs two-stage nonlinear process, namely second-harmonic generation and optical parametric amplification, which makes it possible to mitigate the crosstalk induced by the optical parametric interaction between DWDM channels. The PSA amplified 16-channel signals simultaneously with a gain of 17 dB over 12-nm wavelength range. We demonstrated a 2.5-dB signal-to-noise-ratio improvement and a low noise figure of 2.1 dB below the 3-dB quantum limit. We achieved the amplification of a 10-Gbaud quadrature phase shift keying signal with phase and amplitude regeneration.

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  1. R. Essiambre and R. W. Tkach, “Capacity trends and limits of optical communication networks,” Proc. IEEE, vol. 100, no. 5, pp. 1035–1055, 2012.
  2. C. M. Caves, “Quantum limits on noise in linear amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. D, vol. 26, no. 8, pp. 1817–1839, 1982.
  3. K. Croussore and G. Li, “Phase regeneration of NRZ-DPSK signals based on symmetric-pump phase-sensitive amplification,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 19, no. 11, pp. 864–866, 2007.
  4. W. Imajuku, A. Takada, and Y. Yamabayashi, “Low-noise amplification under the 3-dB noise figure in a high gain phase-sensitive fiber amplifier,” Electron. Lett., vol. 35, no. 22, pp. 1954–1955, 1999.
  5. T. Umeki, O. Tadanaga, A. Takada, and M. Asobe, “Phase sensitive degenerate parametric amplification using directly-bonded PPLN ridge waveguides,” Opt. Express, vol. 19, no. 7, pp. 6326–6332, 2011.
  6. C. J. McKinstrie and S. Radic, “Phase-sensitive amplification in a fiber,” Opt. Express, vol. 20, no. 20, pp. 4973–4979, 2004.
  7. B. J. Puttnam, D. Mazroa, S. Shinada, and N. Wada, “Phase-squeezing properties of non-degenerate PSAs using PPLN waveguides,” Opt. Express, vol. 19, no. 26, pp. B131–B139, 2011.
  8. Z. Tong, C. Lundström, E. Tipsuwannakul, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive amplified DWDM DQPSK signals using free-running Lasers with 6-dB link SNR improvement over EDFA-based systems,” presented at the Eur. Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication, Torino, Italy, 2010, Paper PDP1.3.
  9. B. J. Puttnam, A. Szabo, D. Mazroa, S. Shinada, and N. Wada, “Multi-channel phase squeezing in a PPLN-PPLN PSA,” presented at the Optical Fiber Commun. Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2012, Paper OW3C.6.
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  13. P. L. Voss, K. G. Köprulu, and P. Kumar, “Raman-noise-induced quantum limits for χ(3) nondegenerate phase-sensitive amplification and quadrature squeezing,” J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 598–610, 2006.
  14. Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, M. Karlsson, and A. Bogris, “Ultralow noise, broadband phase-sensitive optical amplifiers, and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics. Quantum Electron., vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 1016–1032, 2012.
  15. Á. Szabóet al., “Numerical comparison of WDM interchannel crosstalk in FOPA- and PPLN-based PSAs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 26, no. 15, pp. 1503–1506, 2014.
  16. T. Kazamaet al., “Low-noise phase-sensitive amplifier for guard-band-less 16-channel DWDM signal using PPLN waveguides,” presented at the Optical Fiber Conf., Anaheim, 2016, Paper M3D.1.
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  20. M. Asobe, T. Umeki, and O. Tadanaga, “Phase sensitive amplification with noise figure below the 3 dB quantum limit using CW pumped PPLN waveguide,” Opt. Express, vol. 20, pp. 13164–13172, 2012.
  21. T. Umekiet al., “PDM signal amplification using PPLN based polarization-independent phase-sensitive amplifier,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 33, no. 7, pp. 1326–1332, 2015.

2015 (1)

T. Umekiet al., “PDM signal amplification using PPLN based polarization-independent phase-sensitive amplifier,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 33, no. 7, pp. 1326–1332, 2015.

2014 (1)

Á. Szabóet al., “Numerical comparison of WDM interchannel crosstalk in FOPA- and PPLN-based PSAs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 26, no. 15, pp. 1503–1506, 2014.

2012 (3)

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, M. Karlsson, and A. Bogris, “Ultralow noise, broadband phase-sensitive optical amplifiers, and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics. Quantum Electron., vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 1016–1032, 2012.

M. Asobe, T. Umeki, and O. Tadanaga, “Phase sensitive amplification with noise figure below the 3 dB quantum limit using CW pumped PPLN waveguide,” Opt. Express, vol. 20, pp. 13164–13172, 2012.

R. Essiambre and R. W. Tkach, “Capacity trends and limits of optical communication networks,” Proc. IEEE, vol. 100, no. 5, pp. 1035–1055, 2012.

2011 (2)

T. Umeki, O. Tadanaga, A. Takada, and M. Asobe, “Phase sensitive degenerate parametric amplification using directly-bonded PPLN ridge waveguides,” Opt. Express, vol. 19, no. 7, pp. 6326–6332, 2011.

B. J. Puttnam, D. Mazroa, S. Shinada, and N. Wada, “Phase-squeezing properties of non-degenerate PSAs using PPLN waveguides,” Opt. Express, vol. 19, no. 26, pp. B131–B139, 2011.

2010 (2)

Z. Tonget al., “Modeling and measurement of noise figure in a cascaded non-degenerate phase-sensitive parametric amplifier,” Opt. Express, vol. 18, no. 14, pp. 14820–14835, 2010.

T. Umeki, O. Tadanaga, and M. Asobe, “Highly efficient wavelength converter using direct-bonded PPZnLN ridge waveguide,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 46, no. 8, pp. 1206–1213, 2010.

2007 (1)

K. Croussore and G. Li, “Phase regeneration of NRZ-DPSK signals based on symmetric-pump phase-sensitive amplification,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 19, no. 11, pp. 864–866, 2007.

2006 (2)

T. Yanagawaet al., “Simultaneous observation of co isotopomer absorption by broadband difference-frequency generation using a direct-bonded quasi-phase-matched linbo3 waveguide,” Opt. Lett., vol. 31, no. 7, pp. 960–962, 2006.

P. L. Voss, K. G. Köprulu, and P. Kumar, “Raman-noise-induced quantum limits for χ(3) nondegenerate phase-sensitive amplification and quadrature squeezing,” J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 598–610, 2006.

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

C. J. McKinstrie and S. Radic, “Phase-sensitive amplification in a fiber,” Opt. Express, vol. 20, no. 20, pp. 4973–4979, 2004.

1999 (1)

W. Imajuku, A. Takada, and Y. Yamabayashi, “Low-noise amplification under the 3-dB noise figure in a high gain phase-sensitive fiber amplifier,” Electron. Lett., vol. 35, no. 22, pp. 1954–1955, 1999.

1997 (1)

1982 (1)

C. M. Caves, “Quantum limits on noise in linear amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. D, vol. 26, no. 8, pp. 1817–1839, 1982.

Andrekson, P. A.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, M. Karlsson, and A. Bogris, “Ultralow noise, broadband phase-sensitive optical amplifiers, and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics. Quantum Electron., vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 1016–1032, 2012.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, E. Tipsuwannakul, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive amplified DWDM DQPSK signals using free-running Lasers with 6-dB link SNR improvement over EDFA-based systems,” presented at the Eur. Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication, Torino, Italy, 2010, Paper PDP1.3.

Asobe, M.

M. Asobe, T. Umeki, and O. Tadanaga, “Phase sensitive amplification with noise figure below the 3 dB quantum limit using CW pumped PPLN waveguide,” Opt. Express, vol. 20, pp. 13164–13172, 2012.

T. Umeki, O. Tadanaga, A. Takada, and M. Asobe, “Phase sensitive degenerate parametric amplification using directly-bonded PPLN ridge waveguides,” Opt. Express, vol. 19, no. 7, pp. 6326–6332, 2011.

T. Umeki, O. Tadanaga, and M. Asobe, “Highly efficient wavelength converter using direct-bonded PPZnLN ridge waveguide,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 46, no. 8, pp. 1206–1213, 2010.

Bogris, A.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, M. Karlsson, and A. Bogris, “Ultralow noise, broadband phase-sensitive optical amplifiers, and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics. Quantum Electron., vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 1016–1032, 2012.

Caves, C. M.

C. M. Caves, “Quantum limits on noise in linear amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. D, vol. 26, no. 8, pp. 1817–1839, 1982.

Croussore, K.

K. Croussore and G. Li, “Phase regeneration of NRZ-DPSK signals based on symmetric-pump phase-sensitive amplification,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 19, no. 11, pp. 864–866, 2007.

Essiambre, R.

R. Essiambre and R. W. Tkach, “Capacity trends and limits of optical communication networks,” Proc. IEEE, vol. 100, no. 5, pp. 1035–1055, 2012.

Imajuku, W.

W. Imajuku, A. Takada, and Y. Yamabayashi, “Low-noise amplification under the 3-dB noise figure in a high gain phase-sensitive fiber amplifier,” Electron. Lett., vol. 35, no. 22, pp. 1954–1955, 1999.

Jundt, D. H.

Karlsson, M.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, M. Karlsson, and A. Bogris, “Ultralow noise, broadband phase-sensitive optical amplifiers, and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics. Quantum Electron., vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 1016–1032, 2012.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, E. Tipsuwannakul, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive amplified DWDM DQPSK signals using free-running Lasers with 6-dB link SNR improvement over EDFA-based systems,” presented at the Eur. Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication, Torino, Italy, 2010, Paper PDP1.3.

Kazama, T.

T. Kazamaet al., “Low-noise phase-sensitive amplifier for guard-band-less 16-channel DWDM signal using PPLN waveguides,” presented at the Optical Fiber Conf., Anaheim, 2016, Paper M3D.1.

Köprulu, K. G.

P. L. Voss, K. G. Köprulu, and P. Kumar, “Raman-noise-induced quantum limits for χ(3) nondegenerate phase-sensitive amplification and quadrature squeezing,” J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 598–610, 2006.

Kumar, P.

P. L. Voss, K. G. Köprulu, and P. Kumar, “Raman-noise-induced quantum limits for χ(3) nondegenerate phase-sensitive amplification and quadrature squeezing,” J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 598–610, 2006.

Li, G.

K. Croussore and G. Li, “Phase regeneration of NRZ-DPSK signals based on symmetric-pump phase-sensitive amplification,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 19, no. 11, pp. 864–866, 2007.

Lundström, C.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, M. Karlsson, and A. Bogris, “Ultralow noise, broadband phase-sensitive optical amplifiers, and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics. Quantum Electron., vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 1016–1032, 2012.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, E. Tipsuwannakul, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive amplified DWDM DQPSK signals using free-running Lasers with 6-dB link SNR improvement over EDFA-based systems,” presented at the Eur. Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication, Torino, Italy, 2010, Paper PDP1.3.

Mazroa, D.

B. J. Puttnam, D. Mazroa, S. Shinada, and N. Wada, “Phase-squeezing properties of non-degenerate PSAs using PPLN waveguides,” Opt. Express, vol. 19, no. 26, pp. B131–B139, 2011.

B. J. Puttnam, A. Szabo, D. Mazroa, S. Shinada, and N. Wada, “Multi-channel phase squeezing in a PPLN-PPLN PSA,” presented at the Optical Fiber Commun. Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2012, Paper OW3C.6.

McKinstrie, C. J.

C. J. McKinstrie and S. Radic, “Phase-sensitive amplification in a fiber,” Opt. Express, vol. 20, no. 20, pp. 4973–4979, 2004.

Puttnam, B. J.

B. J. Puttnam, D. Mazroa, S. Shinada, and N. Wada, “Phase-squeezing properties of non-degenerate PSAs using PPLN waveguides,” Opt. Express, vol. 19, no. 26, pp. B131–B139, 2011.

B. J. Puttnam, A. Szabo, D. Mazroa, S. Shinada, and N. Wada, “Multi-channel phase squeezing in a PPLN-PPLN PSA,” presented at the Optical Fiber Commun. Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2012, Paper OW3C.6.

Radic, S.

C. J. McKinstrie and S. Radic, “Phase-sensitive amplification in a fiber,” Opt. Express, vol. 20, no. 20, pp. 4973–4979, 2004.

Shinada, S.

B. J. Puttnam, D. Mazroa, S. Shinada, and N. Wada, “Phase-squeezing properties of non-degenerate PSAs using PPLN waveguides,” Opt. Express, vol. 19, no. 26, pp. B131–B139, 2011.

B. J. Puttnam, A. Szabo, D. Mazroa, S. Shinada, and N. Wada, “Multi-channel phase squeezing in a PPLN-PPLN PSA,” presented at the Optical Fiber Commun. Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2012, Paper OW3C.6.

Szabo, A.

B. J. Puttnam, A. Szabo, D. Mazroa, S. Shinada, and N. Wada, “Multi-channel phase squeezing in a PPLN-PPLN PSA,” presented at the Optical Fiber Commun. Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2012, Paper OW3C.6.

Szabó,

Á. Szabóet al., “Numerical comparison of WDM interchannel crosstalk in FOPA- and PPLN-based PSAs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 26, no. 15, pp. 1503–1506, 2014.

Tadanaga, O.

M. Asobe, T. Umeki, and O. Tadanaga, “Phase sensitive amplification with noise figure below the 3 dB quantum limit using CW pumped PPLN waveguide,” Opt. Express, vol. 20, pp. 13164–13172, 2012.

T. Umeki, O. Tadanaga, A. Takada, and M. Asobe, “Phase sensitive degenerate parametric amplification using directly-bonded PPLN ridge waveguides,” Opt. Express, vol. 19, no. 7, pp. 6326–6332, 2011.

T. Umeki, O. Tadanaga, and M. Asobe, “Highly efficient wavelength converter using direct-bonded PPZnLN ridge waveguide,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 46, no. 8, pp. 1206–1213, 2010.

Takada, A.

T. Umeki, O. Tadanaga, A. Takada, and M. Asobe, “Phase sensitive degenerate parametric amplification using directly-bonded PPLN ridge waveguides,” Opt. Express, vol. 19, no. 7, pp. 6326–6332, 2011.

W. Imajuku, A. Takada, and Y. Yamabayashi, “Low-noise amplification under the 3-dB noise figure in a high gain phase-sensitive fiber amplifier,” Electron. Lett., vol. 35, no. 22, pp. 1954–1955, 1999.

Tang, R.

Tipsuwannakul, E.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, E. Tipsuwannakul, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive amplified DWDM DQPSK signals using free-running Lasers with 6-dB link SNR improvement over EDFA-based systems,” presented at the Eur. Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication, Torino, Italy, 2010, Paper PDP1.3.

Tkach, R. W.

R. Essiambre and R. W. Tkach, “Capacity trends and limits of optical communication networks,” Proc. IEEE, vol. 100, no. 5, pp. 1035–1055, 2012.

Tong, Z.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, M. Karlsson, and A. Bogris, “Ultralow noise, broadband phase-sensitive optical amplifiers, and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics. Quantum Electron., vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 1016–1032, 2012.

Z. Tonget al., “Modeling and measurement of noise figure in a cascaded non-degenerate phase-sensitive parametric amplifier,” Opt. Express, vol. 18, no. 14, pp. 14820–14835, 2010.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, E. Tipsuwannakul, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive amplified DWDM DQPSK signals using free-running Lasers with 6-dB link SNR improvement over EDFA-based systems,” presented at the Eur. Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication, Torino, Italy, 2010, Paper PDP1.3.

Umeki, T.

T. Umekiet al., “PDM signal amplification using PPLN based polarization-independent phase-sensitive amplifier,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 33, no. 7, pp. 1326–1332, 2015.

M. Asobe, T. Umeki, and O. Tadanaga, “Phase sensitive amplification with noise figure below the 3 dB quantum limit using CW pumped PPLN waveguide,” Opt. Express, vol. 20, pp. 13164–13172, 2012.

T. Umeki, O. Tadanaga, A. Takada, and M. Asobe, “Phase sensitive degenerate parametric amplification using directly-bonded PPLN ridge waveguides,” Opt. Express, vol. 19, no. 7, pp. 6326–6332, 2011.

T. Umeki, O. Tadanaga, and M. Asobe, “Highly efficient wavelength converter using direct-bonded PPZnLN ridge waveguide,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 46, no. 8, pp. 1206–1213, 2010.

Vasilyev, M.

M. Vasilyev, “Phase-sensitive amplification in optical fibers,” presented at the Frontiers in Optics, Technical Digest Series, Tucson, AZ, USA, 2005, Paper FThB1.

Voss, P. L.

P. L. Voss, K. G. Köprulu, and P. Kumar, “Raman-noise-induced quantum limits for χ(3) nondegenerate phase-sensitive amplification and quadrature squeezing,” J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 598–610, 2006.

Wada, N.

B. J. Puttnam, D. Mazroa, S. Shinada, and N. Wada, “Phase-squeezing properties of non-degenerate PSAs using PPLN waveguides,” Opt. Express, vol. 19, no. 26, pp. B131–B139, 2011.

B. J. Puttnam, A. Szabo, D. Mazroa, S. Shinada, and N. Wada, “Multi-channel phase squeezing in a PPLN-PPLN PSA,” presented at the Optical Fiber Commun. Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2012, Paper OW3C.6.

Yamabayashi, Y.

W. Imajuku, A. Takada, and Y. Yamabayashi, “Low-noise amplification under the 3-dB noise figure in a high gain phase-sensitive fiber amplifier,” Electron. Lett., vol. 35, no. 22, pp. 1954–1955, 1999.

Yanagawa, T.

Electron. Lett. (1)

W. Imajuku, A. Takada, and Y. Yamabayashi, “Low-noise amplification under the 3-dB noise figure in a high gain phase-sensitive fiber amplifier,” Electron. Lett., vol. 35, no. 22, pp. 1954–1955, 1999.

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

T. Umeki, O. Tadanaga, and M. Asobe, “Highly efficient wavelength converter using direct-bonded PPZnLN ridge waveguide,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 46, no. 8, pp. 1206–1213, 2010.

IEEE J. Sel. Topics. Quantum Electron. (1)

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, M. Karlsson, and A. Bogris, “Ultralow noise, broadband phase-sensitive optical amplifiers, and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics. Quantum Electron., vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 1016–1032, 2012.

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

Á. Szabóet al., “Numerical comparison of WDM interchannel crosstalk in FOPA- and PPLN-based PSAs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 26, no. 15, pp. 1503–1506, 2014.

K. Croussore and G. Li, “Phase regeneration of NRZ-DPSK signals based on symmetric-pump phase-sensitive amplification,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 19, no. 11, pp. 864–866, 2007.

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

T. Umekiet al., “PDM signal amplification using PPLN based polarization-independent phase-sensitive amplifier,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 33, no. 7, pp. 1326–1332, 2015.

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B (1)

P. L. Voss, K. G. Köprulu, and P. Kumar, “Raman-noise-induced quantum limits for χ(3) nondegenerate phase-sensitive amplification and quadrature squeezing,” J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 598–610, 2006.

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Express, (1)

T. Umeki, O. Tadanaga, A. Takada, and M. Asobe, “Phase sensitive degenerate parametric amplification using directly-bonded PPLN ridge waveguides,” Opt. Express, vol. 19, no. 7, pp. 6326–6332, 2011.

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. D (1)

C. M. Caves, “Quantum limits on noise in linear amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. D, vol. 26, no. 8, pp. 1817–1839, 1982.

Proc. IEEE (1)

R. Essiambre and R. W. Tkach, “Capacity trends and limits of optical communication networks,” Proc. IEEE, vol. 100, no. 5, pp. 1035–1055, 2012.

Other (4)

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, E. Tipsuwannakul, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive amplified DWDM DQPSK signals using free-running Lasers with 6-dB link SNR improvement over EDFA-based systems,” presented at the Eur. Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication, Torino, Italy, 2010, Paper PDP1.3.

B. J. Puttnam, A. Szabo, D. Mazroa, S. Shinada, and N. Wada, “Multi-channel phase squeezing in a PPLN-PPLN PSA,” presented at the Optical Fiber Commun. Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2012, Paper OW3C.6.

T. Kazamaet al., “Low-noise phase-sensitive amplifier for guard-band-less 16-channel DWDM signal using PPLN waveguides,” presented at the Optical Fiber Conf., Anaheim, 2016, Paper M3D.1.

M. Vasilyev, “Phase-sensitive amplification in optical fibers,” presented at the Frontiers in Optics, Technical Digest Series, Tucson, AZ, USA, 2005, Paper FThB1.

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