Abstract

In this paper, a high-power spectrally flat 2–5 μm supercontinuum (SC) laser is reported in a piece of As2S3 chalcogenide step-index fiber. A fluoride fiber-based SC laser which spans from 2–4.2 μm is used as the pump light. Two pump coupling systems between the fluoride and As2S3 fibers, one based on aspheric lens coupling and the other using all-fiber mechanical splicing are investigated. With the setup of aspheric lens coupling, the obtained SC laser has a 10 dB spectral bandwidth of 3000 nm spanning from 2050 to 5050 nm, corresponding to an average power of 57.6 mW. While with the all-fiber mechanical splicing, the 10 dB spectral bandwidth of the SC laser shrinks slightly, spanning from 2140 to 4980 nm range, but the average output power is further scaled to a record power of 97.1 mW. It is found that the dominant nonlinearities for continuous spectral broadenings in the As2S3 fiber are self-phase modulation and stimulated Raman scattering in the normal dispersion regime. This paper presents an all-fiber mid-infrared SC laser with spectrum beyond 5 μm for the first time. It also offers a practical solution for robust and reliable high power 2–5 μm broadband fiber laser.

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