Abstract

A low-profile optically fed ultra-wideband-connected array (CA) antenna with increased operational power is presented. Introduction of a miniature optical prism into the fiber optic feed enables an efficient 90° coupling to a high-power charge-compensated-modified uni-travelling carrier photodiode connected directly at the feed point of an integrated CA antenna element. This technique significantly reduces the array profile and, herein, is implemented into a 1-D CA antenna array consisting of eight photodiode-coupled active dipole elements. The experimentally verified array achieves effective beamforming and beam steering over a 3-dB bandwidth of 6–17 GHz, as well as a peak effective isotropic radiated power of 27.5 dBm at 13 GHz.

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