Abstract

We experimentally demonstrated a high-order optical vortex pulsed laser based on a mode selective all-fiber fused coupler composed of a single-mode fiber (SMF) and a few-mode fiber (FMF). The fused SMF-FMF coupler inserted in the cavity acts as a mode converter from LP $_{01}$ mode to LP $_{11}$ (LP $_{21}$ ) mode with a broadband width. Linearly polarized OAM modes can be obtained by combining different vector modes HE $_{2,m}^{\rm {even}}$ (HE $_{2,m}^{\rm {odd}}$ ) and TE $_{0,m}$ (TM $_{0,m}$ ) when l = 1 or combining HE $_{l+1,m}^{\rm {even}}$ (HE $_{l+1,m}^{\rm {odd}}$ ) and EH $_{l-1,m}^{\rm {odd}}$ (EH $_{l-1,m}^{\rm {even}}$ ) when $l$ > 1 with a $\pi /2$ phase shift. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on the generation of high-order pulse vortex beams in a mode-locked fiber laser. The measured time duration of OVB pulses is 273 fs, 140 fs of OAM $_{\pm 1}$ and OAM $_{\pm 2}$ .

© 2017 IEEE

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