Abstract

We investigated the reach increase obtained through nonlinearity mitigation by means of transmission symbol rate optimization (SRO). First, we did this theoretically and simulatively. We showed that the nonlinearity model that properly accounts for the phenomenon is the EGN model, in its version that specifically includes four-wave mixing. We then found that for PM-QPSK systems at full C-band, the reach increase may be substantial, on the order of 10–25%, with optimum symbol rates on the order of 2–6 GBd. We show that for C-band PM-QPSK systems over SMF, the potential mitigation due to SRO is greater than that ideally granted by digital backpropagation (the latter applied over a bandwidth of a 32-GBd channel). We then set up an experiment to obtain confirmation of the theoretical and simulative predictions. It consisted of 19 PM-QPSK channels, operating at 128 Gb/s per channel, over PSCF, with span length 108 km and EDFA-only amplification. We demonstrated a reach increase of about 13.5%, when going from single-carrier per channel transmission, at 32 GBd, to eight subcarrier per channel, at 4 GBd, in line with the EGN model predictions. We also extended the theoretical investigation of SRO to PM-16QAM, where we found a qualitatively similar effect to PM-QPSK, although the potential reach increase appears to be typically only about 50% to 60% that of PM-QPSK. Further investigation is, however, in order, specifically to explore the effect on PM-16QAM SRO of the removal of long-correlated phase and polarization noise.

© 2016 IEEE

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