Abstract

We present a linear and nonlinear digital pre-distortion (DPD) tailored to the components of an optical transmitter. The DPD concept uses nonlinear models of the transmitter devices, which are obtained from direct component measurements. While the digital-to-analog converter and driver amplifier are modeled jointly by a Volterra series, the modulator is modeled independently as a Wiener system. This allows for a block-wise compensation of the modulator by a Hammerstein system and a pre-distortion of the electrical components by a second Volterra series. In simulations and extensive experiments, the performance of our approach for nonlinear DPD is compared to an equivalent linear solution as well as to a configuration without any DPD. The experiments were performed using M-ary quadrature-amplitude modulation (M-QAM) formats ranging from 16- to 128-QAM at a symbol rate of 32 GBd. It is shown that the DPD improves the required optical signal-to-noise ratio at a bit error ratio of 2·10−2 by at least 1.2 dB. Nonlinear DPD outperforms linear DPD by an additional 0.9 and 2.7 dB for higher-order modulation formats such as 64-QAM and 128-QAM, respectively.

© 2015 IEEE

PDF Article

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription