Abstract

The characteristics of power transfer between super-modes in coupled multicore fiber are investigated numerically and experimentally. We reveal that fiber twisting and macrobending cause mode coupling through an adiabatic/nonadiabatic process, which is different from the mode coupling caused by structural perturbation, namely microbending. We also investigate the impulse response characteristics of coupled two-core fibers, and find that there is an optimum core pitch for minimizing the complexity of the MIMO processing. Finally, we conduct a 4 × 4 MIMO transmission experiment using two-core fibers to evaluate their transmission characteristics. We show that strongly coupled multicore fiber can reduce the quality difference between the received signals even when the transmission line has large core-dependent gain/loss values.

© 2015 IEEE

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