Abstract

The accuracy of surface attached fiber Bragg gratings (FBG) as strain sensors is affected by glue-induced birefringence, especially for applications in a large temperature range. In this study, we investigated the effects of the gluing technique with a new approach using FBGs in PM fibers that were azimuthally aligned relatively to the surface they were attached to. With this methodology, the glue-induced birefringence induced during the thermal curing process and its temperature dependence was investigated in the range of $ -30$ to $ 170\;{}^{\circ }\mathrm{C}$ . The used adhesive showed visco-elastic behavior up to $150\;{}^{\circ }\mathrm{C}$ . The glue-induced birefringence increased with decreasing temperature reaching a value in the order of $B=6\cdot 10^{-5}$ at $ -30\;{}^{\circ }\mathrm{C}$ . Measurable reversible stress relaxation processes took place, even at low temperatures below the glue's glass transition temperature, which made the glue-induced birefringence dependent on time, temperature, and its prehistory. The same amount of glue-induced birefringence must be expected when FBGs in single mode fibers with the same gluing technique are used, and have to be taken into account in highly accurate measurements.

© 2015 IEEE

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