Abstract

We propose a flexible and high-performance fronthaul system for future mobile networks using a seamless combination of fiber-optic and millimeter-wave (MMW) systems. The proposed system employs a high-quality optical MMW signal generation at the transmitter and a stable and high-performance MMW self-homodyne detection at the receiver. In the downlink direction, successful transmission of intraband and interband carrier aggregation (CA) long-term evolution-advanced (LTE-A) signals over the system is experimentally confirmed. We also confirm satisfactory performance for the transmission over a fiber–wireless bridge using a cascade of the seamless system and a conventional radio-over-fiber (RoF) link. In the uplink direction, we successfully demonstrate the transmission of an intraband CA LTE-A signal over a cascade of a radio-on-radio and a RoF system. In addition, we confirm that the full-duplex transmission of LTE-A signals over the proposed bidirectional system does not experience performance degradation compared to the case with half-duplex transmission. The proposed system is a potential solution for mobile-signal transmission in future networks.

© 2015 OAPA

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  1. J. G. Andrews, S. Buzzi, W. Choi, S. V. Hanly, A. Lozano, A. C. Soong, and J. C. Zhang, “What will 5G be?” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 32, no. 6, pp. 1065–1082, 2014.
  2. J. Liuet al., “Concert: A cloud-based architecture for next-generation cellular systems,” IEEE Wireless Commun., vol. 21, no. 6, pp. 14–22, 2014.
  3. D. Wakeet al., “A comparison of radio over fiber link types for the support of wideband radio channels,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 28, no. 16, pp. 2416–2422, 2010.
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  5. D. Zibaret al., “High-capacity wireless signal generation and demodulation in 75- to 110-GHz band employing all-optical OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 23, no. 12, pp. 810–812, 2011.
  6. P. T. Datet al., “High-capacity wireless backhaul network using seamless convergence of radio-over-fiber and 90-ghz millimeter-wave,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 20, pp. 3910–3923, 2014.
  7. P. T. Datet al., “Bidirectional transmission of LTE-A carrier aggregation signal over a seamless fiber-wireless system in W-Band,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2015, Paper W1F.
  8. P. T. Datet al., “High-speed and low-latency front-haul system for heterogeneous wireless networks using seamless fiber–millimeter-wave,” presented at the IEEE Int. Conf., London, U.K., 2015.
  9. T. Kawanishiet al., “High-speed control of lightwave amplitude, phase, and frequency by use of electrooptic effect,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 79–91, 2007.
  10. J. L. Weiet al., “Wavelength reused bidirectional transmission of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals in WDM-PONs incorporating SOA and RSOA intensity modulators,” Opt. Exp., vol. 18, pp. 9791–9808, 2010.
  11. “Multiple Gigabit wireless systems in frequencies around 60 GHz,” Electronic Publication, Geneva, Switzerland, Tech. Rep. ITU-R M.2227 2011.
  12. A. Kannoet al., “Evaluation of frequency fluctuation in fiber-wireless link with direct IQ down-converter,” presented at the European Conf. Optical Communication, Cannes, France, 2014, Paper We.3.6.3.
  13. LTE, Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (E-UTRA); Base Station (BS) conformance testing (3GPP TS 36.141 version 10.1.0 Release 10, ETSI TS 136 141 V10.1.0 2011.
  14. 3GPP R4-146828, (2014, Oct. 2014).CR for BS requirements for 256QAM [Online]. Available: http://www.3gpp.org/ftp/tsg_ran/WG4_Radio/TSGR4_72Bis/Docs/R4-146828.zip.
  15. P. T. Datet al., “Low-latency fiber-wireless bridge for flexible fronthauling in future mobile networks,” presented at the European Microwave Conf., Paris, France, 2015.
  16. 10-Gigabit-Capable Passive Optical Networks (XG-PON): Physical Media Dependent (PMD) Layer Specification, Rec. ITU-T G.987.2, 2010.
  17. M. Sawahashiet al., “Coordinated multipoint transmission/reception techniques for LTE advanced,” IEEE Wireless Commun., vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 26–34, 2010.
  18. 3GPP, “Evolved universal terrestrial radio access (E-UTRA); physical channels and modulation,” 3GPP TS 36.211 V10.4.0, Rel-10, 2011.
  19. T. Kanesanet al., “Experimental full duplex simultaneous transmission of Lte over a DWDM directly modulated ROF system,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 8–17, 2014.
  20. 3GPP, “Evolved universal terrestrial radio access (E-UTRA); base station (BS) radio transmission and reception,” 3GPP TS 36.104 V9.1.0, Rel-9, 2010.

2014 (4)

J. G. Andrews, S. Buzzi, W. Choi, S. V. Hanly, A. Lozano, A. C. Soong, and J. C. Zhang, “What will 5G be?” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 32, no. 6, pp. 1065–1082, 2014.

J. Liuet al., “Concert: A cloud-based architecture for next-generation cellular systems,” IEEE Wireless Commun., vol. 21, no. 6, pp. 14–22, 2014.

P. T. Datet al., “High-capacity wireless backhaul network using seamless convergence of radio-over-fiber and 90-ghz millimeter-wave,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 20, pp. 3910–3923, 2014.

T. Kanesanet al., “Experimental full duplex simultaneous transmission of Lte over a DWDM directly modulated ROF system,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 8–17, 2014.

2011 (1)

D. Zibaret al., “High-capacity wireless signal generation and demodulation in 75- to 110-GHz band employing all-optical OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 23, no. 12, pp. 810–812, 2011.

2010 (3)

J. L. Weiet al., “Wavelength reused bidirectional transmission of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals in WDM-PONs incorporating SOA and RSOA intensity modulators,” Opt. Exp., vol. 18, pp. 9791–9808, 2010.

M. Sawahashiet al., “Coordinated multipoint transmission/reception techniques for LTE advanced,” IEEE Wireless Commun., vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 26–34, 2010.

D. Wakeet al., “A comparison of radio over fiber link types for the support of wideband radio channels,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 28, no. 16, pp. 2416–2422, 2010.

2007 (1)

T. Kawanishiet al., “High-speed control of lightwave amplitude, phase, and frequency by use of electrooptic effect,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 79–91, 2007.

Andrews, J. G.

J. G. Andrews, S. Buzzi, W. Choi, S. V. Hanly, A. Lozano, A. C. Soong, and J. C. Zhang, “What will 5G be?” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 32, no. 6, pp. 1065–1082, 2014.

Buzzi, S.

J. G. Andrews, S. Buzzi, W. Choi, S. V. Hanly, A. Lozano, A. C. Soong, and J. C. Zhang, “What will 5G be?” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 32, no. 6, pp. 1065–1082, 2014.

Choi, W.

J. G. Andrews, S. Buzzi, W. Choi, S. V. Hanly, A. Lozano, A. C. Soong, and J. C. Zhang, “What will 5G be?” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 32, no. 6, pp. 1065–1082, 2014.

Dat, P. T.

P. T. Datet al., “High-capacity wireless backhaul network using seamless convergence of radio-over-fiber and 90-ghz millimeter-wave,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 20, pp. 3910–3923, 2014.

P. T. Datet al., “Bidirectional transmission of LTE-A carrier aggregation signal over a seamless fiber-wireless system in W-Band,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2015, Paper W1F.

P. T. Datet al., “High-speed and low-latency front-haul system for heterogeneous wireless networks using seamless fiber–millimeter-wave,” presented at the IEEE Int. Conf., London, U.K., 2015.

P. T. Datet al., “Low-latency fiber-wireless bridge for flexible fronthauling in future mobile networks,” presented at the European Microwave Conf., Paris, France, 2015.

Hanly, S. V.

J. G. Andrews, S. Buzzi, W. Choi, S. V. Hanly, A. Lozano, A. C. Soong, and J. C. Zhang, “What will 5G be?” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 32, no. 6, pp. 1065–1082, 2014.

Kanesan, T.

Kanno, A.

A. Kannoet al., “Evaluation of frequency fluctuation in fiber-wireless link with direct IQ down-converter,” presented at the European Conf. Optical Communication, Cannes, France, 2014, Paper We.3.6.3.

A. Kannoet al., “Optical and radio seamless MIMO transmission with 20-Gbaud QPSK,” presented at the 38th European Conf. Exhibition Optical Communications, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 2012, Paper We.3.B.2.

Kawanishi, T.

T. Kawanishiet al., “High-speed control of lightwave amplitude, phase, and frequency by use of electrooptic effect,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 79–91, 2007.

Liu, J.

J. Liuet al., “Concert: A cloud-based architecture for next-generation cellular systems,” IEEE Wireless Commun., vol. 21, no. 6, pp. 14–22, 2014.

Lozano, A.

J. G. Andrews, S. Buzzi, W. Choi, S. V. Hanly, A. Lozano, A. C. Soong, and J. C. Zhang, “What will 5G be?” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 32, no. 6, pp. 1065–1082, 2014.

Sawahashi, M.

M. Sawahashiet al., “Coordinated multipoint transmission/reception techniques for LTE advanced,” IEEE Wireless Commun., vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 26–34, 2010.

Soong, A. C.

J. G. Andrews, S. Buzzi, W. Choi, S. V. Hanly, A. Lozano, A. C. Soong, and J. C. Zhang, “What will 5G be?” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 32, no. 6, pp. 1065–1082, 2014.

Wake, D.

D. Wakeet al., “A comparison of radio over fiber link types for the support of wideband radio channels,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 28, no. 16, pp. 2416–2422, 2010.

Wei, J. L.

J. L. Weiet al., “Wavelength reused bidirectional transmission of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals in WDM-PONs incorporating SOA and RSOA intensity modulators,” Opt. Exp., vol. 18, pp. 9791–9808, 2010.

Zhang, J. C.

J. G. Andrews, S. Buzzi, W. Choi, S. V. Hanly, A. Lozano, A. C. Soong, and J. C. Zhang, “What will 5G be?” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 32, no. 6, pp. 1065–1082, 2014.

Zibar, D.

D. Zibaret al., “High-capacity wireless signal generation and demodulation in 75- to 110-GHz band employing all-optical OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 23, no. 12, pp. 810–812, 2011.

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (1)

J. G. Andrews, S. Buzzi, W. Choi, S. V. Hanly, A. Lozano, A. C. Soong, and J. C. Zhang, “What will 5G be?” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 32, no. 6, pp. 1065–1082, 2014.

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

T. Kawanishiet al., “High-speed control of lightwave amplitude, phase, and frequency by use of electrooptic effect,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 79–91, 2007.

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

D. Zibaret al., “High-capacity wireless signal generation and demodulation in 75- to 110-GHz band employing all-optical OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 23, no. 12, pp. 810–812, 2011.

IEEE Wireless Commun. (2)

J. Liuet al., “Concert: A cloud-based architecture for next-generation cellular systems,” IEEE Wireless Commun., vol. 21, no. 6, pp. 14–22, 2014.

M. Sawahashiet al., “Coordinated multipoint transmission/reception techniques for LTE advanced,” IEEE Wireless Commun., vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 26–34, 2010.

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

D. Wakeet al., “A comparison of radio over fiber link types for the support of wideband radio channels,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 28, no. 16, pp. 2416–2422, 2010.

P. T. Datet al., “High-capacity wireless backhaul network using seamless convergence of radio-over-fiber and 90-ghz millimeter-wave,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 20, pp. 3910–3923, 2014.

J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (1)

Opt. Exp. (1)

J. L. Weiet al., “Wavelength reused bidirectional transmission of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals in WDM-PONs incorporating SOA and RSOA intensity modulators,” Opt. Exp., vol. 18, pp. 9791–9808, 2010.

Other (11)

“Multiple Gigabit wireless systems in frequencies around 60 GHz,” Electronic Publication, Geneva, Switzerland, Tech. Rep. ITU-R M.2227 2011.

A. Kannoet al., “Evaluation of frequency fluctuation in fiber-wireless link with direct IQ down-converter,” presented at the European Conf. Optical Communication, Cannes, France, 2014, Paper We.3.6.3.

LTE, Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (E-UTRA); Base Station (BS) conformance testing (3GPP TS 36.141 version 10.1.0 Release 10, ETSI TS 136 141 V10.1.0 2011.

3GPP R4-146828, (2014, Oct. 2014).CR for BS requirements for 256QAM [Online]. Available: http://www.3gpp.org/ftp/tsg_ran/WG4_Radio/TSGR4_72Bis/Docs/R4-146828.zip.

P. T. Datet al., “Low-latency fiber-wireless bridge for flexible fronthauling in future mobile networks,” presented at the European Microwave Conf., Paris, France, 2015.

10-Gigabit-Capable Passive Optical Networks (XG-PON): Physical Media Dependent (PMD) Layer Specification, Rec. ITU-T G.987.2, 2010.

P. T. Datet al., “Bidirectional transmission of LTE-A carrier aggregation signal over a seamless fiber-wireless system in W-Band,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2015, Paper W1F.

P. T. Datet al., “High-speed and low-latency front-haul system for heterogeneous wireless networks using seamless fiber–millimeter-wave,” presented at the IEEE Int. Conf., London, U.K., 2015.

A. Kannoet al., “Optical and radio seamless MIMO transmission with 20-Gbaud QPSK,” presented at the 38th European Conf. Exhibition Optical Communications, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 2012, Paper We.3.B.2.

3GPP, “Evolved universal terrestrial radio access (E-UTRA); physical channels and modulation,” 3GPP TS 36.211 V10.4.0, Rel-10, 2011.

3GPP, “Evolved universal terrestrial radio access (E-UTRA); base station (BS) radio transmission and reception,” 3GPP TS 36.104 V9.1.0, Rel-9, 2010.

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