Abstract

We have demonstrated a rectangular microwave photonic filter (MPF) based on stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) effect in optical fiber and offering tunability on bandwidth, central frequency, and selectivity. A sweeping-pump multistage configuration with feedback control is implemented to achieve the rectangular MPF with high selectivity. The obtained 20-dB shape factor is as low as 1.056, which is, to our knowledge, the best reported result for MPF in gigahertz bandwidth. Furthermore, we solve the polarization-dependent SBS gain issue and realize a polarization-independent MPF. The SBS noise is reduced by adopting a multistage configuration to limit the gain at each stage. Finally, the filter selectivity for a four-stage configuration is as high as 57 dB for a 2.1-GHz bandwidth. In this case, the signal-to-noise ratio penalty is only 2.6 dB for a 4-Gbit/s orthogonal frequency division multiplexing signal in the quadrature-phase-shifted keying format.

© 2015 OAPA

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  1. J. Yao, “Microwave photonics,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 314–335, 2009.
  2. J. Capmany, B. Ortega, and D. Pastor, “A tutorial on microwave photonic filters,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 201–229, 2006.
  3. J. Capmany, “Microwave photonic filters,” presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Exhib., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2012, Paper OW3I.4.
  4. J. Palaci, G. E. Villanueva, J. V. Galan, J. Marti, and B. Vidal, “Single bandpass photonic microwave filter based on a notch ring resonator,” Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, pp. 1276–1278, 2010.
  5. Y. Dai and J. Yao, “Nonuniformly-spaced photonic microwave delay-line filter,” Opt. Exp., vol. 16, pp. 4713–4718, 2008.
  6. V. R. Supradeepa, C. M. Long, R. Wu, F. Ferdous, E. Hamidi, D. E. Leairdet al., “Comb-based radiofrequency photonic filters with rapid tunability and high selectivity,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 6, pp. 186–194, 2012.
  7. T. X. H. Huang, X. Yi, and R. A. Minasian, “Single passband microwave photonic filter using continuous-time impulse response,” Opt. Exp., vol. 19, pp. 6231–6242, 2011.
  8. S. Xiao and Andrew M. Weiner, “Coherent photonic processing of microwave signals using spatial light modulators: Programmable amplitude filters,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 24, no. 7, pp. 2523–2529, 2006.
  9. W. Zhang and R. A. Minasian, “Widely tunable single-passband microwave photonic filter based on stimulated brillouin scattering,” Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 23, pp. 1775–1777, 2011.
  10. R. Tao, X. Feng, Y. Cao, Z. Li, and B.-O. Guan, “Widely tunable single bandpass microwave photonic filter based on phase modulation and stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 24, pp. 1097–1099, 2012.
  11. W. Zhang and R. A. Minasian, “Ultrawide tunable microwave photonic notch filter based on stimulated brillouin scattering,” Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 24, pp. 1182–1184, 2012.
  12. B. Vidal, M. A. Piqueras, and J. Martí, “Tunable and reconfigurable photonic microwave filter based on stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Lett., vol. 32, pp. 23–25, 2007.
  13. T. Tanemura, Y. Takushima, and K. Kikuchi, “Narrowband optical filter, with a variable transmission spectrum, using stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical fiber,” Opt. Lett., vol. 27, pp. 1552–1554, 2002.
  14. Y. Stern, K. Zhong, T. Schneider, R. Zhang, Y. Ben-Ezra, M. Tur, and A. Zadok, “Tunable sharp and highly selective microwave-photonic band-pass filters based on stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Photon. Res., vol. 2, pp. 18–25, 2014.
  15. A. Zadok, A. Eyal, and M. Tur, “Gigahertz-wide optically reconfigurable filters using stimulated Brillouin scattering,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 25, no. 8, pp. 2168–2174, 2007.
  16. A. Wise, M. Tur, and A. Zadok, “Sharp tunable optical filters based on the polarization attributes of stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Exp., vol. 19, pp. 21945–21955, 2011.
  17. T. Sakamoto, T. Yamamoto, K. Shiraki, and T. Kurashima, “Low distortion slow light in flat Brillouin gain spectrum by using optical frequency comb,” Opt. Exp., vol. 16, pp. 8026–8032, 2008.
  18. W. Wei, L. Yi, Y. Jaouën, and W. Hu, “Bandwidth-tunable narrowband rectangular optical filter based on stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical fiber,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, pp. 23249–23260, 2014.
  19. W. Wei, L. Yi, Y. Jaouën, M. Morvan, and W. Hu, “Brillouin rectangular optical filter with improved selectivity and noise performance,” Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 27, pp. 1593–1596, 2015.
  20. L. Yi, W. Wei, Y. Jaouën, and W. Hu, “Ideal rectangular microwave photonic filter with high selectivity based on stimulated Brillouin scattering,” presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Exhib., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2015, Paper Tu3F.5.

2015 (1)

W. Wei, L. Yi, Y. Jaouën, M. Morvan, and W. Hu, “Brillouin rectangular optical filter with improved selectivity and noise performance,” Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 27, pp. 1593–1596, 2015.

2014 (2)

Y. Stern, K. Zhong, T. Schneider, R. Zhang, Y. Ben-Ezra, M. Tur, and A. Zadok, “Tunable sharp and highly selective microwave-photonic band-pass filters based on stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Photon. Res., vol. 2, pp. 18–25, 2014.

W. Wei, L. Yi, Y. Jaouën, and W. Hu, “Bandwidth-tunable narrowband rectangular optical filter based on stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical fiber,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, pp. 23249–23260, 2014.

2012 (3)

V. R. Supradeepa, C. M. Long, R. Wu, F. Ferdous, E. Hamidi, D. E. Leairdet al., “Comb-based radiofrequency photonic filters with rapid tunability and high selectivity,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 6, pp. 186–194, 2012.

R. Tao, X. Feng, Y. Cao, Z. Li, and B.-O. Guan, “Widely tunable single bandpass microwave photonic filter based on phase modulation and stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 24, pp. 1097–1099, 2012.

W. Zhang and R. A. Minasian, “Ultrawide tunable microwave photonic notch filter based on stimulated brillouin scattering,” Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 24, pp. 1182–1184, 2012.

2011 (3)

T. X. H. Huang, X. Yi, and R. A. Minasian, “Single passband microwave photonic filter using continuous-time impulse response,” Opt. Exp., vol. 19, pp. 6231–6242, 2011.

W. Zhang and R. A. Minasian, “Widely tunable single-passband microwave photonic filter based on stimulated brillouin scattering,” Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 23, pp. 1775–1777, 2011.

A. Wise, M. Tur, and A. Zadok, “Sharp tunable optical filters based on the polarization attributes of stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Exp., vol. 19, pp. 21945–21955, 2011.

2010 (1)

J. Palaci, G. E. Villanueva, J. V. Galan, J. Marti, and B. Vidal, “Single bandpass photonic microwave filter based on a notch ring resonator,” Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, pp. 1276–1278, 2010.

2009 (1)

J. Yao, “Microwave photonics,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 314–335, 2009.

2008 (2)

Y. Dai and J. Yao, “Nonuniformly-spaced photonic microwave delay-line filter,” Opt. Exp., vol. 16, pp. 4713–4718, 2008.

T. Sakamoto, T. Yamamoto, K. Shiraki, and T. Kurashima, “Low distortion slow light in flat Brillouin gain spectrum by using optical frequency comb,” Opt. Exp., vol. 16, pp. 8026–8032, 2008.

2007 (2)

A. Zadok, A. Eyal, and M. Tur, “Gigahertz-wide optically reconfigurable filters using stimulated Brillouin scattering,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 25, no. 8, pp. 2168–2174, 2007.

B. Vidal, M. A. Piqueras, and J. Martí, “Tunable and reconfigurable photonic microwave filter based on stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Lett., vol. 32, pp. 23–25, 2007.

2006 (2)

J. Capmany, B. Ortega, and D. Pastor, “A tutorial on microwave photonic filters,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 201–229, 2006.

S. Xiao and Andrew M. Weiner, “Coherent photonic processing of microwave signals using spatial light modulators: Programmable amplitude filters,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 24, no. 7, pp. 2523–2529, 2006.

2002 (1)

Ben-Ezra, Y.

Y. Stern, K. Zhong, T. Schneider, R. Zhang, Y. Ben-Ezra, M. Tur, and A. Zadok, “Tunable sharp and highly selective microwave-photonic band-pass filters based on stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Photon. Res., vol. 2, pp. 18–25, 2014.

Cao, Y.

R. Tao, X. Feng, Y. Cao, Z. Li, and B.-O. Guan, “Widely tunable single bandpass microwave photonic filter based on phase modulation and stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 24, pp. 1097–1099, 2012.

Capmany, J.

J. Capmany, B. Ortega, and D. Pastor, “A tutorial on microwave photonic filters,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 201–229, 2006.

Dai, Y.

Y. Dai and J. Yao, “Nonuniformly-spaced photonic microwave delay-line filter,” Opt. Exp., vol. 16, pp. 4713–4718, 2008.

Eyal, A.

A. Zadok, A. Eyal, and M. Tur, “Gigahertz-wide optically reconfigurable filters using stimulated Brillouin scattering,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 25, no. 8, pp. 2168–2174, 2007.

Feng, X.

R. Tao, X. Feng, Y. Cao, Z. Li, and B.-O. Guan, “Widely tunable single bandpass microwave photonic filter based on phase modulation and stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 24, pp. 1097–1099, 2012.

Ferdous, F.

V. R. Supradeepa, C. M. Long, R. Wu, F. Ferdous, E. Hamidi, D. E. Leairdet al., “Comb-based radiofrequency photonic filters with rapid tunability and high selectivity,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 6, pp. 186–194, 2012.

Galan, J. V.

J. Palaci, G. E. Villanueva, J. V. Galan, J. Marti, and B. Vidal, “Single bandpass photonic microwave filter based on a notch ring resonator,” Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, pp. 1276–1278, 2010.

Guan, B.-O.

R. Tao, X. Feng, Y. Cao, Z. Li, and B.-O. Guan, “Widely tunable single bandpass microwave photonic filter based on phase modulation and stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 24, pp. 1097–1099, 2012.

Hamidi, E.

V. R. Supradeepa, C. M. Long, R. Wu, F. Ferdous, E. Hamidi, D. E. Leairdet al., “Comb-based radiofrequency photonic filters with rapid tunability and high selectivity,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 6, pp. 186–194, 2012.

Hu, W.

W. Wei, L. Yi, Y. Jaouën, M. Morvan, and W. Hu, “Brillouin rectangular optical filter with improved selectivity and noise performance,” Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 27, pp. 1593–1596, 2015.

W. Wei, L. Yi, Y. Jaouën, and W. Hu, “Bandwidth-tunable narrowband rectangular optical filter based on stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical fiber,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, pp. 23249–23260, 2014.

L. Yi, W. Wei, Y. Jaouën, and W. Hu, “Ideal rectangular microwave photonic filter with high selectivity based on stimulated Brillouin scattering,” presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Exhib., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2015, Paper Tu3F.5.

Huang, T. X. H.

T. X. H. Huang, X. Yi, and R. A. Minasian, “Single passband microwave photonic filter using continuous-time impulse response,” Opt. Exp., vol. 19, pp. 6231–6242, 2011.

Jaouën, Y.

W. Wei, L. Yi, Y. Jaouën, M. Morvan, and W. Hu, “Brillouin rectangular optical filter with improved selectivity and noise performance,” Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 27, pp. 1593–1596, 2015.

W. Wei, L. Yi, Y. Jaouën, and W. Hu, “Bandwidth-tunable narrowband rectangular optical filter based on stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical fiber,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, pp. 23249–23260, 2014.

L. Yi, W. Wei, Y. Jaouën, and W. Hu, “Ideal rectangular microwave photonic filter with high selectivity based on stimulated Brillouin scattering,” presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Exhib., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2015, Paper Tu3F.5.

Kikuchi, K.

Kurashima, T.

T. Sakamoto, T. Yamamoto, K. Shiraki, and T. Kurashima, “Low distortion slow light in flat Brillouin gain spectrum by using optical frequency comb,” Opt. Exp., vol. 16, pp. 8026–8032, 2008.

Leaird, D. E.

V. R. Supradeepa, C. M. Long, R. Wu, F. Ferdous, E. Hamidi, D. E. Leairdet al., “Comb-based radiofrequency photonic filters with rapid tunability and high selectivity,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 6, pp. 186–194, 2012.

Li, Z.

R. Tao, X. Feng, Y. Cao, Z. Li, and B.-O. Guan, “Widely tunable single bandpass microwave photonic filter based on phase modulation and stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 24, pp. 1097–1099, 2012.

Long, C. M.

V. R. Supradeepa, C. M. Long, R. Wu, F. Ferdous, E. Hamidi, D. E. Leairdet al., “Comb-based radiofrequency photonic filters with rapid tunability and high selectivity,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 6, pp. 186–194, 2012.

Marti, J.

J. Palaci, G. E. Villanueva, J. V. Galan, J. Marti, and B. Vidal, “Single bandpass photonic microwave filter based on a notch ring resonator,” Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, pp. 1276–1278, 2010.

Martí, J.

Minasian, R. A.

W. Zhang and R. A. Minasian, “Ultrawide tunable microwave photonic notch filter based on stimulated brillouin scattering,” Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 24, pp. 1182–1184, 2012.

W. Zhang and R. A. Minasian, “Widely tunable single-passband microwave photonic filter based on stimulated brillouin scattering,” Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 23, pp. 1775–1777, 2011.

T. X. H. Huang, X. Yi, and R. A. Minasian, “Single passband microwave photonic filter using continuous-time impulse response,” Opt. Exp., vol. 19, pp. 6231–6242, 2011.

Morvan, M.

W. Wei, L. Yi, Y. Jaouën, M. Morvan, and W. Hu, “Brillouin rectangular optical filter with improved selectivity and noise performance,” Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 27, pp. 1593–1596, 2015.

Ortega, B.

J. Capmany, B. Ortega, and D. Pastor, “A tutorial on microwave photonic filters,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 201–229, 2006.

Palaci, J.

J. Palaci, G. E. Villanueva, J. V. Galan, J. Marti, and B. Vidal, “Single bandpass photonic microwave filter based on a notch ring resonator,” Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, pp. 1276–1278, 2010.

Pastor, D.

J. Capmany, B. Ortega, and D. Pastor, “A tutorial on microwave photonic filters,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 201–229, 2006.

Piqueras, M. A.

Sakamoto, T.

T. Sakamoto, T. Yamamoto, K. Shiraki, and T. Kurashima, “Low distortion slow light in flat Brillouin gain spectrum by using optical frequency comb,” Opt. Exp., vol. 16, pp. 8026–8032, 2008.

Schneider, T.

Y. Stern, K. Zhong, T. Schneider, R. Zhang, Y. Ben-Ezra, M. Tur, and A. Zadok, “Tunable sharp and highly selective microwave-photonic band-pass filters based on stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Photon. Res., vol. 2, pp. 18–25, 2014.

Shiraki, K.

T. Sakamoto, T. Yamamoto, K. Shiraki, and T. Kurashima, “Low distortion slow light in flat Brillouin gain spectrum by using optical frequency comb,” Opt. Exp., vol. 16, pp. 8026–8032, 2008.

Stern, Y.

Y. Stern, K. Zhong, T. Schneider, R. Zhang, Y. Ben-Ezra, M. Tur, and A. Zadok, “Tunable sharp and highly selective microwave-photonic band-pass filters based on stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Photon. Res., vol. 2, pp. 18–25, 2014.

Supradeepa, V. R.

V. R. Supradeepa, C. M. Long, R. Wu, F. Ferdous, E. Hamidi, D. E. Leairdet al., “Comb-based radiofrequency photonic filters with rapid tunability and high selectivity,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 6, pp. 186–194, 2012.

Takushima, Y.

Tanemura, T.

Tao, R.

R. Tao, X. Feng, Y. Cao, Z. Li, and B.-O. Guan, “Widely tunable single bandpass microwave photonic filter based on phase modulation and stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 24, pp. 1097–1099, 2012.

Tur, M.

Y. Stern, K. Zhong, T. Schneider, R. Zhang, Y. Ben-Ezra, M. Tur, and A. Zadok, “Tunable sharp and highly selective microwave-photonic band-pass filters based on stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Photon. Res., vol. 2, pp. 18–25, 2014.

A. Wise, M. Tur, and A. Zadok, “Sharp tunable optical filters based on the polarization attributes of stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Exp., vol. 19, pp. 21945–21955, 2011.

A. Zadok, A. Eyal, and M. Tur, “Gigahertz-wide optically reconfigurable filters using stimulated Brillouin scattering,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 25, no. 8, pp. 2168–2174, 2007.

Vidal, B.

J. Palaci, G. E. Villanueva, J. V. Galan, J. Marti, and B. Vidal, “Single bandpass photonic microwave filter based on a notch ring resonator,” Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, pp. 1276–1278, 2010.

B. Vidal, M. A. Piqueras, and J. Martí, “Tunable and reconfigurable photonic microwave filter based on stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Lett., vol. 32, pp. 23–25, 2007.

Villanueva, G. E.

J. Palaci, G. E. Villanueva, J. V. Galan, J. Marti, and B. Vidal, “Single bandpass photonic microwave filter based on a notch ring resonator,” Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, pp. 1276–1278, 2010.

Wei, W.

W. Wei, L. Yi, Y. Jaouën, M. Morvan, and W. Hu, “Brillouin rectangular optical filter with improved selectivity and noise performance,” Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 27, pp. 1593–1596, 2015.

W. Wei, L. Yi, Y. Jaouën, and W. Hu, “Bandwidth-tunable narrowband rectangular optical filter based on stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical fiber,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, pp. 23249–23260, 2014.

L. Yi, W. Wei, Y. Jaouën, and W. Hu, “Ideal rectangular microwave photonic filter with high selectivity based on stimulated Brillouin scattering,” presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Exhib., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2015, Paper Tu3F.5.

Weiner, Andrew M.

S. Xiao and Andrew M. Weiner, “Coherent photonic processing of microwave signals using spatial light modulators: Programmable amplitude filters,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 24, no. 7, pp. 2523–2529, 2006.

Wise, A.

A. Wise, M. Tur, and A. Zadok, “Sharp tunable optical filters based on the polarization attributes of stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Exp., vol. 19, pp. 21945–21955, 2011.

Wu, R.

V. R. Supradeepa, C. M. Long, R. Wu, F. Ferdous, E. Hamidi, D. E. Leairdet al., “Comb-based radiofrequency photonic filters with rapid tunability and high selectivity,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 6, pp. 186–194, 2012.

Xiao, S.

S. Xiao and Andrew M. Weiner, “Coherent photonic processing of microwave signals using spatial light modulators: Programmable amplitude filters,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 24, no. 7, pp. 2523–2529, 2006.

Yamamoto, T.

T. Sakamoto, T. Yamamoto, K. Shiraki, and T. Kurashima, “Low distortion slow light in flat Brillouin gain spectrum by using optical frequency comb,” Opt. Exp., vol. 16, pp. 8026–8032, 2008.

Yao, J.

J. Yao, “Microwave photonics,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 314–335, 2009.

Y. Dai and J. Yao, “Nonuniformly-spaced photonic microwave delay-line filter,” Opt. Exp., vol. 16, pp. 4713–4718, 2008.

Yi, L.

W. Wei, L. Yi, Y. Jaouën, M. Morvan, and W. Hu, “Brillouin rectangular optical filter with improved selectivity and noise performance,” Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 27, pp. 1593–1596, 2015.

W. Wei, L. Yi, Y. Jaouën, and W. Hu, “Bandwidth-tunable narrowband rectangular optical filter based on stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical fiber,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, pp. 23249–23260, 2014.

L. Yi, W. Wei, Y. Jaouën, and W. Hu, “Ideal rectangular microwave photonic filter with high selectivity based on stimulated Brillouin scattering,” presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Exhib., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2015, Paper Tu3F.5.

Yi, X.

T. X. H. Huang, X. Yi, and R. A. Minasian, “Single passband microwave photonic filter using continuous-time impulse response,” Opt. Exp., vol. 19, pp. 6231–6242, 2011.

Zadok, A.

Y. Stern, K. Zhong, T. Schneider, R. Zhang, Y. Ben-Ezra, M. Tur, and A. Zadok, “Tunable sharp and highly selective microwave-photonic band-pass filters based on stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Photon. Res., vol. 2, pp. 18–25, 2014.

A. Wise, M. Tur, and A. Zadok, “Sharp tunable optical filters based on the polarization attributes of stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Exp., vol. 19, pp. 21945–21955, 2011.

A. Zadok, A. Eyal, and M. Tur, “Gigahertz-wide optically reconfigurable filters using stimulated Brillouin scattering,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 25, no. 8, pp. 2168–2174, 2007.

Zhang, R.

Y. Stern, K. Zhong, T. Schneider, R. Zhang, Y. Ben-Ezra, M. Tur, and A. Zadok, “Tunable sharp and highly selective microwave-photonic band-pass filters based on stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Photon. Res., vol. 2, pp. 18–25, 2014.

Zhang, W.

W. Zhang and R. A. Minasian, “Ultrawide tunable microwave photonic notch filter based on stimulated brillouin scattering,” Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 24, pp. 1182–1184, 2012.

W. Zhang and R. A. Minasian, “Widely tunable single-passband microwave photonic filter based on stimulated brillouin scattering,” Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 23, pp. 1775–1777, 2011.

Zhong, K.

Y. Stern, K. Zhong, T. Schneider, R. Zhang, Y. Ben-Ezra, M. Tur, and A. Zadok, “Tunable sharp and highly selective microwave-photonic band-pass filters based on stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Photon. Res., vol. 2, pp. 18–25, 2014.

J. Lightw. Technol. (4)

J. Yao, “Microwave photonics,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 314–335, 2009.

J. Capmany, B. Ortega, and D. Pastor, “A tutorial on microwave photonic filters,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 201–229, 2006.

S. Xiao and Andrew M. Weiner, “Coherent photonic processing of microwave signals using spatial light modulators: Programmable amplitude filters,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 24, no. 7, pp. 2523–2529, 2006.

A. Zadok, A. Eyal, and M. Tur, “Gigahertz-wide optically reconfigurable filters using stimulated Brillouin scattering,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 25, no. 8, pp. 2168–2174, 2007.

Nat. Photonics (1)

V. R. Supradeepa, C. M. Long, R. Wu, F. Ferdous, E. Hamidi, D. E. Leairdet al., “Comb-based radiofrequency photonic filters with rapid tunability and high selectivity,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 6, pp. 186–194, 2012.

Opt. Exp. (5)

T. X. H. Huang, X. Yi, and R. A. Minasian, “Single passband microwave photonic filter using continuous-time impulse response,” Opt. Exp., vol. 19, pp. 6231–6242, 2011.

A. Wise, M. Tur, and A. Zadok, “Sharp tunable optical filters based on the polarization attributes of stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Exp., vol. 19, pp. 21945–21955, 2011.

T. Sakamoto, T. Yamamoto, K. Shiraki, and T. Kurashima, “Low distortion slow light in flat Brillouin gain spectrum by using optical frequency comb,” Opt. Exp., vol. 16, pp. 8026–8032, 2008.

W. Wei, L. Yi, Y. Jaouën, and W. Hu, “Bandwidth-tunable narrowband rectangular optical filter based on stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical fiber,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, pp. 23249–23260, 2014.

Y. Dai and J. Yao, “Nonuniformly-spaced photonic microwave delay-line filter,” Opt. Exp., vol. 16, pp. 4713–4718, 2008.

Opt. Lett. (2)

Photon. Res (1)

Y. Stern, K. Zhong, T. Schneider, R. Zhang, Y. Ben-Ezra, M. Tur, and A. Zadok, “Tunable sharp and highly selective microwave-photonic band-pass filters based on stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Photon. Res., vol. 2, pp. 18–25, 2014.

Photon. Technol. Lett. (5)

W. Wei, L. Yi, Y. Jaouën, M. Morvan, and W. Hu, “Brillouin rectangular optical filter with improved selectivity and noise performance,” Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 27, pp. 1593–1596, 2015.

J. Palaci, G. E. Villanueva, J. V. Galan, J. Marti, and B. Vidal, “Single bandpass photonic microwave filter based on a notch ring resonator,” Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, pp. 1276–1278, 2010.

W. Zhang and R. A. Minasian, “Widely tunable single-passband microwave photonic filter based on stimulated brillouin scattering,” Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 23, pp. 1775–1777, 2011.

R. Tao, X. Feng, Y. Cao, Z. Li, and B.-O. Guan, “Widely tunable single bandpass microwave photonic filter based on phase modulation and stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 24, pp. 1097–1099, 2012.

W. Zhang and R. A. Minasian, “Ultrawide tunable microwave photonic notch filter based on stimulated brillouin scattering,” Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 24, pp. 1182–1184, 2012.

Other (2)

J. Capmany, “Microwave photonic filters,” presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Exhib., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2012, Paper OW3I.4.

L. Yi, W. Wei, Y. Jaouën, and W. Hu, “Ideal rectangular microwave photonic filter with high selectivity based on stimulated Brillouin scattering,” presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Exhib., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2015, Paper Tu3F.5.

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