Abstract

This paper reviews the current state of the art of photonic-enabled generation of radio-frequency signals with frequencies within the millimeter wave range (30 to 300 GHz) and above using photonic-integrated circuits (RF-PICs). One of the most important applications to date is the generation of carrier wave frequencies for ultrabroadband wireless communications systems, with data rates up to 100 Gb/s. Among the different photonic signal generation techniques that are available, we focus on the approaches for which photonic integrated solutions have been explored. Optical heterodyning is first presented, based on achieving the integration of a dual wavelength sources. The second approach is through onchip integrated mode locked lasers, with excellent performance in terms of frequency stable, low phase-noise narrow linewidth sources. We review the different laser structures that have been reported, to support the advantages of the new structures that we propose.

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2015 (4)

D. M. Gill, W. M. J. Green, C. Xiong, A. Rylyakov, C. Schow, J. Proesel, J. C. Rosenberg, T. Barwicz, M. Khater, S. Assefa, S. M. Shank, C. Reinholm, E. Kiewra, S. Kamlapurkar, and Y. A. Vlasov, “Distributed electrode Mach-Zehnder modulator with double-pass phase shifters and integrated inductors,” Opt. Exp., vol. 23, pp. 16857–16865, 2015.

A. J. Seeds, H. Shams, M. J. Fice, and C. C. Renaud, “Terahertz photonics for wireless communications,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 579–587, 2015.

C. Gordón, R. Guzmán, X. Leijtens, and G. Carpintero, “On-chip mode-locked laser diode structure using multimode interference reflectors,” Photon. Res., vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 15–18, 2015.

A. J. Deninger, A. Roggenbuck, S. Schindler, and S. Preu, “2.75 THz tuning with a triple-DFB laser system at 1550 nm and InGaAs photomixers,” J. Infrared Millimeter Terahertz Waves, vol. 36, pp. 269–277, 2015.

2014 (7)

K. Balakier, M. J. Fice, F. van Dijk, G. Kervella, G. Carpintero, A. J. Seeds, and C. C. Renaud, “Optical injection locking of monolithically integrated photonic source for generation of high purity signals above 100 GHz,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, pp. 29404–29412, 2014.

M. Smitet al., “An introduction to InP-based generic integration technology,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. vol. 29, no. 0833001, pp. 1–41, 2014.

F. van Dijk, G. Kervella, M. Lamponi, M. Chtioui, F. Lelarge, E. Vinet, Y. Robert, M. J. Fice, C. C. Renaud, A. Jimenez, and G. Carpintero, “Monolithically integrated InP Heterodyne millimeter wave source for high data rate transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 26, no. 10, pp. 965–968, 2014.

K. Balakier, M. J. Fice, L. Ponnampalam, A. J. Seeds, and C. C. Renaud, “Monolithically integrated optical phase lock loop for microwave photonics,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 20, pp. 3893–3900, 2014.

M. Inoue, M. Hodono, S. Horiguchi, K. Arakawa, M. Fujita, and T. Nagatsuma, “Ultra-broadband terahertz receivers using polymer substrate,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol., vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 225–231, 2014.

T. Nagatsuma, “Breakthroughs in photonics 2013: THz communications based on photonics,” IEEE Photon. J., vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 1–5, 2014.

K. Balakier, M. J. Fice, F. van Dijk, G. Kervella, G. Carpintero, A. J. Seeds, and C. C. Renaud, “Optical injection locking of monolithically integrated photonic source for generation of high purity signals above 100 GHz,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 24, pp. 29404–29412, 2014.

2013 (6)

C. R. Doerr, “Integrated photonic platforms for telecommunications: InP and Si,” IEICE Trans. Electron., vol. E96-C, no. 7, pp. 950–957, 2013.

J. S. Parker, M. Lu, H. Park, A. Sivananthan, E. Bloch, Z. Griffith, L. A. Johansson, M. J. W. Rodwell, and L. A. Coldren, “Highly-stable integrated InGaAsP/InP mode-locked laser and optical phase-locked loop,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 25, no. 18, pp. 1851–1854, 2013.

T. Nagatsuma, S. Horiguchi, Y. Minamikata, Y. Yoshimizu, S. Hisatake, S. Kuwano, N. Yoshimoto, J. Terada, and H. Takahashi, “Terahertz wireless communications based on photonics technologies,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, pp. 23736–23747, 2013.

Y. Yoshimizu, S. Hisatake, S. Kuwano, J. Terada, N. Yoshimoto, and T. Nagatsuma, “Generation of coherent sub-terahertz carrier with phase stabilization for wireless communications,” J. Commun. Netw., vol. 15, no. 6, pp. 569–575, 2013.

E. Kleijn, M. K. Smit, and X. J. M. Leijtens, “Multimode interference reflectors: A new class of components for photonic integrated circuits,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 31, no. 18, pp. 3055–3063, 2013.

L. Hou, M. Haji, and J. H. Marsh, “Monolithic mode-locked laser with an integrated optical amplifier for low-noise and high-power operation,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 19, no. 4, p. 1100808, 2013.

2012 (6)

M. J. Fice, E. Rouvalis, F. van Dijk, A. Accard, F. Lelarge, C. C. Renaud, G. Carpintero, and A. J. Seeds, “146-GHz millimeter-wave radio-over-fiber photonic wireless transmission system,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, pp. 1769–1774, 2012.

E. Rouvalis, M. Chtioui, M. Tran, F. Lelarge, F. van Dijk, M. J. Fice, C. C. Renaud, G. Carpintero, and A. J. Seeds, “High-speed photodiodes for InP-based photonic integrated circuits,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, pp. 9172–9177, 2012.

S. Beer, H. Gulan, M. Pauli, C. Rusch, G. Kunkel, and T. Zwick, “122-GHz chip-to-antenna wire bond interconnect with high repeatability,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Microw. Symp., 2012, pp. 1–3.

H.-J. Song, K. Ajito, Y. Muramoto, A. Wakatsuki, T. Nagatsuma, and N. Kukutsu, “Uni-travelling-carrier photodiode module generating 300 GHz power greater than 1 mW,” IEEE Microw. Wireless Compon. Lett., vol. 22, no. 7, pp. 363–365, 2012.

K. Sengupta and A. Hajimiri, “A 0.28 THz power-generation and beam-steering array in CMOS based on distributed active radiators,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 47, no. 12, pp. 3013–3031, 2012.

A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, J. Takeuchi, H. Togo, M. Yaita, N. Kukutsu, K. Aihara, K. Murata, Y. Sato, T. Nagatsuma, and Y. Kado, “120-GHz-band wireless link technologies for outdoor 10-Gbit/s data transmission,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Technol., vol. 60, no. 3, pp. 881–895, 2012.

2011 (3)

L. A. Coldren, S. C. Nicholes, L. Johansson, S. Ristic, R. S. Guzzon, E. J. Norberg, and U. Krishnamachari, “High performance InP-based photonic ICs—A tutorial,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 554–570, 2011.

P. Muñoz, R. García-Olcina, C. Habib, L. R. Chen, X. J. M. Leijtens, T. de Vries, and J. Capmany, “Label swapper device for spectral amplitude coded optical packet networks monolithically integrated on InP,” Opt. Exp., vol. 19, no. 14, pp. 13540–13550, 2011.

M. Tahvili, Y. Barbarin, X. Leijtens, T. de Vries, E. Smalbrugge, J. Bolk, H. Ambrosius, M. Smit, and E. Bente, “Directional control of optical power in integrated InP/InGaAsP extended cavity mode-locked ring lasers,” Opt. Lett., vol. 36, no. 13, pp. 2462–2464, 2011.

2009 (2)

J. Huang, C. Sun, B. Xiong, and Y. Luo, “Y-branch integrated dual wavelength laser diode for microwave generation by sideband injection locking,” Opt. Exp., vol. 17, pp. 20727–20734, 2009.

M. G. Thompson, A. R. Rae, M. Xia, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “InGaAs quantum-dot mode-locked laser diodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 661–672, 2009.

2008 (3)

M. Chaciński, U. Westergren, B. Willen, B. Stoltz, and L. Thylen, “Electroabsorption modulators suitable for 100-Gb/s ethernet,” IEEE Electron Device Lett., vol. 29, no. 9, pp. 1014–1016, 2008.

K. Merghem, A. Akrout, A. Martinez, G. Moreau, J. P. Tourrenc, F. Lelarge, F. V. Dijk, G. H. Duan, G. Aubin, and A. Ramdane, “Short pulse generation using a passively mode-locked single InGaAsP/InP quantum well laser,” Opt. Exp. vol. 16, pp. 10675–10683, 2008.

T. Nagatsuma, N. Kukutsu, and Y. Kado, “Photonic generation of millimeter and terahertz waves and its applications,” Automatika, vol. 49, nos. 1/2, pp. 51–59, 2008.

2007 (1)

J. Capmany and D. Novak, “Microwave photonics combines two worlds,” Nature Photon., vol. 1, pp. 319–330, 2007.

2006 (1)

A. J. Seeds and K. J. Williams, “Microwave photonics,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 24, no. 12, pp. 4628–4641, 2006.

2005 (1)

A. Hirata, H. Togo, N. Shimizu, H. Takahashi, K. Okamoto, and T. Nagatsuma, “Low-phase noise photonic millimeter-wave generator using an AWG integrated with a 3-dB combiner,” IEICE Trans. Electron., vol. 88, no. 7, pp. 1458–1464, 2005.

2004 (2)

K. A. Williams, M. G. Thompson, and I. H. White, “Long-wavelength monolithic mode-locked diode lasers,” New J. Phys., vol. 6, art. no. 179, pp. 1–24, 2004.

A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, N. Meisl, T. Shibata, and T. Nagatsuma, “High-directivity photonic emitter using photodiode module integrated with HEMT amplifier for 10-Gbit/s wireless link,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn., vol. 52, no. 8, pp. 1843–1850, 2004.

2002 (1)

D. A. Yanson, M. W. Street, S. D. McDougall, I. G. Thayne, J. H. Marsh, and E. A. Avrutin, “Ultrafast harmonic mode locking of monolithic compound cavity laser diodes incorporating photonic bandgap reflectors,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 1–11, 2002.

2000 (2)

N. Shimizu, K. Murata, A. Hirano, Y. Miyamoto, H. Kitabayashi, Y. Umeda, T. Akeyoshi, T. Furuta, and N. Watanabe, “40 Gbit/s monolithic digital OEIC composed of unitravelling-carrier photodiode and InP HEMTs,” Electron. Lett., vol. 36, no. 14, pp. 1220–1221, 2000.

H. Fan, C. Wu, M. El-Aasser, N. K. Dutta, U. Koren, and A. B. Piccirilli, “Colliding pulse mode-locked laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, no. 8, pp. 972–973, 2000.

1999 (1)

C. Laperle, M. Svilans, M. Poirier, and M. Tetu, “Frequency multiplication of microwave signals by sideband optical injection locking using a monolithic dual-wavelength DFB laser device,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn., vol. 47, no. 7, pp. 1219–1224, 1999.

1997 (1)

T. Shimizu, I. Ogura, and H. Yokoyama, “860 GHz rate asymmetric colliding pulse mode locked diode lasers,” Electron. Lett., vol. 33, no. 22, pp. 1868–1869, 1997.

1996 (1)

S. Arahira, Y. Matsui, and Y. Ogawa, “Mode-locking at very high repetition rates more than terahertz in passively mode-locked distributed-Bragg-reflector laser diodes,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 32, no. 7, pp. 1211–1224, 1996.

1994 (1)

D. Novak and R. S. Tucker, “Millimeter-wave signal generation using pulsed semiconductor lasers,” Electron. Lett., vol. 30, no. 17, pp. 1430–1431, 1994.

1993 (1)

J. P. Hohimer and G. A. Vawter, “Passive mode locking of monolithic semiconductor ring lasers at 86 GHz,” Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 63, no. 12, pp. 1598–1600, 1993.

1992 (1)

Y. K. Chen and M. C. Wu, “Monolithic colliding-pulse mode-locked quantum-well lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 28, no. 10, pp. 2176–2185, 1992.

1989 (2)

H. Takeuchi, K. Kasaya, Y. Kondo, H. Yasaka, K. Oe, and Y. Imamura, “Monolithic integrated coherent receiver on InP substrate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. vol. 1, no. 11, pp. 398–399, 1989.

U. Koren, T. L. Koch, B. I. Miller, G. Eisenstein, and R. H. Bosworth, “Wavelength division multiplexing light source with integrated quantum well tunable lasers and optical amplifiers,” Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 54, pp. 2056–2058, 1989.

1982 (1)

U. Koren, S. Margalit, T. R. Chen, K. L. Yu, A. Yariv, N. Bar-Chaim, K. Y. Lau, and I. Ury, “Recent developments in monolithic integration of InGaAsP/InP optoelectronic devices,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 18, no. 10, pp. 1653–1662, 1982.

Accard, A.

M. J. Fice, E. Rouvalis, F. van Dijk, A. Accard, F. Lelarge, C. C. Renaud, G. Carpintero, and A. J. Seeds, “146-GHz millimeter-wave radio-over-fiber photonic wireless transmission system,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, pp. 1769–1774, 2012.

S. Joshi, N. Chimot, R. Rosales, S. Barbet, A. Accard, A. Ramdane, and F. Lelarge, “Mode-locked InAs/InP Quantum dash based DBR Laser monolithically integrated with a semiconductor optical amplifier,” in Proc. 25th Int. Conf. Indium Phosphide Related Mater., 2013, pp. 1–2.

F. van Dijk, A. Accard, A. Enard, O. Drisse, D. Make, and F. Lelarge, “Monolithic dual wavelength DFB lasers for narrow linewidth heterodyne beat-note generation,” in Proc. Int. Topical Meet. Microw. Photon. Jointly Held With Asia-Pacific Microw. Photon. Conf., 2011, pp. 73–76.

Aihara, K.

A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, J. Takeuchi, H. Togo, M. Yaita, N. Kukutsu, K. Aihara, K. Murata, Y. Sato, T. Nagatsuma, and Y. Kado, “120-GHz-band wireless link technologies for outdoor 10-Gbit/s data transmission,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Technol., vol. 60, no. 3, pp. 881–895, 2012.

Ajito, K.

H.-J. Song, K. Ajito, Y. Muramoto, A. Wakatsuki, T. Nagatsuma, and N. Kukutsu, “Uni-travelling-carrier photodiode module generating 300 GHz power greater than 1 mW,” IEEE Microw. Wireless Compon. Lett., vol. 22, no. 7, pp. 363–365, 2012.

Akeyoshi, T.

N. Shimizu, K. Murata, A. Hirano, Y. Miyamoto, H. Kitabayashi, Y. Umeda, T. Akeyoshi, T. Furuta, and N. Watanabe, “40 Gbit/s monolithic digital OEIC composed of unitravelling-carrier photodiode and InP HEMTs,” Electron. Lett., vol. 36, no. 14, pp. 1220–1221, 2000.

Akrout, A.

K. Merghem, A. Akrout, A. Martinez, G. Moreau, J. P. Tourrenc, F. Lelarge, F. V. Dijk, G. H. Duan, G. Aubin, and A. Ramdane, “Short pulse generation using a passively mode-locked single InGaAsP/InP quantum well laser,” Opt. Exp. vol. 16, pp. 10675–10683, 2008.

Ambrosius, H.

Arahira, S.

S. Arahira, Y. Matsui, and Y. Ogawa, “Mode-locking at very high repetition rates more than terahertz in passively mode-locked distributed-Bragg-reflector laser diodes,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 32, no. 7, pp. 1211–1224, 1996.

Arakawa, K.

M. Inoue, M. Hodono, S. Horiguchi, K. Arakawa, M. Fujita, and T. Nagatsuma, “Ultra-broadband terahertz receivers using polymer substrate,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol., vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 225–231, 2014.

S. Horiguchi, K. Arakawa, Y. Minamikata, and T. Nagatsuma, “Error-free 30–50 Gbps wireless transmission at 300 GHz,” presented at the Asia-Pacific Microwave Conf., Seoul, Korea, 2013, Paper F3E-3.

Assefa, S.

D. M. Gill, W. M. J. Green, C. Xiong, A. Rylyakov, C. Schow, J. Proesel, J. C. Rosenberg, T. Barwicz, M. Khater, S. Assefa, S. M. Shank, C. Reinholm, E. Kiewra, S. Kamlapurkar, and Y. A. Vlasov, “Distributed electrode Mach-Zehnder modulator with double-pass phase shifters and integrated inductors,” Opt. Exp., vol. 23, pp. 16857–16865, 2015.

Aubin, G.

K. Merghem, A. Akrout, A. Martinez, G. Moreau, J. P. Tourrenc, F. Lelarge, F. V. Dijk, G. H. Duan, G. Aubin, and A. Ramdane, “Short pulse generation using a passively mode-locked single InGaAsP/InP quantum well laser,” Opt. Exp. vol. 16, pp. 10675–10683, 2008.

Avrutin, E. A.

D. A. Yanson, M. W. Street, S. D. McDougall, I. G. Thayne, J. H. Marsh, and E. A. Avrutin, “Ultrafast harmonic mode locking of monolithic compound cavity laser diodes incorporating photonic bandgap reflectors,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 1–11, 2002.

Balakier, K.

K. Balakier, M. J. Fice, F. van Dijk, G. Kervella, G. Carpintero, A. J. Seeds, and C. C. Renaud, “Optical injection locking of monolithically integrated photonic source for generation of high purity signals above 100 GHz,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 24, pp. 29404–29412, 2014.

K. Balakier, M. J. Fice, F. van Dijk, G. Kervella, G. Carpintero, A. J. Seeds, and C. C. Renaud, “Optical injection locking of monolithically integrated photonic source for generation of high purity signals above 100 GHz,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, pp. 29404–29412, 2014.

K. Balakier, M. J. Fice, L. Ponnampalam, A. J. Seeds, and C. C. Renaud, “Monolithically integrated optical phase lock loop for microwave photonics,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 20, pp. 3893–3900, 2014.

Barbarin, Y.

Barbet, S.

S. Joshi, N. Chimot, R. Rosales, S. Barbet, A. Accard, A. Ramdane, and F. Lelarge, “Mode-locked InAs/InP Quantum dash based DBR Laser monolithically integrated with a semiconductor optical amplifier,” in Proc. 25th Int. Conf. Indium Phosphide Related Mater., 2013, pp. 1–2.

Bar-Chaim, N.

U. Koren, S. Margalit, T. R. Chen, K. L. Yu, A. Yariv, N. Bar-Chaim, K. Y. Lau, and I. Ury, “Recent developments in monolithic integration of InGaAsP/InP optoelectronic devices,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 18, no. 10, pp. 1653–1662, 1982.

Barwicz, T.

D. M. Gill, W. M. J. Green, C. Xiong, A. Rylyakov, C. Schow, J. Proesel, J. C. Rosenberg, T. Barwicz, M. Khater, S. Assefa, S. M. Shank, C. Reinholm, E. Kiewra, S. Kamlapurkar, and Y. A. Vlasov, “Distributed electrode Mach-Zehnder modulator with double-pass phase shifters and integrated inductors,” Opt. Exp., vol. 23, pp. 16857–16865, 2015.

Beer, S.

S. Beer, H. Gulan, M. Pauli, C. Rusch, G. Kunkel, and T. Zwick, “122-GHz chip-to-antenna wire bond interconnect with high repeatability,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Microw. Symp., 2012, pp. 1–3.

Bente, E.

Bloch, E.

J. S. Parker, M. Lu, H. Park, A. Sivananthan, E. Bloch, Z. Griffith, L. A. Johansson, M. J. W. Rodwell, and L. A. Coldren, “Highly-stable integrated InGaAsP/InP mode-locked laser and optical phase-locked loop,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 25, no. 18, pp. 1851–1854, 2013.

Bolk, J.

Bosworth, R. H.

U. Koren, T. L. Koch, B. I. Miller, G. Eisenstein, and R. H. Bosworth, “Wavelength division multiplexing light source with integrated quantum well tunable lasers and optical amplifiers,” Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 54, pp. 2056–2058, 1989.

Bowers, J. E.

S. Srinivasan, D. T. Spencer, M. Heck, E. Norberg, G. Fish, L. Theogarajan, and J. E. Bowers, “Microwave generation using an integrated hybrid silicon mode-locked laser in a coupled optoelectronic oscillator configuration,” presented at the Conf. Lasers Electro-Optics, San Jose, CA, USA, 2013, Paper CTu2G.2.

Caldwell, R. B.

H. Cao, H. Deng, H. Ling, C. Liu, V. A. Smagley, R. B. Caldwell, G. Smolyakov, A. L. Gray, L. F. Lester, P. G. Eliseev, and M. Osinski, “Unidirectional operation of quantum-dot ring lasers,” in Proc. Conf. Lasers Electro-Opt., 2005, vol. 3, pp. 1793–1795.

Cao, H.

H. Cao, H. Deng, H. Ling, C. Liu, V. A. Smagley, R. B. Caldwell, G. Smolyakov, A. L. Gray, L. F. Lester, P. G. Eliseev, and M. Osinski, “Unidirectional operation of quantum-dot ring lasers,” in Proc. Conf. Lasers Electro-Opt., 2005, vol. 3, pp. 1793–1795.

Capmany, J.

P. Muñoz, R. García-Olcina, C. Habib, L. R. Chen, X. J. M. Leijtens, T. de Vries, and J. Capmany, “Label swapper device for spectral amplitude coded optical packet networks monolithically integrated on InP,” Opt. Exp., vol. 19, no. 14, pp. 13540–13550, 2011.

J. Capmany and D. Novak, “Microwave photonics combines two worlds,” Nature Photon., vol. 1, pp. 319–330, 2007.

Carpintero, G.

C. Gordón, R. Guzmán, X. Leijtens, and G. Carpintero, “On-chip mode-locked laser diode structure using multimode interference reflectors,” Photon. Res., vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 15–18, 2015.

K. Balakier, M. J. Fice, F. van Dijk, G. Kervella, G. Carpintero, A. J. Seeds, and C. C. Renaud, “Optical injection locking of monolithically integrated photonic source for generation of high purity signals above 100 GHz,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, pp. 29404–29412, 2014.

K. Balakier, M. J. Fice, F. van Dijk, G. Kervella, G. Carpintero, A. J. Seeds, and C. C. Renaud, “Optical injection locking of monolithically integrated photonic source for generation of high purity signals above 100 GHz,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 24, pp. 29404–29412, 2014.

F. van Dijk, G. Kervella, M. Lamponi, M. Chtioui, F. Lelarge, E. Vinet, Y. Robert, M. J. Fice, C. C. Renaud, A. Jimenez, and G. Carpintero, “Monolithically integrated InP Heterodyne millimeter wave source for high data rate transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 26, no. 10, pp. 965–968, 2014.

M. J. Fice, E. Rouvalis, F. van Dijk, A. Accard, F. Lelarge, C. C. Renaud, G. Carpintero, and A. J. Seeds, “146-GHz millimeter-wave radio-over-fiber photonic wireless transmission system,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, pp. 1769–1774, 2012.

E. Rouvalis, M. Chtioui, M. Tran, F. Lelarge, F. van Dijk, M. J. Fice, C. C. Renaud, G. Carpintero, and A. J. Seeds, “High-speed photodiodes for InP-based photonic integrated circuits,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, pp. 9172–9177, 2012.

S. Hisatake, G. Carpintero, Y. Yoshimizu, Y. Minamikata, K. Oogimoto, Y. Yasuda, F. van Dijk, T. Tekin, and T. Nagatsuma, “W-band coherent wireless link using injection-locked laser diodes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 27, no. 14, pp. 1565–1568, 2015.

Chacinski, M.

M. Chaciński, U. Westergren, B. Willen, B. Stoltz, and L. Thylen, “Electroabsorption modulators suitable for 100-Gb/s ethernet,” IEEE Electron Device Lett., vol. 29, no. 9, pp. 1014–1016, 2008.

Chen, L. R.

P. Muñoz, R. García-Olcina, C. Habib, L. R. Chen, X. J. M. Leijtens, T. de Vries, and J. Capmany, “Label swapper device for spectral amplitude coded optical packet networks monolithically integrated on InP,” Opt. Exp., vol. 19, no. 14, pp. 13540–13550, 2011.

Chen, T. R.

U. Koren, S. Margalit, T. R. Chen, K. L. Yu, A. Yariv, N. Bar-Chaim, K. Y. Lau, and I. Ury, “Recent developments in monolithic integration of InGaAsP/InP optoelectronic devices,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 18, no. 10, pp. 1653–1662, 1982.

Chen, Y. K.

Y. K. Chen and M. C. Wu, “Monolithic colliding-pulse mode-locked quantum-well lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 28, no. 10, pp. 2176–2185, 1992.

Chimot, N.

S. Joshi, N. Chimot, R. Rosales, S. Barbet, A. Accard, A. Ramdane, and F. Lelarge, “Mode-locked InAs/InP Quantum dash based DBR Laser monolithically integrated with a semiconductor optical amplifier,” in Proc. 25th Int. Conf. Indium Phosphide Related Mater., 2013, pp. 1–2.

Chtioui, M.

F. van Dijk, G. Kervella, M. Lamponi, M. Chtioui, F. Lelarge, E. Vinet, Y. Robert, M. J. Fice, C. C. Renaud, A. Jimenez, and G. Carpintero, “Monolithically integrated InP Heterodyne millimeter wave source for high data rate transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 26, no. 10, pp. 965–968, 2014.

E. Rouvalis, M. Chtioui, M. Tran, F. Lelarge, F. van Dijk, M. J. Fice, C. C. Renaud, G. Carpintero, and A. J. Seeds, “High-speed photodiodes for InP-based photonic integrated circuits,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, pp. 9172–9177, 2012.

Coldren, L. A.

J. S. Parker, M. Lu, H. Park, A. Sivananthan, E. Bloch, Z. Griffith, L. A. Johansson, M. J. W. Rodwell, and L. A. Coldren, “Highly-stable integrated InGaAsP/InP mode-locked laser and optical phase-locked loop,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 25, no. 18, pp. 1851–1854, 2013.

L. A. Coldren, S. C. Nicholes, L. Johansson, S. Ristic, R. S. Guzzon, E. J. Norberg, and U. Krishnamachari, “High performance InP-based photonic ICs—A tutorial,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 554–570, 2011.

de Vries, T.

M. Tahvili, Y. Barbarin, X. Leijtens, T. de Vries, E. Smalbrugge, J. Bolk, H. Ambrosius, M. Smit, and E. Bente, “Directional control of optical power in integrated InP/InGaAsP extended cavity mode-locked ring lasers,” Opt. Lett., vol. 36, no. 13, pp. 2462–2464, 2011.

P. Muñoz, R. García-Olcina, C. Habib, L. R. Chen, X. J. M. Leijtens, T. de Vries, and J. Capmany, “Label swapper device for spectral amplitude coded optical packet networks monolithically integrated on InP,” Opt. Exp., vol. 19, no. 14, pp. 13540–13550, 2011.

Deng, H.

H. Cao, H. Deng, H. Ling, C. Liu, V. A. Smagley, R. B. Caldwell, G. Smolyakov, A. L. Gray, L. F. Lester, P. G. Eliseev, and M. Osinski, “Unidirectional operation of quantum-dot ring lasers,” in Proc. Conf. Lasers Electro-Opt., 2005, vol. 3, pp. 1793–1795.

Deninger, A. J.

A. J. Deninger, A. Roggenbuck, S. Schindler, and S. Preu, “2.75 THz tuning with a triple-DFB laser system at 1550 nm and InGaAs photomixers,” J. Infrared Millimeter Terahertz Waves, vol. 36, pp. 269–277, 2015.

Dijk, F. V.

K. Merghem, A. Akrout, A. Martinez, G. Moreau, J. P. Tourrenc, F. Lelarge, F. V. Dijk, G. H. Duan, G. Aubin, and A. Ramdane, “Short pulse generation using a passively mode-locked single InGaAsP/InP quantum well laser,” Opt. Exp. vol. 16, pp. 10675–10683, 2008.

Doerr, C. R.

C. R. Doerr, “Integrated photonic platforms for telecommunications: InP and Si,” IEICE Trans. Electron., vol. E96-C, no. 7, pp. 950–957, 2013.

Drisse, O.

F. van Dijk, A. Accard, A. Enard, O. Drisse, D. Make, and F. Lelarge, “Monolithic dual wavelength DFB lasers for narrow linewidth heterodyne beat-note generation,” in Proc. Int. Topical Meet. Microw. Photon. Jointly Held With Asia-Pacific Microw. Photon. Conf., 2011, pp. 73–76.

Duan, G. H.

K. Merghem, A. Akrout, A. Martinez, G. Moreau, J. P. Tourrenc, F. Lelarge, F. V. Dijk, G. H. Duan, G. Aubin, and A. Ramdane, “Short pulse generation using a passively mode-locked single InGaAsP/InP quantum well laser,” Opt. Exp. vol. 16, pp. 10675–10683, 2008.

Dutta, N. K.

H. Fan, C. Wu, M. El-Aasser, N. K. Dutta, U. Koren, and A. B. Piccirilli, “Colliding pulse mode-locked laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, no. 8, pp. 972–973, 2000.

Eisenstein, G.

U. Koren, T. L. Koch, B. I. Miller, G. Eisenstein, and R. H. Bosworth, “Wavelength division multiplexing light source with integrated quantum well tunable lasers and optical amplifiers,” Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 54, pp. 2056–2058, 1989.

El-Aasser, M.

H. Fan, C. Wu, M. El-Aasser, N. K. Dutta, U. Koren, and A. B. Piccirilli, “Colliding pulse mode-locked laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, no. 8, pp. 972–973, 2000.

Eliseev, P. G.

H. Cao, H. Deng, H. Ling, C. Liu, V. A. Smagley, R. B. Caldwell, G. Smolyakov, A. L. Gray, L. F. Lester, P. G. Eliseev, and M. Osinski, “Unidirectional operation of quantum-dot ring lasers,” in Proc. Conf. Lasers Electro-Opt., 2005, vol. 3, pp. 1793–1795.

Enard, A.

F. van Dijk, A. Accard, A. Enard, O. Drisse, D. Make, and F. Lelarge, “Monolithic dual wavelength DFB lasers for narrow linewidth heterodyne beat-note generation,” in Proc. Int. Topical Meet. Microw. Photon. Jointly Held With Asia-Pacific Microw. Photon. Conf., 2011, pp. 73–76.

Fan, H.

H. Fan, C. Wu, M. El-Aasser, N. K. Dutta, U. Koren, and A. B. Piccirilli, “Colliding pulse mode-locked laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, no. 8, pp. 972–973, 2000.

Fice, M. J.

A. J. Seeds, H. Shams, M. J. Fice, and C. C. Renaud, “Terahertz photonics for wireless communications,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 579–587, 2015.

K. Balakier, M. J. Fice, F. van Dijk, G. Kervella, G. Carpintero, A. J. Seeds, and C. C. Renaud, “Optical injection locking of monolithically integrated photonic source for generation of high purity signals above 100 GHz,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, pp. 29404–29412, 2014.

K. Balakier, M. J. Fice, L. Ponnampalam, A. J. Seeds, and C. C. Renaud, “Monolithically integrated optical phase lock loop for microwave photonics,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 20, pp. 3893–3900, 2014.

F. van Dijk, G. Kervella, M. Lamponi, M. Chtioui, F. Lelarge, E. Vinet, Y. Robert, M. J. Fice, C. C. Renaud, A. Jimenez, and G. Carpintero, “Monolithically integrated InP Heterodyne millimeter wave source for high data rate transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 26, no. 10, pp. 965–968, 2014.

K. Balakier, M. J. Fice, F. van Dijk, G. Kervella, G. Carpintero, A. J. Seeds, and C. C. Renaud, “Optical injection locking of monolithically integrated photonic source for generation of high purity signals above 100 GHz,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 24, pp. 29404–29412, 2014.

M. J. Fice, E. Rouvalis, F. van Dijk, A. Accard, F. Lelarge, C. C. Renaud, G. Carpintero, and A. J. Seeds, “146-GHz millimeter-wave radio-over-fiber photonic wireless transmission system,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, pp. 1769–1774, 2012.

E. Rouvalis, M. Chtioui, M. Tran, F. Lelarge, F. van Dijk, M. J. Fice, C. C. Renaud, G. Carpintero, and A. J. Seeds, “High-speed photodiodes for InP-based photonic integrated circuits,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, pp. 9172–9177, 2012.

Fish, G.

S. Srinivasan, D. T. Spencer, M. Heck, E. Norberg, G. Fish, L. Theogarajan, and J. E. Bowers, “Microwave generation using an integrated hybrid silicon mode-locked laser in a coupled optoelectronic oscillator configuration,” presented at the Conf. Lasers Electro-Optics, San Jose, CA, USA, 2013, Paper CTu2G.2.

Fujita, M.

M. Inoue, M. Hodono, S. Horiguchi, K. Arakawa, M. Fujita, and T. Nagatsuma, “Ultra-broadband terahertz receivers using polymer substrate,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol., vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 225–231, 2014.

Furuta, T.

N. Shimizu, K. Murata, A. Hirano, Y. Miyamoto, H. Kitabayashi, Y. Umeda, T. Akeyoshi, T. Furuta, and N. Watanabe, “40 Gbit/s monolithic digital OEIC composed of unitravelling-carrier photodiode and InP HEMTs,” Electron. Lett., vol. 36, no. 14, pp. 1220–1221, 2000.

García-Olcina, R.

P. Muñoz, R. García-Olcina, C. Habib, L. R. Chen, X. J. M. Leijtens, T. de Vries, and J. Capmany, “Label swapper device for spectral amplitude coded optical packet networks monolithically integrated on InP,” Opt. Exp., vol. 19, no. 14, pp. 13540–13550, 2011.

Gill, D. M.

D. M. Gill, W. M. J. Green, C. Xiong, A. Rylyakov, C. Schow, J. Proesel, J. C. Rosenberg, T. Barwicz, M. Khater, S. Assefa, S. M. Shank, C. Reinholm, E. Kiewra, S. Kamlapurkar, and Y. A. Vlasov, “Distributed electrode Mach-Zehnder modulator with double-pass phase shifters and integrated inductors,” Opt. Exp., vol. 23, pp. 16857–16865, 2015.

Gordón, C.

Gray, A. L.

H. Cao, H. Deng, H. Ling, C. Liu, V. A. Smagley, R. B. Caldwell, G. Smolyakov, A. L. Gray, L. F. Lester, P. G. Eliseev, and M. Osinski, “Unidirectional operation of quantum-dot ring lasers,” in Proc. Conf. Lasers Electro-Opt., 2005, vol. 3, pp. 1793–1795.

Green, W. M. J.

D. M. Gill, W. M. J. Green, C. Xiong, A. Rylyakov, C. Schow, J. Proesel, J. C. Rosenberg, T. Barwicz, M. Khater, S. Assefa, S. M. Shank, C. Reinholm, E. Kiewra, S. Kamlapurkar, and Y. A. Vlasov, “Distributed electrode Mach-Zehnder modulator with double-pass phase shifters and integrated inductors,” Opt. Exp., vol. 23, pp. 16857–16865, 2015.

Griffith, Z.

J. S. Parker, M. Lu, H. Park, A. Sivananthan, E. Bloch, Z. Griffith, L. A. Johansson, M. J. W. Rodwell, and L. A. Coldren, “Highly-stable integrated InGaAsP/InP mode-locked laser and optical phase-locked loop,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 25, no. 18, pp. 1851–1854, 2013.

Gulan, H.

S. Beer, H. Gulan, M. Pauli, C. Rusch, G. Kunkel, and T. Zwick, “122-GHz chip-to-antenna wire bond interconnect with high repeatability,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Microw. Symp., 2012, pp. 1–3.

Guzmán, R.

Guzzon, R. S.

L. A. Coldren, S. C. Nicholes, L. Johansson, S. Ristic, R. S. Guzzon, E. J. Norberg, and U. Krishnamachari, “High performance InP-based photonic ICs—A tutorial,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 554–570, 2011.

Habib, C.

P. Muñoz, R. García-Olcina, C. Habib, L. R. Chen, X. J. M. Leijtens, T. de Vries, and J. Capmany, “Label swapper device for spectral amplitude coded optical packet networks monolithically integrated on InP,” Opt. Exp., vol. 19, no. 14, pp. 13540–13550, 2011.

Haji, M.

L. Hou, M. Haji, and J. H. Marsh, “Monolithic mode-locked laser with an integrated optical amplifier for low-noise and high-power operation,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 19, no. 4, p. 1100808, 2013.

Hajimiri, A.

K. Sengupta and A. Hajimiri, “A 0.28 THz power-generation and beam-steering array in CMOS based on distributed active radiators,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 47, no. 12, pp. 3013–3031, 2012.

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S. Srinivasan, D. T. Spencer, M. Heck, E. Norberg, G. Fish, L. Theogarajan, and J. E. Bowers, “Microwave generation using an integrated hybrid silicon mode-locked laser in a coupled optoelectronic oscillator configuration,” presented at the Conf. Lasers Electro-Optics, San Jose, CA, USA, 2013, Paper CTu2G.2.

Hirano, A.

N. Shimizu, K. Murata, A. Hirano, Y. Miyamoto, H. Kitabayashi, Y. Umeda, T. Akeyoshi, T. Furuta, and N. Watanabe, “40 Gbit/s monolithic digital OEIC composed of unitravelling-carrier photodiode and InP HEMTs,” Electron. Lett., vol. 36, no. 14, pp. 1220–1221, 2000.

Hirata, A.

A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, J. Takeuchi, H. Togo, M. Yaita, N. Kukutsu, K. Aihara, K. Murata, Y. Sato, T. Nagatsuma, and Y. Kado, “120-GHz-band wireless link technologies for outdoor 10-Gbit/s data transmission,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Technol., vol. 60, no. 3, pp. 881–895, 2012.

A. Hirata, H. Togo, N. Shimizu, H. Takahashi, K. Okamoto, and T. Nagatsuma, “Low-phase noise photonic millimeter-wave generator using an AWG integrated with a 3-dB combiner,” IEICE Trans. Electron., vol. 88, no. 7, pp. 1458–1464, 2005.

A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, N. Meisl, T. Shibata, and T. Nagatsuma, “High-directivity photonic emitter using photodiode module integrated with HEMT amplifier for 10-Gbit/s wireless link,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn., vol. 52, no. 8, pp. 1843–1850, 2004.

T. Nagatsuma, A. Hirata, N. Shimizu, H. J. Song, and N. Kukutsu, “Photonic generation of millimeter and terahertz waves and its applications,” in Proc. 19th Int. Conf. Appl. Electromagn. Commun., 2007, pp. 1–4.

Hisatake, S.

Y. Yoshimizu, S. Hisatake, S. Kuwano, J. Terada, N. Yoshimoto, and T. Nagatsuma, “Generation of coherent sub-terahertz carrier with phase stabilization for wireless communications,” J. Commun. Netw., vol. 15, no. 6, pp. 569–575, 2013.

T. Nagatsuma, S. Horiguchi, Y. Minamikata, Y. Yoshimizu, S. Hisatake, S. Kuwano, N. Yoshimoto, J. Terada, and H. Takahashi, “Terahertz wireless communications based on photonics technologies,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, pp. 23736–23747, 2013.

S. Hisatake, G. Carpintero, Y. Yoshimizu, Y. Minamikata, K. Oogimoto, Y. Yasuda, F. van Dijk, T. Tekin, and T. Nagatsuma, “W-band coherent wireless link using injection-locked laser diodes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 27, no. 14, pp. 1565–1568, 2015.

Hodono, M.

M. Inoue, M. Hodono, S. Horiguchi, K. Arakawa, M. Fujita, and T. Nagatsuma, “Ultra-broadband terahertz receivers using polymer substrate,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol., vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 225–231, 2014.

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J. P. Hohimer and G. A. Vawter, “Passive mode locking of monolithic semiconductor ring lasers at 86 GHz,” Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 63, no. 12, pp. 1598–1600, 1993.

Horiguchi, S.

M. Inoue, M. Hodono, S. Horiguchi, K. Arakawa, M. Fujita, and T. Nagatsuma, “Ultra-broadband terahertz receivers using polymer substrate,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol., vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 225–231, 2014.

T. Nagatsuma, S. Horiguchi, Y. Minamikata, Y. Yoshimizu, S. Hisatake, S. Kuwano, N. Yoshimoto, J. Terada, and H. Takahashi, “Terahertz wireless communications based on photonics technologies,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, pp. 23736–23747, 2013.

S. Horiguchi, K. Arakawa, Y. Minamikata, and T. Nagatsuma, “Error-free 30–50 Gbps wireless transmission at 300 GHz,” presented at the Asia-Pacific Microwave Conf., Seoul, Korea, 2013, Paper F3E-3.

Hou, L.

L. Hou, M. Haji, and J. H. Marsh, “Monolithic mode-locked laser with an integrated optical amplifier for low-noise and high-power operation,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 19, no. 4, p. 1100808, 2013.

Huang, J.

J. Huang, C. Sun, B. Xiong, and Y. Luo, “Y-branch integrated dual wavelength laser diode for microwave generation by sideband injection locking,” Opt. Exp., vol. 17, pp. 20727–20734, 2009.

Imamura, Y.

H. Takeuchi, K. Kasaya, Y. Kondo, H. Yasaka, K. Oe, and Y. Imamura, “Monolithic integrated coherent receiver on InP substrate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. vol. 1, no. 11, pp. 398–399, 1989.

Inoue, M.

M. Inoue, M. Hodono, S. Horiguchi, K. Arakawa, M. Fujita, and T. Nagatsuma, “Ultra-broadband terahertz receivers using polymer substrate,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol., vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 225–231, 2014.

Jimenez, A.

F. van Dijk, G. Kervella, M. Lamponi, M. Chtioui, F. Lelarge, E. Vinet, Y. Robert, M. J. Fice, C. C. Renaud, A. Jimenez, and G. Carpintero, “Monolithically integrated InP Heterodyne millimeter wave source for high data rate transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 26, no. 10, pp. 965–968, 2014.

Johansson, L.

L. A. Coldren, S. C. Nicholes, L. Johansson, S. Ristic, R. S. Guzzon, E. J. Norberg, and U. Krishnamachari, “High performance InP-based photonic ICs—A tutorial,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 554–570, 2011.

Johansson, L. A.

J. S. Parker, M. Lu, H. Park, A. Sivananthan, E. Bloch, Z. Griffith, L. A. Johansson, M. J. W. Rodwell, and L. A. Coldren, “Highly-stable integrated InGaAsP/InP mode-locked laser and optical phase-locked loop,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 25, no. 18, pp. 1851–1854, 2013.

Joshi, S.

S. Joshi, N. Chimot, R. Rosales, S. Barbet, A. Accard, A. Ramdane, and F. Lelarge, “Mode-locked InAs/InP Quantum dash based DBR Laser monolithically integrated with a semiconductor optical amplifier,” in Proc. 25th Int. Conf. Indium Phosphide Related Mater., 2013, pp. 1–2.

Kado, Y.

A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, J. Takeuchi, H. Togo, M. Yaita, N. Kukutsu, K. Aihara, K. Murata, Y. Sato, T. Nagatsuma, and Y. Kado, “120-GHz-band wireless link technologies for outdoor 10-Gbit/s data transmission,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Technol., vol. 60, no. 3, pp. 881–895, 2012.

T. Nagatsuma, N. Kukutsu, and Y. Kado, “Photonic generation of millimeter and terahertz waves and its applications,” Automatika, vol. 49, nos. 1/2, pp. 51–59, 2008.

Kamlapurkar, S.

D. M. Gill, W. M. J. Green, C. Xiong, A. Rylyakov, C. Schow, J. Proesel, J. C. Rosenberg, T. Barwicz, M. Khater, S. Assefa, S. M. Shank, C. Reinholm, E. Kiewra, S. Kamlapurkar, and Y. A. Vlasov, “Distributed electrode Mach-Zehnder modulator with double-pass phase shifters and integrated inductors,” Opt. Exp., vol. 23, pp. 16857–16865, 2015.

Kasaya, K.

H. Takeuchi, K. Kasaya, Y. Kondo, H. Yasaka, K. Oe, and Y. Imamura, “Monolithic integrated coherent receiver on InP substrate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. vol. 1, no. 11, pp. 398–399, 1989.

Kato, K.

T. Nagatsuma and K. Kato, “Photonically-assisted 300-GHz wireless link for real-time 100-Gbit/s transmission,” in Proc. IEEE MTT-S Int. Microw. Symp., 2014, pp. 1–4.

Kawanishi, T.

T. Kawanishi, “Sideband generation using electro-optic modulation for micro- and millimeter-wave photonics,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Topical Meet. Microw. Photon., 2007, pp. 5–8.

Kervella, G.

K. Balakier, M. J. Fice, F. van Dijk, G. Kervella, G. Carpintero, A. J. Seeds, and C. C. Renaud, “Optical injection locking of monolithically integrated photonic source for generation of high purity signals above 100 GHz,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, pp. 29404–29412, 2014.

F. van Dijk, G. Kervella, M. Lamponi, M. Chtioui, F. Lelarge, E. Vinet, Y. Robert, M. J. Fice, C. C. Renaud, A. Jimenez, and G. Carpintero, “Monolithically integrated InP Heterodyne millimeter wave source for high data rate transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 26, no. 10, pp. 965–968, 2014.

K. Balakier, M. J. Fice, F. van Dijk, G. Kervella, G. Carpintero, A. J. Seeds, and C. C. Renaud, “Optical injection locking of monolithically integrated photonic source for generation of high purity signals above 100 GHz,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 24, pp. 29404–29412, 2014.

Khater, M.

D. M. Gill, W. M. J. Green, C. Xiong, A. Rylyakov, C. Schow, J. Proesel, J. C. Rosenberg, T. Barwicz, M. Khater, S. Assefa, S. M. Shank, C. Reinholm, E. Kiewra, S. Kamlapurkar, and Y. A. Vlasov, “Distributed electrode Mach-Zehnder modulator with double-pass phase shifters and integrated inductors,” Opt. Exp., vol. 23, pp. 16857–16865, 2015.

Kiewra, E.

D. M. Gill, W. M. J. Green, C. Xiong, A. Rylyakov, C. Schow, J. Proesel, J. C. Rosenberg, T. Barwicz, M. Khater, S. Assefa, S. M. Shank, C. Reinholm, E. Kiewra, S. Kamlapurkar, and Y. A. Vlasov, “Distributed electrode Mach-Zehnder modulator with double-pass phase shifters and integrated inductors,” Opt. Exp., vol. 23, pp. 16857–16865, 2015.

Kitabayashi, H.

N. Shimizu, K. Murata, A. Hirano, Y. Miyamoto, H. Kitabayashi, Y. Umeda, T. Akeyoshi, T. Furuta, and N. Watanabe, “40 Gbit/s monolithic digital OEIC composed of unitravelling-carrier photodiode and InP HEMTs,” Electron. Lett., vol. 36, no. 14, pp. 1220–1221, 2000.

Kleijn, E.

E. Kleijn, M. K. Smit, and X. J. M. Leijtens, “Multimode interference reflectors: A new class of components for photonic integrated circuits,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 31, no. 18, pp. 3055–3063, 2013.

J. Zhao, E. Kleijn, P. J. Williams, M. K. Smit, and X. J. M. Leijtens, “On-chip laser with multimode interference reflectors realized in a generic integration platform,” in Proc. 23rd Int. Conf. Indium Phosphide Related Mater., 2011, pp. 1–4.

Koch, T. L.

U. Koren, T. L. Koch, B. I. Miller, G. Eisenstein, and R. H. Bosworth, “Wavelength division multiplexing light source with integrated quantum well tunable lasers and optical amplifiers,” Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 54, pp. 2056–2058, 1989.

Kondo, Y.

H. Takeuchi, K. Kasaya, Y. Kondo, H. Yasaka, K. Oe, and Y. Imamura, “Monolithic integrated coherent receiver on InP substrate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. vol. 1, no. 11, pp. 398–399, 1989.

Koren, U.

H. Fan, C. Wu, M. El-Aasser, N. K. Dutta, U. Koren, and A. B. Piccirilli, “Colliding pulse mode-locked laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, no. 8, pp. 972–973, 2000.

U. Koren, T. L. Koch, B. I. Miller, G. Eisenstein, and R. H. Bosworth, “Wavelength division multiplexing light source with integrated quantum well tunable lasers and optical amplifiers,” Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 54, pp. 2056–2058, 1989.

U. Koren, S. Margalit, T. R. Chen, K. L. Yu, A. Yariv, N. Bar-Chaim, K. Y. Lau, and I. Ury, “Recent developments in monolithic integration of InGaAsP/InP optoelectronic devices,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 18, no. 10, pp. 1653–1662, 1982.

Kosugi, T.

A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, J. Takeuchi, H. Togo, M. Yaita, N. Kukutsu, K. Aihara, K. Murata, Y. Sato, T. Nagatsuma, and Y. Kado, “120-GHz-band wireless link technologies for outdoor 10-Gbit/s data transmission,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Technol., vol. 60, no. 3, pp. 881–895, 2012.

A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, N. Meisl, T. Shibata, and T. Nagatsuma, “High-directivity photonic emitter using photodiode module integrated with HEMT amplifier for 10-Gbit/s wireless link,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn., vol. 52, no. 8, pp. 1843–1850, 2004.

Krishnamachari, U.

L. A. Coldren, S. C. Nicholes, L. Johansson, S. Ristic, R. S. Guzzon, E. J. Norberg, and U. Krishnamachari, “High performance InP-based photonic ICs—A tutorial,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 554–570, 2011.

Kukutsu, N.

A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, J. Takeuchi, H. Togo, M. Yaita, N. Kukutsu, K. Aihara, K. Murata, Y. Sato, T. Nagatsuma, and Y. Kado, “120-GHz-band wireless link technologies for outdoor 10-Gbit/s data transmission,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Technol., vol. 60, no. 3, pp. 881–895, 2012.

H.-J. Song, K. Ajito, Y. Muramoto, A. Wakatsuki, T. Nagatsuma, and N. Kukutsu, “Uni-travelling-carrier photodiode module generating 300 GHz power greater than 1 mW,” IEEE Microw. Wireless Compon. Lett., vol. 22, no. 7, pp. 363–365, 2012.

T. Nagatsuma, N. Kukutsu, and Y. Kado, “Photonic generation of millimeter and terahertz waves and its applications,” Automatika, vol. 49, nos. 1/2, pp. 51–59, 2008.

T. Nagatsuma, A. Hirata, N. Shimizu, H. J. Song, and N. Kukutsu, “Photonic generation of millimeter and terahertz waves and its applications,” in Proc. 19th Int. Conf. Appl. Electromagn. Commun., 2007, pp. 1–4.

Kunkel, G.

S. Beer, H. Gulan, M. Pauli, C. Rusch, G. Kunkel, and T. Zwick, “122-GHz chip-to-antenna wire bond interconnect with high repeatability,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Microw. Symp., 2012, pp. 1–3.

Kuwano, S.

Y. Yoshimizu, S. Hisatake, S. Kuwano, J. Terada, N. Yoshimoto, and T. Nagatsuma, “Generation of coherent sub-terahertz carrier with phase stabilization for wireless communications,” J. Commun. Netw., vol. 15, no. 6, pp. 569–575, 2013.

T. Nagatsuma, S. Horiguchi, Y. Minamikata, Y. Yoshimizu, S. Hisatake, S. Kuwano, N. Yoshimoto, J. Terada, and H. Takahashi, “Terahertz wireless communications based on photonics technologies,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, pp. 23736–23747, 2013.

Lamponi, M.

F. van Dijk, G. Kervella, M. Lamponi, M. Chtioui, F. Lelarge, E. Vinet, Y. Robert, M. J. Fice, C. C. Renaud, A. Jimenez, and G. Carpintero, “Monolithically integrated InP Heterodyne millimeter wave source for high data rate transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 26, no. 10, pp. 965–968, 2014.

Laperle, C.

C. Laperle, M. Svilans, M. Poirier, and M. Tetu, “Frequency multiplication of microwave signals by sideband optical injection locking using a monolithic dual-wavelength DFB laser device,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn., vol. 47, no. 7, pp. 1219–1224, 1999.

Lau, K. Y.

U. Koren, S. Margalit, T. R. Chen, K. L. Yu, A. Yariv, N. Bar-Chaim, K. Y. Lau, and I. Ury, “Recent developments in monolithic integration of InGaAsP/InP optoelectronic devices,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 18, no. 10, pp. 1653–1662, 1982.

Leijtens, X.

Leijtens, X. J. M.

E. Kleijn, M. K. Smit, and X. J. M. Leijtens, “Multimode interference reflectors: A new class of components for photonic integrated circuits,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 31, no. 18, pp. 3055–3063, 2013.

P. Muñoz, R. García-Olcina, C. Habib, L. R. Chen, X. J. M. Leijtens, T. de Vries, and J. Capmany, “Label swapper device for spectral amplitude coded optical packet networks monolithically integrated on InP,” Opt. Exp., vol. 19, no. 14, pp. 13540–13550, 2011.

J. Zhao, E. Kleijn, P. J. Williams, M. K. Smit, and X. J. M. Leijtens, “On-chip laser with multimode interference reflectors realized in a generic integration platform,” in Proc. 23rd Int. Conf. Indium Phosphide Related Mater., 2011, pp. 1–4.

Lelarge, F.

F. van Dijk, G. Kervella, M. Lamponi, M. Chtioui, F. Lelarge, E. Vinet, Y. Robert, M. J. Fice, C. C. Renaud, A. Jimenez, and G. Carpintero, “Monolithically integrated InP Heterodyne millimeter wave source for high data rate transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 26, no. 10, pp. 965–968, 2014.

M. J. Fice, E. Rouvalis, F. van Dijk, A. Accard, F. Lelarge, C. C. Renaud, G. Carpintero, and A. J. Seeds, “146-GHz millimeter-wave radio-over-fiber photonic wireless transmission system,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, pp. 1769–1774, 2012.

E. Rouvalis, M. Chtioui, M. Tran, F. Lelarge, F. van Dijk, M. J. Fice, C. C. Renaud, G. Carpintero, and A. J. Seeds, “High-speed photodiodes for InP-based photonic integrated circuits,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, pp. 9172–9177, 2012.

K. Merghem, A. Akrout, A. Martinez, G. Moreau, J. P. Tourrenc, F. Lelarge, F. V. Dijk, G. H. Duan, G. Aubin, and A. Ramdane, “Short pulse generation using a passively mode-locked single InGaAsP/InP quantum well laser,” Opt. Exp. vol. 16, pp. 10675–10683, 2008.

F. van Dijk, A. Accard, A. Enard, O. Drisse, D. Make, and F. Lelarge, “Monolithic dual wavelength DFB lasers for narrow linewidth heterodyne beat-note generation,” in Proc. Int. Topical Meet. Microw. Photon. Jointly Held With Asia-Pacific Microw. Photon. Conf., 2011, pp. 73–76.

S. Joshi, N. Chimot, R. Rosales, S. Barbet, A. Accard, A. Ramdane, and F. Lelarge, “Mode-locked InAs/InP Quantum dash based DBR Laser monolithically integrated with a semiconductor optical amplifier,” in Proc. 25th Int. Conf. Indium Phosphide Related Mater., 2013, pp. 1–2.

Lester, L. F.

H. Cao, H. Deng, H. Ling, C. Liu, V. A. Smagley, R. B. Caldwell, G. Smolyakov, A. L. Gray, L. F. Lester, P. G. Eliseev, and M. Osinski, “Unidirectional operation of quantum-dot ring lasers,” in Proc. Conf. Lasers Electro-Opt., 2005, vol. 3, pp. 1793–1795.

Ling, H.

H. Cao, H. Deng, H. Ling, C. Liu, V. A. Smagley, R. B. Caldwell, G. Smolyakov, A. L. Gray, L. F. Lester, P. G. Eliseev, and M. Osinski, “Unidirectional operation of quantum-dot ring lasers,” in Proc. Conf. Lasers Electro-Opt., 2005, vol. 3, pp. 1793–1795.

Liu, C.

H. Cao, H. Deng, H. Ling, C. Liu, V. A. Smagley, R. B. Caldwell, G. Smolyakov, A. L. Gray, L. F. Lester, P. G. Eliseev, and M. Osinski, “Unidirectional operation of quantum-dot ring lasers,” in Proc. Conf. Lasers Electro-Opt., 2005, vol. 3, pp. 1793–1795.

Lu, M.

J. S. Parker, M. Lu, H. Park, A. Sivananthan, E. Bloch, Z. Griffith, L. A. Johansson, M. J. W. Rodwell, and L. A. Coldren, “Highly-stable integrated InGaAsP/InP mode-locked laser and optical phase-locked loop,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 25, no. 18, pp. 1851–1854, 2013.

Luo, Y.

J. Huang, C. Sun, B. Xiong, and Y. Luo, “Y-branch integrated dual wavelength laser diode for microwave generation by sideband injection locking,” Opt. Exp., vol. 17, pp. 20727–20734, 2009.

Make, D.

F. van Dijk, A. Accard, A. Enard, O. Drisse, D. Make, and F. Lelarge, “Monolithic dual wavelength DFB lasers for narrow linewidth heterodyne beat-note generation,” in Proc. Int. Topical Meet. Microw. Photon. Jointly Held With Asia-Pacific Microw. Photon. Conf., 2011, pp. 73–76.

Margalit, S.

U. Koren, S. Margalit, T. R. Chen, K. L. Yu, A. Yariv, N. Bar-Chaim, K. Y. Lau, and I. Ury, “Recent developments in monolithic integration of InGaAsP/InP optoelectronic devices,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 18, no. 10, pp. 1653–1662, 1982.

Marsh, J. H.

L. Hou, M. Haji, and J. H. Marsh, “Monolithic mode-locked laser with an integrated optical amplifier for low-noise and high-power operation,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 19, no. 4, p. 1100808, 2013.

D. A. Yanson, M. W. Street, S. D. McDougall, I. G. Thayne, J. H. Marsh, and E. A. Avrutin, “Ultrafast harmonic mode locking of monolithic compound cavity laser diodes incorporating photonic bandgap reflectors,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 1–11, 2002.

Martinez, A.

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A. Hirata, H. Togo, N. Shimizu, H. Takahashi, K. Okamoto, and T. Nagatsuma, “Low-phase noise photonic millimeter-wave generator using an AWG integrated with a 3-dB combiner,” IEICE Trans. Electron., vol. 88, no. 7, pp. 1458–1464, 2005.

N. Shimizu, K. Murata, A. Hirano, Y. Miyamoto, H. Kitabayashi, Y. Umeda, T. Akeyoshi, T. Furuta, and N. Watanabe, “40 Gbit/s monolithic digital OEIC composed of unitravelling-carrier photodiode and InP HEMTs,” Electron. Lett., vol. 36, no. 14, pp. 1220–1221, 2000.

T. Nagatsuma, A. Hirata, N. Shimizu, H. J. Song, and N. Kukutsu, “Photonic generation of millimeter and terahertz waves and its applications,” in Proc. 19th Int. Conf. Appl. Electromagn. Commun., 2007, pp. 1–4.

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T. Shimizu, I. Ogura, and H. Yokoyama, “860 GHz rate asymmetric colliding pulse mode locked diode lasers,” Electron. Lett., vol. 33, no. 22, pp. 1868–1869, 1997.

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J. S. Parker, M. Lu, H. Park, A. Sivananthan, E. Bloch, Z. Griffith, L. A. Johansson, M. J. W. Rodwell, and L. A. Coldren, “Highly-stable integrated InGaAsP/InP mode-locked laser and optical phase-locked loop,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 25, no. 18, pp. 1851–1854, 2013.

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H. Cao, H. Deng, H. Ling, C. Liu, V. A. Smagley, R. B. Caldwell, G. Smolyakov, A. L. Gray, L. F. Lester, P. G. Eliseev, and M. Osinski, “Unidirectional operation of quantum-dot ring lasers,” in Proc. Conf. Lasers Electro-Opt., 2005, vol. 3, pp. 1793–1795.

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Smit, M.

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E. Kleijn, M. K. Smit, and X. J. M. Leijtens, “Multimode interference reflectors: A new class of components for photonic integrated circuits,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 31, no. 18, pp. 3055–3063, 2013.

J. Zhao, E. Kleijn, P. J. Williams, M. K. Smit, and X. J. M. Leijtens, “On-chip laser with multimode interference reflectors realized in a generic integration platform,” in Proc. 23rd Int. Conf. Indium Phosphide Related Mater., 2011, pp. 1–4.

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H. Cao, H. Deng, H. Ling, C. Liu, V. A. Smagley, R. B. Caldwell, G. Smolyakov, A. L. Gray, L. F. Lester, P. G. Eliseev, and M. Osinski, “Unidirectional operation of quantum-dot ring lasers,” in Proc. Conf. Lasers Electro-Opt., 2005, vol. 3, pp. 1793–1795.

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T. Nagatsuma, A. Hirata, N. Shimizu, H. J. Song, and N. Kukutsu, “Photonic generation of millimeter and terahertz waves and its applications,” in Proc. 19th Int. Conf. Appl. Electromagn. Commun., 2007, pp. 1–4.

Song, H.-J.

H.-J. Song, K. Ajito, Y. Muramoto, A. Wakatsuki, T. Nagatsuma, and N. Kukutsu, “Uni-travelling-carrier photodiode module generating 300 GHz power greater than 1 mW,” IEEE Microw. Wireless Compon. Lett., vol. 22, no. 7, pp. 363–365, 2012.

Spencer, D. T.

S. Srinivasan, D. T. Spencer, M. Heck, E. Norberg, G. Fish, L. Theogarajan, and J. E. Bowers, “Microwave generation using an integrated hybrid silicon mode-locked laser in a coupled optoelectronic oscillator configuration,” presented at the Conf. Lasers Electro-Optics, San Jose, CA, USA, 2013, Paper CTu2G.2.

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S. Srinivasan, D. T. Spencer, M. Heck, E. Norberg, G. Fish, L. Theogarajan, and J. E. Bowers, “Microwave generation using an integrated hybrid silicon mode-locked laser in a coupled optoelectronic oscillator configuration,” presented at the Conf. Lasers Electro-Optics, San Jose, CA, USA, 2013, Paper CTu2G.2.

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M. Chaciński, U. Westergren, B. Willen, B. Stoltz, and L. Thylen, “Electroabsorption modulators suitable for 100-Gb/s ethernet,” IEEE Electron Device Lett., vol. 29, no. 9, pp. 1014–1016, 2008.

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D. A. Yanson, M. W. Street, S. D. McDougall, I. G. Thayne, J. H. Marsh, and E. A. Avrutin, “Ultrafast harmonic mode locking of monolithic compound cavity laser diodes incorporating photonic bandgap reflectors,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 1–11, 2002.

Sun, C.

J. Huang, C. Sun, B. Xiong, and Y. Luo, “Y-branch integrated dual wavelength laser diode for microwave generation by sideband injection locking,” Opt. Exp., vol. 17, pp. 20727–20734, 2009.

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C. Laperle, M. Svilans, M. Poirier, and M. Tetu, “Frequency multiplication of microwave signals by sideband optical injection locking using a monolithic dual-wavelength DFB laser device,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn., vol. 47, no. 7, pp. 1219–1224, 1999.

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Takahashi, H.

T. Nagatsuma, S. Horiguchi, Y. Minamikata, Y. Yoshimizu, S. Hisatake, S. Kuwano, N. Yoshimoto, J. Terada, and H. Takahashi, “Terahertz wireless communications based on photonics technologies,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, pp. 23736–23747, 2013.

A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, J. Takeuchi, H. Togo, M. Yaita, N. Kukutsu, K. Aihara, K. Murata, Y. Sato, T. Nagatsuma, and Y. Kado, “120-GHz-band wireless link technologies for outdoor 10-Gbit/s data transmission,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Technol., vol. 60, no. 3, pp. 881–895, 2012.

A. Hirata, H. Togo, N. Shimizu, H. Takahashi, K. Okamoto, and T. Nagatsuma, “Low-phase noise photonic millimeter-wave generator using an AWG integrated with a 3-dB combiner,” IEICE Trans. Electron., vol. 88, no. 7, pp. 1458–1464, 2005.

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H. Takeuchi, K. Kasaya, Y. Kondo, H. Yasaka, K. Oe, and Y. Imamura, “Monolithic integrated coherent receiver on InP substrate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. vol. 1, no. 11, pp. 398–399, 1989.

Takeuchi, J.

A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, J. Takeuchi, H. Togo, M. Yaita, N. Kukutsu, K. Aihara, K. Murata, Y. Sato, T. Nagatsuma, and Y. Kado, “120-GHz-band wireless link technologies for outdoor 10-Gbit/s data transmission,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Technol., vol. 60, no. 3, pp. 881–895, 2012.

Tekin, T.

S. Hisatake, G. Carpintero, Y. Yoshimizu, Y. Minamikata, K. Oogimoto, Y. Yasuda, F. van Dijk, T. Tekin, and T. Nagatsuma, “W-band coherent wireless link using injection-locked laser diodes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 27, no. 14, pp. 1565–1568, 2015.

Terada, J.

Y. Yoshimizu, S. Hisatake, S. Kuwano, J. Terada, N. Yoshimoto, and T. Nagatsuma, “Generation of coherent sub-terahertz carrier with phase stabilization for wireless communications,” J. Commun. Netw., vol. 15, no. 6, pp. 569–575, 2013.

T. Nagatsuma, S. Horiguchi, Y. Minamikata, Y. Yoshimizu, S. Hisatake, S. Kuwano, N. Yoshimoto, J. Terada, and H. Takahashi, “Terahertz wireless communications based on photonics technologies,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, pp. 23736–23747, 2013.

Tetu, M.

C. Laperle, M. Svilans, M. Poirier, and M. Tetu, “Frequency multiplication of microwave signals by sideband optical injection locking using a monolithic dual-wavelength DFB laser device,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn., vol. 47, no. 7, pp. 1219–1224, 1999.

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D. A. Yanson, M. W. Street, S. D. McDougall, I. G. Thayne, J. H. Marsh, and E. A. Avrutin, “Ultrafast harmonic mode locking of monolithic compound cavity laser diodes incorporating photonic bandgap reflectors,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 1–11, 2002.

Theogarajan, L.

S. Srinivasan, D. T. Spencer, M. Heck, E. Norberg, G. Fish, L. Theogarajan, and J. E. Bowers, “Microwave generation using an integrated hybrid silicon mode-locked laser in a coupled optoelectronic oscillator configuration,” presented at the Conf. Lasers Electro-Optics, San Jose, CA, USA, 2013, Paper CTu2G.2.

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M. G. Thompson, A. R. Rae, M. Xia, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “InGaAs quantum-dot mode-locked laser diodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 661–672, 2009.

K. A. Williams, M. G. Thompson, and I. H. White, “Long-wavelength monolithic mode-locked diode lasers,” New J. Phys., vol. 6, art. no. 179, pp. 1–24, 2004.

Thylen, L.

M. Chaciński, U. Westergren, B. Willen, B. Stoltz, and L. Thylen, “Electroabsorption modulators suitable for 100-Gb/s ethernet,” IEEE Electron Device Lett., vol. 29, no. 9, pp. 1014–1016, 2008.

Togo, H.

A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, J. Takeuchi, H. Togo, M. Yaita, N. Kukutsu, K. Aihara, K. Murata, Y. Sato, T. Nagatsuma, and Y. Kado, “120-GHz-band wireless link technologies for outdoor 10-Gbit/s data transmission,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Technol., vol. 60, no. 3, pp. 881–895, 2012.

A. Hirata, H. Togo, N. Shimizu, H. Takahashi, K. Okamoto, and T. Nagatsuma, “Low-phase noise photonic millimeter-wave generator using an AWG integrated with a 3-dB combiner,” IEICE Trans. Electron., vol. 88, no. 7, pp. 1458–1464, 2005.

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D. Novak and R. S. Tucker, “Millimeter-wave signal generation using pulsed semiconductor lasers,” Electron. Lett., vol. 30, no. 17, pp. 1430–1431, 1994.

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N. Shimizu, K. Murata, A. Hirano, Y. Miyamoto, H. Kitabayashi, Y. Umeda, T. Akeyoshi, T. Furuta, and N. Watanabe, “40 Gbit/s monolithic digital OEIC composed of unitravelling-carrier photodiode and InP HEMTs,” Electron. Lett., vol. 36, no. 14, pp. 1220–1221, 2000.

Ury, I.

U. Koren, S. Margalit, T. R. Chen, K. L. Yu, A. Yariv, N. Bar-Chaim, K. Y. Lau, and I. Ury, “Recent developments in monolithic integration of InGaAsP/InP optoelectronic devices,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 18, no. 10, pp. 1653–1662, 1982.

van Dijk, F.

K. Balakier, M. J. Fice, F. van Dijk, G. Kervella, G. Carpintero, A. J. Seeds, and C. C. Renaud, “Optical injection locking of monolithically integrated photonic source for generation of high purity signals above 100 GHz,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, pp. 29404–29412, 2014.

K. Balakier, M. J. Fice, F. van Dijk, G. Kervella, G. Carpintero, A. J. Seeds, and C. C. Renaud, “Optical injection locking of monolithically integrated photonic source for generation of high purity signals above 100 GHz,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 24, pp. 29404–29412, 2014.

F. van Dijk, G. Kervella, M. Lamponi, M. Chtioui, F. Lelarge, E. Vinet, Y. Robert, M. J. Fice, C. C. Renaud, A. Jimenez, and G. Carpintero, “Monolithically integrated InP Heterodyne millimeter wave source for high data rate transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 26, no. 10, pp. 965–968, 2014.

M. J. Fice, E. Rouvalis, F. van Dijk, A. Accard, F. Lelarge, C. C. Renaud, G. Carpintero, and A. J. Seeds, “146-GHz millimeter-wave radio-over-fiber photonic wireless transmission system,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, pp. 1769–1774, 2012.

E. Rouvalis, M. Chtioui, M. Tran, F. Lelarge, F. van Dijk, M. J. Fice, C. C. Renaud, G. Carpintero, and A. J. Seeds, “High-speed photodiodes for InP-based photonic integrated circuits,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, pp. 9172–9177, 2012.

S. Hisatake, G. Carpintero, Y. Yoshimizu, Y. Minamikata, K. Oogimoto, Y. Yasuda, F. van Dijk, T. Tekin, and T. Nagatsuma, “W-band coherent wireless link using injection-locked laser diodes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 27, no. 14, pp. 1565–1568, 2015.

F. van Dijk, A. Accard, A. Enard, O. Drisse, D. Make, and F. Lelarge, “Monolithic dual wavelength DFB lasers for narrow linewidth heterodyne beat-note generation,” in Proc. Int. Topical Meet. Microw. Photon. Jointly Held With Asia-Pacific Microw. Photon. Conf., 2011, pp. 73–76.

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J. P. Hohimer and G. A. Vawter, “Passive mode locking of monolithic semiconductor ring lasers at 86 GHz,” Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 63, no. 12, pp. 1598–1600, 1993.

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F. van Dijk, G. Kervella, M. Lamponi, M. Chtioui, F. Lelarge, E. Vinet, Y. Robert, M. J. Fice, C. C. Renaud, A. Jimenez, and G. Carpintero, “Monolithically integrated InP Heterodyne millimeter wave source for high data rate transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 26, no. 10, pp. 965–968, 2014.

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D. M. Gill, W. M. J. Green, C. Xiong, A. Rylyakov, C. Schow, J. Proesel, J. C. Rosenberg, T. Barwicz, M. Khater, S. Assefa, S. M. Shank, C. Reinholm, E. Kiewra, S. Kamlapurkar, and Y. A. Vlasov, “Distributed electrode Mach-Zehnder modulator with double-pass phase shifters and integrated inductors,” Opt. Exp., vol. 23, pp. 16857–16865, 2015.

Wakatsuki, A.

H.-J. Song, K. Ajito, Y. Muramoto, A. Wakatsuki, T. Nagatsuma, and N. Kukutsu, “Uni-travelling-carrier photodiode module generating 300 GHz power greater than 1 mW,” IEEE Microw. Wireless Compon. Lett., vol. 22, no. 7, pp. 363–365, 2012.

Watanabe, N.

N. Shimizu, K. Murata, A. Hirano, Y. Miyamoto, H. Kitabayashi, Y. Umeda, T. Akeyoshi, T. Furuta, and N. Watanabe, “40 Gbit/s monolithic digital OEIC composed of unitravelling-carrier photodiode and InP HEMTs,” Electron. Lett., vol. 36, no. 14, pp. 1220–1221, 2000.

Westergren, U.

M. Chaciński, U. Westergren, B. Willen, B. Stoltz, and L. Thylen, “Electroabsorption modulators suitable for 100-Gb/s ethernet,” IEEE Electron Device Lett., vol. 29, no. 9, pp. 1014–1016, 2008.

White, I. H.

M. G. Thompson, A. R. Rae, M. Xia, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “InGaAs quantum-dot mode-locked laser diodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 661–672, 2009.

K. A. Williams, M. G. Thompson, and I. H. White, “Long-wavelength monolithic mode-locked diode lasers,” New J. Phys., vol. 6, art. no. 179, pp. 1–24, 2004.

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M. Chaciński, U. Westergren, B. Willen, B. Stoltz, and L. Thylen, “Electroabsorption modulators suitable for 100-Gb/s ethernet,” IEEE Electron Device Lett., vol. 29, no. 9, pp. 1014–1016, 2008.

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K. A. Williams, M. G. Thompson, and I. H. White, “Long-wavelength monolithic mode-locked diode lasers,” New J. Phys., vol. 6, art. no. 179, pp. 1–24, 2004.

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J. Zhao, E. Kleijn, P. J. Williams, M. K. Smit, and X. J. M. Leijtens, “On-chip laser with multimode interference reflectors realized in a generic integration platform,” in Proc. 23rd Int. Conf. Indium Phosphide Related Mater., 2011, pp. 1–4.

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Y. K. Chen and M. C. Wu, “Monolithic colliding-pulse mode-locked quantum-well lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 28, no. 10, pp. 2176–2185, 1992.

Xia, M.

M. G. Thompson, A. R. Rae, M. Xia, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “InGaAs quantum-dot mode-locked laser diodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 661–672, 2009.

Xiong, B.

J. Huang, C. Sun, B. Xiong, and Y. Luo, “Y-branch integrated dual wavelength laser diode for microwave generation by sideband injection locking,” Opt. Exp., vol. 17, pp. 20727–20734, 2009.

Xiong, C.

D. M. Gill, W. M. J. Green, C. Xiong, A. Rylyakov, C. Schow, J. Proesel, J. C. Rosenberg, T. Barwicz, M. Khater, S. Assefa, S. M. Shank, C. Reinholm, E. Kiewra, S. Kamlapurkar, and Y. A. Vlasov, “Distributed electrode Mach-Zehnder modulator with double-pass phase shifters and integrated inductors,” Opt. Exp., vol. 23, pp. 16857–16865, 2015.

Yaita, M.

A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, J. Takeuchi, H. Togo, M. Yaita, N. Kukutsu, K. Aihara, K. Murata, Y. Sato, T. Nagatsuma, and Y. Kado, “120-GHz-band wireless link technologies for outdoor 10-Gbit/s data transmission,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Technol., vol. 60, no. 3, pp. 881–895, 2012.

Yanson, D. A.

D. A. Yanson, M. W. Street, S. D. McDougall, I. G. Thayne, J. H. Marsh, and E. A. Avrutin, “Ultrafast harmonic mode locking of monolithic compound cavity laser diodes incorporating photonic bandgap reflectors,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 1–11, 2002.

Yariv, A.

U. Koren, S. Margalit, T. R. Chen, K. L. Yu, A. Yariv, N. Bar-Chaim, K. Y. Lau, and I. Ury, “Recent developments in monolithic integration of InGaAsP/InP optoelectronic devices,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 18, no. 10, pp. 1653–1662, 1982.

Yasaka, H.

H. Takeuchi, K. Kasaya, Y. Kondo, H. Yasaka, K. Oe, and Y. Imamura, “Monolithic integrated coherent receiver on InP substrate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. vol. 1, no. 11, pp. 398–399, 1989.

Yasuda, Y.

S. Hisatake, G. Carpintero, Y. Yoshimizu, Y. Minamikata, K. Oogimoto, Y. Yasuda, F. van Dijk, T. Tekin, and T. Nagatsuma, “W-band coherent wireless link using injection-locked laser diodes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 27, no. 14, pp. 1565–1568, 2015.

Yokoyama, H.

T. Shimizu, I. Ogura, and H. Yokoyama, “860 GHz rate asymmetric colliding pulse mode locked diode lasers,” Electron. Lett., vol. 33, no. 22, pp. 1868–1869, 1997.

Yoshimizu, Y.

Y. Yoshimizu, S. Hisatake, S. Kuwano, J. Terada, N. Yoshimoto, and T. Nagatsuma, “Generation of coherent sub-terahertz carrier with phase stabilization for wireless communications,” J. Commun. Netw., vol. 15, no. 6, pp. 569–575, 2013.

T. Nagatsuma, S. Horiguchi, Y. Minamikata, Y. Yoshimizu, S. Hisatake, S. Kuwano, N. Yoshimoto, J. Terada, and H. Takahashi, “Terahertz wireless communications based on photonics technologies,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, pp. 23736–23747, 2013.

S. Hisatake, G. Carpintero, Y. Yoshimizu, Y. Minamikata, K. Oogimoto, Y. Yasuda, F. van Dijk, T. Tekin, and T. Nagatsuma, “W-band coherent wireless link using injection-locked laser diodes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 27, no. 14, pp. 1565–1568, 2015.

Yoshimoto, N.

T. Nagatsuma, S. Horiguchi, Y. Minamikata, Y. Yoshimizu, S. Hisatake, S. Kuwano, N. Yoshimoto, J. Terada, and H. Takahashi, “Terahertz wireless communications based on photonics technologies,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, pp. 23736–23747, 2013.

Y. Yoshimizu, S. Hisatake, S. Kuwano, J. Terada, N. Yoshimoto, and T. Nagatsuma, “Generation of coherent sub-terahertz carrier with phase stabilization for wireless communications,” J. Commun. Netw., vol. 15, no. 6, pp. 569–575, 2013.

Yu, K. L.

U. Koren, S. Margalit, T. R. Chen, K. L. Yu, A. Yariv, N. Bar-Chaim, K. Y. Lau, and I. Ury, “Recent developments in monolithic integration of InGaAsP/InP optoelectronic devices,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 18, no. 10, pp. 1653–1662, 1982.

Zhao, J.

J. Zhao, E. Kleijn, P. J. Williams, M. K. Smit, and X. J. M. Leijtens, “On-chip laser with multimode interference reflectors realized in a generic integration platform,” in Proc. 23rd Int. Conf. Indium Phosphide Related Mater., 2011, pp. 1–4.

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S. Beer, H. Gulan, M. Pauli, C. Rusch, G. Kunkel, and T. Zwick, “122-GHz chip-to-antenna wire bond interconnect with high repeatability,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Microw. Symp., 2012, pp. 1–3.

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U. Koren, T. L. Koch, B. I. Miller, G. Eisenstein, and R. H. Bosworth, “Wavelength division multiplexing light source with integrated quantum well tunable lasers and optical amplifiers,” Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 54, pp. 2056–2058, 1989.

J. P. Hohimer and G. A. Vawter, “Passive mode locking of monolithic semiconductor ring lasers at 86 GHz,” Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 63, no. 12, pp. 1598–1600, 1993.

Automatika (1)

T. Nagatsuma, N. Kukutsu, and Y. Kado, “Photonic generation of millimeter and terahertz waves and its applications,” Automatika, vol. 49, nos. 1/2, pp. 51–59, 2008.

Electron. Lett. (3)

T. Shimizu, I. Ogura, and H. Yokoyama, “860 GHz rate asymmetric colliding pulse mode locked diode lasers,” Electron. Lett., vol. 33, no. 22, pp. 1868–1869, 1997.

N. Shimizu, K. Murata, A. Hirano, Y. Miyamoto, H. Kitabayashi, Y. Umeda, T. Akeyoshi, T. Furuta, and N. Watanabe, “40 Gbit/s monolithic digital OEIC composed of unitravelling-carrier photodiode and InP HEMTs,” Electron. Lett., vol. 36, no. 14, pp. 1220–1221, 2000.

D. Novak and R. S. Tucker, “Millimeter-wave signal generation using pulsed semiconductor lasers,” Electron. Lett., vol. 30, no. 17, pp. 1430–1431, 1994.

IEEE Electron Device Lett. (1)

M. Chaciński, U. Westergren, B. Willen, B. Stoltz, and L. Thylen, “Electroabsorption modulators suitable for 100-Gb/s ethernet,” IEEE Electron Device Lett., vol. 29, no. 9, pp. 1014–1016, 2008.

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (4)

U. Koren, S. Margalit, T. R. Chen, K. L. Yu, A. Yariv, N. Bar-Chaim, K. Y. Lau, and I. Ury, “Recent developments in monolithic integration of InGaAsP/InP optoelectronic devices,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 18, no. 10, pp. 1653–1662, 1982.

D. A. Yanson, M. W. Street, S. D. McDougall, I. G. Thayne, J. H. Marsh, and E. A. Avrutin, “Ultrafast harmonic mode locking of monolithic compound cavity laser diodes incorporating photonic bandgap reflectors,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 1–11, 2002.

S. Arahira, Y. Matsui, and Y. Ogawa, “Mode-locking at very high repetition rates more than terahertz in passively mode-locked distributed-Bragg-reflector laser diodes,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 32, no. 7, pp. 1211–1224, 1996.

Y. K. Chen and M. C. Wu, “Monolithic colliding-pulse mode-locked quantum-well lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 28, no. 10, pp. 2176–2185, 1992.

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