Abstract

We study the nonreciprocal nature of the saturated parametric amplifier response under different pump wavelengths and power levels. The coupled-mode equations are first employed to gain more insight into the origin of directional phase-matched response. We next characterize pump depletion bandwidth and signal induced pump depletion level to identify the optimum pump wavelength and propagation direction. The nonreciprocal behavior was clearly observed at all of the examined pump wavelengths and power levels.

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  1. R. Nissim, A. Pejkic, E. Myslivets, B. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Ultrafast optical control by few photons in engineered fiber,” Science, vol. 345, no. 6195, pp. 417–419, 2014.
  2. R.R. Nissim, A. Pejkic, E. Myslivets, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Origin of non-reciprocal response in fiber optic parametric amplifiers,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 495–502, 2015.
  3. M. E. Marhic, G. Kalogerakis, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Gain reciprocity in fibre optical parametric amplifiers,” Electron. Lett., vol. 42, no. 9, pp. 519–520, 2006.
  4. F. Yaman, Q. Lin, S. Radic, and G. P. Agrawal, “Impact of dispersion fluctuations on dual-pump fiber-optic parametric amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 1292–1294, 2004.
  5. M. E. Marhic, Fiber Optical Parametric Amplifiers, Oscillators and Related Devices. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge Univ. Press, 2008.
  6. P. A. Andrekson, H. Sunnerud, S. Oda, T. Nishitani, and J. Yang “Ultrafast, atto-Joule switch using fiber-optic parametric amplifier operated in saturation,” Opt. Express, vol. 16, no. 15, pp. 10956–10961, 2008.
  7. E. Myslivets, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “High resolution measurement of arbitrary-dispersion fibers: Dispersion map reconstruction techniques,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 28, no. 23, pp. 3478–3487, 2010.
  8. G Cappellini and S. Trillo, “Third-order three-wave mixing in single-mode fibers: exact solutions and spatial instability effects,” J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 824–838, 1991.
  9. A.O. J. Wiberg, B. P.-P. Kuo, C.-S. Bres, and S. Radic, “High quality non-linearly compressed cavity-less 40 GHz sub-picosecond pulse source,” presented at the Eur. Conf. Exhib. Optical Communication, Torino, Italy, 2010, Paper Th.9.C.1.
  10. H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B, vol. 69, pp. 327–332, 1999.

2015 (1)

R.R. Nissim, A. Pejkic, E. Myslivets, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Origin of non-reciprocal response in fiber optic parametric amplifiers,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 495–502, 2015.

2014 (1)

R. Nissim, A. Pejkic, E. Myslivets, B. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Ultrafast optical control by few photons in engineered fiber,” Science, vol. 345, no. 6195, pp. 417–419, 2014.

2010 (1)

E. Myslivets, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “High resolution measurement of arbitrary-dispersion fibers: Dispersion map reconstruction techniques,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 28, no. 23, pp. 3478–3487, 2010.

2008 (1)

2006 (1)

M. E. Marhic, G. Kalogerakis, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Gain reciprocity in fibre optical parametric amplifiers,” Electron. Lett., vol. 42, no. 9, pp. 519–520, 2006.

2004 (1)

F. Yaman, Q. Lin, S. Radic, and G. P. Agrawal, “Impact of dispersion fluctuations on dual-pump fiber-optic parametric amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 1292–1294, 2004.

1999 (1)

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B, vol. 69, pp. 327–332, 1999.

1991 (1)

G Cappellini and S. Trillo, “Third-order three-wave mixing in single-mode fibers: exact solutions and spatial instability effects,” J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 824–838, 1991.

Agrawal, G. P.

F. Yaman, Q. Lin, S. Radic, and G. P. Agrawal, “Impact of dispersion fluctuations on dual-pump fiber-optic parametric amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 1292–1294, 2004.

Alic, N.

R.R. Nissim, A. Pejkic, E. Myslivets, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Origin of non-reciprocal response in fiber optic parametric amplifiers,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 495–502, 2015.

R. Nissim, A. Pejkic, E. Myslivets, B. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Ultrafast optical control by few photons in engineered fiber,” Science, vol. 345, no. 6195, pp. 417–419, 2014.

E. Myslivets, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “High resolution measurement of arbitrary-dispersion fibers: Dispersion map reconstruction techniques,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 28, no. 23, pp. 3478–3487, 2010.

Andrekson, P. A.

Bres, C.-S.

A.O. J. Wiberg, B. P.-P. Kuo, C.-S. Bres, and S. Radic, “High quality non-linearly compressed cavity-less 40 GHz sub-picosecond pulse source,” presented at the Eur. Conf. Exhib. Optical Communication, Torino, Italy, 2010, Paper Th.9.C.1.

Cappellini, G

G Cappellini and S. Trillo, “Third-order three-wave mixing in single-mode fibers: exact solutions and spatial instability effects,” J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 824–838, 1991.

Dunlop, A. E.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B, vol. 69, pp. 327–332, 1999.

Kalogerakis, G.

M. E. Marhic, G. Kalogerakis, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Gain reciprocity in fibre optical parametric amplifiers,” Electron. Lett., vol. 42, no. 9, pp. 519–520, 2006.

Kazovsky, L. G.

M. E. Marhic, G. Kalogerakis, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Gain reciprocity in fibre optical parametric amplifiers,” Electron. Lett., vol. 42, no. 9, pp. 519–520, 2006.

Keller, U.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B, vol. 69, pp. 327–332, 1999.

Kuo, B. P.

R. Nissim, A. Pejkic, E. Myslivets, B. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Ultrafast optical control by few photons in engineered fiber,” Science, vol. 345, no. 6195, pp. 417–419, 2014.

Kuo, B. P.-P.

A.O. J. Wiberg, B. P.-P. Kuo, C.-S. Bres, and S. Radic, “High quality non-linearly compressed cavity-less 40 GHz sub-picosecond pulse source,” presented at the Eur. Conf. Exhib. Optical Communication, Torino, Italy, 2010, Paper Th.9.C.1.

Lin, Q.

F. Yaman, Q. Lin, S. Radic, and G. P. Agrawal, “Impact of dispersion fluctuations on dual-pump fiber-optic parametric amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 1292–1294, 2004.

Marhic, M. E.

M. E. Marhic, G. Kalogerakis, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Gain reciprocity in fibre optical parametric amplifiers,” Electron. Lett., vol. 42, no. 9, pp. 519–520, 2006.

M. E. Marhic, Fiber Optical Parametric Amplifiers, Oscillators and Related Devices. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge Univ. Press, 2008.

Myslivets, E.

R.R. Nissim, A. Pejkic, E. Myslivets, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Origin of non-reciprocal response in fiber optic parametric amplifiers,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 495–502, 2015.

R. Nissim, A. Pejkic, E. Myslivets, B. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Ultrafast optical control by few photons in engineered fiber,” Science, vol. 345, no. 6195, pp. 417–419, 2014.

E. Myslivets, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “High resolution measurement of arbitrary-dispersion fibers: Dispersion map reconstruction techniques,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 28, no. 23, pp. 3478–3487, 2010.

Nishitani, T.

Nissim, R.

R. Nissim, A. Pejkic, E. Myslivets, B. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Ultrafast optical control by few photons in engineered fiber,” Science, vol. 345, no. 6195, pp. 417–419, 2014.

Nissim, R.R.

R.R. Nissim, A. Pejkic, E. Myslivets, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Origin of non-reciprocal response in fiber optic parametric amplifiers,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 495–502, 2015.

Oda, S.

Pejkic, A.

R.R. Nissim, A. Pejkic, E. Myslivets, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Origin of non-reciprocal response in fiber optic parametric amplifiers,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 495–502, 2015.

R. Nissim, A. Pejkic, E. Myslivets, B. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Ultrafast optical control by few photons in engineered fiber,” Science, vol. 345, no. 6195, pp. 417–419, 2014.

Radic, S.

R.R. Nissim, A. Pejkic, E. Myslivets, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Origin of non-reciprocal response in fiber optic parametric amplifiers,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 495–502, 2015.

R. Nissim, A. Pejkic, E. Myslivets, B. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Ultrafast optical control by few photons in engineered fiber,” Science, vol. 345, no. 6195, pp. 417–419, 2014.

E. Myslivets, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “High resolution measurement of arbitrary-dispersion fibers: Dispersion map reconstruction techniques,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 28, no. 23, pp. 3478–3487, 2010.

F. Yaman, Q. Lin, S. Radic, and G. P. Agrawal, “Impact of dispersion fluctuations on dual-pump fiber-optic parametric amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 1292–1294, 2004.

A.O. J. Wiberg, B. P.-P. Kuo, C.-S. Bres, and S. Radic, “High quality non-linearly compressed cavity-less 40 GHz sub-picosecond pulse source,” presented at the Eur. Conf. Exhib. Optical Communication, Torino, Italy, 2010, Paper Th.9.C.1.

Steinmeyer, G.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B, vol. 69, pp. 327–332, 1999.

Stenger, J.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B, vol. 69, pp. 327–332, 1999.

Sunnerud, H.

Sutter, D. H.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B, vol. 69, pp. 327–332, 1999.

Telle, H. R.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B, vol. 69, pp. 327–332, 1999.

Trillo, S.

G Cappellini and S. Trillo, “Third-order three-wave mixing in single-mode fibers: exact solutions and spatial instability effects,” J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 824–838, 1991.

Wiberg, A.O. J.

A.O. J. Wiberg, B. P.-P. Kuo, C.-S. Bres, and S. Radic, “High quality non-linearly compressed cavity-less 40 GHz sub-picosecond pulse source,” presented at the Eur. Conf. Exhib. Optical Communication, Torino, Italy, 2010, Paper Th.9.C.1.

Yaman, F.

F. Yaman, Q. Lin, S. Radic, and G. P. Agrawal, “Impact of dispersion fluctuations on dual-pump fiber-optic parametric amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 1292–1294, 2004.

Yang, J.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B, vol. 69, pp. 327–332, 1999.

Electron. Lett. (1)

M. E. Marhic, G. Kalogerakis, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Gain reciprocity in fibre optical parametric amplifiers,” Electron. Lett., vol. 42, no. 9, pp. 519–520, 2006.

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

F. Yaman, Q. Lin, S. Radic, and G. P. Agrawal, “Impact of dispersion fluctuations on dual-pump fiber-optic parametric amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 1292–1294, 2004.

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

R.R. Nissim, A. Pejkic, E. Myslivets, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Origin of non-reciprocal response in fiber optic parametric amplifiers,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 495–502, 2015.

E. Myslivets, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “High resolution measurement of arbitrary-dispersion fibers: Dispersion map reconstruction techniques,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 28, no. 23, pp. 3478–3487, 2010.

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B (1)

G Cappellini and S. Trillo, “Third-order three-wave mixing in single-mode fibers: exact solutions and spatial instability effects,” J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 824–838, 1991.

Opt. Express (1)

Science (1)

R. Nissim, A. Pejkic, E. Myslivets, B. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Ultrafast optical control by few photons in engineered fiber,” Science, vol. 345, no. 6195, pp. 417–419, 2014.

Other (2)

M. E. Marhic, Fiber Optical Parametric Amplifiers, Oscillators and Related Devices. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge Univ. Press, 2008.

A.O. J. Wiberg, B. P.-P. Kuo, C.-S. Bres, and S. Radic, “High quality non-linearly compressed cavity-less 40 GHz sub-picosecond pulse source,” presented at the Eur. Conf. Exhib. Optical Communication, Torino, Italy, 2010, Paper Th.9.C.1.

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