Abstract

We numerically and experimentally demonstrate the influences of gain fiber length, initial pulse center wavelength, duration, chirp, and temporal profile for efficient parabolic self-similar evolution, accounting for the strong gain shaping effect in fiber amplifiers under high gains. A spectrally resolved numerical model allowing for realistic descriptions of the variable wavelength-dependent gain is developed. The results predict the specific regions of the initial center wavelength and the duration for the self-similar evolution, which move toward a longer center wavelength and a broader duration range with the increasing gain fiber length. For short-length high-gain amplifiers, a proper negative initial chirp can not only resist the gain-shaping deformation and facilitate the self-similar evolution but also provide a broadband output. In addition, a triangular initial profile is found to be of minimum sensitivity to the detrimental gain shaping and optimum for efficient self-similar evolution. The experimental results confirm the numerical predictions. The studies of the fast parabolic pulse formation in short-length high-gain amplifiers presented here demonstrate the potential for performance scaling of femtosecond fiber amplifiers, few-cycle pulse sources, high-power frequency combs, and related applications.

© 2016 IEEE

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