Abstract

In order to cope with the foreseeable capacity crunch next-generation optical transmission systems aim to utilize higher order quadrature amplitude modulation formats to achieve spectral efficiency (SE) higher than the current commercial systems. In particular, transmission rates as high as 1 Tb/s are envisioned, employing superchannel configuration achieved by closer than standard 50 GHz placement of Nyquist filtered wavelength-division multiplexed (WDM) channels. Moreover, increase in symbol rate of each subcarrier in a superchannel is desired to reduce the number of components per Tb/s and, consequently, overall cost. In this regard, we addressed a series of challenges namely intersymbol-interference (ISI) induced by low-pass filtering of digital-to-analog converter (DAC), intrasuperchannel crosstalk penalties, and selected suitable forward error correction (FEC) code considering limitations of electronic components. Digital preemphasis is employed to mitigate DAC induced ISI, a subcarrier spacing of 1.2 $\times$ symbol rate is chosen to limit crosstalk penalties below 0.5 dB in Q $^2$ and a FEC overhead of 23% is established limiting transponder count to four, achieving 1 Tb/s net data rate. The superchannel is assigned a 200-GHz optical spectrum to achieve a SE of 5.0 b/s/Hz, and WDM transmission performance is evaluated over three different kinds of fibers: standard single-mode fiber (SSMF), large area pure silica core fiber (LAPSCF), and large effective area fiber (LEAF), having span lengths of 95/121, 82/164, and 81 km, respectively. The maximum reach of 1-Tb/s superchannel with 8 $\times$ 100-Gb/s WDM channels at pre-FEC threshold of 3.37 $\times$ 10 $^{-2}$ was found to be 1110, 1921, and 789 km for SSMF, LAPSCF, and LEAF, respectively. Further improvement in transmission performance is achieved by employing hybrid EDFA-Raman amplification, and achievable distance was extended to 2054, 2952, and 1341 km for SSMF, LAPSCF, and LEAF, respectively, at pre-FEC threshold. Mitigation of a nonlinear phase noise employing single-channel digital back propagation resulted in extension of maximum reach up to 2262, 3349, and 1530 km for SSMF, LAPSCF, and LEAF, respectively.

© 2015 IEEE

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