Abstract

Four-dimensional (4-D) set-partitioning quadrature amplitude modulation (4-D SP-QAM) has emerged as an interesting option for cost- and resource-efficient realization of bandwidth variable transceivers in elastic optical networks. In this invited paper, we review the principles for generation of 4-D SP-QAM signals, and describe options for forward error correction coding of 4-D SP-QAM signals and for realization of the digital signal processing in the coherent receiver. Furthermore, we report on the experimental realization of 4-D 512-ary and 2048-ary SP-QAM signals at a symbol rate of 28 GBd and investigate their performance in a Nyquist-WDM scenario. In transmission experiments over standard single-mode fiber, we compare the reach and spectral efficiency of five-carrier Nyquist-WDM signals modulated by various 4-D SP-QAM formats and polarization-division multiplexed (PDM) QAM formats. Of these modulation formats, the one with the lowest spectral efficiency is 128-ary SP-QAM encoding 7 bits/4-D symbol and the one with the highest spectral efficiency is PDM-64QAM encoding 12 bits/4-D symbol. By switching the modulation format, the spectral efficiency can be optimized for a specific reach with a granularity of 0.56 bit/s/Hz.

© 2014 IEEE

PDF Article

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription