Abstract

We demonstrate for the first time an intensity-modulated direct-detection link using four states of polarization. The four data-independent tributaries are each assigned distinct states of polarization to enable the receiver to separate the signals. Polarization rotation due to propagation over optical fiber is tracked and compensated with simple digital signal processing in Stokes space. Transmission below the forward error correction limit is shown for maximum net bitrates of 100 Gb/s (4 $\,\times$ 27 GBd) and 120 Gb/s (4 $\,\times$ 32 GBd) over 2-km standard single-mode fiber at a center wavelength of 1550 nm.

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  1. J. Estarán, M. A. Usuga, E. Porto da Silva, M. Piels, M. Iglesias Olmedo, and I. Tafur Monroy, “Quad-polarization transmission for high-capacity IM/DD links,” presented at the European Conf. Optical Communication, Cannes, France, 2014, p. PDP.4.3.
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  6. J. Lee, N. Kaneda, T. Pfau, A. Konczykowska, F. Jorge, J.-Y. Dupuy, and Y.-K. Chen, “Serial 103.125-gb/s transmission over 1 km SSMF for low-cost, short-reach optical interconnects,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Francisco, CA, USA, Mar. 2014.
  7. T. Tanaka, M. Nishihara, T. Takahara, W. Yan, L. Li, Z. Tao, M. Matsuda, K. Takabayashi, and J. Rasmussen, “Experimental demonstration of 448-Gbps+ DMT transmission over 30-km SMF,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2014, p. M2I.5.
  8. W. Yan, T. Tanaka, B. Liu, M. Nishihara, L. Li, T. Takahara, Z. Tao, J. Rasmussen, and T. Drenski, “100 gb/s optical IM-DD transmission with 10G-class devices enabled by 65 gsamples/s CMOS DAC core,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Anaheim, CA, USA, Mar. 2013.
  9. X. Xiao, F. Li, J. Yu, Y. Xia, and Y. Chen, “Real-time demonstration of 100 gbps class dual-carrier DDO-16QAM-DMT transmission with directly modulated laser,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Francisco, CA, USA, Mar. 2014.
  10. M. I. Olmedo, T. Zuo, J. B. Jensen, Q. Zhong, X. Xu, S. Popov, and I. T. Monroy, “Multiband carrierless amplitude phase modulation for high capacity optical data links,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 798–804, 2014.
  11. J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, I. White, and D. G. Cunningham, “100 Gb/s PAM4-CAP2 real-time modulation of a single optical source for next-generation datacommunication links,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Francisco, CA, USA, 2014, vol. 1, p. W1F.1.
  12. A. Al Amin, H. Takahashi, I. Morita, and H. Tanaka, “100-Gb/s direct-detection OFDM transmission on independent polarization tributaries,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, no. 7, pp. 468–470, 2010.
  13. D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “108 Gb/s OFDMA-PON with polarization multiplexing and direct detection,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 484–493, 2010.
  14. C. Li, H. Li, Q. Yang, M. Luo, X. Zhang, R. Hu, Z. Li, W. Li, and S. Yu, “Single photodiode direct detection system of 100-Gb/s OFDM/OQAM-64QAM over 80-km SSMF within a 50-GHz optical grid,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 19, pp. 22 490–22 497, 2014.
  15. M. Nazarathy, and A. Agmon, “Doubling direct-detection data rate by polarization multiplexing of 16-QAM without active polarization control.” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 26, pp. 31 998–32 012, 2013.
  16. D. Che, A. Li, X. Chen, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, and W. Shieh, “160-Gb/s stokes vector direct detection for short reach optical communication,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2014, p. Th5C.7.
  17. K. Kikuchi, “Electronic polarization-division demultiplexing based on digital signal processing in intensity-modulation direct-detection optical communication systems.” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 1971–1980, 2014.
  18. K. Kikuchi and S. Kawakami, “16-ary stokes-vector modulation enabling DSP-based direct detection at 100 Gbit/s,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Francisco, CA, USA, 2014, p. Th3K.6.
  19. K. Kikuchi and S. Kawakami, “Multi-level signaling in the stokes space and its application to large-capacity optical communications.” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 7, pp. 7374–7387, 2014.
  20. M. Chagnon, M. Poulin, S. Lessard, and D. V. Plant, “1 $\lambda$ 224 Gb/s 10 km transmission of polarization division multiplexed PAM-4 signals using 1.3 $\mu$m SiP intensity modulator and a direct-detection MIMO-based receiver,” presented at the European Conf. Optical Commun., 2014, p. PDP.4.4.
  21. C. Brosseau, Fundamentals of Polarized Light: A Statistical Optics Approach. New York, NY, USA: Wiley, 1998.
  22. C. Herard and A. Lacourt, “New multiplexing technique using polarization of light.” Appl. Opt., vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 222–231, 1991.
  23. P. Krummirich and K. Kotten, “Extremely fast (microsecond timescale) polarization changes in high speed long haul WDM transmission systems,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2004.
  24. B. Szafraniec, B. Nebendahl, and T. Marshall, “Polarization demultiplexing in stokes space.” Opt. Exp., vol. 18, no. 17, pp. 17 928–17 939, 2010.
  25. H. Meyr, M. Moeneclaey, and S. Fechtel, Digital Communication Receivers: Synchronization, Channel Estimation, and Signal Processing. New York, NY, USA: Wiley, 1997.

2014 (4)

M. I. Olmedo, T. Zuo, J. B. Jensen, Q. Zhong, X. Xu, S. Popov, and I. T. Monroy, “Multiband carrierless amplitude phase modulation for high capacity optical data links,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 798–804, 2014.

C. Li, H. Li, Q. Yang, M. Luo, X. Zhang, R. Hu, Z. Li, W. Li, and S. Yu, “Single photodiode direct detection system of 100-Gb/s OFDM/OQAM-64QAM over 80-km SSMF within a 50-GHz optical grid,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 19, pp. 22 490–22 497, 2014.

K. Kikuchi, “Electronic polarization-division demultiplexing based on digital signal processing in intensity-modulation direct-detection optical communication systems.” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 1971–1980, 2014.

K. Kikuchi and S. Kawakami, “Multi-level signaling in the stokes space and its application to large-capacity optical communications.” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 7, pp. 7374–7387, 2014.

2013 (2)

M. Nazarathy, and A. Agmon, “Doubling direct-detection data rate by polarization multiplexing of 16-QAM without active polarization control.” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 26, pp. 31 998–32 012, 2013.

R. Rodes, M. Mueller, B. Li, J. Estarán, J. Jensen, T. Gruendl, M. Ortsiefer, C. Neumeyr, J. Rosskopf, K. Larsen, M. Amann, and I. Monroy, “High-speed 1550 nm vcsel data transmission link employing 25 GBd 4-PAM modulation and hard decision forward error correction,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 689–695, 2013.

2010 (3)

A. Al Amin, H. Takahashi, I. Morita, and H. Tanaka, “100-Gb/s direct-detection OFDM transmission on independent polarization tributaries,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, no. 7, pp. 468–470, 2010.

D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “108 Gb/s OFDMA-PON with polarization multiplexing and direct detection,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 484–493, 2010.

B. Szafraniec, B. Nebendahl, and T. Marshall, “Polarization demultiplexing in stokes space.” Opt. Exp., vol. 18, no. 17, pp. 17 928–17 939, 2010.

2005 (1)

Y. Han and G. Li, “Coherent optical communication using polarization multiple-input-multiple-output,” Opt. Exp., vol. 13, no. 19, pp. 7527–7534, 2005.

1991 (1)

1990 (1)

1986 (1)

C. Herard and A. Lacourt, “Three channel multiplexing using polarization of light,” Opt. Commun., vol. 60, nos. 1/2, pp. 27–31, 1986.

Agmon, A.

M. Nazarathy, and A. Agmon, “Doubling direct-detection data rate by polarization multiplexing of 16-QAM without active polarization control.” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 26, pp. 31 998–32 012, 2013.

Al Amin, A.

A. Al Amin, H. Takahashi, I. Morita, and H. Tanaka, “100-Gb/s direct-detection OFDM transmission on independent polarization tributaries,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, no. 7, pp. 468–470, 2010.

Amann, M.

R. Rodes, M. Mueller, B. Li, J. Estarán, J. Jensen, T. Gruendl, M. Ortsiefer, C. Neumeyr, J. Rosskopf, K. Larsen, M. Amann, and I. Monroy, “High-speed 1550 nm vcsel data transmission link employing 25 GBd 4-PAM modulation and hard decision forward error correction,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 689–695, 2013.

Brosseau, C.

C. Brosseau, Fundamentals of Polarized Light: A Statistical Optics Approach. New York, NY, USA: Wiley, 1998.

Chagnon, M.

M. Chagnon, M. Poulin, S. Lessard, and D. V. Plant, “1 $\lambda$ 224 Gb/s 10 km transmission of polarization division multiplexed PAM-4 signals using 1.3 $\mu$m SiP intensity modulator and a direct-detection MIMO-based receiver,” presented at the European Conf. Optical Commun., 2014, p. PDP.4.4.

Che, D.

D. Che, A. Li, X. Chen, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, and W. Shieh, “160-Gb/s stokes vector direct detection for short reach optical communication,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2014, p. Th5C.7.

Chen, X.

D. Che, A. Li, X. Chen, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, and W. Shieh, “160-Gb/s stokes vector direct detection for short reach optical communication,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2014, p. Th5C.7.

Chen, Y.

X. Xiao, F. Li, J. Yu, Y. Xia, and Y. Chen, “Real-time demonstration of 100 gbps class dual-carrier DDO-16QAM-DMT transmission with directly modulated laser,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Francisco, CA, USA, Mar. 2014.

Chen, Y.-K.

J. Lee, N. Kaneda, T. Pfau, A. Konczykowska, F. Jorge, J.-Y. Dupuy, and Y.-K. Chen, “Serial 103.125-gb/s transmission over 1 km SSMF for low-cost, short-reach optical interconnects,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Francisco, CA, USA, Mar. 2014.

Cunningham, D. G.

J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, I. White, and D. G. Cunningham, “100 Gb/s PAM4-CAP2 real-time modulation of a single optical source for next-generation datacommunication links,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Francisco, CA, USA, 2014, vol. 1, p. W1F.1.

Cvijetic, N.

D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “108 Gb/s OFDMA-PON with polarization multiplexing and direct detection,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 484–493, 2010.

Dandridge, A.

Drenski, T.

W. Yan, T. Tanaka, B. Liu, M. Nishihara, L. Li, T. Takahara, Z. Tao, J. Rasmussen, and T. Drenski, “100 gb/s optical IM-DD transmission with 10G-class devices enabled by 65 gsamples/s CMOS DAC core,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Anaheim, CA, USA, Mar. 2013.

Dupuy, J.-Y.

J. Lee, N. Kaneda, T. Pfau, A. Konczykowska, F. Jorge, J.-Y. Dupuy, and Y.-K. Chen, “Serial 103.125-gb/s transmission over 1 km SSMF for low-cost, short-reach optical interconnects,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Francisco, CA, USA, Mar. 2014.

Estarán, J.

R. Rodes, M. Mueller, B. Li, J. Estarán, J. Jensen, T. Gruendl, M. Ortsiefer, C. Neumeyr, J. Rosskopf, K. Larsen, M. Amann, and I. Monroy, “High-speed 1550 nm vcsel data transmission link employing 25 GBd 4-PAM modulation and hard decision forward error correction,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 689–695, 2013.

J. Estarán, M. A. Usuga, E. Porto da Silva, M. Piels, M. Iglesias Olmedo, and I. Tafur Monroy, “Quad-polarization transmission for high-capacity IM/DD links,” presented at the European Conf. Optical Communication, Cannes, France, 2014, p. PDP.4.3.

Fechtel, S.

H. Meyr, M. Moeneclaey, and S. Fechtel, Digital Communication Receivers: Synchronization, Channel Estimation, and Signal Processing. New York, NY, USA: Wiley, 1997.

Gruendl, T.

R. Rodes, M. Mueller, B. Li, J. Estarán, J. Jensen, T. Gruendl, M. Ortsiefer, C. Neumeyr, J. Rosskopf, K. Larsen, M. Amann, and I. Monroy, “High-speed 1550 nm vcsel data transmission link employing 25 GBd 4-PAM modulation and hard decision forward error correction,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 689–695, 2013.

Han, Y.

Y. Han and G. Li, “Coherent optical communication using polarization multiple-input-multiple-output,” Opt. Exp., vol. 13, no. 19, pp. 7527–7534, 2005.

Herard, C.

C. Herard and A. Lacourt, “New multiplexing technique using polarization of light.” Appl. Opt., vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 222–231, 1991.

C. Herard and A. Lacourt, “Three channel multiplexing using polarization of light,” Opt. Commun., vol. 60, nos. 1/2, pp. 27–31, 1986.

Hu, J.

D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “108 Gb/s OFDMA-PON with polarization multiplexing and direct detection,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 484–493, 2010.

Hu, Q.

D. Che, A. Li, X. Chen, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, and W. Shieh, “160-Gb/s stokes vector direct detection for short reach optical communication,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2014, p. Th5C.7.

Hu, R.

C. Li, H. Li, Q. Yang, M. Luo, X. Zhang, R. Hu, Z. Li, W. Li, and S. Yu, “Single photodiode direct detection system of 100-Gb/s OFDM/OQAM-64QAM over 80-km SSMF within a 50-GHz optical grid,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 19, pp. 22 490–22 497, 2014.

Ingham, J. D.

J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, I. White, and D. G. Cunningham, “100 Gb/s PAM4-CAP2 real-time modulation of a single optical source for next-generation datacommunication links,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Francisco, CA, USA, 2014, vol. 1, p. W1F.1.

Jensen, J.

R. Rodes, M. Mueller, B. Li, J. Estarán, J. Jensen, T. Gruendl, M. Ortsiefer, C. Neumeyr, J. Rosskopf, K. Larsen, M. Amann, and I. Monroy, “High-speed 1550 nm vcsel data transmission link employing 25 GBd 4-PAM modulation and hard decision forward error correction,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 689–695, 2013.

Jensen, J. B.

M. I. Olmedo, T. Zuo, J. B. Jensen, Q. Zhong, X. Xu, S. Popov, and I. T. Monroy, “Multiband carrierless amplitude phase modulation for high capacity optical data links,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 798–804, 2014.

Jorge, F.

J. Lee, N. Kaneda, T. Pfau, A. Konczykowska, F. Jorge, J.-Y. Dupuy, and Y.-K. Chen, “Serial 103.125-gb/s transmission over 1 km SSMF for low-cost, short-reach optical interconnects,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Francisco, CA, USA, Mar. 2014.

Kaneda, N.

J. Lee, N. Kaneda, T. Pfau, A. Konczykowska, F. Jorge, J.-Y. Dupuy, and Y.-K. Chen, “Serial 103.125-gb/s transmission over 1 km SSMF for low-cost, short-reach optical interconnects,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Francisco, CA, USA, Mar. 2014.

Kawakami, S.

K. Kikuchi and S. Kawakami, “Multi-level signaling in the stokes space and its application to large-capacity optical communications.” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 7, pp. 7374–7387, 2014.

K. Kikuchi and S. Kawakami, “16-ary stokes-vector modulation enabling DSP-based direct detection at 100 Gbit/s,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Francisco, CA, USA, 2014, p. Th3K.6.

Kersey, A. D.

Kikuchi, K.

K. Kikuchi and S. Kawakami, “Multi-level signaling in the stokes space and its application to large-capacity optical communications.” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 7, pp. 7374–7387, 2014.

K. Kikuchi, “Electronic polarization-division demultiplexing based on digital signal processing in intensity-modulation direct-detection optical communication systems.” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 1971–1980, 2014.

K. Kikuchi and S. Kawakami, “16-ary stokes-vector modulation enabling DSP-based direct detection at 100 Gbit/s,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Francisco, CA, USA, 2014, p. Th3K.6.

Konczykowska, A.

J. Lee, N. Kaneda, T. Pfau, A. Konczykowska, F. Jorge, J.-Y. Dupuy, and Y.-K. Chen, “Serial 103.125-gb/s transmission over 1 km SSMF for low-cost, short-reach optical interconnects,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Francisco, CA, USA, Mar. 2014.

Kotten, K.

P. Krummirich and K. Kotten, “Extremely fast (microsecond timescale) polarization changes in high speed long haul WDM transmission systems,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2004.

Krummirich, P.

P. Krummirich and K. Kotten, “Extremely fast (microsecond timescale) polarization changes in high speed long haul WDM transmission systems,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2004.

Lacourt, A.

C. Herard and A. Lacourt, “New multiplexing technique using polarization of light.” Appl. Opt., vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 222–231, 1991.

C. Herard and A. Lacourt, “Three channel multiplexing using polarization of light,” Opt. Commun., vol. 60, nos. 1/2, pp. 27–31, 1986.

Larsen, K.

R. Rodes, M. Mueller, B. Li, J. Estarán, J. Jensen, T. Gruendl, M. Ortsiefer, C. Neumeyr, J. Rosskopf, K. Larsen, M. Amann, and I. Monroy, “High-speed 1550 nm vcsel data transmission link employing 25 GBd 4-PAM modulation and hard decision forward error correction,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 689–695, 2013.

Lee, J.

J. Lee, N. Kaneda, T. Pfau, A. Konczykowska, F. Jorge, J.-Y. Dupuy, and Y.-K. Chen, “Serial 103.125-gb/s transmission over 1 km SSMF for low-cost, short-reach optical interconnects,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Francisco, CA, USA, Mar. 2014.

Lessard, S.

M. Chagnon, M. Poulin, S. Lessard, and D. V. Plant, “1 $\lambda$ 224 Gb/s 10 km transmission of polarization division multiplexed PAM-4 signals using 1.3 $\mu$m SiP intensity modulator and a direct-detection MIMO-based receiver,” presented at the European Conf. Optical Commun., 2014, p. PDP.4.4.

Li, A.

D. Che, A. Li, X. Chen, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, and W. Shieh, “160-Gb/s stokes vector direct detection for short reach optical communication,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2014, p. Th5C.7.

Li, B.

R. Rodes, M. Mueller, B. Li, J. Estarán, J. Jensen, T. Gruendl, M. Ortsiefer, C. Neumeyr, J. Rosskopf, K. Larsen, M. Amann, and I. Monroy, “High-speed 1550 nm vcsel data transmission link employing 25 GBd 4-PAM modulation and hard decision forward error correction,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 689–695, 2013.

Li, C.

C. Li, H. Li, Q. Yang, M. Luo, X. Zhang, R. Hu, Z. Li, W. Li, and S. Yu, “Single photodiode direct detection system of 100-Gb/s OFDM/OQAM-64QAM over 80-km SSMF within a 50-GHz optical grid,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 19, pp. 22 490–22 497, 2014.

Li, F.

X. Xiao, F. Li, J. Yu, Y. Xia, and Y. Chen, “Real-time demonstration of 100 gbps class dual-carrier DDO-16QAM-DMT transmission with directly modulated laser,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Francisco, CA, USA, Mar. 2014.

Li, G.

Y. Han and G. Li, “Coherent optical communication using polarization multiple-input-multiple-output,” Opt. Exp., vol. 13, no. 19, pp. 7527–7534, 2005.

Li, H.

C. Li, H. Li, Q. Yang, M. Luo, X. Zhang, R. Hu, Z. Li, W. Li, and S. Yu, “Single photodiode direct detection system of 100-Gb/s OFDM/OQAM-64QAM over 80-km SSMF within a 50-GHz optical grid,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 19, pp. 22 490–22 497, 2014.

Li, L.

W. Yan, T. Tanaka, B. Liu, M. Nishihara, L. Li, T. Takahara, Z. Tao, J. Rasmussen, and T. Drenski, “100 gb/s optical IM-DD transmission with 10G-class devices enabled by 65 gsamples/s CMOS DAC core,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Anaheim, CA, USA, Mar. 2013.

T. Tanaka, M. Nishihara, T. Takahara, W. Yan, L. Li, Z. Tao, M. Matsuda, K. Takabayashi, and J. Rasmussen, “Experimental demonstration of 448-Gbps+ DMT transmission over 30-km SMF,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2014, p. M2I.5.

Li, W.

C. Li, H. Li, Q. Yang, M. Luo, X. Zhang, R. Hu, Z. Li, W. Li, and S. Yu, “Single photodiode direct detection system of 100-Gb/s OFDM/OQAM-64QAM over 80-km SSMF within a 50-GHz optical grid,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 19, pp. 22 490–22 497, 2014.

Li, Z.

C. Li, H. Li, Q. Yang, M. Luo, X. Zhang, R. Hu, Z. Li, W. Li, and S. Yu, “Single photodiode direct detection system of 100-Gb/s OFDM/OQAM-64QAM over 80-km SSMF within a 50-GHz optical grid,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 19, pp. 22 490–22 497, 2014.

Liu, B.

W. Yan, T. Tanaka, B. Liu, M. Nishihara, L. Li, T. Takahara, Z. Tao, J. Rasmussen, and T. Drenski, “100 gb/s optical IM-DD transmission with 10G-class devices enabled by 65 gsamples/s CMOS DAC core,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Anaheim, CA, USA, Mar. 2013.

Luo, M.

C. Li, H. Li, Q. Yang, M. Luo, X. Zhang, R. Hu, Z. Li, W. Li, and S. Yu, “Single photodiode direct detection system of 100-Gb/s OFDM/OQAM-64QAM over 80-km SSMF within a 50-GHz optical grid,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 19, pp. 22 490–22 497, 2014.

Marrone, M. J.

Marshall, T.

B. Szafraniec, B. Nebendahl, and T. Marshall, “Polarization demultiplexing in stokes space.” Opt. Exp., vol. 18, no. 17, pp. 17 928–17 939, 2010.

Matsuda, M.

T. Tanaka, M. Nishihara, T. Takahara, W. Yan, L. Li, Z. Tao, M. Matsuda, K. Takabayashi, and J. Rasmussen, “Experimental demonstration of 448-Gbps+ DMT transmission over 30-km SMF,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2014, p. M2I.5.

Meyr, H.

H. Meyr, M. Moeneclaey, and S. Fechtel, Digital Communication Receivers: Synchronization, Channel Estimation, and Signal Processing. New York, NY, USA: Wiley, 1997.

Moeneclaey, M.

H. Meyr, M. Moeneclaey, and S. Fechtel, Digital Communication Receivers: Synchronization, Channel Estimation, and Signal Processing. New York, NY, USA: Wiley, 1997.

Monroy, I.

R. Rodes, M. Mueller, B. Li, J. Estarán, J. Jensen, T. Gruendl, M. Ortsiefer, C. Neumeyr, J. Rosskopf, K. Larsen, M. Amann, and I. Monroy, “High-speed 1550 nm vcsel data transmission link employing 25 GBd 4-PAM modulation and hard decision forward error correction,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 689–695, 2013.

Monroy, I. T.

M. I. Olmedo, T. Zuo, J. B. Jensen, Q. Zhong, X. Xu, S. Popov, and I. T. Monroy, “Multiband carrierless amplitude phase modulation for high capacity optical data links,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 798–804, 2014.

Monroy, I. Tafur

J. Estarán, M. A. Usuga, E. Porto da Silva, M. Piels, M. Iglesias Olmedo, and I. Tafur Monroy, “Quad-polarization transmission for high-capacity IM/DD links,” presented at the European Conf. Optical Communication, Cannes, France, 2014, p. PDP.4.3.

Morita, I.

A. Al Amin, H. Takahashi, I. Morita, and H. Tanaka, “100-Gb/s direct-detection OFDM transmission on independent polarization tributaries,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, no. 7, pp. 468–470, 2010.

Mueller, M.

R. Rodes, M. Mueller, B. Li, J. Estarán, J. Jensen, T. Gruendl, M. Ortsiefer, C. Neumeyr, J. Rosskopf, K. Larsen, M. Amann, and I. Monroy, “High-speed 1550 nm vcsel data transmission link employing 25 GBd 4-PAM modulation and hard decision forward error correction,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 689–695, 2013.

Nazarathy, M.

M. Nazarathy, and A. Agmon, “Doubling direct-detection data rate by polarization multiplexing of 16-QAM without active polarization control.” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 26, pp. 31 998–32 012, 2013.

Nebendahl, B.

B. Szafraniec, B. Nebendahl, and T. Marshall, “Polarization demultiplexing in stokes space.” Opt. Exp., vol. 18, no. 17, pp. 17 928–17 939, 2010.

Neumeyr, C.

R. Rodes, M. Mueller, B. Li, J. Estarán, J. Jensen, T. Gruendl, M. Ortsiefer, C. Neumeyr, J. Rosskopf, K. Larsen, M. Amann, and I. Monroy, “High-speed 1550 nm vcsel data transmission link employing 25 GBd 4-PAM modulation and hard decision forward error correction,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 689–695, 2013.

Nishihara, M.

T. Tanaka, M. Nishihara, T. Takahara, W. Yan, L. Li, Z. Tao, M. Matsuda, K. Takabayashi, and J. Rasmussen, “Experimental demonstration of 448-Gbps+ DMT transmission over 30-km SMF,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2014, p. M2I.5.

W. Yan, T. Tanaka, B. Liu, M. Nishihara, L. Li, T. Takahara, Z. Tao, J. Rasmussen, and T. Drenski, “100 gb/s optical IM-DD transmission with 10G-class devices enabled by 65 gsamples/s CMOS DAC core,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Anaheim, CA, USA, Mar. 2013.

Olmedo, M. I.

M. I. Olmedo, T. Zuo, J. B. Jensen, Q. Zhong, X. Xu, S. Popov, and I. T. Monroy, “Multiband carrierless amplitude phase modulation for high capacity optical data links,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 798–804, 2014.

Olmedo, M. Iglesias

J. Estarán, M. A. Usuga, E. Porto da Silva, M. Piels, M. Iglesias Olmedo, and I. Tafur Monroy, “Quad-polarization transmission for high-capacity IM/DD links,” presented at the European Conf. Optical Communication, Cannes, France, 2014, p. PDP.4.3.

Ortsiefer, M.

R. Rodes, M. Mueller, B. Li, J. Estarán, J. Jensen, T. Gruendl, M. Ortsiefer, C. Neumeyr, J. Rosskopf, K. Larsen, M. Amann, and I. Monroy, “High-speed 1550 nm vcsel data transmission link employing 25 GBd 4-PAM modulation and hard decision forward error correction,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 689–695, 2013.

Penty, R. V.

J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, I. White, and D. G. Cunningham, “100 Gb/s PAM4-CAP2 real-time modulation of a single optical source for next-generation datacommunication links,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Francisco, CA, USA, 2014, vol. 1, p. W1F.1.

Pfau, T.

J. Lee, N. Kaneda, T. Pfau, A. Konczykowska, F. Jorge, J.-Y. Dupuy, and Y.-K. Chen, “Serial 103.125-gb/s transmission over 1 km SSMF for low-cost, short-reach optical interconnects,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Francisco, CA, USA, Mar. 2014.

Piels, M.

J. Estarán, M. A. Usuga, E. Porto da Silva, M. Piels, M. Iglesias Olmedo, and I. Tafur Monroy, “Quad-polarization transmission for high-capacity IM/DD links,” presented at the European Conf. Optical Communication, Cannes, France, 2014, p. PDP.4.3.

Plant, D. V.

M. Chagnon, M. Poulin, S. Lessard, and D. V. Plant, “1 $\lambda$ 224 Gb/s 10 km transmission of polarization division multiplexed PAM-4 signals using 1.3 $\mu$m SiP intensity modulator and a direct-detection MIMO-based receiver,” presented at the European Conf. Optical Commun., 2014, p. PDP.4.4.

Popov, S.

M. I. Olmedo, T. Zuo, J. B. Jensen, Q. Zhong, X. Xu, S. Popov, and I. T. Monroy, “Multiband carrierless amplitude phase modulation for high capacity optical data links,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 798–804, 2014.

Poulin, M.

M. Chagnon, M. Poulin, S. Lessard, and D. V. Plant, “1 $\lambda$ 224 Gb/s 10 km transmission of polarization division multiplexed PAM-4 signals using 1.3 $\mu$m SiP intensity modulator and a direct-detection MIMO-based receiver,” presented at the European Conf. Optical Commun., 2014, p. PDP.4.4.

Qian, D.

D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “108 Gb/s OFDMA-PON with polarization multiplexing and direct detection,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 484–493, 2010.

Rasmussen, J.

W. Yan, T. Tanaka, B. Liu, M. Nishihara, L. Li, T. Takahara, Z. Tao, J. Rasmussen, and T. Drenski, “100 gb/s optical IM-DD transmission with 10G-class devices enabled by 65 gsamples/s CMOS DAC core,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Anaheim, CA, USA, Mar. 2013.

T. Tanaka, M. Nishihara, T. Takahara, W. Yan, L. Li, Z. Tao, M. Matsuda, K. Takabayashi, and J. Rasmussen, “Experimental demonstration of 448-Gbps+ DMT transmission over 30-km SMF,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2014, p. M2I.5.

Rodes, R.

R. Rodes, M. Mueller, B. Li, J. Estarán, J. Jensen, T. Gruendl, M. Ortsiefer, C. Neumeyr, J. Rosskopf, K. Larsen, M. Amann, and I. Monroy, “High-speed 1550 nm vcsel data transmission link employing 25 GBd 4-PAM modulation and hard decision forward error correction,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 689–695, 2013.

Rosskopf, J.

R. Rodes, M. Mueller, B. Li, J. Estarán, J. Jensen, T. Gruendl, M. Ortsiefer, C. Neumeyr, J. Rosskopf, K. Larsen, M. Amann, and I. Monroy, “High-speed 1550 nm vcsel data transmission link employing 25 GBd 4-PAM modulation and hard decision forward error correction,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 689–695, 2013.

Shieh, W.

D. Che, A. Li, X. Chen, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, and W. Shieh, “160-Gb/s stokes vector direct detection for short reach optical communication,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2014, p. Th5C.7.

Silva, E. Porto da

J. Estarán, M. A. Usuga, E. Porto da Silva, M. Piels, M. Iglesias Olmedo, and I. Tafur Monroy, “Quad-polarization transmission for high-capacity IM/DD links,” presented at the European Conf. Optical Communication, Cannes, France, 2014, p. PDP.4.3.

Szafraniec, B.

B. Szafraniec, B. Nebendahl, and T. Marshall, “Polarization demultiplexing in stokes space.” Opt. Exp., vol. 18, no. 17, pp. 17 928–17 939, 2010.

Takabayashi, K.

T. Tanaka, M. Nishihara, T. Takahara, W. Yan, L. Li, Z. Tao, M. Matsuda, K. Takabayashi, and J. Rasmussen, “Experimental demonstration of 448-Gbps+ DMT transmission over 30-km SMF,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2014, p. M2I.5.

Takahara, T.

T. Tanaka, M. Nishihara, T. Takahara, W. Yan, L. Li, Z. Tao, M. Matsuda, K. Takabayashi, and J. Rasmussen, “Experimental demonstration of 448-Gbps+ DMT transmission over 30-km SMF,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2014, p. M2I.5.

W. Yan, T. Tanaka, B. Liu, M. Nishihara, L. Li, T. Takahara, Z. Tao, J. Rasmussen, and T. Drenski, “100 gb/s optical IM-DD transmission with 10G-class devices enabled by 65 gsamples/s CMOS DAC core,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Anaheim, CA, USA, Mar. 2013.

Takahashi, H.

A. Al Amin, H. Takahashi, I. Morita, and H. Tanaka, “100-Gb/s direct-detection OFDM transmission on independent polarization tributaries,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, no. 7, pp. 468–470, 2010.

Tanaka, H.

A. Al Amin, H. Takahashi, I. Morita, and H. Tanaka, “100-Gb/s direct-detection OFDM transmission on independent polarization tributaries,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, no. 7, pp. 468–470, 2010.

Tanaka, T.

T. Tanaka, M. Nishihara, T. Takahara, W. Yan, L. Li, Z. Tao, M. Matsuda, K. Takabayashi, and J. Rasmussen, “Experimental demonstration of 448-Gbps+ DMT transmission over 30-km SMF,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2014, p. M2I.5.

W. Yan, T. Tanaka, B. Liu, M. Nishihara, L. Li, T. Takahara, Z. Tao, J. Rasmussen, and T. Drenski, “100 gb/s optical IM-DD transmission with 10G-class devices enabled by 65 gsamples/s CMOS DAC core,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Anaheim, CA, USA, Mar. 2013.

Tao, Z.

T. Tanaka, M. Nishihara, T. Takahara, W. Yan, L. Li, Z. Tao, M. Matsuda, K. Takabayashi, and J. Rasmussen, “Experimental demonstration of 448-Gbps+ DMT transmission over 30-km SMF,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2014, p. M2I.5.

W. Yan, T. Tanaka, B. Liu, M. Nishihara, L. Li, T. Takahara, Z. Tao, J. Rasmussen, and T. Drenski, “100 gb/s optical IM-DD transmission with 10G-class devices enabled by 65 gsamples/s CMOS DAC core,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Anaheim, CA, USA, Mar. 2013.

Usuga, M. A.

J. Estarán, M. A. Usuga, E. Porto da Silva, M. Piels, M. Iglesias Olmedo, and I. Tafur Monroy, “Quad-polarization transmission for high-capacity IM/DD links,” presented at the European Conf. Optical Communication, Cannes, France, 2014, p. PDP.4.3.

Wang, T.

D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “108 Gb/s OFDMA-PON with polarization multiplexing and direct detection,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 484–493, 2010.

Wang, Y.

D. Che, A. Li, X. Chen, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, and W. Shieh, “160-Gb/s stokes vector direct detection for short reach optical communication,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2014, p. Th5C.7.

White, I.

J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, I. White, and D. G. Cunningham, “100 Gb/s PAM4-CAP2 real-time modulation of a single optical source for next-generation datacommunication links,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Francisco, CA, USA, 2014, vol. 1, p. W1F.1.

Xia, Y.

X. Xiao, F. Li, J. Yu, Y. Xia, and Y. Chen, “Real-time demonstration of 100 gbps class dual-carrier DDO-16QAM-DMT transmission with directly modulated laser,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Francisco, CA, USA, Mar. 2014.

Xiao, X.

X. Xiao, F. Li, J. Yu, Y. Xia, and Y. Chen, “Real-time demonstration of 100 gbps class dual-carrier DDO-16QAM-DMT transmission with directly modulated laser,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Francisco, CA, USA, Mar. 2014.

Xu, X.

M. I. Olmedo, T. Zuo, J. B. Jensen, Q. Zhong, X. Xu, S. Popov, and I. T. Monroy, “Multiband carrierless amplitude phase modulation for high capacity optical data links,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 798–804, 2014.

Yan, W.

W. Yan, T. Tanaka, B. Liu, M. Nishihara, L. Li, T. Takahara, Z. Tao, J. Rasmussen, and T. Drenski, “100 gb/s optical IM-DD transmission with 10G-class devices enabled by 65 gsamples/s CMOS DAC core,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Anaheim, CA, USA, Mar. 2013.

T. Tanaka, M. Nishihara, T. Takahara, W. Yan, L. Li, Z. Tao, M. Matsuda, K. Takabayashi, and J. Rasmussen, “Experimental demonstration of 448-Gbps+ DMT transmission over 30-km SMF,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2014, p. M2I.5.

Yang, Q.

C. Li, H. Li, Q. Yang, M. Luo, X. Zhang, R. Hu, Z. Li, W. Li, and S. Yu, “Single photodiode direct detection system of 100-Gb/s OFDM/OQAM-64QAM over 80-km SSMF within a 50-GHz optical grid,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 19, pp. 22 490–22 497, 2014.

Yu, J.

X. Xiao, F. Li, J. Yu, Y. Xia, and Y. Chen, “Real-time demonstration of 100 gbps class dual-carrier DDO-16QAM-DMT transmission with directly modulated laser,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Francisco, CA, USA, Mar. 2014.

Yu, S.

C. Li, H. Li, Q. Yang, M. Luo, X. Zhang, R. Hu, Z. Li, W. Li, and S. Yu, “Single photodiode direct detection system of 100-Gb/s OFDM/OQAM-64QAM over 80-km SSMF within a 50-GHz optical grid,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 19, pp. 22 490–22 497, 2014.

Zhang, X.

C. Li, H. Li, Q. Yang, M. Luo, X. Zhang, R. Hu, Z. Li, W. Li, and S. Yu, “Single photodiode direct detection system of 100-Gb/s OFDM/OQAM-64QAM over 80-km SSMF within a 50-GHz optical grid,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 19, pp. 22 490–22 497, 2014.

Zhong, Q.

M. I. Olmedo, T. Zuo, J. B. Jensen, Q. Zhong, X. Xu, S. Popov, and I. T. Monroy, “Multiband carrierless amplitude phase modulation for high capacity optical data links,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 798–804, 2014.

Zuo, T.

M. I. Olmedo, T. Zuo, J. B. Jensen, Q. Zhong, X. Xu, S. Popov, and I. T. Monroy, “Multiband carrierless amplitude phase modulation for high capacity optical data links,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 798–804, 2014.

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

A. Al Amin, H. Takahashi, I. Morita, and H. Tanaka, “100-Gb/s direct-detection OFDM transmission on independent polarization tributaries,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, no. 7, pp. 468–470, 2010.

J. Lightw. Technol. (3)

D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “108 Gb/s OFDMA-PON with polarization multiplexing and direct detection,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 484–493, 2010.

M. I. Olmedo, T. Zuo, J. B. Jensen, Q. Zhong, X. Xu, S. Popov, and I. T. Monroy, “Multiband carrierless amplitude phase modulation for high capacity optical data links,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 798–804, 2014.

R. Rodes, M. Mueller, B. Li, J. Estarán, J. Jensen, T. Gruendl, M. Ortsiefer, C. Neumeyr, J. Rosskopf, K. Larsen, M. Amann, and I. Monroy, “High-speed 1550 nm vcsel data transmission link employing 25 GBd 4-PAM modulation and hard decision forward error correction,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 689–695, 2013.

Opt. Commun. (1)

C. Herard and A. Lacourt, “Three channel multiplexing using polarization of light,” Opt. Commun., vol. 60, nos. 1/2, pp. 27–31, 1986.

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Y. Han and G. Li, “Coherent optical communication using polarization multiple-input-multiple-output,” Opt. Exp., vol. 13, no. 19, pp. 7527–7534, 2005.

K. Kikuchi, “Electronic polarization-division demultiplexing based on digital signal processing in intensity-modulation direct-detection optical communication systems.” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 1971–1980, 2014.

C. Li, H. Li, Q. Yang, M. Luo, X. Zhang, R. Hu, Z. Li, W. Li, and S. Yu, “Single photodiode direct detection system of 100-Gb/s OFDM/OQAM-64QAM over 80-km SSMF within a 50-GHz optical grid,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 19, pp. 22 490–22 497, 2014.

M. Nazarathy, and A. Agmon, “Doubling direct-detection data rate by polarization multiplexing of 16-QAM without active polarization control.” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 26, pp. 31 998–32 012, 2013.

K. Kikuchi and S. Kawakami, “Multi-level signaling in the stokes space and its application to large-capacity optical communications.” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 7, pp. 7374–7387, 2014.

B. Szafraniec, B. Nebendahl, and T. Marshall, “Polarization demultiplexing in stokes space.” Opt. Exp., vol. 18, no. 17, pp. 17 928–17 939, 2010.

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (12)

J. Estarán, M. A. Usuga, E. Porto da Silva, M. Piels, M. Iglesias Olmedo, and I. Tafur Monroy, “Quad-polarization transmission for high-capacity IM/DD links,” presented at the European Conf. Optical Communication, Cannes, France, 2014, p. PDP.4.3.

J. Lee, N. Kaneda, T. Pfau, A. Konczykowska, F. Jorge, J.-Y. Dupuy, and Y.-K. Chen, “Serial 103.125-gb/s transmission over 1 km SSMF for low-cost, short-reach optical interconnects,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Francisco, CA, USA, Mar. 2014.

T. Tanaka, M. Nishihara, T. Takahara, W. Yan, L. Li, Z. Tao, M. Matsuda, K. Takabayashi, and J. Rasmussen, “Experimental demonstration of 448-Gbps+ DMT transmission over 30-km SMF,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2014, p. M2I.5.

W. Yan, T. Tanaka, B. Liu, M. Nishihara, L. Li, T. Takahara, Z. Tao, J. Rasmussen, and T. Drenski, “100 gb/s optical IM-DD transmission with 10G-class devices enabled by 65 gsamples/s CMOS DAC core,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Anaheim, CA, USA, Mar. 2013.

X. Xiao, F. Li, J. Yu, Y. Xia, and Y. Chen, “Real-time demonstration of 100 gbps class dual-carrier DDO-16QAM-DMT transmission with directly modulated laser,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Francisco, CA, USA, Mar. 2014.

D. Che, A. Li, X. Chen, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, and W. Shieh, “160-Gb/s stokes vector direct detection for short reach optical communication,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2014, p. Th5C.7.

K. Kikuchi and S. Kawakami, “16-ary stokes-vector modulation enabling DSP-based direct detection at 100 Gbit/s,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Francisco, CA, USA, 2014, p. Th3K.6.

J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, I. White, and D. G. Cunningham, “100 Gb/s PAM4-CAP2 real-time modulation of a single optical source for next-generation datacommunication links,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Francisco, CA, USA, 2014, vol. 1, p. W1F.1.

H. Meyr, M. Moeneclaey, and S. Fechtel, Digital Communication Receivers: Synchronization, Channel Estimation, and Signal Processing. New York, NY, USA: Wiley, 1997.

M. Chagnon, M. Poulin, S. Lessard, and D. V. Plant, “1 $\lambda$ 224 Gb/s 10 km transmission of polarization division multiplexed PAM-4 signals using 1.3 $\mu$m SiP intensity modulator and a direct-detection MIMO-based receiver,” presented at the European Conf. Optical Commun., 2014, p. PDP.4.4.

C. Brosseau, Fundamentals of Polarized Light: A Statistical Optics Approach. New York, NY, USA: Wiley, 1998.

P. Krummirich and K. Kotten, “Extremely fast (microsecond timescale) polarization changes in high speed long haul WDM transmission systems,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2004.

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