Abstract

The 2-μm wave band is emerging as a potential new window for optical telecommunications with several distinct advantages over the traditional 1.55 μm region. First of all, the hollow-core photonic band gap fiber (HC-PBGF) is an emerging transmission fiber candidate with ultra-low nonlinearity and lowest latency (0.3% slower than light propagating in vacuum) that has its minimum loss within the 2-μm wavelength band. Second, the thulium-doped fiber amplifier that operates in this spectral region provides significantly more bandwidth than the erbium-doped fiber amplifier. In this paper, we demonstrate a single-channel 2-μm transmitter capable of delivering >52 Gbit/s data signals, which is twice the capacity previously demonstrated. To achieve this, we employ discrete multitone modulation via direct current modulation of a Fabry–Perot semiconductor laser. The 4.4-GHz modulation bandwidth of the laser is enhanced by optical injection locking, providing up to 11 GHz modulation bandwidth. Transmission over 500-m and 3.8-km samples of HC-PBGF is demonstrated.

© 2015 IEEE

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