Abstract

In this paper, we investigate the properties of transmission links amplified by phase-sensitive amplifiers (PSAs). Using an analytic description, we explain the principles enabling improved sensitivity compared to conventional links amplified by phase-insensitive amplifiers (PIAs) and mitigation of nonlinear transmission distortions. We demonstrate these features using numerical simulations, and in particular, we show the possibility of efficiently mitigating both self-phase modulation (SPM)-induced distortions and nonlinear phase noise (NLPN) if the link dispersion map is optimized. The properties of the noise on signal and idler are important and to enable NLPN mitigation, the noise must be correlated at the link input. We investigate the role of the dispersion map in detail and show that in a link with standard single mode fiber (SSMF) the optimum dispersion map for efficient nonlinearity mitigation corresponds to precompensation of an amount equal to the effective loss length. Furthermore, we experimentally demonstrate both improved sensitivity and mitigation of nonlinearities in a 105 km PSA-amplified link transmitting 10 GBd 16-ary quadrature amplitude modulation (16QAM) data. We measure a combined effect allowing for more than 12 dB larger span loss in a PSA-amplified link compared to a conventional PIA-amplified link to reach the same bit error ratio (BER) of $1\times 10^{-3}$ .

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  30. Y. Frignac, J.-C. Antona, S. Bigo, and J.-P. Hamaide, “Numerical optimization of pre- and in-line dispersion compensation in dispersion-managed systems at 40 Gbit/s,” in Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo. Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf., (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2002), ThFF5.
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2014 (3)

T. Umeki, O. Tadanaga, M. Asobe, Y. Miyamoto, and H. Takenouchi, “First demonstration of high-order QAM signal amplification in PPLN-based phase sensitive amplifier,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 2473–2482, 2014.

B. Corcoran, R. Malik, S. L. I. Olsson, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Noise beating in hybrid phase-sensitive amplifier systems,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 5, pp. 5762–5771, 2014.

R. Dar, M. Feder, A. Mecozzi, and M. Shtafi, “Accumulation of nonlinear interference noise in fiber-optic systems,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 12, pp. 14199–14211, 2014.

2013 (5)

T. Umeki, M. Asobe, H. Takara, Y. Miyamoto, and H. Takenouchi, “Multi-span transmission using phase and amplitude regeneration in PPLN-based PSA,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 15, pp. 18170–18177, 2013.

Y. Tian, Y.-K. Huang, S. Zhang, P. R. Prucnal, and T. Wang, “Demonstration of digital phase-sensitive boosting to extend signal reach for long-haul WDM systems using optical phase-conjugated copy,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 5099–5106, 2013.

X. Liu, A. R. Chraplyvy, P. J. Winzer, R. W. Tkach, and S. Chandrasekhar, “Phase-conjugated twin waves for communication beyond the Kerr nonlinearity limit,” Nat. Photon., vol. 7, pp. 560–568, 2013.

S. L. I. Olsson, B. Corcoran, C. Lundström, E. Tipsuwannakul, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, Z. Tong, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Injection locking-based pump recovery for phase-sensitive amplified links,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 12, pp. 14512–14529, 2013.

C. Lundström, R. Malik, L. Grüner-Nielson, B. Corcoran, S. L. I. Olsson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Fiber optic parametric amplifier with 10-dB net gain without pump dithering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 234–237, 2013.

2012 (2)

E. Tipsuwannakul, J. Li, T. Eriksson, L. Egnell, F. Sjöström, J. Pejnefors, P. Andrekson, and M. Karlsson, “Influence of fiber-Bragg grating-induced group-delay ripple in high-speed transmission systems,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 4, no. 6, pp. 514–521, 2012.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, M. Karlsson, and A. Bogris, “Ultralow noise, broadband phase-sensitive optical amplifiers, and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 1016–1032, 2012.

2011 (1)

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen,“Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photon., vol. 5, no. 7, pp. 430–436, 2011.

2010 (4)

Z. Tong, C. J. McKinstrie, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Noise performance of optical fiber transmission links that use non-degenerate cascaded phasesensitive amplifiers,” Opt. Exp., vol. 18, no. 15, pp. 15426–15439, 2010.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Gröner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O′Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photon., vol. 4, pp. 690–695, 2010.

R.-J. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. J. Winzer, G. J. Foschini, and B. Goebel, “Capacity limits of optical fiber networks,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 662–701, 2010.

A. D. Ellis, J. Zhao, and D. Cotter, “Approaching the non-linear Shannon limit,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 423–433, 2010.

2009 (1)

T. Pfau, S. Hoffmann, and R. Noé, “Hardware-efficient coherent digital receiver concept with feedforward carrier recovery for M-QAM constellations,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 27, no. 8, pp. 989–999, 2009.

2008 (1)

E. Ip and J. M. Kahn, “Compensation of dispersion and nonlinear impairments using digital backpropagation,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 26, no. 20, pp. 3416–3425, 2008.

2006 (1)

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, B. Spinnler, S. Calabrò, H. Suche, P. M. Krummrich, W. Sohler, G.-D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Optical phase conjugation for ultra long-haul phase-shift-keyed transmission,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 54–64, 2006.

2005 (2)

R. Tang, J. Lasri, P. S. Devgan, V. Grigoryan, P. Kumar, and M. Vasilyev, “Gain characteristics of a frequency nondegenerate phase-sensitive fiber-optic parametric amplifier with phase self-stabilized input,” Opt. Exp., vol. 13, no. 26, pp. 10483–10493, 2005.

M. Vasilyev, “Distributed phase-sensitive amplification,” Opt. Exp., vol. 13, no. 19, pp. 7563–7571, 2005.

2004 (1)

C. J. McKinstrie, S. Radic, and M. G. Raymer, “Quantum noise properties of parametric amplifiers driven by two pump waves,” Opt. Exp., vol. 12, no. 21, pp. 5037–5066, 2004.

1996 (1)

1990 (1)

1982 (1)

C. M. Caves, “Quantum limits on noise in linear amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. D, vol. 26, no. 8, pp. 1817–1839, 1982.

Agrawal, G.

G. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 3rd ed. New York, NY, USA: Academic, 2001.

Agrell, E.

E. Agrell, “Nonlinear fiber capacity,” in Proc. Eur. Conf. Exh. Opt. Commun., (The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2013), We.4.D.3.

Andrekson, C. Lundström, P. A.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, M. Karlsson, and A. Bogris, “Ultralow noise, broadband phase-sensitive optical amplifiers, and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 1016–1032, 2012.

Andrekson, P.

E. Tipsuwannakul, J. Li, T. Eriksson, L. Egnell, F. Sjöström, J. Pejnefors, P. Andrekson, and M. Karlsson, “Influence of fiber-Bragg grating-induced group-delay ripple in high-speed transmission systems,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 4, no. 6, pp. 514–521, 2012.

S. L. I. Olsson, T. A. Eriksson, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. Andrekson, “Linear and nonlinear transmission of 16-QAM over 105 km phase-sensitive amplified link,” in Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo. Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf., (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2014), Th1H.3.

B. Corcoran, S. L. I. Olsson, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive optical pre-amplifier implemented in an 80 km DQPSK link,” in Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo. Nat. Fiber Optic Eng. Conf., (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2012), PDP5A.4.

Andrekson, P. A.

B. Corcoran, R. Malik, S. L. I. Olsson, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Noise beating in hybrid phase-sensitive amplifier systems,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 5, pp. 5762–5771, 2014.

C. Lundström, R. Malik, L. Grüner-Nielson, B. Corcoran, S. L. I. Olsson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Fiber optic parametric amplifier with 10-dB net gain without pump dithering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 234–237, 2013.

S. L. I. Olsson, B. Corcoran, C. Lundström, E. Tipsuwannakul, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, Z. Tong, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Injection locking-based pump recovery for phase-sensitive amplified links,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 12, pp. 14512–14529, 2013.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen,“Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photon., vol. 5, no. 7, pp. 430–436, 2011.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Gröner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O′Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photon., vol. 4, pp. 690–695, 2010.

Z. Tong, C. J. McKinstrie, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Noise performance of optical fiber transmission links that use non-degenerate cascaded phasesensitive amplifiers,” Opt. Exp., vol. 18, no. 15, pp. 15426–15439, 2010.

S. L. I. Olsson, B. Corcoran, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive amplified optical link operating in the nonlinear transmission regime,” in Proc. Eur. Conf. Exhib. Opt. Commun., (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2012), Th.2.F.1.

B. Corcoran, S. L. I. Olsson, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Mitigation of nonlinear impairments on QPSK data in phase-sensitive amplified links,” in Proc. Eur. Conf. Exhib. Opt. Commun., (The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2013), We.3.A.1.

Antona, J.-C.

Y. Frignac, J.-C. Antona, S. Bigo, and J.-P. Hamaide, “Numerical optimization of pre- and in-line dispersion compensation in dispersion-managed systems at 40 Gbit/s,” in Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo. Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf., (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2002), ThFF5.

Asobe, M.

T. Umeki, O. Tadanaga, M. Asobe, Y. Miyamoto, and H. Takenouchi, “First demonstration of high-order QAM signal amplification in PPLN-based phase sensitive amplifier,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 2473–2482, 2014.

T. Umeki, M. Asobe, H. Takara, Y. Miyamoto, and H. Takenouchi, “Multi-span transmission using phase and amplitude regeneration in PPLN-based PSA,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 15, pp. 18170–18177, 2013.

Bigo, S.

Y. Frignac, J.-C. Antona, S. Bigo, and J.-P. Hamaide, “Numerical optimization of pre- and in-line dispersion compensation in dispersion-managed systems at 40 Gbit/s,” in Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo. Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf., (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2002), ThFF5.

Blessing, D. J.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen,“Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photon., vol. 5, no. 7, pp. 430–436, 2011.

Bogris, A.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, M. Karlsson, and A. Bogris, “Ultralow noise, broadband phase-sensitive optical amplifiers, and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 1016–1032, 2012.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Gröner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O′Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photon., vol. 4, pp. 690–695, 2010.

Calabrò, S.

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, B. Spinnler, S. Calabrò, H. Suche, P. M. Krummrich, W. Sohler, G.-D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Optical phase conjugation for ultra long-haul phase-shift-keyed transmission,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 54–64, 2006.

Caves, C. M.

C. M. Caves, “Quantum limits on noise in linear amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. D, vol. 26, no. 8, pp. 1817–1839, 1982.

Chandrasekhar, S.

X. Liu, A. R. Chraplyvy, P. J. Winzer, R. W. Tkach, and S. Chandrasekhar, “Phase-conjugated twin waves for communication beyond the Kerr nonlinearity limit,” Nat. Photon., vol. 7, pp. 560–568, 2013.

Chraplyvy, A. R.

X. Liu, A. R. Chraplyvy, P. J. Winzer, R. W. Tkach, and S. Chandrasekhar, “Phase-conjugated twin waves for communication beyond the Kerr nonlinearity limit,” Nat. Photon., vol. 7, pp. 560–568, 2013.

Corcoran, B.

B. Corcoran, R. Malik, S. L. I. Olsson, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Noise beating in hybrid phase-sensitive amplifier systems,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 5, pp. 5762–5771, 2014.

S. L. I. Olsson, B. Corcoran, C. Lundström, E. Tipsuwannakul, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, Z. Tong, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Injection locking-based pump recovery for phase-sensitive amplified links,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 12, pp. 14512–14529, 2013.

C. Lundström, R. Malik, L. Grüner-Nielson, B. Corcoran, S. L. I. Olsson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Fiber optic parametric amplifier with 10-dB net gain without pump dithering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 234–237, 2013.

S. L. I. Olsson, B. Corcoran, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive amplified optical link operating in the nonlinear transmission regime,” in Proc. Eur. Conf. Exhib. Opt. Commun., (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2012), Th.2.F.1.

B. Corcoran, S. L. I. Olsson, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Mitigation of nonlinear impairments on QPSK data in phase-sensitive amplified links,” in Proc. Eur. Conf. Exhib. Opt. Commun., (The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2013), We.3.A.1.

B. Corcoran, S. L. I. Olsson, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive optical pre-amplifier implemented in an 80 km DQPSK link,” in Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo. Nat. Fiber Optic Eng. Conf., (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2012), PDP5A.4.

Cotter, D.

A. D. Ellis, J. Zhao, and D. Cotter, “Approaching the non-linear Shannon limit,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 423–433, 2010.

Dar, R.

R. Dar, M. Feder, A. Mecozzi, and M. Shtafi, “Accumulation of nonlinear interference noise in fiber-optic systems,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 12, pp. 14199–14211, 2014.

Dasgupta, S.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Gröner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O′Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photon., vol. 4, pp. 690–695, 2010.

de Waardt, H.

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, B. Spinnler, S. Calabrò, H. Suche, P. M. Krummrich, W. Sohler, G.-D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Optical phase conjugation for ultra long-haul phase-shift-keyed transmission,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 54–64, 2006.

Desurvire, E.

E. Desurvire, Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers. New York, NY, USA: Wiley, 1994.

Devgan, P. S.

R. Tang, J. Lasri, P. S. Devgan, V. Grigoryan, P. Kumar, and M. Vasilyev, “Gain characteristics of a frequency nondegenerate phase-sensitive fiber-optic parametric amplifier with phase self-stabilized input,” Opt. Exp., vol. 13, no. 26, pp. 10483–10493, 2005.

Egnell, L.

Ellis, A. D.

S. L. I. Olsson, B. Corcoran, C. Lundström, E. Tipsuwannakul, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, Z. Tong, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Injection locking-based pump recovery for phase-sensitive amplified links,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 12, pp. 14512–14529, 2013.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Gröner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O′Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photon., vol. 4, pp. 690–695, 2010.

A. D. Ellis, J. Zhao, and D. Cotter, “Approaching the non-linear Shannon limit,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 423–433, 2010.

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Eriksson, T. A.

S. L. I. Olsson, T. A. Eriksson, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. Andrekson, “Linear and nonlinear transmission of 16-QAM over 105 km phase-sensitive amplified link,” in Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo. Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf., (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2014), Th1H.3.

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R.-J. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. J. Winzer, G. J. Foschini, and B. Goebel, “Capacity limits of optical fiber networks,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 662–701, 2010.

Feder, M.

R. Dar, M. Feder, A. Mecozzi, and M. Shtafi, “Accumulation of nonlinear interference noise in fiber-optic systems,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 12, pp. 14199–14211, 2014.

Fludger, C.

M. Seimetz, M. Nölle, C.-M. Weinert, R. Freund, B. Spinnler, S. Spälter, and C. Fludger, “Influence of neighbor channel modulation formats on 112 Gbit/s and 42.8 Gbit/s WDM coherent polmux-QPSK transmission systems,” in Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo. Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf., (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2009), JThA44.

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R.-J. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. J. Winzer, G. J. Foschini, and B. Goebel, “Capacity limits of optical fiber networks,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 662–701, 2010.

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M. Seimetz, M. Nölle, C.-M. Weinert, R. Freund, B. Spinnler, S. Spälter, and C. Fludger, “Influence of neighbor channel modulation formats on 112 Gbit/s and 42.8 Gbit/s WDM coherent polmux-QPSK transmission systems,” in Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo. Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf., (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2009), JThA44.

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Y. Frignac, J.-C. Antona, S. Bigo, and J.-P. Hamaide, “Numerical optimization of pre- and in-line dispersion compensation in dispersion-managed systems at 40 Gbit/s,” in Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo. Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf., (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2002), ThFF5.

Goebel, B.

R.-J. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. J. Winzer, G. J. Foschini, and B. Goebel, “Capacity limits of optical fiber networks,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 662–701, 2010.

Gordon, J. P.

Grigoryan, V.

R. Tang, J. Lasri, P. S. Devgan, V. Grigoryan, P. Kumar, and M. Vasilyev, “Gain characteristics of a frequency nondegenerate phase-sensitive fiber-optic parametric amplifier with phase self-stabilized input,” Opt. Exp., vol. 13, no. 26, pp. 10483–10493, 2005.

Gröner-Nielsen, L.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Gröner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O′Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photon., vol. 4, pp. 690–695, 2010.

Grüner-Nielson, L.

C. Lundström, R. Malik, L. Grüner-Nielson, B. Corcoran, S. L. I. Olsson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Fiber optic parametric amplifier with 10-dB net gain without pump dithering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 234–237, 2013.

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Y. Frignac, J.-C. Antona, S. Bigo, and J.-P. Hamaide, “Numerical optimization of pre- and in-line dispersion compensation in dispersion-managed systems at 40 Gbit/s,” in Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo. Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf., (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2002), ThFF5.

Herstrøm, S.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Gröner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O′Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photon., vol. 4, pp. 690–695, 2010.

Hoffmann, S.

T. Pfau, S. Hoffmann, and R. Noé, “Hardware-efficient coherent digital receiver concept with feedforward carrier recovery for M-QAM constellations,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 27, no. 8, pp. 989–999, 2009.

Huang, Y.-K.

Y. Tian, Y.-K. Huang, S. Zhang, P. R. Prucnal, and T. Wang, “Demonstration of digital phase-sensitive boosting to extend signal reach for long-haul WDM systems using optical phase-conjugated copy,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 5099–5106, 2013.

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E. Ip and J. M. Kahn, “Compensation of dispersion and nonlinear impairments using digital backpropagation,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 26, no. 20, pp. 3416–3425, 2008.

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R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Gröner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O′Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photon., vol. 4, pp. 690–695, 2010.

Jansen, S. L.

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, B. Spinnler, S. Calabrò, H. Suche, P. M. Krummrich, W. Sohler, G.-D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Optical phase conjugation for ultra long-haul phase-shift-keyed transmission,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 54–64, 2006.

Kahn, J. M.

E. Ip and J. M. Kahn, “Compensation of dispersion and nonlinear impairments using digital backpropagation,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 26, no. 20, pp. 3416–3425, 2008.

Kakande, J.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Gröner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O′Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photon., vol. 4, pp. 690–695, 2010.

Karlsson, C. Lundström, M.

Z. Tong, C. J. McKinstrie, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Noise performance of optical fiber transmission links that use non-degenerate cascaded phasesensitive amplifiers,” Opt. Exp., vol. 18, no. 15, pp. 15426–15439, 2010.

Karlsson, M.

B. Corcoran, R. Malik, S. L. I. Olsson, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Noise beating in hybrid phase-sensitive amplifier systems,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 5, pp. 5762–5771, 2014.

S. L. I. Olsson, B. Corcoran, C. Lundström, E. Tipsuwannakul, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, Z. Tong, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Injection locking-based pump recovery for phase-sensitive amplified links,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 12, pp. 14512–14529, 2013.

C. Lundström, R. Malik, L. Grüner-Nielson, B. Corcoran, S. L. I. Olsson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Fiber optic parametric amplifier with 10-dB net gain without pump dithering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 234–237, 2013.

E. Tipsuwannakul, J. Li, T. Eriksson, L. Egnell, F. Sjöström, J. Pejnefors, P. Andrekson, and M. Karlsson, “Influence of fiber-Bragg grating-induced group-delay ripple in high-speed transmission systems,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 4, no. 6, pp. 514–521, 2012.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, M. Karlsson, and A. Bogris, “Ultralow noise, broadband phase-sensitive optical amplifiers, and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 1016–1032, 2012.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen,“Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photon., vol. 5, no. 7, pp. 430–436, 2011.

S. L. I. Olsson, T. A. Eriksson, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. Andrekson, “Linear and nonlinear transmission of 16-QAM over 105 km phase-sensitive amplified link,” in Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo. Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf., (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2014), Th1H.3.

B. Corcoran, S. L. I. Olsson, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive optical pre-amplifier implemented in an 80 km DQPSK link,” in Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo. Nat. Fiber Optic Eng. Conf., (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2012), PDP5A.4.

B. Corcoran, S. L. I. Olsson, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Mitigation of nonlinear impairments on QPSK data in phase-sensitive amplified links,” in Proc. Eur. Conf. Exhib. Opt. Commun., (The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2013), We.3.A.1.

S. L. I. Olsson, B. Corcoran, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive amplified optical link operating in the nonlinear transmission regime,” in Proc. Eur. Conf. Exhib. Opt. Commun., (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2012), Th.2.F.1.

Khoe, G.-D.

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, B. Spinnler, S. Calabrò, H. Suche, P. M. Krummrich, W. Sohler, G.-D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Optical phase conjugation for ultra long-haul phase-shift-keyed transmission,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 54–64, 2006.

Kramer, G.

R.-J. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. J. Winzer, G. J. Foschini, and B. Goebel, “Capacity limits of optical fiber networks,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 662–701, 2010.

Krummrich, P. M.

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, B. Spinnler, S. Calabrò, H. Suche, P. M. Krummrich, W. Sohler, G.-D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Optical phase conjugation for ultra long-haul phase-shift-keyed transmission,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 54–64, 2006.

Kumar, P.

R. Tang, J. Lasri, P. S. Devgan, V. Grigoryan, P. Kumar, and M. Vasilyev, “Gain characteristics of a frequency nondegenerate phase-sensitive fiber-optic parametric amplifier with phase self-stabilized input,” Opt. Exp., vol. 13, no. 26, pp. 10483–10493, 2005.

Lasri, J.

R. Tang, J. Lasri, P. S. Devgan, V. Grigoryan, P. Kumar, and M. Vasilyev, “Gain characteristics of a frequency nondegenerate phase-sensitive fiber-optic parametric amplifier with phase self-stabilized input,” Opt. Exp., vol. 13, no. 26, pp. 10483–10493, 2005.

Levenson, J. A.

Li, J.

Liu, X.

X. Liu, A. R. Chraplyvy, P. J. Winzer, R. W. Tkach, and S. Chandrasekhar, “Phase-conjugated twin waves for communication beyond the Kerr nonlinearity limit,” Nat. Photon., vol. 7, pp. 560–568, 2013.

Lovering, D. J.

Lundström, C.

B. Corcoran, R. Malik, S. L. I. Olsson, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Noise beating in hybrid phase-sensitive amplifier systems,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 5, pp. 5762–5771, 2014.

C. Lundström, R. Malik, L. Grüner-Nielson, B. Corcoran, S. L. I. Olsson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Fiber optic parametric amplifier with 10-dB net gain without pump dithering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 234–237, 2013.

S. L. I. Olsson, B. Corcoran, C. Lundström, E. Tipsuwannakul, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, Z. Tong, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Injection locking-based pump recovery for phase-sensitive amplified links,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 12, pp. 14512–14529, 2013.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen,“Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photon., vol. 5, no. 7, pp. 430–436, 2011.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Gröner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O′Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photon., vol. 4, pp. 690–695, 2010.

S. L. I. Olsson, T. A. Eriksson, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. Andrekson, “Linear and nonlinear transmission of 16-QAM over 105 km phase-sensitive amplified link,” in Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo. Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf., (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2014), Th1H.3.

B. Corcoran, S. L. I. Olsson, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive optical pre-amplifier implemented in an 80 km DQPSK link,” in Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo. Nat. Fiber Optic Eng. Conf., (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2012), PDP5A.4.

B. Corcoran, S. L. I. Olsson, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Mitigation of nonlinear impairments on QPSK data in phase-sensitive amplified links,” in Proc. Eur. Conf. Exhib. Opt. Commun., (The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2013), We.3.A.1.

S. L. I. Olsson, B. Corcoran, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive amplified optical link operating in the nonlinear transmission regime,” in Proc. Eur. Conf. Exhib. Opt. Commun., (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2012), Th.2.F.1.

Malik, R.

B. Corcoran, R. Malik, S. L. I. Olsson, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Noise beating in hybrid phase-sensitive amplifier systems,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 5, pp. 5762–5771, 2014.

C. Lundström, R. Malik, L. Grüner-Nielson, B. Corcoran, S. L. I. Olsson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Fiber optic parametric amplifier with 10-dB net gain without pump dithering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 234–237, 2013.

McKinstrie, C. J.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen,“Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photon., vol. 5, no. 7, pp. 430–436, 2011.

Z. Tong, C. J. McKinstrie, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Noise performance of optical fiber transmission links that use non-degenerate cascaded phasesensitive amplifiers,” Opt. Exp., vol. 18, no. 15, pp. 15426–15439, 2010.

C. J. McKinstrie, S. Radic, and M. G. Raymer, “Quantum noise properties of parametric amplifiers driven by two pump waves,” Opt. Exp., vol. 12, no. 21, pp. 5037–5066, 2004.

Mecozzi, A.

R. Dar, M. Feder, A. Mecozzi, and M. Shtafi, “Accumulation of nonlinear interference noise in fiber-optic systems,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 12, pp. 14199–14211, 2014.

Miyamoto, Y.

T. Umeki, O. Tadanaga, M. Asobe, Y. Miyamoto, and H. Takenouchi, “First demonstration of high-order QAM signal amplification in PPLN-based phase sensitive amplifier,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 2473–2482, 2014.

T. Umeki, M. Asobe, H. Takara, Y. Miyamoto, and H. Takenouchi, “Multi-span transmission using phase and amplitude regeneration in PPLN-based PSA,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 15, pp. 18170–18177, 2013.

Mollenauer, L. F.

Noé, R.

T. Pfau, S. Hoffmann, and R. Noé, “Hardware-efficient coherent digital receiver concept with feedforward carrier recovery for M-QAM constellations,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 27, no. 8, pp. 989–999, 2009.

Nölle, M.

M. Seimetz, M. Nölle, C.-M. Weinert, R. Freund, B. Spinnler, S. Spälter, and C. Fludger, “Influence of neighbor channel modulation formats on 112 Gbit/s and 42.8 Gbit/s WDM coherent polmux-QPSK transmission systems,” in Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo. Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf., (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2009), JThA44.

O'Gorman, J.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Gröner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O′Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photon., vol. 4, pp. 690–695, 2010.

Olsson, S. L. I.

B. Corcoran, R. Malik, S. L. I. Olsson, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Noise beating in hybrid phase-sensitive amplifier systems,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 5, pp. 5762–5771, 2014.

C. Lundström, R. Malik, L. Grüner-Nielson, B. Corcoran, S. L. I. Olsson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Fiber optic parametric amplifier with 10-dB net gain without pump dithering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 234–237, 2013.

S. L. I. Olsson, B. Corcoran, C. Lundström, E. Tipsuwannakul, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, Z. Tong, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Injection locking-based pump recovery for phase-sensitive amplified links,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 12, pp. 14512–14529, 2013.

S. L. I. Olsson, B. Corcoran, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive amplified optical link operating in the nonlinear transmission regime,” in Proc. Eur. Conf. Exhib. Opt. Commun., (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2012), Th.2.F.1.

B. Corcoran, S. L. I. Olsson, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Mitigation of nonlinear impairments on QPSK data in phase-sensitive amplified links,” in Proc. Eur. Conf. Exhib. Opt. Commun., (The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2013), We.3.A.1.

B. Corcoran, S. L. I. Olsson, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive optical pre-amplifier implemented in an 80 km DQPSK link,” in Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo. Nat. Fiber Optic Eng. Conf., (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2012), PDP5A.4.

S. L. I. Olsson, T. A. Eriksson, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. Andrekson, “Linear and nonlinear transmission of 16-QAM over 105 km phase-sensitive amplified link,” in Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo. Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf., (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2014), Th1H.3.

Parmigiani, F.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Gröner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O′Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photon., vol. 4, pp. 690–695, 2010.

Pejnefors, F. Sjöström, J.

Petropoulos, P.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Gröner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O′Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photon., vol. 4, pp. 690–695, 2010.

Pfau, T.

T. Pfau, S. Hoffmann, and R. Noé, “Hardware-efficient coherent digital receiver concept with feedforward carrier recovery for M-QAM constellations,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 27, no. 8, pp. 989–999, 2009.

Phelan, R.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Gröner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O′Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photon., vol. 4, pp. 690–695, 2010.

Prucnal, P. R.

Y. Tian, Y.-K. Huang, S. Zhang, P. R. Prucnal, and T. Wang, “Demonstration of digital phase-sensitive boosting to extend signal reach for long-haul WDM systems using optical phase-conjugated copy,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 5099–5106, 2013.

Puttnam, B. J.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen,“Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photon., vol. 5, no. 7, pp. 430–436, 2011.

Radic, S.

C. J. McKinstrie, S. Radic, and M. G. Raymer, “Quantum noise properties of parametric amplifiers driven by two pump waves,” Opt. Exp., vol. 12, no. 21, pp. 5037–5066, 2004.

Raymer, M. G.

C. J. McKinstrie, S. Radic, and M. G. Raymer, “Quantum noise properties of parametric amplifiers driven by two pump waves,” Opt. Exp., vol. 12, no. 21, pp. 5037–5066, 2004.

Richardson, D. J.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Gröner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O′Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photon., vol. 4, pp. 690–695, 2010.

Russell, J. Webjörn, and P. S. J.

Seimetz, M.

M. Seimetz, M. Nölle, C.-M. Weinert, R. Freund, B. Spinnler, S. Spälter, and C. Fludger, “Influence of neighbor channel modulation formats on 112 Gbit/s and 42.8 Gbit/s WDM coherent polmux-QPSK transmission systems,” in Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo. Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf., (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2009), JThA44.

Shtafi, M.

R. Dar, M. Feder, A. Mecozzi, and M. Shtafi, “Accumulation of nonlinear interference noise in fiber-optic systems,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 12, pp. 14199–14211, 2014.

Sjödin, M.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Gröner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O′Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photon., vol. 4, pp. 690–695, 2010.

S. L. I. Olsson, B. Corcoran, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive amplified optical link operating in the nonlinear transmission regime,” in Proc. Eur. Conf. Exhib. Opt. Commun., (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2012), Th.2.F.1.

Slavík, R.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Gröner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O′Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photon., vol. 4, pp. 690–695, 2010.

Sohler, W.

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, B. Spinnler, S. Calabrò, H. Suche, P. M. Krummrich, W. Sohler, G.-D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Optical phase conjugation for ultra long-haul phase-shift-keyed transmission,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 54–64, 2006.

Spälter, S.

M. Seimetz, M. Nölle, C.-M. Weinert, R. Freund, B. Spinnler, S. Spälter, and C. Fludger, “Influence of neighbor channel modulation formats on 112 Gbit/s and 42.8 Gbit/s WDM coherent polmux-QPSK transmission systems,” in Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo. Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf., (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2009), JThA44.

Spinnler, B.

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, B. Spinnler, S. Calabrò, H. Suche, P. M. Krummrich, W. Sohler, G.-D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Optical phase conjugation for ultra long-haul phase-shift-keyed transmission,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 54–64, 2006.

M. Seimetz, M. Nölle, C.-M. Weinert, R. Freund, B. Spinnler, S. Spälter, and C. Fludger, “Influence of neighbor channel modulation formats on 112 Gbit/s and 42.8 Gbit/s WDM coherent polmux-QPSK transmission systems,” in Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo. Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf., (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2009), JThA44.

Suche, H.

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, B. Spinnler, S. Calabrò, H. Suche, P. M. Krummrich, W. Sohler, G.-D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Optical phase conjugation for ultra long-haul phase-shift-keyed transmission,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 54–64, 2006.

Sygletos, S.

S. L. I. Olsson, B. Corcoran, C. Lundström, E. Tipsuwannakul, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, Z. Tong, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Injection locking-based pump recovery for phase-sensitive amplified links,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 12, pp. 14512–14529, 2013.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Gröner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O′Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photon., vol. 4, pp. 690–695, 2010.

Syvridis, D.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Gröner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O′Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photon., vol. 4, pp. 690–695, 2010.

Tadanaga, O.

T. Umeki, O. Tadanaga, M. Asobe, Y. Miyamoto, and H. Takenouchi, “First demonstration of high-order QAM signal amplification in PPLN-based phase sensitive amplifier,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 2473–2482, 2014.

Takara, H.

T. Umeki, M. Asobe, H. Takara, Y. Miyamoto, and H. Takenouchi, “Multi-span transmission using phase and amplitude regeneration in PPLN-based PSA,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 15, pp. 18170–18177, 2013.

Takenouchi, H.

T. Umeki, O. Tadanaga, M. Asobe, Y. Miyamoto, and H. Takenouchi, “First demonstration of high-order QAM signal amplification in PPLN-based phase sensitive amplifier,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 2473–2482, 2014.

T. Umeki, M. Asobe, H. Takara, Y. Miyamoto, and H. Takenouchi, “Multi-span transmission using phase and amplitude regeneration in PPLN-based PSA,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 15, pp. 18170–18177, 2013.

Tang, R.

R. Tang, J. Lasri, P. S. Devgan, V. Grigoryan, P. Kumar, and M. Vasilyev, “Gain characteristics of a frequency nondegenerate phase-sensitive fiber-optic parametric amplifier with phase self-stabilized input,” Opt. Exp., vol. 13, no. 26, pp. 10483–10493, 2005.

Tian, Y.

Y. Tian, Y.-K. Huang, S. Zhang, P. R. Prucnal, and T. Wang, “Demonstration of digital phase-sensitive boosting to extend signal reach for long-haul WDM systems using optical phase-conjugated copy,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 5099–5106, 2013.

Tipsuwannakul, E.

S. L. I. Olsson, B. Corcoran, C. Lundström, E. Tipsuwannakul, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, Z. Tong, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Injection locking-based pump recovery for phase-sensitive amplified links,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 12, pp. 14512–14529, 2013.

E. Tipsuwannakul, J. Li, T. Eriksson, L. Egnell, F. Sjöström, J. Pejnefors, P. Andrekson, and M. Karlsson, “Influence of fiber-Bragg grating-induced group-delay ripple in high-speed transmission systems,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 4, no. 6, pp. 514–521, 2012.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen,“Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photon., vol. 5, no. 7, pp. 430–436, 2011.

Tkach, R. W.

X. Liu, A. R. Chraplyvy, P. J. Winzer, R. W. Tkach, and S. Chandrasekhar, “Phase-conjugated twin waves for communication beyond the Kerr nonlinearity limit,” Nat. Photon., vol. 7, pp. 560–568, 2013.

Toda, H.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen,“Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photon., vol. 5, no. 7, pp. 430–436, 2011.

Tong, Z.

S. L. I. Olsson, B. Corcoran, C. Lundström, E. Tipsuwannakul, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, Z. Tong, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Injection locking-based pump recovery for phase-sensitive amplified links,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 12, pp. 14512–14529, 2013.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, M. Karlsson, and A. Bogris, “Ultralow noise, broadband phase-sensitive optical amplifiers, and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 1016–1032, 2012.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen,“Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photon., vol. 5, no. 7, pp. 430–436, 2011.

Z. Tong, C. J. McKinstrie, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Noise performance of optical fiber transmission links that use non-degenerate cascaded phasesensitive amplifiers,” Opt. Exp., vol. 18, no. 15, pp. 15426–15439, 2010.

Umeki, T.

T. Umeki, O. Tadanaga, M. Asobe, Y. Miyamoto, and H. Takenouchi, “First demonstration of high-order QAM signal amplification in PPLN-based phase sensitive amplifier,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 2473–2482, 2014.

T. Umeki, M. Asobe, H. Takara, Y. Miyamoto, and H. Takenouchi, “Multi-span transmission using phase and amplitude regeneration in PPLN-based PSA,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 15, pp. 18170–18177, 2013.

van den Borne, D.

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, B. Spinnler, S. Calabrò, H. Suche, P. M. Krummrich, W. Sohler, G.-D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Optical phase conjugation for ultra long-haul phase-shift-keyed transmission,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 54–64, 2006.

Vasilyev, M.

R. Tang, J. Lasri, P. S. Devgan, V. Grigoryan, P. Kumar, and M. Vasilyev, “Gain characteristics of a frequency nondegenerate phase-sensitive fiber-optic parametric amplifier with phase self-stabilized input,” Opt. Exp., vol. 13, no. 26, pp. 10483–10493, 2005.

M. Vasilyev, “Distributed phase-sensitive amplification,” Opt. Exp., vol. 13, no. 19, pp. 7563–7571, 2005.

Vidakovic, P.

Wang, T.

Y. Tian, Y.-K. Huang, S. Zhang, P. R. Prucnal, and T. Wang, “Demonstration of digital phase-sensitive boosting to extend signal reach for long-haul WDM systems using optical phase-conjugated copy,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 5099–5106, 2013.

Weerasuriya, R.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Gröner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O′Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photon., vol. 4, pp. 690–695, 2010.

Weinert, C.-M.

M. Seimetz, M. Nölle, C.-M. Weinert, R. Freund, B. Spinnler, S. Spälter, and C. Fludger, “Influence of neighbor channel modulation formats on 112 Gbit/s and 42.8 Gbit/s WDM coherent polmux-QPSK transmission systems,” in Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo. Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf., (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2009), JThA44.

Winzer, P. J.

X. Liu, A. R. Chraplyvy, P. J. Winzer, R. W. Tkach, and S. Chandrasekhar, “Phase-conjugated twin waves for communication beyond the Kerr nonlinearity limit,” Nat. Photon., vol. 7, pp. 560–568, 2013.

R.-J. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. J. Winzer, G. J. Foschini, and B. Goebel, “Capacity limits of optical fiber networks,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 662–701, 2010.

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Y. Tian, Y.-K. Huang, S. Zhang, P. R. Prucnal, and T. Wang, “Demonstration of digital phase-sensitive boosting to extend signal reach for long-haul WDM systems using optical phase-conjugated copy,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 5099–5106, 2013.

Zhao, J.

A. D. Ellis, J. Zhao, and D. Cotter, “Approaching the non-linear Shannon limit,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 423–433, 2010.

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R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Gröner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O′Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photon., vol. 4, pp. 690–695, 2010.

X. Liu, A. R. Chraplyvy, P. J. Winzer, R. W. Tkach, and S. Chandrasekhar, “Phase-conjugated twin waves for communication beyond the Kerr nonlinearity limit,” Nat. Photon., vol. 7, pp. 560–568, 2013.

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T. Umeki, M. Asobe, H. Takara, Y. Miyamoto, and H. Takenouchi, “Multi-span transmission using phase and amplitude regeneration in PPLN-based PSA,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 15, pp. 18170–18177, 2013.

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Y. Tian, Y.-K. Huang, S. Zhang, P. R. Prucnal, and T. Wang, “Demonstration of digital phase-sensitive boosting to extend signal reach for long-haul WDM systems using optical phase-conjugated copy,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 5099–5106, 2013.

Z. Tong, C. J. McKinstrie, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Noise performance of optical fiber transmission links that use non-degenerate cascaded phasesensitive amplifiers,” Opt. Exp., vol. 18, no. 15, pp. 15426–15439, 2010.

S. L. I. Olsson, B. Corcoran, C. Lundström, E. Tipsuwannakul, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, Z. Tong, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Injection locking-based pump recovery for phase-sensitive amplified links,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 12, pp. 14512–14529, 2013.

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