Abstract

A new simple and versatile method for inscribing fiber Bragg gratings with an arbitrarily chosen Bragg wavelength is presented. Owing to the optimization of the irradiation process and application of the phase mask with a properly matched chirp, the method offers the ability to adjust the FBG resonance wavelength adjustment within a range of tens of nanometer. However; the resulting grating has a chirp; its spectral properties closely resemble those of the uniform one, which explains why such gratings are called quasi-uniform fiber Bragg gratings (QUFBGs). Optimization of the inscription process involved a two parameter Pareto method. The research presented here was conducted for a 2.5 cm phase mask with a 0.35 nm/mm chirp and allowed for the modelling, optimization and inscription of QUFBGs of FWHM 0.8–0.9 nm, with a transmission minimum lower than –8 dB and Bragg wavelength adjustment range of 11.4 nm. It was estimated that if extended to a commercially available 15 cm phase mask, the method would allow a record-breaking 74.7 nm adjustment range to be obtained. Together with clear consistency of the numerical and experimental results with the design assumptions for QUFBGs inscription, this record value makes the proposed method competitive with more sophisticated and less reproducible interferometric techniques.

© 2015 IEEE

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