Abstract

We report record 10 Gb/s bi-directional data transmission over a single 10 m SI-POF, by employing blue microlight-emitting diodes (μLEDs) at a single wavelength, APD receivers, and a PAM-32 modulation scheme. The implementation of 10 Gb/s LED-POF links takes advantage of the bi-directional configuration, which doubles the overall channel capacity, and APDs, which provide an enhanced link power budget owing to their improved sensitivity compared with conventional p-i-n photodiodes. Moreover, the high spectral efficiency of the PAM-32 modulation scheme employed, together with equalization techniques, enable the full utilization of the link bandwidth and the transmission of data rates higher than those obtained with conventional on–off keying. Simulation and experimental results demonstrate the feasibility of such a bi-directional link, and simultaneous 5 Gb/s data transmission is realized in each direction, achieving an aggregate data rate of 10 Gb/s with a BER < 10−3. The crosstalk penalty between the two directions of the link is measured to be less than 0.5 dB.

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  1. O. Ziemman, J. Krauser, P. E. Zamzow, and W. Daum, POF Handbook: Optical Short Range Transmission Systems.New York, NY, USA: Springer-Verlag, 2008
  2. M. Atef, R. Swoboda, and H. Zimmermann, “A gigabit fully integrated plastic optical fiber receiver for a RC-LED source,” in Proc. IEEE 15th Des. Diagn. Electro. Circuits Syst. Int. Symp., 2012, pp. 74–78.
  3. A. M. J. Koonen, H. P. A. Van Den Boom, E. O. Martinez, P. Guignard, and E. Tangdiongga, “Cost optimization of optical in-building networks,” presented at the Eur. Conf. Exhib. Opt. Commun., Geneva, Switzerland, Sep. 18–22, 2011.
  4. A. M. J. Koonen and E. Tangdiongga, “Photonic home area networks,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 591–604, 2014.
  5. Y. Dong and K. W. Martin, “Gigabit communications over plastic optical fiber,” IEEE Solid-State Circuits Mag., vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 60–69, 2011.
  6. X. Li, J. L. Wei, N. Bamiedakis, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “Avalanche photodiode enhanced PAM-32 5 Gb/s LED-POF link,” presented at the Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun., Cannes, France, Sep. 21–25, 2014.
  7. J. Vinogradov, R. Kruglov, K. L. Chi, J. W. Shi, M. Bloos, S. Loquai, and O. Ziemann, “GaN light-emitting diodes for up to 5.5-Gb/s short-reach data transmission over SI-POF,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 26, no. 24, pp. 2473–2475, 2014.
  8. L. Peng, M. Helard, S. Haese, M. Liu, and J. F. Helard, “Hybrid PN-ZP-DMT scheme for spectrum-efficient optical communications and its application to SI-POF,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 18, pp. 3149–3160, 2014.
  9. R. Kruglov, J. Vinogradov, S. Loquai, O. Ziemann, C. A. Bunge, T. Hager, and U. Strauss, “21.4 Gb/s discrete multitone transmission over 50-m SI-POF employing 6-channel WDM,” presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Exhib., San Francisco, CA, USA, Mar. 9–13, 2014.
  10. A. Antonino, S. Straullu, S. Abrate, A. Nespola, P. Savio, D. Zeolla, J. R. Molina, R. Gaudino, S. Loquai, and J. Vinogradov, “Real-time gigabit ethernet bidirectional transmission over a single SI-POF up to 75 meters,” presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf/Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, Mar. 6–10, 2011.
  11. J. J. D. McKendry, D. Massoubre, S. Zhang, B. R. Rae, R. P. Green, E. Gu, R. K. Henderson, A. E. Kelly, and M. D. Dawson, “Visible-light communications using a CMOS-controlled micro-light-emitting-diode array,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 61–67, 2012.
  12. X. Li, N. Bamiedakis, J. L. Wei, J. J. D. McKendry, E. Xie, R. Ferreira, E. Gu, M. D. Dawson, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “6.25 Gb/s POF link using GaN μLED arrays and optically generated pulse amplitude modulation,” presented at the Conf. Lasers Electro.-Opt., San Jose, CA, USA, May 10–15, 2015.
  13. G. D. Brown, “Bandwidth and rise time calculations for digital multimode fiber-optic data links,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 672–678, 1992.
  14. L. Geng, J. L. Wei, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and D. G. Cunningham, “3 Gbit/s LED-based step index plastic optical fiber link using multilevel pulse amplitude modulation,” presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf., Anaheim, CA, USA, Mar. 17–21, 2013.
  15. A. Kern, A. Al-Samaneh, D. Wahl, and R. Michalzik, “Monolithic VCSEL—PIN photodiode integration for bi-directional optical data transmission,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 1–13, 2013.

2014 (3)

J. Vinogradov, R. Kruglov, K. L. Chi, J. W. Shi, M. Bloos, S. Loquai, and O. Ziemann, “GaN light-emitting diodes for up to 5.5-Gb/s short-reach data transmission over SI-POF,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 26, no. 24, pp. 2473–2475, 2014.

L. Peng, M. Helard, S. Haese, M. Liu, and J. F. Helard, “Hybrid PN-ZP-DMT scheme for spectrum-efficient optical communications and its application to SI-POF,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 18, pp. 3149–3160, 2014.

A. M. J. Koonen and E. Tangdiongga, “Photonic home area networks,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 591–604, 2014.

2013 (1)

A. Kern, A. Al-Samaneh, D. Wahl, and R. Michalzik, “Monolithic VCSEL—PIN photodiode integration for bi-directional optical data transmission,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 1–13, 2013.

2012 (1)

J. J. D. McKendry, D. Massoubre, S. Zhang, B. R. Rae, R. P. Green, E. Gu, R. K. Henderson, A. E. Kelly, and M. D. Dawson, “Visible-light communications using a CMOS-controlled micro-light-emitting-diode array,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 61–67, 2012.

2011 (1)

Y. Dong and K. W. Martin, “Gigabit communications over plastic optical fiber,” IEEE Solid-State Circuits Mag., vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 60–69, 2011.

1992 (1)

G. D. Brown, “Bandwidth and rise time calculations for digital multimode fiber-optic data links,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 672–678, 1992.

Abrate, S.

A. Antonino, S. Straullu, S. Abrate, A. Nespola, P. Savio, D. Zeolla, J. R. Molina, R. Gaudino, S. Loquai, and J. Vinogradov, “Real-time gigabit ethernet bidirectional transmission over a single SI-POF up to 75 meters,” presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf/Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, Mar. 6–10, 2011.

Al-Samaneh, A.

A. Kern, A. Al-Samaneh, D. Wahl, and R. Michalzik, “Monolithic VCSEL—PIN photodiode integration for bi-directional optical data transmission,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 1–13, 2013.

Antonino, A.

A. Antonino, S. Straullu, S. Abrate, A. Nespola, P. Savio, D. Zeolla, J. R. Molina, R. Gaudino, S. Loquai, and J. Vinogradov, “Real-time gigabit ethernet bidirectional transmission over a single SI-POF up to 75 meters,” presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf/Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, Mar. 6–10, 2011.

Atef, M.

M. Atef, R. Swoboda, and H. Zimmermann, “A gigabit fully integrated plastic optical fiber receiver for a RC-LED source,” in Proc. IEEE 15th Des. Diagn. Electro. Circuits Syst. Int. Symp., 2012, pp. 74–78.

Bamiedakis, N.

X. Li, J. L. Wei, N. Bamiedakis, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “Avalanche photodiode enhanced PAM-32 5 Gb/s LED-POF link,” presented at the Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun., Cannes, France, Sep. 21–25, 2014.

X. Li, N. Bamiedakis, J. L. Wei, J. J. D. McKendry, E. Xie, R. Ferreira, E. Gu, M. D. Dawson, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “6.25 Gb/s POF link using GaN μLED arrays and optically generated pulse amplitude modulation,” presented at the Conf. Lasers Electro.-Opt., San Jose, CA, USA, May 10–15, 2015.

Bloos, M.

J. Vinogradov, R. Kruglov, K. L. Chi, J. W. Shi, M. Bloos, S. Loquai, and O. Ziemann, “GaN light-emitting diodes for up to 5.5-Gb/s short-reach data transmission over SI-POF,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 26, no. 24, pp. 2473–2475, 2014.

Brown, G. D.

G. D. Brown, “Bandwidth and rise time calculations for digital multimode fiber-optic data links,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 672–678, 1992.

Bunge, C. A.

R. Kruglov, J. Vinogradov, S. Loquai, O. Ziemann, C. A. Bunge, T. Hager, and U. Strauss, “21.4 Gb/s discrete multitone transmission over 50-m SI-POF employing 6-channel WDM,” presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Exhib., San Francisco, CA, USA, Mar. 9–13, 2014.

Chi, K. L.

J. Vinogradov, R. Kruglov, K. L. Chi, J. W. Shi, M. Bloos, S. Loquai, and O. Ziemann, “GaN light-emitting diodes for up to 5.5-Gb/s short-reach data transmission over SI-POF,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 26, no. 24, pp. 2473–2475, 2014.

Cunningham, D. G.

L. Geng, J. L. Wei, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and D. G. Cunningham, “3 Gbit/s LED-based step index plastic optical fiber link using multilevel pulse amplitude modulation,” presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf., Anaheim, CA, USA, Mar. 17–21, 2013.

Daum, W.

O. Ziemman, J. Krauser, P. E. Zamzow, and W. Daum, POF Handbook: Optical Short Range Transmission Systems.New York, NY, USA: Springer-Verlag, 2008

Dawson, M. D.

J. J. D. McKendry, D. Massoubre, S. Zhang, B. R. Rae, R. P. Green, E. Gu, R. K. Henderson, A. E. Kelly, and M. D. Dawson, “Visible-light communications using a CMOS-controlled micro-light-emitting-diode array,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 61–67, 2012.

X. Li, N. Bamiedakis, J. L. Wei, J. J. D. McKendry, E. Xie, R. Ferreira, E. Gu, M. D. Dawson, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “6.25 Gb/s POF link using GaN μLED arrays and optically generated pulse amplitude modulation,” presented at the Conf. Lasers Electro.-Opt., San Jose, CA, USA, May 10–15, 2015.

Dong, Y.

Y. Dong and K. W. Martin, “Gigabit communications over plastic optical fiber,” IEEE Solid-State Circuits Mag., vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 60–69, 2011.

Ferreira, R.

X. Li, N. Bamiedakis, J. L. Wei, J. J. D. McKendry, E. Xie, R. Ferreira, E. Gu, M. D. Dawson, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “6.25 Gb/s POF link using GaN μLED arrays and optically generated pulse amplitude modulation,” presented at the Conf. Lasers Electro.-Opt., San Jose, CA, USA, May 10–15, 2015.

Gaudino, R.

A. Antonino, S. Straullu, S. Abrate, A. Nespola, P. Savio, D. Zeolla, J. R. Molina, R. Gaudino, S. Loquai, and J. Vinogradov, “Real-time gigabit ethernet bidirectional transmission over a single SI-POF up to 75 meters,” presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf/Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, Mar. 6–10, 2011.

Geng, L.

L. Geng, J. L. Wei, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and D. G. Cunningham, “3 Gbit/s LED-based step index plastic optical fiber link using multilevel pulse amplitude modulation,” presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf., Anaheim, CA, USA, Mar. 17–21, 2013.

Green, R. P.

J. J. D. McKendry, D. Massoubre, S. Zhang, B. R. Rae, R. P. Green, E. Gu, R. K. Henderson, A. E. Kelly, and M. D. Dawson, “Visible-light communications using a CMOS-controlled micro-light-emitting-diode array,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 61–67, 2012.

Gu, E.

J. J. D. McKendry, D. Massoubre, S. Zhang, B. R. Rae, R. P. Green, E. Gu, R. K. Henderson, A. E. Kelly, and M. D. Dawson, “Visible-light communications using a CMOS-controlled micro-light-emitting-diode array,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 61–67, 2012.

X. Li, N. Bamiedakis, J. L. Wei, J. J. D. McKendry, E. Xie, R. Ferreira, E. Gu, M. D. Dawson, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “6.25 Gb/s POF link using GaN μLED arrays and optically generated pulse amplitude modulation,” presented at the Conf. Lasers Electro.-Opt., San Jose, CA, USA, May 10–15, 2015.

Guignard, P.

A. M. J. Koonen, H. P. A. Van Den Boom, E. O. Martinez, P. Guignard, and E. Tangdiongga, “Cost optimization of optical in-building networks,” presented at the Eur. Conf. Exhib. Opt. Commun., Geneva, Switzerland, Sep. 18–22, 2011.

Haese, S.

L. Peng, M. Helard, S. Haese, M. Liu, and J. F. Helard, “Hybrid PN-ZP-DMT scheme for spectrum-efficient optical communications and its application to SI-POF,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 18, pp. 3149–3160, 2014.

Hager, T.

R. Kruglov, J. Vinogradov, S. Loquai, O. Ziemann, C. A. Bunge, T. Hager, and U. Strauss, “21.4 Gb/s discrete multitone transmission over 50-m SI-POF employing 6-channel WDM,” presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Exhib., San Francisco, CA, USA, Mar. 9–13, 2014.

Helard, J. F.

L. Peng, M. Helard, S. Haese, M. Liu, and J. F. Helard, “Hybrid PN-ZP-DMT scheme for spectrum-efficient optical communications and its application to SI-POF,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 18, pp. 3149–3160, 2014.

Helard, M.

L. Peng, M. Helard, S. Haese, M. Liu, and J. F. Helard, “Hybrid PN-ZP-DMT scheme for spectrum-efficient optical communications and its application to SI-POF,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 18, pp. 3149–3160, 2014.

Henderson, R. K.

J. J. D. McKendry, D. Massoubre, S. Zhang, B. R. Rae, R. P. Green, E. Gu, R. K. Henderson, A. E. Kelly, and M. D. Dawson, “Visible-light communications using a CMOS-controlled micro-light-emitting-diode array,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 61–67, 2012.

Kelly, A. E.

J. J. D. McKendry, D. Massoubre, S. Zhang, B. R. Rae, R. P. Green, E. Gu, R. K. Henderson, A. E. Kelly, and M. D. Dawson, “Visible-light communications using a CMOS-controlled micro-light-emitting-diode array,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 61–67, 2012.

Kern, A.

A. Kern, A. Al-Samaneh, D. Wahl, and R. Michalzik, “Monolithic VCSEL—PIN photodiode integration for bi-directional optical data transmission,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 1–13, 2013.

Koonen, A. M. J.

A. M. J. Koonen and E. Tangdiongga, “Photonic home area networks,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 591–604, 2014.

A. M. J. Koonen, H. P. A. Van Den Boom, E. O. Martinez, P. Guignard, and E. Tangdiongga, “Cost optimization of optical in-building networks,” presented at the Eur. Conf. Exhib. Opt. Commun., Geneva, Switzerland, Sep. 18–22, 2011.

Krauser, J.

O. Ziemman, J. Krauser, P. E. Zamzow, and W. Daum, POF Handbook: Optical Short Range Transmission Systems.New York, NY, USA: Springer-Verlag, 2008

Kruglov, R.

J. Vinogradov, R. Kruglov, K. L. Chi, J. W. Shi, M. Bloos, S. Loquai, and O. Ziemann, “GaN light-emitting diodes for up to 5.5-Gb/s short-reach data transmission over SI-POF,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 26, no. 24, pp. 2473–2475, 2014.

R. Kruglov, J. Vinogradov, S. Loquai, O. Ziemann, C. A. Bunge, T. Hager, and U. Strauss, “21.4 Gb/s discrete multitone transmission over 50-m SI-POF employing 6-channel WDM,” presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Exhib., San Francisco, CA, USA, Mar. 9–13, 2014.

Li, X.

X. Li, J. L. Wei, N. Bamiedakis, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “Avalanche photodiode enhanced PAM-32 5 Gb/s LED-POF link,” presented at the Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun., Cannes, France, Sep. 21–25, 2014.

X. Li, N. Bamiedakis, J. L. Wei, J. J. D. McKendry, E. Xie, R. Ferreira, E. Gu, M. D. Dawson, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “6.25 Gb/s POF link using GaN μLED arrays and optically generated pulse amplitude modulation,” presented at the Conf. Lasers Electro.-Opt., San Jose, CA, USA, May 10–15, 2015.

Liu, M.

L. Peng, M. Helard, S. Haese, M. Liu, and J. F. Helard, “Hybrid PN-ZP-DMT scheme for spectrum-efficient optical communications and its application to SI-POF,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 18, pp. 3149–3160, 2014.

Loquai, S.

J. Vinogradov, R. Kruglov, K. L. Chi, J. W. Shi, M. Bloos, S. Loquai, and O. Ziemann, “GaN light-emitting diodes for up to 5.5-Gb/s short-reach data transmission over SI-POF,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 26, no. 24, pp. 2473–2475, 2014.

R. Kruglov, J. Vinogradov, S. Loquai, O. Ziemann, C. A. Bunge, T. Hager, and U. Strauss, “21.4 Gb/s discrete multitone transmission over 50-m SI-POF employing 6-channel WDM,” presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Exhib., San Francisco, CA, USA, Mar. 9–13, 2014.

A. Antonino, S. Straullu, S. Abrate, A. Nespola, P. Savio, D. Zeolla, J. R. Molina, R. Gaudino, S. Loquai, and J. Vinogradov, “Real-time gigabit ethernet bidirectional transmission over a single SI-POF up to 75 meters,” presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf/Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, Mar. 6–10, 2011.

Martin, K. W.

Y. Dong and K. W. Martin, “Gigabit communications over plastic optical fiber,” IEEE Solid-State Circuits Mag., vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 60–69, 2011.

Martinez, E. O.

A. M. J. Koonen, H. P. A. Van Den Boom, E. O. Martinez, P. Guignard, and E. Tangdiongga, “Cost optimization of optical in-building networks,” presented at the Eur. Conf. Exhib. Opt. Commun., Geneva, Switzerland, Sep. 18–22, 2011.

Massoubre, D.

J. J. D. McKendry, D. Massoubre, S. Zhang, B. R. Rae, R. P. Green, E. Gu, R. K. Henderson, A. E. Kelly, and M. D. Dawson, “Visible-light communications using a CMOS-controlled micro-light-emitting-diode array,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 61–67, 2012.

McKendry, J. J. D.

J. J. D. McKendry, D. Massoubre, S. Zhang, B. R. Rae, R. P. Green, E. Gu, R. K. Henderson, A. E. Kelly, and M. D. Dawson, “Visible-light communications using a CMOS-controlled micro-light-emitting-diode array,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 61–67, 2012.

X. Li, N. Bamiedakis, J. L. Wei, J. J. D. McKendry, E. Xie, R. Ferreira, E. Gu, M. D. Dawson, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “6.25 Gb/s POF link using GaN μLED arrays and optically generated pulse amplitude modulation,” presented at the Conf. Lasers Electro.-Opt., San Jose, CA, USA, May 10–15, 2015.

Michalzik, R.

A. Kern, A. Al-Samaneh, D. Wahl, and R. Michalzik, “Monolithic VCSEL—PIN photodiode integration for bi-directional optical data transmission,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 1–13, 2013.

Molina, J. R.

A. Antonino, S. Straullu, S. Abrate, A. Nespola, P. Savio, D. Zeolla, J. R. Molina, R. Gaudino, S. Loquai, and J. Vinogradov, “Real-time gigabit ethernet bidirectional transmission over a single SI-POF up to 75 meters,” presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf/Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, Mar. 6–10, 2011.

Nespola, A.

A. Antonino, S. Straullu, S. Abrate, A. Nespola, P. Savio, D. Zeolla, J. R. Molina, R. Gaudino, S. Loquai, and J. Vinogradov, “Real-time gigabit ethernet bidirectional transmission over a single SI-POF up to 75 meters,” presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf/Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, Mar. 6–10, 2011.

Peng, L.

L. Peng, M. Helard, S. Haese, M. Liu, and J. F. Helard, “Hybrid PN-ZP-DMT scheme for spectrum-efficient optical communications and its application to SI-POF,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 18, pp. 3149–3160, 2014.

Penty, R. V.

X. Li, J. L. Wei, N. Bamiedakis, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “Avalanche photodiode enhanced PAM-32 5 Gb/s LED-POF link,” presented at the Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun., Cannes, France, Sep. 21–25, 2014.

X. Li, N. Bamiedakis, J. L. Wei, J. J. D. McKendry, E. Xie, R. Ferreira, E. Gu, M. D. Dawson, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “6.25 Gb/s POF link using GaN μLED arrays and optically generated pulse amplitude modulation,” presented at the Conf. Lasers Electro.-Opt., San Jose, CA, USA, May 10–15, 2015.

L. Geng, J. L. Wei, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and D. G. Cunningham, “3 Gbit/s LED-based step index plastic optical fiber link using multilevel pulse amplitude modulation,” presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf., Anaheim, CA, USA, Mar. 17–21, 2013.

Rae, B. R.

J. J. D. McKendry, D. Massoubre, S. Zhang, B. R. Rae, R. P. Green, E. Gu, R. K. Henderson, A. E. Kelly, and M. D. Dawson, “Visible-light communications using a CMOS-controlled micro-light-emitting-diode array,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 61–67, 2012.

Savio, P.

A. Antonino, S. Straullu, S. Abrate, A. Nespola, P. Savio, D. Zeolla, J. R. Molina, R. Gaudino, S. Loquai, and J. Vinogradov, “Real-time gigabit ethernet bidirectional transmission over a single SI-POF up to 75 meters,” presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf/Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, Mar. 6–10, 2011.

Shi, J. W.

J. Vinogradov, R. Kruglov, K. L. Chi, J. W. Shi, M. Bloos, S. Loquai, and O. Ziemann, “GaN light-emitting diodes for up to 5.5-Gb/s short-reach data transmission over SI-POF,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 26, no. 24, pp. 2473–2475, 2014.

Straullu, S.

A. Antonino, S. Straullu, S. Abrate, A. Nespola, P. Savio, D. Zeolla, J. R. Molina, R. Gaudino, S. Loquai, and J. Vinogradov, “Real-time gigabit ethernet bidirectional transmission over a single SI-POF up to 75 meters,” presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf/Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, Mar. 6–10, 2011.

Strauss, U.

R. Kruglov, J. Vinogradov, S. Loquai, O. Ziemann, C. A. Bunge, T. Hager, and U. Strauss, “21.4 Gb/s discrete multitone transmission over 50-m SI-POF employing 6-channel WDM,” presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Exhib., San Francisco, CA, USA, Mar. 9–13, 2014.

Swoboda, R.

M. Atef, R. Swoboda, and H. Zimmermann, “A gigabit fully integrated plastic optical fiber receiver for a RC-LED source,” in Proc. IEEE 15th Des. Diagn. Electro. Circuits Syst. Int. Symp., 2012, pp. 74–78.

Tangdiongga, E.

A. M. J. Koonen and E. Tangdiongga, “Photonic home area networks,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 591–604, 2014.

A. M. J. Koonen, H. P. A. Van Den Boom, E. O. Martinez, P. Guignard, and E. Tangdiongga, “Cost optimization of optical in-building networks,” presented at the Eur. Conf. Exhib. Opt. Commun., Geneva, Switzerland, Sep. 18–22, 2011.

Van Den Boom, H. P. A.

A. M. J. Koonen, H. P. A. Van Den Boom, E. O. Martinez, P. Guignard, and E. Tangdiongga, “Cost optimization of optical in-building networks,” presented at the Eur. Conf. Exhib. Opt. Commun., Geneva, Switzerland, Sep. 18–22, 2011.

Vinogradov, J.

J. Vinogradov, R. Kruglov, K. L. Chi, J. W. Shi, M. Bloos, S. Loquai, and O. Ziemann, “GaN light-emitting diodes for up to 5.5-Gb/s short-reach data transmission over SI-POF,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 26, no. 24, pp. 2473–2475, 2014.

R. Kruglov, J. Vinogradov, S. Loquai, O. Ziemann, C. A. Bunge, T. Hager, and U. Strauss, “21.4 Gb/s discrete multitone transmission over 50-m SI-POF employing 6-channel WDM,” presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Exhib., San Francisco, CA, USA, Mar. 9–13, 2014.

A. Antonino, S. Straullu, S. Abrate, A. Nespola, P. Savio, D. Zeolla, J. R. Molina, R. Gaudino, S. Loquai, and J. Vinogradov, “Real-time gigabit ethernet bidirectional transmission over a single SI-POF up to 75 meters,” presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf/Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, Mar. 6–10, 2011.

Wahl, D.

A. Kern, A. Al-Samaneh, D. Wahl, and R. Michalzik, “Monolithic VCSEL—PIN photodiode integration for bi-directional optical data transmission,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 1–13, 2013.

Wei, J. L.

L. Geng, J. L. Wei, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and D. G. Cunningham, “3 Gbit/s LED-based step index plastic optical fiber link using multilevel pulse amplitude modulation,” presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf., Anaheim, CA, USA, Mar. 17–21, 2013.

X. Li, N. Bamiedakis, J. L. Wei, J. J. D. McKendry, E. Xie, R. Ferreira, E. Gu, M. D. Dawson, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “6.25 Gb/s POF link using GaN μLED arrays and optically generated pulse amplitude modulation,” presented at the Conf. Lasers Electro.-Opt., San Jose, CA, USA, May 10–15, 2015.

X. Li, J. L. Wei, N. Bamiedakis, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “Avalanche photodiode enhanced PAM-32 5 Gb/s LED-POF link,” presented at the Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun., Cannes, France, Sep. 21–25, 2014.

White, I. H.

X. Li, J. L. Wei, N. Bamiedakis, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “Avalanche photodiode enhanced PAM-32 5 Gb/s LED-POF link,” presented at the Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun., Cannes, France, Sep. 21–25, 2014.

X. Li, N. Bamiedakis, J. L. Wei, J. J. D. McKendry, E. Xie, R. Ferreira, E. Gu, M. D. Dawson, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “6.25 Gb/s POF link using GaN μLED arrays and optically generated pulse amplitude modulation,” presented at the Conf. Lasers Electro.-Opt., San Jose, CA, USA, May 10–15, 2015.

L. Geng, J. L. Wei, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and D. G. Cunningham, “3 Gbit/s LED-based step index plastic optical fiber link using multilevel pulse amplitude modulation,” presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf., Anaheim, CA, USA, Mar. 17–21, 2013.

Xie, E.

X. Li, N. Bamiedakis, J. L. Wei, J. J. D. McKendry, E. Xie, R. Ferreira, E. Gu, M. D. Dawson, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “6.25 Gb/s POF link using GaN μLED arrays and optically generated pulse amplitude modulation,” presented at the Conf. Lasers Electro.-Opt., San Jose, CA, USA, May 10–15, 2015.

Zamzow, P. E.

O. Ziemman, J. Krauser, P. E. Zamzow, and W. Daum, POF Handbook: Optical Short Range Transmission Systems.New York, NY, USA: Springer-Verlag, 2008

Zeolla, D.

A. Antonino, S. Straullu, S. Abrate, A. Nespola, P. Savio, D. Zeolla, J. R. Molina, R. Gaudino, S. Loquai, and J. Vinogradov, “Real-time gigabit ethernet bidirectional transmission over a single SI-POF up to 75 meters,” presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf/Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, Mar. 6–10, 2011.

Zhang, S.

J. J. D. McKendry, D. Massoubre, S. Zhang, B. R. Rae, R. P. Green, E. Gu, R. K. Henderson, A. E. Kelly, and M. D. Dawson, “Visible-light communications using a CMOS-controlled micro-light-emitting-diode array,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 61–67, 2012.

Ziemann, O.

J. Vinogradov, R. Kruglov, K. L. Chi, J. W. Shi, M. Bloos, S. Loquai, and O. Ziemann, “GaN light-emitting diodes for up to 5.5-Gb/s short-reach data transmission over SI-POF,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 26, no. 24, pp. 2473–2475, 2014.

R. Kruglov, J. Vinogradov, S. Loquai, O. Ziemann, C. A. Bunge, T. Hager, and U. Strauss, “21.4 Gb/s discrete multitone transmission over 50-m SI-POF employing 6-channel WDM,” presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Exhib., San Francisco, CA, USA, Mar. 9–13, 2014.

Ziemman, O.

O. Ziemman, J. Krauser, P. E. Zamzow, and W. Daum, POF Handbook: Optical Short Range Transmission Systems.New York, NY, USA: Springer-Verlag, 2008

Zimmermann, H.

M. Atef, R. Swoboda, and H. Zimmermann, “A gigabit fully integrated plastic optical fiber receiver for a RC-LED source,” in Proc. IEEE 15th Des. Diagn. Electro. Circuits Syst. Int. Symp., 2012, pp. 74–78.

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Kern, A. Al-Samaneh, D. Wahl, and R. Michalzik, “Monolithic VCSEL—PIN photodiode integration for bi-directional optical data transmission,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 1–13, 2013.

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

J. Vinogradov, R. Kruglov, K. L. Chi, J. W. Shi, M. Bloos, S. Loquai, and O. Ziemann, “GaN light-emitting diodes for up to 5.5-Gb/s short-reach data transmission over SI-POF,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 26, no. 24, pp. 2473–2475, 2014.

IEEE Solid-State Circuits Mag. (1)

Y. Dong and K. W. Martin, “Gigabit communications over plastic optical fiber,” IEEE Solid-State Circuits Mag., vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 60–69, 2011.

J. Lightw. Technol. (4)

L. Peng, M. Helard, S. Haese, M. Liu, and J. F. Helard, “Hybrid PN-ZP-DMT scheme for spectrum-efficient optical communications and its application to SI-POF,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 18, pp. 3149–3160, 2014.

A. M. J. Koonen and E. Tangdiongga, “Photonic home area networks,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 591–604, 2014.

J. J. D. McKendry, D. Massoubre, S. Zhang, B. R. Rae, R. P. Green, E. Gu, R. K. Henderson, A. E. Kelly, and M. D. Dawson, “Visible-light communications using a CMOS-controlled micro-light-emitting-diode array,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 61–67, 2012.

G. D. Brown, “Bandwidth and rise time calculations for digital multimode fiber-optic data links,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 672–678, 1992.

Other (8)

L. Geng, J. L. Wei, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and D. G. Cunningham, “3 Gbit/s LED-based step index plastic optical fiber link using multilevel pulse amplitude modulation,” presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf., Anaheim, CA, USA, Mar. 17–21, 2013.

X. Li, N. Bamiedakis, J. L. Wei, J. J. D. McKendry, E. Xie, R. Ferreira, E. Gu, M. D. Dawson, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “6.25 Gb/s POF link using GaN μLED arrays and optically generated pulse amplitude modulation,” presented at the Conf. Lasers Electro.-Opt., San Jose, CA, USA, May 10–15, 2015.

R. Kruglov, J. Vinogradov, S. Loquai, O. Ziemann, C. A. Bunge, T. Hager, and U. Strauss, “21.4 Gb/s discrete multitone transmission over 50-m SI-POF employing 6-channel WDM,” presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Exhib., San Francisco, CA, USA, Mar. 9–13, 2014.

A. Antonino, S. Straullu, S. Abrate, A. Nespola, P. Savio, D. Zeolla, J. R. Molina, R. Gaudino, S. Loquai, and J. Vinogradov, “Real-time gigabit ethernet bidirectional transmission over a single SI-POF up to 75 meters,” presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf/Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, Mar. 6–10, 2011.

X. Li, J. L. Wei, N. Bamiedakis, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “Avalanche photodiode enhanced PAM-32 5 Gb/s LED-POF link,” presented at the Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun., Cannes, France, Sep. 21–25, 2014.

O. Ziemman, J. Krauser, P. E. Zamzow, and W. Daum, POF Handbook: Optical Short Range Transmission Systems.New York, NY, USA: Springer-Verlag, 2008

M. Atef, R. Swoboda, and H. Zimmermann, “A gigabit fully integrated plastic optical fiber receiver for a RC-LED source,” in Proc. IEEE 15th Des. Diagn. Electro. Circuits Syst. Int. Symp., 2012, pp. 74–78.

A. M. J. Koonen, H. P. A. Van Den Boom, E. O. Martinez, P. Guignard, and E. Tangdiongga, “Cost optimization of optical in-building networks,” presented at the Eur. Conf. Exhib. Opt. Commun., Geneva, Switzerland, Sep. 18–22, 2011.

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