Abstract

A long-standing goal of optical fiber sensors is the development of a miniature and versatile optical fiber device, which is capable of performing multiple sensing functions, and supporting a simple and efficient system. Here, we demonstrate an elegant way of achieving such a device by use of an inner air-cavity in a slightly tapered optical fiber. Owing to the small size of only a few tens microns and inner cavity structure, a spatially precise “point sensing” with high sensitivity and good robustness can be readily achieved. The refractive index, strain, and temperature sensitivities obtained are ∼1060 nm/RIU (refractive index unit), 22.5 pm/με, and 80 pm/°C, respectively. The inner air-cavity-based device is flexible, ultracompact, versatile, and highly efficient, which provides a promising new way for a wide range of optical fiber sensing applications.

© 2014 IEEE

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