Abstract

A time multiplexed rectangular Zernike modal wavefront sensor based on a nematic phase-only liquid crystal spatial light modulator and specially designed for a high power two-electrode tapered laser diode which is a compact and novel free space optical communication source is used in an adaptive beam steering free space optical communication system, enabling the system to have 1.25 GHz modulation bandwidth, 4.6° angular coverage and the capability of sensing aberrations within the system and caused by atmosphere turbulence up to absolute value of 0.15 waves amplitude and correcting them in one correction cycle. Closed-loop aberration correction algorithm can be implemented to provide convergence for larger and time varying aberrations. Improvement of the system signal-to-noise-ratio performance is achieved by aberration correction. To our knowledge, it is first time to use rectangular orthonormal Zernike polynomials to represent balanced aberrations for high power rectangular laser beam in practice.

© 2014 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. F. Feng, H. Page, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, T. D. Wilkinson, N. Michel, M. Calligaro, Y. Robert, O. Parillaud, M. Krakowski, "Free space optical wireless communications using directly modulated two-electrode high brightness tapered laser diode," Electron. Lett. 48, 281-283 (2012).
  2. F. Feng, I. H. White, T. D. Wilkinson, "Free space communications with beam steering a two-electrode tapered laser diode using liquid-crystal SLM," J. Lightw. Technol. 31, 2001-2007 (2013).
  3. S. G. Wilson, M. Brandt-Pearce, Q. Cao, J. J. H. Leveque, III"Free-space optical MIMO transmission with Q-ary PPM," IEEE Trans. Commun. 53, 1402-1412 (2005).
  4. S. G. Wilson, M. Brandt-Pearce, Q. Cao, M. Baedke, "Optical repetition MIMO transmission with multipulse PPM," IEEE Sel. Areas Commun. 23, 1901 -1910 (2005).
  5. N. Cvijetic, S. G. Wilson, M. Brandt-Pearce, "Receiver optimization in turbulent free-space optical MIMO channels with APDs and Q-ary PPM," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 103-105 (2007).
  6. I. B. Djordjevic, B. Vasic, M. A. Neifeld, "Multilevel coding in free-space optical MIMO transmission with Q-ary PPM over the atmospheric turbulence channel," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1491-1493 (2006).
  7. S. Trisno, I. I. Smolyaninov, S. D. Milner, C. C. Davis, "Characterization of time delayed diversity to mitigate fading in atmospheric turbulence channels," Proc. SPIE Free-Space Laser Commun. V (2005) pp. 388-397.
  8. C. H. Kwok, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, "Link reliability improvement for optical wireless communication systems with temporal-domain diversity reception," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 700-702 (2008).
  9. M. Shaw, S. Hall, S. Knox, R. Stevens, C. Paterson, " Characterization of deformable mirrors for spherical aberration correction in optical sectioning microscopy ," Opt. Exp. 18, 6900-6913 (2010).
  10. S. M. Zhao, J. Leach, L. Y. Gong, J. Ding, B. Y. Zheng, "Aberration corrections for free-space optical communications in atmosphere turbulence using orbital angular momentum states ," Opt. Exp. 20, 452-461 (2012).
  11. M. A. A. Neil, M. J. Booth, T. Wilson, "New modal wave-front sensor: A theoretical analysis," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 17, 1098-1107 (2000).
  12. V. N. Mahajan, G.-M. Dai, " Orthonormal polynomials in wavefront analysis: Analytical solution," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 24, 2994-3016 ( 2007).
  13. R. J. Noll, "Zernike polynomials and atmospheric turbulence," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 66, 207-211 (1976).
  14. V. N. Mahajan, "Zernike circle polynomials and optical aberrations of systems with circular pupils," Appl. Opt. 33, 8121 -8121 (1994).
  15. D. Gil-Leyva, B. Robertson, T. D. Wilkinson, C. J. Henderson, "Aberration correction in an adaptive free-space optical interconnect with an error diffusion algorithm," Appl. Opt. 45, 3782-3792 (2006).
  16. M. J. Booth, "Direct measurement of Zernike aberration modes with a modal wavefront sensor," Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instr. Eng. (SPIE) Conf. Series ( 2003) pp. 79-90. DOI: 10.1117/12.503695.
  17. (accessed on 27th Jan. 2014). [Online]. Available: http://www.finisar.com/products/wss-roadms.
  18. C. Pulikkaseril, L. A. Stewart, M. A. F. Roelens, G. W. Baxter, S. Poole, S. Frisken, "Spectral modeling of channel band shapes in wavelength selective switches," Opt. Exp. 19 , 8458-8470 (2011).
  19. (accessed on 27th Jan. 2014). [Online]. Available: http://www.finisar.com/products/optical-instrumentation.
  20. C. Lim, C. Pulikkaseril, L. Ka-Lun, "A study on LCoS-based remote nodes for 60 GHz fiber-wireless links," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 3110-3117 (2012).

2013

F. Feng, I. H. White, T. D. Wilkinson, "Free space communications with beam steering a two-electrode tapered laser diode using liquid-crystal SLM," J. Lightw. Technol. 31, 2001-2007 (2013).

2012

F. Feng, H. Page, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, T. D. Wilkinson, N. Michel, M. Calligaro, Y. Robert, O. Parillaud, M. Krakowski, "Free space optical wireless communications using directly modulated two-electrode high brightness tapered laser diode," Electron. Lett. 48, 281-283 (2012).

S. M. Zhao, J. Leach, L. Y. Gong, J. Ding, B. Y. Zheng, "Aberration corrections for free-space optical communications in atmosphere turbulence using orbital angular momentum states ," Opt. Exp. 20, 452-461 (2012).

C. Lim, C. Pulikkaseril, L. Ka-Lun, "A study on LCoS-based remote nodes for 60 GHz fiber-wireless links," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 3110-3117 (2012).

2011

C. Pulikkaseril, L. A. Stewart, M. A. F. Roelens, G. W. Baxter, S. Poole, S. Frisken, "Spectral modeling of channel band shapes in wavelength selective switches," Opt. Exp. 19 , 8458-8470 (2011).

2010

M. Shaw, S. Hall, S. Knox, R. Stevens, C. Paterson, " Characterization of deformable mirrors for spherical aberration correction in optical sectioning microscopy ," Opt. Exp. 18, 6900-6913 (2010).

2008

C. H. Kwok, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, "Link reliability improvement for optical wireless communication systems with temporal-domain diversity reception," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 700-702 (2008).

2007

N. Cvijetic, S. G. Wilson, M. Brandt-Pearce, "Receiver optimization in turbulent free-space optical MIMO channels with APDs and Q-ary PPM," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 103-105 (2007).

2006

I. B. Djordjevic, B. Vasic, M. A. Neifeld, "Multilevel coding in free-space optical MIMO transmission with Q-ary PPM over the atmospheric turbulence channel," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1491-1493 (2006).

D. Gil-Leyva, B. Robertson, T. D. Wilkinson, C. J. Henderson, "Aberration correction in an adaptive free-space optical interconnect with an error diffusion algorithm," Appl. Opt. 45, 3782-3792 (2006).

2005

S. G. Wilson, M. Brandt-Pearce, Q. Cao, J. J. H. Leveque, III"Free-space optical MIMO transmission with Q-ary PPM," IEEE Trans. Commun. 53, 1402-1412 (2005).

S. G. Wilson, M. Brandt-Pearce, Q. Cao, M. Baedke, "Optical repetition MIMO transmission with multipulse PPM," IEEE Sel. Areas Commun. 23, 1901 -1910 (2005).

2000

M. A. A. Neil, M. J. Booth, T. Wilson, "New modal wave-front sensor: A theoretical analysis," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 17, 1098-1107 (2000).

1994

V. N. Mahajan, "Zernike circle polynomials and optical aberrations of systems with circular pupils," Appl. Opt. 33, 8121 -8121 (1994).

1976

R. J. Noll, "Zernike polynomials and atmospheric turbulence," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 66, 207-211 (1976).

Appl. Opt.

V. N. Mahajan, "Zernike circle polynomials and optical aberrations of systems with circular pupils," Appl. Opt. 33, 8121 -8121 (1994).

D. Gil-Leyva, B. Robertson, T. D. Wilkinson, C. J. Henderson, "Aberration correction in an adaptive free-space optical interconnect with an error diffusion algorithm," Appl. Opt. 45, 3782-3792 (2006).

Electron. Lett.

F. Feng, H. Page, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, T. D. Wilkinson, N. Michel, M. Calligaro, Y. Robert, O. Parillaud, M. Krakowski, "Free space optical wireless communications using directly modulated two-electrode high brightness tapered laser diode," Electron. Lett. 48, 281-283 (2012).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

N. Cvijetic, S. G. Wilson, M. Brandt-Pearce, "Receiver optimization in turbulent free-space optical MIMO channels with APDs and Q-ary PPM," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 103-105 (2007).

C. H. Kwok, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, "Link reliability improvement for optical wireless communication systems with temporal-domain diversity reception," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 700-702 (2008).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

I. B. Djordjevic, B. Vasic, M. A. Neifeld, "Multilevel coding in free-space optical MIMO transmission with Q-ary PPM over the atmospheric turbulence channel," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1491-1493 (2006).

IEEE Sel. Areas Commun.

S. G. Wilson, M. Brandt-Pearce, Q. Cao, M. Baedke, "Optical repetition MIMO transmission with multipulse PPM," IEEE Sel. Areas Commun. 23, 1901 -1910 (2005).

IEEE Trans. Commun.

S. G. Wilson, M. Brandt-Pearce, Q. Cao, J. J. H. Leveque, III"Free-space optical MIMO transmission with Q-ary PPM," IEEE Trans. Commun. 53, 1402-1412 (2005).

J. Lightw. Technol.

F. Feng, I. H. White, T. D. Wilkinson, "Free space communications with beam steering a two-electrode tapered laser diode using liquid-crystal SLM," J. Lightw. Technol. 31, 2001-2007 (2013).

J. Lightw. Technol.

C. Lim, C. Pulikkaseril, L. Ka-Lun, "A study on LCoS-based remote nodes for 60 GHz fiber-wireless links," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 3110-3117 (2012).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer.

R. J. Noll, "Zernike polynomials and atmospheric turbulence," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 66, 207-211 (1976).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A

V. N. Mahajan, G.-M. Dai, " Orthonormal polynomials in wavefront analysis: Analytical solution," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 24, 2994-3016 ( 2007).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A

M. A. A. Neil, M. J. Booth, T. Wilson, "New modal wave-front sensor: A theoretical analysis," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 17, 1098-1107 (2000).

Opt. Exp.

C. Pulikkaseril, L. A. Stewart, M. A. F. Roelens, G. W. Baxter, S. Poole, S. Frisken, "Spectral modeling of channel band shapes in wavelength selective switches," Opt. Exp. 19 , 8458-8470 (2011).

M. Shaw, S. Hall, S. Knox, R. Stevens, C. Paterson, " Characterization of deformable mirrors for spherical aberration correction in optical sectioning microscopy ," Opt. Exp. 18, 6900-6913 (2010).

S. M. Zhao, J. Leach, L. Y. Gong, J. Ding, B. Y. Zheng, "Aberration corrections for free-space optical communications in atmosphere turbulence using orbital angular momentum states ," Opt. Exp. 20, 452-461 (2012).

Other

S. Trisno, I. I. Smolyaninov, S. D. Milner, C. C. Davis, "Characterization of time delayed diversity to mitigate fading in atmospheric turbulence channels," Proc. SPIE Free-Space Laser Commun. V (2005) pp. 388-397.

(accessed on 27th Jan. 2014). [Online]. Available: http://www.finisar.com/products/optical-instrumentation.

M. J. Booth, "Direct measurement of Zernike aberration modes with a modal wavefront sensor," Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instr. Eng. (SPIE) Conf. Series ( 2003) pp. 79-90. DOI: 10.1117/12.503695.

(accessed on 27th Jan. 2014). [Online]. Available: http://www.finisar.com/products/wss-roadms.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.