Abstract

Recently, the orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) technique has been extensively studied for fiber-based optical transmissions in the context of access networks. The adaptive modulation optical (AMO) OFDM system has been proved to be one of the cost-effective solutions. Among adaptive modulation techniques, the Levin–Campello (LC) bit/power loading, which is widely implemented for xDSL systems, is shown to bring excellent performances in unamplified optical intensity modulated/direct detected (IMDD) transmissions. In this paper a novel adaptive discrete Fourier transform precoded OFDM (POFDM) is proposed and investigated. By means of numerical simulation, the proposed modulation scheme is shown to reduce the peak-to-average power ratio of the transmitted OFDM signal up to 2 dB at 10$^{-3}$ clipping rate. As a consequence, a smaller input back-off can be applied to the laser-driving current before the power amplifier, resulting in a lower power consumption of the POFDM system when compared to the conventional LC AMOOFDM system. According to simulation results, the energy consumption of the power amplifier is reduced by a factor of two in unamplified optical IMDD transmissions. Moreover, in terms of capacity-versus-reach performance, the proposed system achieves the same performance as the conventional adaptive modulation scheme.

© 2014 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. J. M. Tang, K. A. Shore, "30-gb/s signal transmission over 40-km directly modulated DFB-laser-based single-mode-fiber links without optical amplification and dispersion compensation," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2318-2327 (2006).
  2. J. Campello, "Optimal discrete bit loading for multicarrier modulation systems ," IEEE Int. Symp. Inform. Theory presented at the CambridgeMAUSA (1998 ).
  3. B. Charbonnier, P. Urvoas, M. Ouzzif, J. Le Masson, "Capacity optimisation for optical links using DMT modulation, an application to POF," Proc. 34th Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (2008 ) pp. 1-2.
  4. T.-N. Duong, N. Genay, M. Ouzzif, J. Le Masson, B. Charbonnier, P. Chanclou, J.-C. Simon, "Adaptive loading algorithm implemented in AMOOFDM for NG-PON system integrating cost-effective and low-bandwidth optical devices," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 790-792 (2009).
  5. R. J. Baxley, G. T. Zhou, "Power savings analysis of peak-to-average power ratio in OFDM," IEEE Trans. Consumer Electron. 50, 792-798 (2004).
  6. Y. Tang, W. Shieh, B. S. Krongold, "DFT-spread OFDM for fiber nonlinearity mitigation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1250-1252 (2010).
  7. M. Sung, S. Kang, J. Shim, J. Lee, J. Jeong, "DFT-precoded coherent optical OFDM with hermitian symmetry for fiber nonlinearity mitigation," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 2757- 2763 (2012).
  8. H. G. Myung, J. Lim, D. Goodman, "Peak-to-average power ratio of single carrier FDMA signals with pulse shaping," Proc. IEEE 17th Int. Symp. Personal, Indoor Mobile Radio Commun. (2006) pp. 1-5.
  9. F. Devaux, Y. Sorel, J. F. Kerdiles, "Simple measurement of fiber dispersion and of chirp parameter of intensity modulated light emitter," J. Lightw. Technol. 11, 1937-1940 (1993).
  10. E. Peral, A. Yariv, " Large-signal theory of the effect of dispersive propagation on the intensity modulation response of semiconductor lasers," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 84-89 (2000).
  11. A. J. Lowery, S. Wang, M. Premaratne, "Calculation of power limit due to fiber nonlinearity in optical OFDM systems," Opt. Exp. 15, 13282-13287 (2007).
  12. R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, F. Forghieri, A. H. Gnauck, R. M. Derosier, "Four-photon mixing and high-speed WDM systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 13, 841-849 (1995).
  13. D. Dardari, "Joint clip and quantization effects characterization in OFDM receivers ," IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. I, Reg. Papers 53, 1741-1748 (2006 ).
  14. S. Dimitrov, S. Sinanovic, H. Haas, "Clipping noise in OFDM-based optical wireless communication systems," IEEE Trans. Commun. 60, 1072-1081 (2012).
  15. J. M. Cioffi, A Multicarrier Primer, ANSI T1E1.4 Committee Contribution, Nov. 1991..
  16. A. Garcia-Armada, "SNR gap approximation for M-PSK-based bit loading ," IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun. 5, 57-60 (2006).
  17. L. Bjerkan, A. Royset, L. Hafskjaer, D. Myhre, "Measurement of laser parameters for simulation of high-speed fiberoptic systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 839-850 (1996).
  18. T. Ioannis, R. Ioannis, H. Robert, A. Neophytos, B. Aleksandra, V. Richard, "Extraction of laser rate equations parameters for representative simulations of metropolitan-area transmission systems and networks," Opt. Commun. 194, 109-129 (2001).
  19. S. Yamamoto, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, Y. Yoshida, H. Wakabayashi, " Analysis of laser phase noise to intensity noise conversion by chromatic dispersion in intensity modulation and direct detection optical-fiber transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 8 , 1716-1722 (1990).
  20. W. Shieh, I. Djordjevic, Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing for Optical Communications (Elsevier, 2010).
  21. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2007).
  22. B. Wedding, "Analysis of fibre transfer function and determination of receiver frequency response for dispersion supported transmission," Electron. Lett. 30, 58-59 ( 1994).
  23. J. Wang, K. Petermann, "Small signal analysis for dispersive optical fiber communication systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 10, 96 -100 (1992).

2012 (2)

M. Sung, S. Kang, J. Shim, J. Lee, J. Jeong, "DFT-precoded coherent optical OFDM with hermitian symmetry for fiber nonlinearity mitigation," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 2757- 2763 (2012).

S. Dimitrov, S. Sinanovic, H. Haas, "Clipping noise in OFDM-based optical wireless communication systems," IEEE Trans. Commun. 60, 1072-1081 (2012).

2010 (1)

Y. Tang, W. Shieh, B. S. Krongold, "DFT-spread OFDM for fiber nonlinearity mitigation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1250-1252 (2010).

2009 (1)

T.-N. Duong, N. Genay, M. Ouzzif, J. Le Masson, B. Charbonnier, P. Chanclou, J.-C. Simon, "Adaptive loading algorithm implemented in AMOOFDM for NG-PON system integrating cost-effective and low-bandwidth optical devices," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 790-792 (2009).

2007 (1)

A. J. Lowery, S. Wang, M. Premaratne, "Calculation of power limit due to fiber nonlinearity in optical OFDM systems," Opt. Exp. 15, 13282-13287 (2007).

2006 (2)

J. M. Tang, K. A. Shore, "30-gb/s signal transmission over 40-km directly modulated DFB-laser-based single-mode-fiber links without optical amplification and dispersion compensation," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2318-2327 (2006).

A. Garcia-Armada, "SNR gap approximation for M-PSK-based bit loading ," IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun. 5, 57-60 (2006).

2004 (1)

R. J. Baxley, G. T. Zhou, "Power savings analysis of peak-to-average power ratio in OFDM," IEEE Trans. Consumer Electron. 50, 792-798 (2004).

2001 (1)

T. Ioannis, R. Ioannis, H. Robert, A. Neophytos, B. Aleksandra, V. Richard, "Extraction of laser rate equations parameters for representative simulations of metropolitan-area transmission systems and networks," Opt. Commun. 194, 109-129 (2001).

2000 (1)

E. Peral, A. Yariv, " Large-signal theory of the effect of dispersive propagation on the intensity modulation response of semiconductor lasers," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 84-89 (2000).

1996 (1)

L. Bjerkan, A. Royset, L. Hafskjaer, D. Myhre, "Measurement of laser parameters for simulation of high-speed fiberoptic systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 839-850 (1996).

1995 (1)

R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, F. Forghieri, A. H. Gnauck, R. M. Derosier, "Four-photon mixing and high-speed WDM systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 13, 841-849 (1995).

1993 (1)

F. Devaux, Y. Sorel, J. F. Kerdiles, "Simple measurement of fiber dispersion and of chirp parameter of intensity modulated light emitter," J. Lightw. Technol. 11, 1937-1940 (1993).

1992 (1)

J. Wang, K. Petermann, "Small signal analysis for dispersive optical fiber communication systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 10, 96 -100 (1992).

1990 (1)

S. Yamamoto, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, Y. Yoshida, H. Wakabayashi, " Analysis of laser phase noise to intensity noise conversion by chromatic dispersion in intensity modulation and direct detection optical-fiber transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 8 , 1716-1722 (1990).

Electron. Lett. (1)

B. Wedding, "Analysis of fibre transfer function and determination of receiver frequency response for dispersion supported transmission," Electron. Lett. 30, 58-59 ( 1994).

IEEE Trans. Consumer Electron. (1)

R. J. Baxley, G. T. Zhou, "Power savings analysis of peak-to-average power ratio in OFDM," IEEE Trans. Consumer Electron. 50, 792-798 (2004).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

T.-N. Duong, N. Genay, M. Ouzzif, J. Le Masson, B. Charbonnier, P. Chanclou, J.-C. Simon, "Adaptive loading algorithm implemented in AMOOFDM for NG-PON system integrating cost-effective and low-bandwidth optical devices," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 790-792 (2009).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

Y. Tang, W. Shieh, B. S. Krongold, "DFT-spread OFDM for fiber nonlinearity mitigation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1250-1252 (2010).

IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. I, Reg. Papers (1)

D. Dardari, "Joint clip and quantization effects characterization in OFDM receivers ," IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. I, Reg. Papers 53, 1741-1748 (2006 ).

IEEE Trans. Commun. (1)

S. Dimitrov, S. Sinanovic, H. Haas, "Clipping noise in OFDM-based optical wireless communication systems," IEEE Trans. Commun. 60, 1072-1081 (2012).

IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun. (1)

A. Garcia-Armada, "SNR gap approximation for M-PSK-based bit loading ," IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun. 5, 57-60 (2006).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

M. Sung, S. Kang, J. Shim, J. Lee, J. Jeong, "DFT-precoded coherent optical OFDM with hermitian symmetry for fiber nonlinearity mitigation," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 2757- 2763 (2012).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

F. Devaux, Y. Sorel, J. F. Kerdiles, "Simple measurement of fiber dispersion and of chirp parameter of intensity modulated light emitter," J. Lightw. Technol. 11, 1937-1940 (1993).

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

J. M. Tang, K. A. Shore, "30-gb/s signal transmission over 40-km directly modulated DFB-laser-based single-mode-fiber links without optical amplification and dispersion compensation," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2318-2327 (2006).

R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, F. Forghieri, A. H. Gnauck, R. M. Derosier, "Four-photon mixing and high-speed WDM systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 13, 841-849 (1995).

J. Lightw. Technol. (4)

L. Bjerkan, A. Royset, L. Hafskjaer, D. Myhre, "Measurement of laser parameters for simulation of high-speed fiberoptic systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 839-850 (1996).

S. Yamamoto, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, Y. Yoshida, H. Wakabayashi, " Analysis of laser phase noise to intensity noise conversion by chromatic dispersion in intensity modulation and direct detection optical-fiber transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 8 , 1716-1722 (1990).

E. Peral, A. Yariv, " Large-signal theory of the effect of dispersive propagation on the intensity modulation response of semiconductor lasers," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 84-89 (2000).

J. Wang, K. Petermann, "Small signal analysis for dispersive optical fiber communication systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 10, 96 -100 (1992).

Opt. Commun. (1)

T. Ioannis, R. Ioannis, H. Robert, A. Neophytos, B. Aleksandra, V. Richard, "Extraction of laser rate equations parameters for representative simulations of metropolitan-area transmission systems and networks," Opt. Commun. 194, 109-129 (2001).

Opt. Exp. (1)

A. J. Lowery, S. Wang, M. Premaratne, "Calculation of power limit due to fiber nonlinearity in optical OFDM systems," Opt. Exp. 15, 13282-13287 (2007).

Other (6)

J. Campello, "Optimal discrete bit loading for multicarrier modulation systems ," IEEE Int. Symp. Inform. Theory presented at the CambridgeMAUSA (1998 ).

B. Charbonnier, P. Urvoas, M. Ouzzif, J. Le Masson, "Capacity optimisation for optical links using DMT modulation, an application to POF," Proc. 34th Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (2008 ) pp. 1-2.

H. G. Myung, J. Lim, D. Goodman, "Peak-to-average power ratio of single carrier FDMA signals with pulse shaping," Proc. IEEE 17th Int. Symp. Personal, Indoor Mobile Radio Commun. (2006) pp. 1-5.

W. Shieh, I. Djordjevic, Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing for Optical Communications (Elsevier, 2010).

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2007).

J. M. Cioffi, A Multicarrier Primer, ANSI T1E1.4 Committee Contribution, Nov. 1991..

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.