Abstract

We have proposed a newly metropolitan and access integrated network to provide services to long-reach depopulated households due to geographical difficulty, with smooth and energy-saving upgrade of the system. The feasibility of the system based on hybrid wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) and optical code division multiplexing (OCDM) is investigated from the viewpoints of add-drop multiplexing (ADM) operation and WDM/OCDM crosstalk. The ADM operation is verified when the adding, dropping, and transmitting signals are simultaneously operated, by examining the structure of multiplexer. The range of the input signal power to the multiplexer is derived. The crosstalk impact of WDM and OCDM is reduced by apodizing the filter device. By using the apodized devices, 16 × 1.25 Gb/s OCDM is successfully demonstrated at a wavelength band of 3.2 nm in C-band. From the results, the feasibility of 160-channel hybrid multiplexing in a proposed network is estimated.

© 2014 IEEE

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  1. Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Detection (CSMA/CD) Access Method and Physical Layer Specifications-Amendment: Media Access Control Parameters, Physical Layers, and Management Parameters for Subscriber Access Networks, IEEE Standard 802.3ah, 2004..
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  7. P. C. Teh, P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, D. J. Richardson, "A comparative study of the performance of seven-and 63-chip optical code-division multiple-access encoders and decoders based on superstructured fiber Bragg gratings," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 1352 -1365 (2001).
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  9. X. Wang, N. Wada, T. Miyazaki, G. Cincotti, K. Kitayama, "Field trial of 3-WDM10-OCDMA10.71 Gbps, truly-asynchronous, WDM/DPSK-OCDMA using hybrid E/D without FEC and optical threshold," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. presented at theAnaheimCAUSA (2006) Paper PDP 44.
  10. X. Wang, N. Wada, N. Kataoka, T. Miyazaki, G. Cincotti, K. Kitayama, "100 km field trial of 1.24 Tbit/s, spectral efficient, asynchronous 5 WDM25 DPSK-OCDMA using one set of 5050 ports large scale en/decoder ," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. presented at theAnaheimCAUSA (2007) Paper PDP 14.
  11. N. Kataoka, N. Wada, G. Cincotti, K. Kitayama, "2.56 Tbps (40-Gbps8-wavelengths4-OC2-POL) asynchronous WDM-OCDMA-PON using a multi-port encoder/decoder," Eur. Conf. Exhib. Opt. Commun. presented at theGenevaSwitzerland (2011) Paper Th.13.B.6.
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  18. X. Wang, K. Matsushima, K. Kitayama, A. Nishiki, S. Oshiba, " Demonstration of the improvement of apodized 127-chip SSFBG in coherent time-spreading OCDMA network," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. presented at theLos Angeles CAUSA (2004).
  19. G. Cincotti, N. Wada, K. Kitayama, "Characterization of a full encoder/decoder in the AWG configuration for code-based photonic routers—Part I: modeling and design ," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 103-112 (2006).
  20. X. Wang, N. Wada, G. Cincotti, T. Miyazaki, K. Kitayama, "Demonstration of over 128-Gb/s-capacity (12-User10.71-Gb/s/User) asynchronous OCDMA using FEC and AWG-based multiport optical encoder/decoders," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1603-1605 (2006).
  21. N. Kataoka, X. Wang, G. Cincotti, N. Wada, K. Kitayama, " Performance improvement of 16-level-phase-shifted SSFBG encoder/decoder for OCDMA system using apodization technique ," OptoElectron. Commun. Conf. presented at theHong Kong (2009) Paper WN2.
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2010 (1)

J. Kani, "Enabling technologies for future scalable and flexible WDM-PON and WDM/TDM-PON systems," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 16 , 1290-1297 (2010).

2009 (1)

R. P. Davey, D. B. Grossman, M. Rasztovits-Wiech, D. B. Payne, D. Nesset, A. E. Kelly, A. Rafel, S. Appathurai, S.-H. Yang, "Long-reach passive optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 273 -291 (2009).

2006 (2)

N. Minato, S. Kutsuzawa, K. Sasaki, S. Kobayashi, A. Nishiki, T. Ushikubo, T. Kamijoh, Y. Kamio, N. Wada, F. Kubota, "Field trial of time-spreading and wavelength-hopping OCDM transmission using FBG en/decoders," Opt. Exp. 14, 5853-5859 (2006 ).

2006 (2)

G. Cincotti, N. Wada, K. Kitayama, "Characterization of a full encoder/decoder in the AWG configuration for code-based photonic routers—Part I: modeling and design ," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 103-112 (2006).

X. Wang, N. Wada, G. Cincotti, T. Miyazaki, K. Kitayama, "Demonstration of over 128-Gb/s-capacity (12-User10.71-Gb/s/User) asynchronous OCDMA using FEC and AWG-based multiport optical encoder/decoders," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1603-1605 (2006).

2005 (1)

N. Minato, H. Tamai, H. Iwamura, S. Kutsuzawa, S. Kobayashi, K. Sasaki, A. Nishiki, "Demonstration of 10 Gbit/s-based time-spreading and wavelength-hopping optical-code-division-multiplexing using fiber-Bragg-grating En/Decoder," IEICE Trans. Commun. E88-B, 3848-3854 (2005).

2004 (1)

V. J. Hernandez, Y. Du, W. Cong, R. P. Scott, K. Li, J. P. Heritage, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, S. J. B. Yoo, "Spectral phase-encoded time-spreading (SPECTS) optical code-division multiple access for terabit optical access networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2671- 2679 (2004).

2002 ()

P. C. Teh, M. Ibsen, J. H. Lee, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, "Demonstration of a four-channel WDM/OCDMA system using 255-chip 320-Gchip/s quarternary phase coding gratings," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 227-229 (2002 ).

2001 (2)

K. Kitayama, M. Murata, " Photonic access node using optical code-based label processing and its applications to optical data networking ," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 1401-1415 (2001).

P. C. Teh, P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, D. J. Richardson, "A comparative study of the performance of seven-and 63-chip optical code-division multiple-access encoders and decoders based on superstructured fiber Bragg gratings," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 1352 -1365 (2001).

1999 (1)

H. Fathallah, L. A. Rusch, S. LaRochelle, "Passive optical fast frequency-hop CDMA communications system," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 397-405 (1999).

1997 (1)

L. Nguyen, T. Dennis, B. Aazhang, J. F. Young, "Experimental demonstration of bipolar codes for optical spectral amplitude CDMA communication," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 1647-1653 (1997).

1986 (1)

P. R. Prucnal, M. A. Santoro, T. R. Fan, "Spread spectrum fiber-optic local area network using optical processing," J. Lightw. Technol. LT-4 , 547-554 (1986).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Kani, "Enabling technologies for future scalable and flexible WDM-PON and WDM/TDM-PON systems," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 16 , 1290-1297 (2010).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

P. C. Teh, M. Ibsen, J. H. Lee, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, "Demonstration of a four-channel WDM/OCDMA system using 255-chip 320-Gchip/s quarternary phase coding gratings," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 227-229 (2002 ).

X. Wang, N. Wada, G. Cincotti, T. Miyazaki, K. Kitayama, "Demonstration of over 128-Gb/s-capacity (12-User10.71-Gb/s/User) asynchronous OCDMA using FEC and AWG-based multiport optical encoder/decoders," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1603-1605 (2006).

IEICE Trans. Commun. (1)

N. Minato, H. Tamai, H. Iwamura, S. Kutsuzawa, S. Kobayashi, K. Sasaki, A. Nishiki, "Demonstration of 10 Gbit/s-based time-spreading and wavelength-hopping optical-code-division-multiplexing using fiber-Bragg-grating En/Decoder," IEICE Trans. Commun. E88-B, 3848-3854 (2005).

J. Lightw. Technol. (8)

R. P. Davey, D. B. Grossman, M. Rasztovits-Wiech, D. B. Payne, D. Nesset, A. E. Kelly, A. Rafel, S. Appathurai, S.-H. Yang, "Long-reach passive optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 273 -291 (2009).

P. C. Teh, P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, D. J. Richardson, "A comparative study of the performance of seven-and 63-chip optical code-division multiple-access encoders and decoders based on superstructured fiber Bragg gratings," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 1352 -1365 (2001).

K. Kitayama, M. Murata, " Photonic access node using optical code-based label processing and its applications to optical data networking ," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 1401-1415 (2001).

P. R. Prucnal, M. A. Santoro, T. R. Fan, "Spread spectrum fiber-optic local area network using optical processing," J. Lightw. Technol. LT-4 , 547-554 (1986).

L. Nguyen, T. Dennis, B. Aazhang, J. F. Young, "Experimental demonstration of bipolar codes for optical spectral amplitude CDMA communication," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 1647-1653 (1997).

H. Fathallah, L. A. Rusch, S. LaRochelle, "Passive optical fast frequency-hop CDMA communications system," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 397-405 (1999).

V. J. Hernandez, Y. Du, W. Cong, R. P. Scott, K. Li, J. P. Heritage, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, S. J. B. Yoo, "Spectral phase-encoded time-spreading (SPECTS) optical code-division multiple access for terabit optical access networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2671- 2679 (2004).

G. Cincotti, N. Wada, K. Kitayama, "Characterization of a full encoder/decoder in the AWG configuration for code-based photonic routers—Part I: modeling and design ," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 103-112 (2006).

Opt. Exp. (1)

N. Minato, S. Kutsuzawa, K. Sasaki, S. Kobayashi, A. Nishiki, T. Ushikubo, T. Kamijoh, Y. Kamio, N. Wada, F. Kubota, "Field trial of time-spreading and wavelength-hopping OCDM transmission using FBG en/decoders," Opt. Exp. 14, 5853-5859 (2006 ).

Other (9)

Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Detection (CSMA/CD) Access Method and Physical Layer Specifications-Amendment: Media Access Control Parameters, Physical Layers, and Management Parameters for Subscriber Access Networks, IEEE Standard 802.3ah, 2004..

Gigabit-capable passive optical networks (GPON): General characteristics, ITU-T Recommendation G. 984.1, 2009 (with amendment 1)..

X. Wang, N. Wada, T. Miyazaki, G. Cincotti, K. Kitayama, "Field trial of 3-WDM10-OCDMA10.71 Gbps, truly-asynchronous, WDM/DPSK-OCDMA using hybrid E/D without FEC and optical threshold," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. presented at theAnaheimCAUSA (2006) Paper PDP 44.

X. Wang, N. Wada, N. Kataoka, T. Miyazaki, G. Cincotti, K. Kitayama, "100 km field trial of 1.24 Tbit/s, spectral efficient, asynchronous 5 WDM25 DPSK-OCDMA using one set of 5050 ports large scale en/decoder ," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. presented at theAnaheimCAUSA (2007) Paper PDP 14.

N. Kataoka, N. Wada, G. Cincotti, K. Kitayama, "2.56 Tbps (40-Gbps8-wavelengths4-OC2-POL) asynchronous WDM-OCDMA-PON using a multi-port encoder/decoder," Eur. Conf. Exhib. Opt. Commun. presented at theGenevaSwitzerland (2011) Paper Th.13.B.6.

S. Kutsuzawa, S. Oshiba, A. Nishiki, S. Kobayashi, H. Iwamura, "Phase-coding OCDM using fiber-Bragg-grating with enlarged signal pulse width," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2003) pp. 136 -137.

X. Wang, K. Matsushima, K. Kitayama, A. Nishiki, S. Oshiba, " Demonstration of the improvement of apodized 127-chip SSFBG in coherent time-spreading OCDMA network," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. presented at theLos Angeles CAUSA (2004).

N. Kataoka, X. Wang, G. Cincotti, N. Wada, K. Kitayama, " Performance improvement of 16-level-phase-shifted SSFBG encoder/decoder for OCDMA system using apodization technique ," OptoElectron. Commun. Conf. presented at theHong Kong (2009) Paper WN2.

G. P. Agrawal,“Fiber-optic communication systems,” 3rd ed. New York, NY, USA: Wiley, 2002, ch. 2, sec. 4, pp. 45–55..

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