Abstract

This paper describes the advantages that the introduction of photonic integration technologies can bring to the development of photonic-enabled wireless communications systems operating in the millimeter wave frequency range. We present two approaches for the development of dual wavelength sources for heterodyne-based millimeter wave generation realized using active/passive photonic integration technology. One approach integrates monolithically two distributed feedback semiconductor lasers along with semiconductor optical amplifiers, wavelength combiners, electro-optic modulators and broad bandwidth photodiodes. The other uses a generic photonic integration platform, developing narrow linewidth dual wavelength lasers based on arrayed waveguide gratings. Moreover, data transmission over a wireless link at a carrier wave frequency above 100 GHz is presented, in which the two lasers are free-running, and the modulation is directly applied to the single photonic chip without the requirement of any additional component.

© 2014 OAPA

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  1. “Cisco visual networking index: Global mobile data traffic forecast update, 2012–2017,” Cisco Systems, Inc., San Jose, CA, USA, Feb. 2013.
  2. T. Kleine-Ostmann and T. Nagatsuma, “A review on terahertz communication research,” J. Infrared Milli Terahz Waves, vol. 32, pp. 143–171, 2011.
  3. H. J. Song and T. Nagatsuma, “Present and future of terahertz communications,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol., vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 256–263, 2011.
  4. A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, J. Takeuchi, H. Togo, M. Yaita, N. Kukutsu, K. Aihara, K. Murata, Y. Sato, T. Nagatsuma, and Y. Kado, “120-GHz-band wireless link technologies for outdoor 10-Gbit/s data transmission,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn., vol. 60, no. 3, pp. 881–895, 2012.
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  6. A. Stöhr, S. Babiel, P. J. Cannard, B. Charbonnier, F. Van-Dijk, S. Fedderwitz, D. Moodie, L. Pavlovic, L. Ponnampalam, C. C. Renaud, D. Rogers, V. Rymanov, A. Seeds, A. G. Steffan, A. Umbach, and M. Weiss, “Millimeter-wave photonic components for broadband wireless systems,”IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn., vol. 58, no. 11, pp. 3071–3082, 2010.
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  9. T. Gobel, D. Stanze, R. J. B. Dietz, H. Roehle, M. Schlak, B. Sartorius, and M. Schell, “Next generation continuous wave photomixing THz systems,”in Proc. 36th Int. Conf. Infrared, Millimeter Terahertz Waves, 2011, pp. 1–2.
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  12. M. Smit, X. Leijtens, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, H. Ambrosius, D. Robbins, M. Wale, N. Grote, and M. Schell, “Generic foundry model for InP-based photonics,” IET Optoelectronics, vol. 5, no. 5, pp. 187–194, 2011.
  13. C. R. Doerr, M. Zirngibl, and C. H. Joyner, “Single longitudinal-mode stability via wave mixing in long-cavity semiconductor lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 7, no. 9, pp. 962–964, 1995.
  14. G. Carpintero, E. Rouvalis, K. Ławniczuk, M. Fice, C. C. Renaud, X. J. M. Leijtens, E. A. J. M. Bente, M. Chitoui, F. Van Dijk, A. J. Seeds, “95 GHz millimeter wave signal generation using an arrayed waveguide grating dual wavelength semiconductor laser,” Opt. Lett., vol. 37, pp. 3657–3659, 2012.
  15. E. Rouvalis, M. Chtioui, M. Tran, F. Lelarge, F. van Dijk, M. J. Fice, C. C. Renaud, G. Carpintero, and A. J. Seeds, “High-speed photodiodes for InP-based photonic integrated circuits,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, pp. 9172–9177, 2012.
  16. E. Kleijn, M. K. Smit, and X. J. M. Leijtens, “Multimode interference reflectors: A new class of components for photonic integrated circuits,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 31, no. 18, pp. 3055–3063, 2013.
  17. T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, and A. Nakayama, “Novel method for high resolution measurement of laser output spectrum,” Electron. Lett., vol. 16, pp. 630–631, 1980.
  18. A. Jimenez, R. C. Guzman, L. E. Garcia-Munoz, D. Segovia, and G. Carpintero, “Continuous wave millimeter and terahertz generation using a photonic integrated circuit,” in Proc. 38th Int. Conf. Infrared, Millimeter, Terahertz Waves, 2013, p. 1.

2013 (1)

E. Kleijn, M. K. Smit, and X. J. M. Leijtens, “Multimode interference reflectors: A new class of components for photonic integrated circuits,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 31, no. 18, pp. 3055–3063, 2013.

2012 (4)

G. Carpintero, E. Rouvalis, K. Ławniczuk, M. Fice, C. C. Renaud, X. J. M. Leijtens, E. A. J. M. Bente, M. Chitoui, F. Van Dijk, A. J. Seeds, “95 GHz millimeter wave signal generation using an arrayed waveguide grating dual wavelength semiconductor laser,” Opt. Lett., vol. 37, pp. 3657–3659, 2012.

E. Rouvalis, M. Chtioui, M. Tran, F. Lelarge, F. van Dijk, M. J. Fice, C. C. Renaud, G. Carpintero, and A. J. Seeds, “High-speed photodiodes for InP-based photonic integrated circuits,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, pp. 9172–9177, 2012.

A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, J. Takeuchi, H. Togo, M. Yaita, N. Kukutsu, K. Aihara, K. Murata, Y. Sato, T. Nagatsuma, and Y. Kado, “120-GHz-band wireless link technologies for outdoor 10-Gbit/s data transmission,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn., vol. 60, no. 3, pp. 881–895, 2012.

M. J. Fice, E. Rouvalis, F. van Dijk, A. Accard, F. Lelarge, C. C. Renaud, G. Carpintero, and A. J. Seeds, “146-GHz millimeter-wave radio-over-fiber photonic wireless transmission system,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, pp. 1769–1774, 2012.

2011 (4)

M. Smit, X. Leijtens, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, H. Ambrosius, D. Robbins, M. Wale, N. Grote, and M. Schell, “Generic foundry model for InP-based photonics,” IET Optoelectronics, vol. 5, no. 5, pp. 187–194, 2011.

T. Kleine-Ostmann and T. Nagatsuma, “A review on terahertz communication research,” J. Infrared Milli Terahz Waves, vol. 32, pp. 143–171, 2011.

H. J. Song and T. Nagatsuma, “Present and future of terahertz communications,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol., vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 256–263, 2011.

I. Kallfass, J. Antes, T. Schneider, F. Kurz, D. Lopez-Diaz, S. Diebold, H. Massler, A. Leuther, and A. Tessmann, “All active mmic-based wireless communication at 220 GHz,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol., vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 477–487, 2011.

2010 (1)

A. Stöhr, S. Babiel, P. J. Cannard, B. Charbonnier, F. Van-Dijk, S. Fedderwitz, D. Moodie, L. Pavlovic, L. Ponnampalam, C. C. Renaud, D. Rogers, V. Rymanov, A. Seeds, A. G. Steffan, A. Umbach, and M. Weiss, “Millimeter-wave photonic components for broadband wireless systems,”IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn., vol. 58, no. 11, pp. 3071–3082, 2010.

2003 (1)

L. A. Johansson and A. J. Seeds, “Generation and transmission of millimeter-wave data-modulated optical signals using an optical injection phase-lock loop,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 511–520, 2003.

1995 (1)

C. R. Doerr, M. Zirngibl, and C. H. Joyner, “Single longitudinal-mode stability via wave mixing in long-cavity semiconductor lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 7, no. 9, pp. 962–964, 1995.

1980 (1)

T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, and A. Nakayama, “Novel method for high resolution measurement of laser output spectrum,” Electron. Lett., vol. 16, pp. 630–631, 1980.

Accard, A.

M. J. Fice, E. Rouvalis, F. van Dijk, A. Accard, F. Lelarge, C. C. Renaud, G. Carpintero, and A. J. Seeds, “146-GHz millimeter-wave radio-over-fiber photonic wireless transmission system,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, pp. 1769–1774, 2012.

F. Van-Dijk, A. Accard, A. Enard, O. Drisse, D. Make, and F. Lelarge, “Monolithic dual wavelength DFB lasers for narrow linewidth heterodyne beat-note generation,” in Proc. Int. Top. Meeting Microw. Photon., 2011, pp. 73–76.

Aihara, K.

A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, J. Takeuchi, H. Togo, M. Yaita, N. Kukutsu, K. Aihara, K. Murata, Y. Sato, T. Nagatsuma, and Y. Kado, “120-GHz-band wireless link technologies for outdoor 10-Gbit/s data transmission,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn., vol. 60, no. 3, pp. 881–895, 2012.

Ambrosius, H.

M. Smit, X. Leijtens, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, H. Ambrosius, D. Robbins, M. Wale, N. Grote, and M. Schell, “Generic foundry model for InP-based photonics,” IET Optoelectronics, vol. 5, no. 5, pp. 187–194, 2011.

Antes, J.

I. Kallfass, J. Antes, T. Schneider, F. Kurz, D. Lopez-Diaz, S. Diebold, H. Massler, A. Leuther, and A. Tessmann, “All active mmic-based wireless communication at 220 GHz,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol., vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 477–487, 2011.

Babiel, S.

A. Stöhr, S. Babiel, P. J. Cannard, B. Charbonnier, F. Van-Dijk, S. Fedderwitz, D. Moodie, L. Pavlovic, L. Ponnampalam, C. C. Renaud, D. Rogers, V. Rymanov, A. Seeds, A. G. Steffan, A. Umbach, and M. Weiss, “Millimeter-wave photonic components for broadband wireless systems,”IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn., vol. 58, no. 11, pp. 3071–3082, 2010.

Bente, E.

M. Smit, X. Leijtens, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, H. Ambrosius, D. Robbins, M. Wale, N. Grote, and M. Schell, “Generic foundry model for InP-based photonics,” IET Optoelectronics, vol. 5, no. 5, pp. 187–194, 2011.

Bente, E. A. J. M.

Cannard, P. J.

A. Stöhr, S. Babiel, P. J. Cannard, B. Charbonnier, F. Van-Dijk, S. Fedderwitz, D. Moodie, L. Pavlovic, L. Ponnampalam, C. C. Renaud, D. Rogers, V. Rymanov, A. Seeds, A. G. Steffan, A. Umbach, and M. Weiss, “Millimeter-wave photonic components for broadband wireless systems,”IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn., vol. 58, no. 11, pp. 3071–3082, 2010.

Carpintero, G.

M. J. Fice, E. Rouvalis, F. van Dijk, A. Accard, F. Lelarge, C. C. Renaud, G. Carpintero, and A. J. Seeds, “146-GHz millimeter-wave radio-over-fiber photonic wireless transmission system,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, pp. 1769–1774, 2012.

G. Carpintero, E. Rouvalis, K. Ławniczuk, M. Fice, C. C. Renaud, X. J. M. Leijtens, E. A. J. M. Bente, M. Chitoui, F. Van Dijk, A. J. Seeds, “95 GHz millimeter wave signal generation using an arrayed waveguide grating dual wavelength semiconductor laser,” Opt. Lett., vol. 37, pp. 3657–3659, 2012.

E. Rouvalis, M. Chtioui, M. Tran, F. Lelarge, F. van Dijk, M. J. Fice, C. C. Renaud, G. Carpintero, and A. J. Seeds, “High-speed photodiodes for InP-based photonic integrated circuits,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, pp. 9172–9177, 2012.

A. Jimenez, R. C. Guzman, L. E. Garcia-Munoz, D. Segovia, and G. Carpintero, “Continuous wave millimeter and terahertz generation using a photonic integrated circuit,” in Proc. 38th Int. Conf. Infrared, Millimeter, Terahertz Waves, 2013, p. 1.

Charbonnier, B.

A. Stöhr, S. Babiel, P. J. Cannard, B. Charbonnier, F. Van-Dijk, S. Fedderwitz, D. Moodie, L. Pavlovic, L. Ponnampalam, C. C. Renaud, D. Rogers, V. Rymanov, A. Seeds, A. G. Steffan, A. Umbach, and M. Weiss, “Millimeter-wave photonic components for broadband wireless systems,”IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn., vol. 58, no. 11, pp. 3071–3082, 2010.

Chitoui, M.

Chtioui, M.

E. Rouvalis, M. Chtioui, M. Tran, F. Lelarge, F. van Dijk, M. J. Fice, C. C. Renaud, G. Carpintero, and A. J. Seeds, “High-speed photodiodes for InP-based photonic integrated circuits,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, pp. 9172–9177, 2012.

Diebold, S.

I. Kallfass, J. Antes, T. Schneider, F. Kurz, D. Lopez-Diaz, S. Diebold, H. Massler, A. Leuther, and A. Tessmann, “All active mmic-based wireless communication at 220 GHz,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol., vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 477–487, 2011.

Dietz, R. J. B.

T. Gobel, D. Stanze, R. J. B. Dietz, H. Roehle, M. Schlak, B. Sartorius, and M. Schell, “Next generation continuous wave photomixing THz systems,”in Proc. 36th Int. Conf. Infrared, Millimeter Terahertz Waves, 2011, pp. 1–2.

Doerr, C. R.

C. R. Doerr, M. Zirngibl, and C. H. Joyner, “Single longitudinal-mode stability via wave mixing in long-cavity semiconductor lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 7, no. 9, pp. 962–964, 1995.

Drisse, O.

F. Van-Dijk, A. Accard, A. Enard, O. Drisse, D. Make, and F. Lelarge, “Monolithic dual wavelength DFB lasers for narrow linewidth heterodyne beat-note generation,” in Proc. Int. Top. Meeting Microw. Photon., 2011, pp. 73–76.

Enard, A.

F. Van-Dijk, A. Accard, A. Enard, O. Drisse, D. Make, and F. Lelarge, “Monolithic dual wavelength DFB lasers for narrow linewidth heterodyne beat-note generation,” in Proc. Int. Top. Meeting Microw. Photon., 2011, pp. 73–76.

Fedderwitz, S.

A. Stöhr, S. Babiel, P. J. Cannard, B. Charbonnier, F. Van-Dijk, S. Fedderwitz, D. Moodie, L. Pavlovic, L. Ponnampalam, C. C. Renaud, D. Rogers, V. Rymanov, A. Seeds, A. G. Steffan, A. Umbach, and M. Weiss, “Millimeter-wave photonic components for broadband wireless systems,”IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn., vol. 58, no. 11, pp. 3071–3082, 2010.

Fice, M.

Fice, M. J.

E. Rouvalis, M. Chtioui, M. Tran, F. Lelarge, F. van Dijk, M. J. Fice, C. C. Renaud, G. Carpintero, and A. J. Seeds, “High-speed photodiodes for InP-based photonic integrated circuits,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, pp. 9172–9177, 2012.

M. J. Fice, E. Rouvalis, F. van Dijk, A. Accard, F. Lelarge, C. C. Renaud, G. Carpintero, and A. J. Seeds, “146-GHz millimeter-wave radio-over-fiber photonic wireless transmission system,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, pp. 1769–1774, 2012.

Garcia-Munoz, L. E.

A. Jimenez, R. C. Guzman, L. E. Garcia-Munoz, D. Segovia, and G. Carpintero, “Continuous wave millimeter and terahertz generation using a photonic integrated circuit,” in Proc. 38th Int. Conf. Infrared, Millimeter, Terahertz Waves, 2013, p. 1.

Gobel, T.

T. Gobel, D. Stanze, R. J. B. Dietz, H. Roehle, M. Schlak, B. Sartorius, and M. Schell, “Next generation continuous wave photomixing THz systems,”in Proc. 36th Int. Conf. Infrared, Millimeter Terahertz Waves, 2011, pp. 1–2.

Grote, N.

M. Smit, X. Leijtens, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, H. Ambrosius, D. Robbins, M. Wale, N. Grote, and M. Schell, “Generic foundry model for InP-based photonics,” IET Optoelectronics, vol. 5, no. 5, pp. 187–194, 2011.

Guzman, R. C.

A. Jimenez, R. C. Guzman, L. E. Garcia-Munoz, D. Segovia, and G. Carpintero, “Continuous wave millimeter and terahertz generation using a photonic integrated circuit,” in Proc. 38th Int. Conf. Infrared, Millimeter, Terahertz Waves, 2013, p. 1.

Hirata, A.

A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, J. Takeuchi, H. Togo, M. Yaita, N. Kukutsu, K. Aihara, K. Murata, Y. Sato, T. Nagatsuma, and Y. Kado, “120-GHz-band wireless link technologies for outdoor 10-Gbit/s data transmission,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn., vol. 60, no. 3, pp. 881–895, 2012.

Jimenez, A.

A. Jimenez, R. C. Guzman, L. E. Garcia-Munoz, D. Segovia, and G. Carpintero, “Continuous wave millimeter and terahertz generation using a photonic integrated circuit,” in Proc. 38th Int. Conf. Infrared, Millimeter, Terahertz Waves, 2013, p. 1.

Johansson, L. A.

L. A. Johansson and A. J. Seeds, “Generation and transmission of millimeter-wave data-modulated optical signals using an optical injection phase-lock loop,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 511–520, 2003.

Joyner, C. H.

C. R. Doerr, M. Zirngibl, and C. H. Joyner, “Single longitudinal-mode stability via wave mixing in long-cavity semiconductor lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 7, no. 9, pp. 962–964, 1995.

Kado, Y.

A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, J. Takeuchi, H. Togo, M. Yaita, N. Kukutsu, K. Aihara, K. Murata, Y. Sato, T. Nagatsuma, and Y. Kado, “120-GHz-band wireless link technologies for outdoor 10-Gbit/s data transmission,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn., vol. 60, no. 3, pp. 881–895, 2012.

Kallfass, I.

I. Kallfass, J. Antes, T. Schneider, F. Kurz, D. Lopez-Diaz, S. Diebold, H. Massler, A. Leuther, and A. Tessmann, “All active mmic-based wireless communication at 220 GHz,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol., vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 477–487, 2011.

Kikuchi, K.

T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, and A. Nakayama, “Novel method for high resolution measurement of laser output spectrum,” Electron. Lett., vol. 16, pp. 630–631, 1980.

Kleijn, E.

E. Kleijn, M. K. Smit, and X. J. M. Leijtens, “Multimode interference reflectors: A new class of components for photonic integrated circuits,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 31, no. 18, pp. 3055–3063, 2013.

Kleine-Ostmann, T.

T. Kleine-Ostmann and T. Nagatsuma, “A review on terahertz communication research,” J. Infrared Milli Terahz Waves, vol. 32, pp. 143–171, 2011.

Kosugi, T.

A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, J. Takeuchi, H. Togo, M. Yaita, N. Kukutsu, K. Aihara, K. Murata, Y. Sato, T. Nagatsuma, and Y. Kado, “120-GHz-band wireless link technologies for outdoor 10-Gbit/s data transmission,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn., vol. 60, no. 3, pp. 881–895, 2012.

Kukutsu, N.

A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, J. Takeuchi, H. Togo, M. Yaita, N. Kukutsu, K. Aihara, K. Murata, Y. Sato, T. Nagatsuma, and Y. Kado, “120-GHz-band wireless link technologies for outdoor 10-Gbit/s data transmission,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn., vol. 60, no. 3, pp. 881–895, 2012.

Kurz, F.

I. Kallfass, J. Antes, T. Schneider, F. Kurz, D. Lopez-Diaz, S. Diebold, H. Massler, A. Leuther, and A. Tessmann, “All active mmic-based wireless communication at 220 GHz,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol., vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 477–487, 2011.

Lawniczuk, K.

Leijtens, X.

M. Smit, X. Leijtens, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, H. Ambrosius, D. Robbins, M. Wale, N. Grote, and M. Schell, “Generic foundry model for InP-based photonics,” IET Optoelectronics, vol. 5, no. 5, pp. 187–194, 2011.

Leijtens, X. J. M.

E. Kleijn, M. K. Smit, and X. J. M. Leijtens, “Multimode interference reflectors: A new class of components for photonic integrated circuits,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 31, no. 18, pp. 3055–3063, 2013.

G. Carpintero, E. Rouvalis, K. Ławniczuk, M. Fice, C. C. Renaud, X. J. M. Leijtens, E. A. J. M. Bente, M. Chitoui, F. Van Dijk, A. J. Seeds, “95 GHz millimeter wave signal generation using an arrayed waveguide grating dual wavelength semiconductor laser,” Opt. Lett., vol. 37, pp. 3657–3659, 2012.

Lelarge, F.

E. Rouvalis, M. Chtioui, M. Tran, F. Lelarge, F. van Dijk, M. J. Fice, C. C. Renaud, G. Carpintero, and A. J. Seeds, “High-speed photodiodes for InP-based photonic integrated circuits,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, pp. 9172–9177, 2012.

M. J. Fice, E. Rouvalis, F. van Dijk, A. Accard, F. Lelarge, C. C. Renaud, G. Carpintero, and A. J. Seeds, “146-GHz millimeter-wave radio-over-fiber photonic wireless transmission system,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, pp. 1769–1774, 2012.

F. Van-Dijk, A. Accard, A. Enard, O. Drisse, D. Make, and F. Lelarge, “Monolithic dual wavelength DFB lasers for narrow linewidth heterodyne beat-note generation,” in Proc. Int. Top. Meeting Microw. Photon., 2011, pp. 73–76.

Leuther, A.

I. Kallfass, J. Antes, T. Schneider, F. Kurz, D. Lopez-Diaz, S. Diebold, H. Massler, A. Leuther, and A. Tessmann, “All active mmic-based wireless communication at 220 GHz,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol., vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 477–487, 2011.

Lopez-Diaz, D.

I. Kallfass, J. Antes, T. Schneider, F. Kurz, D. Lopez-Diaz, S. Diebold, H. Massler, A. Leuther, and A. Tessmann, “All active mmic-based wireless communication at 220 GHz,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol., vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 477–487, 2011.

Make, D.

F. Van-Dijk, A. Accard, A. Enard, O. Drisse, D. Make, and F. Lelarge, “Monolithic dual wavelength DFB lasers for narrow linewidth heterodyne beat-note generation,” in Proc. Int. Top. Meeting Microw. Photon., 2011, pp. 73–76.

Massler, H.

I. Kallfass, J. Antes, T. Schneider, F. Kurz, D. Lopez-Diaz, S. Diebold, H. Massler, A. Leuther, and A. Tessmann, “All active mmic-based wireless communication at 220 GHz,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol., vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 477–487, 2011.

Moodie, D.

A. Stöhr, S. Babiel, P. J. Cannard, B. Charbonnier, F. Van-Dijk, S. Fedderwitz, D. Moodie, L. Pavlovic, L. Ponnampalam, C. C. Renaud, D. Rogers, V. Rymanov, A. Seeds, A. G. Steffan, A. Umbach, and M. Weiss, “Millimeter-wave photonic components for broadband wireless systems,”IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn., vol. 58, no. 11, pp. 3071–3082, 2010.

Murata, K.

A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, J. Takeuchi, H. Togo, M. Yaita, N. Kukutsu, K. Aihara, K. Murata, Y. Sato, T. Nagatsuma, and Y. Kado, “120-GHz-band wireless link technologies for outdoor 10-Gbit/s data transmission,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn., vol. 60, no. 3, pp. 881–895, 2012.

Nagatsuma, T.

A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, J. Takeuchi, H. Togo, M. Yaita, N. Kukutsu, K. Aihara, K. Murata, Y. Sato, T. Nagatsuma, and Y. Kado, “120-GHz-band wireless link technologies for outdoor 10-Gbit/s data transmission,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn., vol. 60, no. 3, pp. 881–895, 2012.

H. J. Song and T. Nagatsuma, “Present and future of terahertz communications,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol., vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 256–263, 2011.

T. Kleine-Ostmann and T. Nagatsuma, “A review on terahertz communication research,” J. Infrared Milli Terahz Waves, vol. 32, pp. 143–171, 2011.

Nakayama, A.

T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, and A. Nakayama, “Novel method for high resolution measurement of laser output spectrum,” Electron. Lett., vol. 16, pp. 630–631, 1980.

Okoshi, T.

T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, and A. Nakayama, “Novel method for high resolution measurement of laser output spectrum,” Electron. Lett., vol. 16, pp. 630–631, 1980.

Pavlovic, L.

A. Stöhr, S. Babiel, P. J. Cannard, B. Charbonnier, F. Van-Dijk, S. Fedderwitz, D. Moodie, L. Pavlovic, L. Ponnampalam, C. C. Renaud, D. Rogers, V. Rymanov, A. Seeds, A. G. Steffan, A. Umbach, and M. Weiss, “Millimeter-wave photonic components for broadband wireless systems,”IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn., vol. 58, no. 11, pp. 3071–3082, 2010.

Ponnampalam, L.

A. Stöhr, S. Babiel, P. J. Cannard, B. Charbonnier, F. Van-Dijk, S. Fedderwitz, D. Moodie, L. Pavlovic, L. Ponnampalam, C. C. Renaud, D. Rogers, V. Rymanov, A. Seeds, A. G. Steffan, A. Umbach, and M. Weiss, “Millimeter-wave photonic components for broadband wireless systems,”IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn., vol. 58, no. 11, pp. 3071–3082, 2010.

Renaud, C. C.

M. J. Fice, E. Rouvalis, F. van Dijk, A. Accard, F. Lelarge, C. C. Renaud, G. Carpintero, and A. J. Seeds, “146-GHz millimeter-wave radio-over-fiber photonic wireless transmission system,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, pp. 1769–1774, 2012.

E. Rouvalis, M. Chtioui, M. Tran, F. Lelarge, F. van Dijk, M. J. Fice, C. C. Renaud, G. Carpintero, and A. J. Seeds, “High-speed photodiodes for InP-based photonic integrated circuits,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, pp. 9172–9177, 2012.

G. Carpintero, E. Rouvalis, K. Ławniczuk, M. Fice, C. C. Renaud, X. J. M. Leijtens, E. A. J. M. Bente, M. Chitoui, F. Van Dijk, A. J. Seeds, “95 GHz millimeter wave signal generation using an arrayed waveguide grating dual wavelength semiconductor laser,” Opt. Lett., vol. 37, pp. 3657–3659, 2012.

A. Stöhr, S. Babiel, P. J. Cannard, B. Charbonnier, F. Van-Dijk, S. Fedderwitz, D. Moodie, L. Pavlovic, L. Ponnampalam, C. C. Renaud, D. Rogers, V. Rymanov, A. Seeds, A. G. Steffan, A. Umbach, and M. Weiss, “Millimeter-wave photonic components for broadband wireless systems,”IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn., vol. 58, no. 11, pp. 3071–3082, 2010.

Robbins, D.

M. Smit, X. Leijtens, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, H. Ambrosius, D. Robbins, M. Wale, N. Grote, and M. Schell, “Generic foundry model for InP-based photonics,” IET Optoelectronics, vol. 5, no. 5, pp. 187–194, 2011.

Roehle, H.

T. Gobel, D. Stanze, R. J. B. Dietz, H. Roehle, M. Schlak, B. Sartorius, and M. Schell, “Next generation continuous wave photomixing THz systems,”in Proc. 36th Int. Conf. Infrared, Millimeter Terahertz Waves, 2011, pp. 1–2.

Rogers, D.

A. Stöhr, S. Babiel, P. J. Cannard, B. Charbonnier, F. Van-Dijk, S. Fedderwitz, D. Moodie, L. Pavlovic, L. Ponnampalam, C. C. Renaud, D. Rogers, V. Rymanov, A. Seeds, A. G. Steffan, A. Umbach, and M. Weiss, “Millimeter-wave photonic components for broadband wireless systems,”IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn., vol. 58, no. 11, pp. 3071–3082, 2010.

Rouvalis, E.

M. J. Fice, E. Rouvalis, F. van Dijk, A. Accard, F. Lelarge, C. C. Renaud, G. Carpintero, and A. J. Seeds, “146-GHz millimeter-wave radio-over-fiber photonic wireless transmission system,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, pp. 1769–1774, 2012.

E. Rouvalis, M. Chtioui, M. Tran, F. Lelarge, F. van Dijk, M. J. Fice, C. C. Renaud, G. Carpintero, and A. J. Seeds, “High-speed photodiodes for InP-based photonic integrated circuits,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, pp. 9172–9177, 2012.

G. Carpintero, E. Rouvalis, K. Ławniczuk, M. Fice, C. C. Renaud, X. J. M. Leijtens, E. A. J. M. Bente, M. Chitoui, F. Van Dijk, A. J. Seeds, “95 GHz millimeter wave signal generation using an arrayed waveguide grating dual wavelength semiconductor laser,” Opt. Lett., vol. 37, pp. 3657–3659, 2012.

Rymanov, V.

A. Stöhr, S. Babiel, P. J. Cannard, B. Charbonnier, F. Van-Dijk, S. Fedderwitz, D. Moodie, L. Pavlovic, L. Ponnampalam, C. C. Renaud, D. Rogers, V. Rymanov, A. Seeds, A. G. Steffan, A. Umbach, and M. Weiss, “Millimeter-wave photonic components for broadband wireless systems,”IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn., vol. 58, no. 11, pp. 3071–3082, 2010.

Sartorius, B.

T. Gobel, D. Stanze, R. J. B. Dietz, H. Roehle, M. Schlak, B. Sartorius, and M. Schell, “Next generation continuous wave photomixing THz systems,”in Proc. 36th Int. Conf. Infrared, Millimeter Terahertz Waves, 2011, pp. 1–2.

Sato, Y.

A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, J. Takeuchi, H. Togo, M. Yaita, N. Kukutsu, K. Aihara, K. Murata, Y. Sato, T. Nagatsuma, and Y. Kado, “120-GHz-band wireless link technologies for outdoor 10-Gbit/s data transmission,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn., vol. 60, no. 3, pp. 881–895, 2012.

Schell, M.

M. Smit, X. Leijtens, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, H. Ambrosius, D. Robbins, M. Wale, N. Grote, and M. Schell, “Generic foundry model for InP-based photonics,” IET Optoelectronics, vol. 5, no. 5, pp. 187–194, 2011.

T. Gobel, D. Stanze, R. J. B. Dietz, H. Roehle, M. Schlak, B. Sartorius, and M. Schell, “Next generation continuous wave photomixing THz systems,”in Proc. 36th Int. Conf. Infrared, Millimeter Terahertz Waves, 2011, pp. 1–2.

Schlak, M.

T. Gobel, D. Stanze, R. J. B. Dietz, H. Roehle, M. Schlak, B. Sartorius, and M. Schell, “Next generation continuous wave photomixing THz systems,”in Proc. 36th Int. Conf. Infrared, Millimeter Terahertz Waves, 2011, pp. 1–2.

Schneider, T.

I. Kallfass, J. Antes, T. Schneider, F. Kurz, D. Lopez-Diaz, S. Diebold, H. Massler, A. Leuther, and A. Tessmann, “All active mmic-based wireless communication at 220 GHz,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol., vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 477–487, 2011.

Seeds, A.

A. Stöhr, S. Babiel, P. J. Cannard, B. Charbonnier, F. Van-Dijk, S. Fedderwitz, D. Moodie, L. Pavlovic, L. Ponnampalam, C. C. Renaud, D. Rogers, V. Rymanov, A. Seeds, A. G. Steffan, A. Umbach, and M. Weiss, “Millimeter-wave photonic components for broadband wireless systems,”IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn., vol. 58, no. 11, pp. 3071–3082, 2010.

Seeds, A. J.

M. J. Fice, E. Rouvalis, F. van Dijk, A. Accard, F. Lelarge, C. C. Renaud, G. Carpintero, and A. J. Seeds, “146-GHz millimeter-wave radio-over-fiber photonic wireless transmission system,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, pp. 1769–1774, 2012.

G. Carpintero, E. Rouvalis, K. Ławniczuk, M. Fice, C. C. Renaud, X. J. M. Leijtens, E. A. J. M. Bente, M. Chitoui, F. Van Dijk, A. J. Seeds, “95 GHz millimeter wave signal generation using an arrayed waveguide grating dual wavelength semiconductor laser,” Opt. Lett., vol. 37, pp. 3657–3659, 2012.

E. Rouvalis, M. Chtioui, M. Tran, F. Lelarge, F. van Dijk, M. J. Fice, C. C. Renaud, G. Carpintero, and A. J. Seeds, “High-speed photodiodes for InP-based photonic integrated circuits,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, pp. 9172–9177, 2012.

L. A. Johansson and A. J. Seeds, “Generation and transmission of millimeter-wave data-modulated optical signals using an optical injection phase-lock loop,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 511–520, 2003.

Segovia, D.

A. Jimenez, R. C. Guzman, L. E. Garcia-Munoz, D. Segovia, and G. Carpintero, “Continuous wave millimeter and terahertz generation using a photonic integrated circuit,” in Proc. 38th Int. Conf. Infrared, Millimeter, Terahertz Waves, 2013, p. 1.

Smit, M.

M. Smit, X. Leijtens, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, H. Ambrosius, D. Robbins, M. Wale, N. Grote, and M. Schell, “Generic foundry model for InP-based photonics,” IET Optoelectronics, vol. 5, no. 5, pp. 187–194, 2011.

Smit, M. K.

E. Kleijn, M. K. Smit, and X. J. M. Leijtens, “Multimode interference reflectors: A new class of components for photonic integrated circuits,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 31, no. 18, pp. 3055–3063, 2013.

Song, H. J.

H. J. Song and T. Nagatsuma, “Present and future of terahertz communications,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol., vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 256–263, 2011.

Stanze, D.

T. Gobel, D. Stanze, R. J. B. Dietz, H. Roehle, M. Schlak, B. Sartorius, and M. Schell, “Next generation continuous wave photomixing THz systems,”in Proc. 36th Int. Conf. Infrared, Millimeter Terahertz Waves, 2011, pp. 1–2.

Steffan, A. G.

A. Stöhr, S. Babiel, P. J. Cannard, B. Charbonnier, F. Van-Dijk, S. Fedderwitz, D. Moodie, L. Pavlovic, L. Ponnampalam, C. C. Renaud, D. Rogers, V. Rymanov, A. Seeds, A. G. Steffan, A. Umbach, and M. Weiss, “Millimeter-wave photonic components for broadband wireless systems,”IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn., vol. 58, no. 11, pp. 3071–3082, 2010.

Stöhr, A.

A. Stöhr, S. Babiel, P. J. Cannard, B. Charbonnier, F. Van-Dijk, S. Fedderwitz, D. Moodie, L. Pavlovic, L. Ponnampalam, C. C. Renaud, D. Rogers, V. Rymanov, A. Seeds, A. G. Steffan, A. Umbach, and M. Weiss, “Millimeter-wave photonic components for broadband wireless systems,”IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn., vol. 58, no. 11, pp. 3071–3082, 2010.

Takahashi, H.

A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, J. Takeuchi, H. Togo, M. Yaita, N. Kukutsu, K. Aihara, K. Murata, Y. Sato, T. Nagatsuma, and Y. Kado, “120-GHz-band wireless link technologies for outdoor 10-Gbit/s data transmission,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn., vol. 60, no. 3, pp. 881–895, 2012.

Takeuchi, J.

A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, J. Takeuchi, H. Togo, M. Yaita, N. Kukutsu, K. Aihara, K. Murata, Y. Sato, T. Nagatsuma, and Y. Kado, “120-GHz-band wireless link technologies for outdoor 10-Gbit/s data transmission,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn., vol. 60, no. 3, pp. 881–895, 2012.

Tessmann, A.

I. Kallfass, J. Antes, T. Schneider, F. Kurz, D. Lopez-Diaz, S. Diebold, H. Massler, A. Leuther, and A. Tessmann, “All active mmic-based wireless communication at 220 GHz,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol., vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 477–487, 2011.

Togo, H.

A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, J. Takeuchi, H. Togo, M. Yaita, N. Kukutsu, K. Aihara, K. Murata, Y. Sato, T. Nagatsuma, and Y. Kado, “120-GHz-band wireless link technologies for outdoor 10-Gbit/s data transmission,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn., vol. 60, no. 3, pp. 881–895, 2012.

Tran, M.

E. Rouvalis, M. Chtioui, M. Tran, F. Lelarge, F. van Dijk, M. J. Fice, C. C. Renaud, G. Carpintero, and A. J. Seeds, “High-speed photodiodes for InP-based photonic integrated circuits,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, pp. 9172–9177, 2012.

Umbach, A.

A. Stöhr, S. Babiel, P. J. Cannard, B. Charbonnier, F. Van-Dijk, S. Fedderwitz, D. Moodie, L. Pavlovic, L. Ponnampalam, C. C. Renaud, D. Rogers, V. Rymanov, A. Seeds, A. G. Steffan, A. Umbach, and M. Weiss, “Millimeter-wave photonic components for broadband wireless systems,”IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn., vol. 58, no. 11, pp. 3071–3082, 2010.

van der Tol, J.

M. Smit, X. Leijtens, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, H. Ambrosius, D. Robbins, M. Wale, N. Grote, and M. Schell, “Generic foundry model for InP-based photonics,” IET Optoelectronics, vol. 5, no. 5, pp. 187–194, 2011.

van Dijk, F.

M. J. Fice, E. Rouvalis, F. van Dijk, A. Accard, F. Lelarge, C. C. Renaud, G. Carpintero, and A. J. Seeds, “146-GHz millimeter-wave radio-over-fiber photonic wireless transmission system,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, pp. 1769–1774, 2012.

E. Rouvalis, M. Chtioui, M. Tran, F. Lelarge, F. van Dijk, M. J. Fice, C. C. Renaud, G. Carpintero, and A. J. Seeds, “High-speed photodiodes for InP-based photonic integrated circuits,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, pp. 9172–9177, 2012.

G. Carpintero, E. Rouvalis, K. Ławniczuk, M. Fice, C. C. Renaud, X. J. M. Leijtens, E. A. J. M. Bente, M. Chitoui, F. Van Dijk, A. J. Seeds, “95 GHz millimeter wave signal generation using an arrayed waveguide grating dual wavelength semiconductor laser,” Opt. Lett., vol. 37, pp. 3657–3659, 2012.

Van-Dijk, F.

A. Stöhr, S. Babiel, P. J. Cannard, B. Charbonnier, F. Van-Dijk, S. Fedderwitz, D. Moodie, L. Pavlovic, L. Ponnampalam, C. C. Renaud, D. Rogers, V. Rymanov, A. Seeds, A. G. Steffan, A. Umbach, and M. Weiss, “Millimeter-wave photonic components for broadband wireless systems,”IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn., vol. 58, no. 11, pp. 3071–3082, 2010.

F. Van-Dijk, A. Accard, A. Enard, O. Drisse, D. Make, and F. Lelarge, “Monolithic dual wavelength DFB lasers for narrow linewidth heterodyne beat-note generation,” in Proc. Int. Top. Meeting Microw. Photon., 2011, pp. 73–76.

Wale, M.

M. Smit, X. Leijtens, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, H. Ambrosius, D. Robbins, M. Wale, N. Grote, and M. Schell, “Generic foundry model for InP-based photonics,” IET Optoelectronics, vol. 5, no. 5, pp. 187–194, 2011.

Weiss, M.

A. Stöhr, S. Babiel, P. J. Cannard, B. Charbonnier, F. Van-Dijk, S. Fedderwitz, D. Moodie, L. Pavlovic, L. Ponnampalam, C. C. Renaud, D. Rogers, V. Rymanov, A. Seeds, A. G. Steffan, A. Umbach, and M. Weiss, “Millimeter-wave photonic components for broadband wireless systems,”IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn., vol. 58, no. 11, pp. 3071–3082, 2010.

Yaita, M.

A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, J. Takeuchi, H. Togo, M. Yaita, N. Kukutsu, K. Aihara, K. Murata, Y. Sato, T. Nagatsuma, and Y. Kado, “120-GHz-band wireless link technologies for outdoor 10-Gbit/s data transmission,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn., vol. 60, no. 3, pp. 881–895, 2012.

Zirngibl, M.

C. R. Doerr, M. Zirngibl, and C. H. Joyner, “Single longitudinal-mode stability via wave mixing in long-cavity semiconductor lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 7, no. 9, pp. 962–964, 1995.

Electron. Lett. (1)

T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, and A. Nakayama, “Novel method for high resolution measurement of laser output spectrum,” Electron. Lett., vol. 16, pp. 630–631, 1980.

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

C. R. Doerr, M. Zirngibl, and C. H. Joyner, “Single longitudinal-mode stability via wave mixing in long-cavity semiconductor lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 7, no. 9, pp. 962–964, 1995.

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn. (2)

A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, J. Takeuchi, H. Togo, M. Yaita, N. Kukutsu, K. Aihara, K. Murata, Y. Sato, T. Nagatsuma, and Y. Kado, “120-GHz-band wireless link technologies for outdoor 10-Gbit/s data transmission,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn., vol. 60, no. 3, pp. 881–895, 2012.

A. Stöhr, S. Babiel, P. J. Cannard, B. Charbonnier, F. Van-Dijk, S. Fedderwitz, D. Moodie, L. Pavlovic, L. Ponnampalam, C. C. Renaud, D. Rogers, V. Rymanov, A. Seeds, A. G. Steffan, A. Umbach, and M. Weiss, “Millimeter-wave photonic components for broadband wireless systems,”IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn., vol. 58, no. 11, pp. 3071–3082, 2010.

IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. (2)

I. Kallfass, J. Antes, T. Schneider, F. Kurz, D. Lopez-Diaz, S. Diebold, H. Massler, A. Leuther, and A. Tessmann, “All active mmic-based wireless communication at 220 GHz,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol., vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 477–487, 2011.

H. J. Song and T. Nagatsuma, “Present and future of terahertz communications,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol., vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 256–263, 2011.

IET Optoelectronics (1)

M. Smit, X. Leijtens, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, H. Ambrosius, D. Robbins, M. Wale, N. Grote, and M. Schell, “Generic foundry model for InP-based photonics,” IET Optoelectronics, vol. 5, no. 5, pp. 187–194, 2011.

J. Infrared Milli Terahz Waves (1)

T. Kleine-Ostmann and T. Nagatsuma, “A review on terahertz communication research,” J. Infrared Milli Terahz Waves, vol. 32, pp. 143–171, 2011.

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

L. A. Johansson and A. J. Seeds, “Generation and transmission of millimeter-wave data-modulated optical signals using an optical injection phase-lock loop,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 511–520, 2003.

E. Kleijn, M. K. Smit, and X. J. M. Leijtens, “Multimode interference reflectors: A new class of components for photonic integrated circuits,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 31, no. 18, pp. 3055–3063, 2013.

Opt. Exp. (2)

M. J. Fice, E. Rouvalis, F. van Dijk, A. Accard, F. Lelarge, C. C. Renaud, G. Carpintero, and A. J. Seeds, “146-GHz millimeter-wave radio-over-fiber photonic wireless transmission system,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, pp. 1769–1774, 2012.

E. Rouvalis, M. Chtioui, M. Tran, F. Lelarge, F. van Dijk, M. J. Fice, C. C. Renaud, G. Carpintero, and A. J. Seeds, “High-speed photodiodes for InP-based photonic integrated circuits,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, pp. 9172–9177, 2012.

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (5)

A. Jimenez, R. C. Guzman, L. E. Garcia-Munoz, D. Segovia, and G. Carpintero, “Continuous wave millimeter and terahertz generation using a photonic integrated circuit,” in Proc. 38th Int. Conf. Infrared, Millimeter, Terahertz Waves, 2013, p. 1.

F. Van-Dijk, A. Accard, A. Enard, O. Drisse, D. Make, and F. Lelarge, “Monolithic dual wavelength DFB lasers for narrow linewidth heterodyne beat-note generation,” in Proc. Int. Top. Meeting Microw. Photon., 2011, pp. 73–76.

T. Gobel, D. Stanze, R. J. B. Dietz, H. Roehle, M. Schlak, B. Sartorius, and M. Schell, “Next generation continuous wave photomixing THz systems,”in Proc. 36th Int. Conf. Infrared, Millimeter Terahertz Waves, 2011, pp. 1–2.

iPHOS project (www.iphos-project.eu) Jun. 2010--Nov. 2013.

“Cisco visual networking index: Global mobile data traffic forecast update, 2012–2017,” Cisco Systems, Inc., San Jose, CA, USA, Feb. 2013.

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