Abstract

Indoor positioning system is a critical part in location-based services. Highly precise positioning systems can support different mobile applications in future wireless systems. Positioning systems using existing wireless networks have low deployment costs, but the position error can be up to several meters. While there are positioning systems proposed in the literature that have low position error, they require extra hardware and are therefore costly to deploy. In this paper, we propose an indoor positioning system based on visible light communications (VLC). In contrast to existing works on VLC for positioning, our system estimates the location of the receiver in three dimensions even without: 1) the knowledge of the height of the receiver from ground; and 2) requiring the alignment of the receiver’s normal with the LED’s normal. Our system has low installation cost as it uses existing lighting sources as transmitters. Light sensor and accelerometer, which can be found in most smartphones, are used at the receiver’s side. They are used to measure the received light intensity and the orientation of the smartphone. A low-complexity algorithm is then used to find out the receiver’s position. Our system does not require the knowledge of the LED transmitters’ physical parameters. Experimental results show that our system achieves average position errors of less than 0.25 m.

© 2014 IEEE

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