Abstract

We study the limitations and their origins in the nonlinear effects mitigation in fiber-optic communication systems. The carrier frequencies uncertainty and their stochastic variations are identified as the major impeding factor for successful inter-channel nonlinear impairments management. Furthermore, the results clearly point out to the significant benefits of employing fully frequency referenced carriers in transmission, with frequency combs representing an immediately available solution. Finally, frequency referenced transmitters and/or receivers are shown as critical for availing longer reach at high spectral efficiencies in transmission.

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2014 (3)

Y. Gao, J. C. Cartledge, A. S. Karar, S. S.-H. Yam, M. O’Sullivan, C. Laperle, A. Borowiec, and K. Roberts, “Reducing the complexity of perturbation based nonlinearity pre-compensation using symmetric EDC and pulse shaping,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, pp. 1209–1219, 2014.

V. Ataie, E. Myslivets, B. P.-P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Spectrally equalized frequency comb generation in multistage parametric mixer with nonlinear pulse shaping,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 840–846, 2014.

E. Temprana, V. Ataie, B. P.-P. Kuo, E. Myslivets, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Low-noise parametric frequency comb for continuous C-plus-L-band 16-QAM channels generation,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, pp. 6822–6828, 2014.

2013 (6)

M. Saha and A. K. Sarma, “Solitary wave solutions and modulation instability analysis of the nonlinear Schrodinger equation with higher order dispersion and nonlinear terms,” Commun. Nonlinear Sci. Numer. Simulat., vol. 18, pp. 2420–2425, 2013.

B. P.-P. Kuo, E. Myslivets, V. Ataie, E. G. Temprana, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Wideband parametric frequency comb as coherent optical carrier,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 31, no. 21, pp. 3414–3419, 2013.

G. Shulkind and M. Nazarathy, “Nonlinear digital back propagation compensator for coherent optical OFDM based on factorizing the volterra series transfer function,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, pp. 13145–13161, 2013.

Y. Bao, Z. Li, J. Li, X. Feng, B. Guan, and G. Li, “Nonlinearity mitigation for high-speed optical OFDM transmitters using digital pre-distortion,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, pp. 7354–7361, 2013.

E. G. Turitsyna and S. K. Turitsyn, “Digital signal processing based on inverse scattering transform,” Opt. Lett., vol. 38, pp. 4186–4188, 2013.

J. E. Prilepsky, S. A. Derevyanko, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Nonlinear spectral management: Linearization of the lossless fiber channel,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, pp. 24344–24367, 2013.

2012 (8)

C. J. McKinstrie and N. Alic, “Information efficiencies of parametric devices,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 794–811, 2012.

G. Gao, X. Chen, and W. Shieh, “Influence of PMD on fiber nonlinearity compensation using digital back propagation,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, pp. 14406–14418, 2012.

K. Toyoda, Y. Koizumi, T. Omiya, M. Yoshida, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “Marked performance improvement of 256 QAM transmission using a digital back-propagation method,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, pp. 19815–19821, 2012.

L. Zhu and G. Li, “Nonlinearity compensation using dispersion-folded digital backward propagation,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, no. 13, pp. 14362–14370, 2012.

L. Zhu and G. Li, “Nonlinearity compensation using dispersion-folded digital backward propagation,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, pp. 14362–14370, 2012.

E. Myslivets, B. P. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Generation of wideband frequency combs by continuous-wave seeding of multistage mixers with synthesized dispersion,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, pp. 3331–3344, 2012.

Z. Tong, A. O. J. Wiberg, E. Myslivets, B. P. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Spectral linewidth preservation in parametric frequency combs seeded by dual pumps,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, pp. 17610–17619, 2012.

S. Chandrasekhar and X. Liu, “OFDM based superchannel transmission technology,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 30, no. 24, pp. 3816–3823, 2012.

2011 (11)

A. H. Gnauck, P. J. Winzer, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Zhu, and D. W. Pecham, “Spectrally efficient long-haul WDM transmission using 224-Gb/s polarization-multiplexed 16-QAM,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 373–377, 2011.

X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, B. Zhu, P. J. Winzer, A. H. Gnauck, and D. W. Peckham, “448-Gb/s reduced-guard-interval CO-OFDM transmission over 2000 km of ultra-large-area fiber and five 80-GHz-grid ROADMs,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 483–490, 2011.

D. Rafique and A. D. Ellis, “Various nonlinearity mitigation techniques employing optical and electronic approaches,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 23, no. 23, pp. 1838–1840, 2011.

D. Rafique, M. Mussolin, J. Mårtensson, M. Forzati, J. K. Fischer, L. Molle, M. Nölle, C. Schubert, and A. D. Ellis, “Polarization multiplexed 16 QAM transmission employing modified digital back-propagation,” Opt. Exp., vol. 19, pp. B805–B810, 2011.

D. Rafique and A.D. Ellis, “Impact of signal-ASE four-wave mixing on the effectiveness of digital back-propagation in 112 Gb/s PM-QPSK systems,” Opt. Exp., vol. 19, pp. 3449–3454, 2011.

D. Rafique, J. Zhao, and A. D. Ellis, “Digital back-propagation for spectrally efficient WDM 112 Gbit/s PM m-ary QAM transmission,” Opt. Exp., vol. 19, pp. 5219–5224, 2011.

D. Rafique and A. D. Ellis, “Nonlinearity compensation in multi-rate 28 Gbaud WDM systems employing optical and digital techniques under diverse link configurations,” Opt. Exp., vol. 19, pp. 16919–16926, 2011.

Z. Tao, L. Dou, W. Yan, L. Li, T. Hoshida, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Multiplier-free intrachannel nonlinearity compensating algorithm operating at symbol rate,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 29, no. 17, pp. 2570–2576, 2011.

B. P.-P. Kuo, E. Myslivets, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Wavelength multicasting via frequency comb generation in a bandwidth-enhanced fiber optical parametric mixer,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 29, no. 23, pp. 3515–3522, 2011.

L. Zhu and G. Li, “Folded digital backward propagation for dispersion-managed fiber-optic transmission,” Opt. Exp., vol. 19, pp. 5953–5959, 2011.

E. F. Mateo, X. Zhou, and G. Li, “Improved digital backward propagation for the compensation of inter-channel nonlinear effects in polarization-multiplexed WDM systems,” Opt. Exp., vol. 19, pp. 570–583, 2011.

2010 (3)

E. F. Mateo, F. Yaman, and G. Li, “Efficient compensation of inter-channel nonlinear effects via digital backward propagation in WDM optical transmission,” Opt. Exp., vol. 18, pp. 15144–15154, 2010.

R.-J. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. J. Winzer, G. J. Foschini, and B. Goebel, “Capacity limits of optical fiber networks,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 662–701, 2010.

A. D. Ellis, J. Zhao, and D. Cotter, “Approaching the non-linear Shannon limit,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 423–433, 2010.

2009 (2)

K. Roberts, M. O’Sullivan, K.-T. Wu, H. Sun, A. Awadalla, D. J. Krause, and C. Laperle, “Performance of dual-polarization QPSK for optical transport systems,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 27, no. 16, pp. 3546–3559, 2009.

M. Kuschnerov, F. N. Hauske, K. Piyawanno, B. Spinnler, M. S. Alfiad, A. Napoli, and B. Lankl, “DSP for coherent single-carrier receivers,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 27, no. 16, pp. 3614–3622, 2009.

2008 (7)

S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, T. C. Schenk, and H. Tanaka, “Long-haul transmission of 16 × 52.5 Gbits/s polarization-division-multiplexed OFDM enabled by MIMO processing (Invited),” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 7, pp. 173–182, 2008.

B. J. C. Schmidt, A. J. Lowery, and J. Armstrong, “Experimental demonstrations of electronic dispersion compensation for long-haul transmission using direct-detection optical OFDM,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 196–203, 2008.

C. R. S. Fludger, T. Duthel, D. van den Borne, C. Schulien, E.-D. Schmidt, T. Wuth, J. Geyer, E. De Man, G.-D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Coherent equalization and POLMUX-RZ-DQPSK for robust 100-GE transmission,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 64–72, 2008.

R. Bhamber, C. French, S. K. Turitsyn, V. Mezentsev, W. Forysiak, and J. H. B. Nijhof, “Lumped dispersion mapping and performance margins in existing SMF-DCF terrestrial links,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 7, pp. 106–110, 2008.

E. Ip and J. M. Kahn, “Compensation of dispersion and nonlinear impairments using digital backpropagation,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 26, no. 20, pp. 3416–3425, 2008.

E. Mateo, L. Zhu, and G. Li, “Impact of XPM and FWM on the digital implementation of impairment compensation for WDM transmission using backward propagation,” Opt. Exp., vol. 16, no. 20, pp. 16124–16137, 2008.

R.-J. Essiambre, G. J. Foschini, G. Kramer, and P. J. Winzer, “Capacity limits of information transport in fiber-optic networks,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 101, p. 163901, 2008.

2007 (4)

S. J. Savory, G. Gavioli, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Electronic compensation of chromatic dispersion using a digital coherent receiver,” Opt. Exp., vol. 15, pp. 2120–2126, 2007.

E. Ip and J. M. Kahn, “Digital equalization of chromatic dispersion and polarization mode dispersion,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 25, no. 8, pp. 2033–2043, 2007.

E. Yamazaki, F. Inuzuka, K. Yonenaga, A. Takada, and M. Koga, “Compensation of interchannel crosstalk induced by optical fiber nonlinearity in carrier phase-locked WDM system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 9–11, 2007.

X. Li, F. Zhang, Z. Chen, and A. Xu, “Suppression of XPM and XPM-induced nonlinear phase noise for RZ-DPSK signals in 40 Gbit/s WDM transmission systems with optimum dispersion mapping,” Opt. Exp., vol. 15, pp. 18247–18252, 2007.

2006 (2)

F. Zhang, C. A. Bunge, K. Petermann, and A. Richter, “Optimum dispersion mapping of single-channel 40 Gbit/s return-to-zero differential phase-shift keying transmission systems,” Opt. Exp., vol. 14, pp. 6613–6618, 2006.

M. H. Taghavi, G. C. Papen, and P. H. Siegel, “On the multiuser capacity of WDM in a nonlinear optical fiber: Coherent communication,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory, vol. 52, no. 11, pp. 5008–5022, 2006.

2005 (1)

I. Djordjevic, B. Vasic, M. Ivkovic, and I. Gabitov, “Achievable information rates for high-speed long-haul optical transmission,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 23, no. 11, pp. 3755–3763, 2005.

2004 (1)

M. G. Taylor, “Coherent detection method using DSP for demodulation of signal and subsequent equalization of propagation impairments,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 674–676, 2004.

2003 (2)

K. S. Turitsyn, S. A. Derevyanko, I. V. Yurkevich, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Information capacity of optical fiber channels with zero average dispersion,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 91, no. 20, p. 203901, 2003.

J. Yang and K. R. Akylas, “Continuous families of embedded solitons in the third order nonlinear schrodinger equation,” Stud. Appl. Math., vol. 111, pp. 359–375, 2003.

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A. J. Seeds, “Microwave photonics,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech., vol. 50, no. 3, pp. 877–887, 2002.

C. J. McKinstrie, S. Radic, and A. R. Chraplyvy, “Parametric amplifiers driven by two pump waves,” IEEE Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 538–547, 2002.

2001 (3)

P. P. Mitra and J. B. Stark, “Nonlinear limits to the information capacity of optical fibre communications,” Nature, vol. 411, pp. 1027–1030, 2001.

J. Tang, “The shannon channel capacity of dispersion-free nonlinear optical fiber transmission,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 19, no. 8, pp. 1104–1109, 2001.

S. Namiki and Y. Emori, “Ultrabroad-band Raman amplifiers pumped and gain-equalized by wavelengthdivision-multiplexed high-power laser diodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 7, pp. 3–16, 2001.

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J. P. Gordon and L. F. Mollenauer, “Phase noise in photonic communications systems using linear amplifiers,” Opt. Lett., vol. 15, no. 23, pp. 1351–1353, 1990.

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1988 (1)

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1948 (1)

C. E. Shannon, “A mathematical theory of communication,” Bell Syst. Tech. J., vol. 27, pp. 379–423, 1948.

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 2nd ed. San Diego, CA, USA: Academic Press, 1995.

Agrell, E.

E. Agrell and M. Karlsson, “Satellite constellations: Towards the nonlinear channel capacity,” presented at the IEEE Photonics Conf., Burlingame, CA, USA, 2012, Paper TuM1.

Akiyama, Y.

H. Nakashima, T. Oyama, Y. Akiyama, S. Oda, L. Dou, Y. Fan, Z. Tao, T. Hoshida, and J. C. Rasmussen, “PMD and PDL tolerances of transmitter-side non-linear mitigation in 112 Gb/s DP-QPSK transmission,” presented at theEur. Conf. and Expo. on Optical Communications, Geneva, Switzerland, 2012, Paper We.3.C.5.

L. Dou, Z. Tao, Y. Akiyama, S. Oda, Y. Fan, T. Oyama, H. Nakashima, T. Hoshida, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Real-time 112Gb/s DWDM coherent transmission with 40% extended reach by transmitter-side low-complexity nonlinear mitigation,” presented at the Eur. Conf. and Expo. on Optical Communications, Geneva, Switzerland, 2012, Paper Th.1.D.3.

Akylas, K. R.

J. Yang and K. R. Akylas, “Continuous families of embedded solitons in the third order nonlinear schrodinger equation,” Stud. Appl. Math., vol. 111, pp. 359–375, 2003.

Alfiad, M. S.

M. Kuschnerov, F. N. Hauske, K. Piyawanno, B. Spinnler, M. S. Alfiad, A. Napoli, and B. Lankl, “DSP for coherent single-carrier receivers,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 27, no. 16, pp. 3614–3622, 2009.

Alic, N.

V. Ataie, E. Myslivets, B. P.-P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Spectrally equalized frequency comb generation in multistage parametric mixer with nonlinear pulse shaping,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 840–846, 2014.

E. Temprana, V. Ataie, B. P.-P. Kuo, E. Myslivets, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Low-noise parametric frequency comb for continuous C-plus-L-band 16-QAM channels generation,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, pp. 6822–6828, 2014.

B. P.-P. Kuo, E. Myslivets, V. Ataie, E. G. Temprana, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Wideband parametric frequency comb as coherent optical carrier,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 31, no. 21, pp. 3414–3419, 2013.

E. Myslivets, B. P. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Generation of wideband frequency combs by continuous-wave seeding of multistage mixers with synthesized dispersion,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, pp. 3331–3344, 2012.

Z. Tong, A. O. J. Wiberg, E. Myslivets, B. P. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Spectral linewidth preservation in parametric frequency combs seeded by dual pumps,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, pp. 17610–17619, 2012.

C. J. McKinstrie and N. Alic, “Information efficiencies of parametric devices,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 794–811, 2012.

B. P.-P. Kuo, E. Myslivets, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Wavelength multicasting via frequency comb generation in a bandwidth-enhanced fiber optical parametric mixer,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 29, no. 23, pp. 3515–3522, 2011.

N. Alic and S. Radic, “Optical frequency combs for telecom and datacom applications,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Francisco, CA, USA, 2014, Paper W4E.4.

V. Ataie, E. Temprana, L. Liu, Y. Myslivets, P. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Flex-grid compatible ultra wide frequency comb source for 31.8 Tb/s coherent transmission of 1520 UDWDM channels,” presented at theOptical Fiber Communication Conf., San Francisco, CA, USA, 2014, Paper Th5B.7.

Alleston, S. B.

P. Harper, S. B. Alleston, W. Forysiak, and N. J. Doran, “10 Gbit/s dispersion-managed soliton transmission over 13,400 km in a weak, symmetric non-zero dispersion shifted fiber dispersion map,” presented at the Conf. on Laser Electro-Optics, San Francisco, CA, USA, 2001, Paper CTuM5.

Anderson, W.

D. G. Foursa, Y. Cai, C. R. Davidson, A. Lucero, M. Mazurczyk, W. Patterson, O. Sinkin, W. Anderson, J.-X. Cai, G. Redington, M. Nissov, A. Pilipetskii, and N. S. Bergano, “Long-haul coherent QPSK transmission of 40 G channels with 120% spectral efficiency using increased linearity dispersion map with 100 km spans and EDFAs,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 2010, Paper OTuD2.

Anderson, W. T.

G. Mohs, W. T. Anderson, and E. A. Golovchenko, “A new dispersion map for undersea optical communication systems,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Anaheim, CA, USA, 2007, Paper JThA41.

Antona, J.

Y. Frignac, J. Antona, and S. Bigo, “Enhanced analytical engineering rule for fast optimization of dispersion maps in 40 Gbit/s-based transmission systems,” presented at theOptical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2004, Paper TuN3.

Aoki, Y.

S. Zhang, E. Mateo, L. Xu, M. Huang, F. Yaman, Y. Shao, T. Wang, Y. Inada, T. Inoue, T. Ogata, and Y. Aoki, “100 G upgrade over legacy submarine dispersion-managed fiber link using fiber nonlinearity compensation and maximum likelihood sequence estimation,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2012, Paper OTu2A.4.

Y. Huang, E. Mateo, M. Sato, D. Qian, F. Yaman, T. Inoue, Y. Inada, S. Zhang, Y. Aono, T. Tajima, T. Ogata, and Y. Aoki, “Real-time transoceanic transmission of 1-Tb/s nyquist superchannel at 2.86-b/s/Hz spectral efficiency,” presented at the Asia Communications and Photonics Conf.,  Guangzhou, China, 2012, Paper PAF4C.2.

T. Inoue, E. Mateo, F. Yaman, T. Wang, Y. Inada, T. Ogata, and Y. Aoki, “Low complexity nonlinearity compensation for 100 G DP-QPSK transmission over legacy NZ-DSF link with OOK channels,” presented at the Eur. Conf. and Expo. on Optical Communications, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 2012, Paper Mo.1.C.5.

Aono, Y.

Y. Huang, E. Mateo, M. Sato, D. Qian, F. Yaman, T. Inoue, Y. Inada, S. Zhang, Y. Aono, T. Tajima, T. Ogata, and Y. Aoki, “Real-time transoceanic transmission of 1-Tb/s nyquist superchannel at 2.86-b/s/Hz spectral efficiency,” presented at the Asia Communications and Photonics Conf.,  Guangzhou, China, 2012, Paper PAF4C.2.

Armstrong, J.

B. J. C. Schmidt, A. J. Lowery, and J. Armstrong, “Experimental demonstrations of electronic dispersion compensation for long-haul transmission using direct-detection optical OFDM,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 196–203, 2008.

Ataie, V.

E. Temprana, V. Ataie, B. P.-P. Kuo, E. Myslivets, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Low-noise parametric frequency comb for continuous C-plus-L-band 16-QAM channels generation,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, pp. 6822–6828, 2014.

V. Ataie, E. Myslivets, B. P.-P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Spectrally equalized frequency comb generation in multistage parametric mixer with nonlinear pulse shaping,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 840–846, 2014.

B. P.-P. Kuo, E. Myslivets, V. Ataie, E. G. Temprana, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Wideband parametric frequency comb as coherent optical carrier,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 31, no. 21, pp. 3414–3419, 2013.

V. Ataie, E. Temprana, L. Liu, Y. Myslivets, P. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Flex-grid compatible ultra wide frequency comb source for 31.8 Tb/s coherent transmission of 1520 UDWDM channels,” presented at theOptical Fiber Communication Conf., San Francisco, CA, USA, 2014, Paper Th5B.7.

Awadalla, A.

K. Roberts, M. O’Sullivan, K.-T. Wu, H. Sun, A. Awadalla, D. J. Krause, and C. Laperle, “Performance of dual-polarization QPSK for optical transport systems,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 27, no. 16, pp. 3546–3559, 2009.

Bao, Y.

Y. Bao, Z. Li, J. Li, X. Feng, B. Guan, and G. Li, “Nonlinearity mitigation for high-speed optical OFDM transmitters using digital pre-distortion,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, pp. 7354–7361, 2013.

Bayvel, P.

S. J. Savory, G. Gavioli, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Electronic compensation of chromatic dispersion using a digital coherent receiver,” Opt. Exp., vol. 15, pp. 2120–2126, 2007.

Bergano, N. S.

D. G. Foursa, Y. Cai, C. R. Davidson, A. Lucero, M. Mazurczyk, W. Patterson, O. Sinkin, W. Anderson, J.-X. Cai, G. Redington, M. Nissov, A. Pilipetskii, and N. S. Bergano, “Long-haul coherent QPSK transmission of 40 G channels with 120% spectral efficiency using increased linearity dispersion map with 100 km spans and EDFAs,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 2010, Paper OTuD2.

Bergh, R. A.

Bhamber, R.

Bigo, S.

Y. Frignac, J. Antona, and S. Bigo, “Enhanced analytical engineering rule for fast optimization of dispersion maps in 40 Gbit/s-based transmission systems,” presented at theOptical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2004, Paper TuN3.

Bontu, C.

D. McGhan, M. O’Sullivan, C. Bontu, and K. Roberts, “Electronic dispersion compensation,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Anaheim, CA, USA, 2006, Paper OWK1.

Borowiec, A.

Y. Gao, J. C. Cartledge, A. S. Karar, S. S.-H. Yam, M. O’Sullivan, C. Laperle, A. Borowiec, and K. Roberts, “Reducing the complexity of perturbation based nonlinearity pre-compensation using symmetric EDC and pulse shaping,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, pp. 1209–1219, 2014.

Y. Gao, A. S. Karar, J. C. Cartledge, S. Yam, M. O’Sullivan, C. Laperle, A. Borowiec, and K. Roberts, “Simplified nonlinearity pre-compensation using a modified summation criteria and non-uniform power profile,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Francisco, CA, USA, 2014, Paper Tu3A.6.

Bunge, C. A.

F. Zhang, C. A. Bunge, K. Petermann, and A. Richter, “Optimum dispersion mapping of single-channel 40 Gbit/s return-to-zero differential phase-shift keying transmission systems,” Opt. Exp., vol. 14, pp. 6613–6618, 2006.

Cai, J.-X.

D. G. Foursa, Y. Cai, C. R. Davidson, A. Lucero, M. Mazurczyk, W. Patterson, O. Sinkin, W. Anderson, J.-X. Cai, G. Redington, M. Nissov, A. Pilipetskii, and N. S. Bergano, “Long-haul coherent QPSK transmission of 40 G channels with 120% spectral efficiency using increased linearity dispersion map with 100 km spans and EDFAs,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 2010, Paper OTuD2.

Cai, Y.

D. G. Foursa, Y. Cai, C. R. Davidson, A. Lucero, M. Mazurczyk, W. Patterson, O. Sinkin, W. Anderson, J.-X. Cai, G. Redington, M. Nissov, A. Pilipetskii, and N. S. Bergano, “Long-haul coherent QPSK transmission of 40 G channels with 120% spectral efficiency using increased linearity dispersion map with 100 km spans and EDFAs,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 2010, Paper OTuD2.

Carruthers, T. F.

G. M. Carter, R. Mu, V. Grigoryan, P. Sinha, C. R. Menyuk, T. F. Carruthers, M. L. Dennis, and I. N. Duling, “20 Gb/s transmission of dispersion-managed solitons over 20,000 km,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 1999, Paper WC1.

Carter, G. M.

G. M. Carter, R. Mu, V. Grigoryan, P. Sinha, C. R. Menyuk, T. F. Carruthers, M. L. Dennis, and I. N. Duling, “20 Gb/s transmission of dispersion-managed solitons over 20,000 km,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 1999, Paper WC1.

Cartledge, J. C.

Y. Gao, J. C. Cartledge, A. S. Karar, S. S.-H. Yam, M. O’Sullivan, C. Laperle, A. Borowiec, and K. Roberts, “Reducing the complexity of perturbation based nonlinearity pre-compensation using symmetric EDC and pulse shaping,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, pp. 1209–1219, 2014.

Y. Gao, A. S. Karar, J. C. Cartledge, S. Yam, M. O’Sullivan, C. Laperle, A. Borowiec, and K. Roberts, “Simplified nonlinearity pre-compensation using a modified summation criteria and non-uniform power profile,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Francisco, CA, USA, 2014, Paper Tu3A.6.

Chandrasekhar, S.

S. Chandrasekhar and X. Liu, “OFDM based superchannel transmission technology,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 30, no. 24, pp. 3816–3823, 2012.

A. H. Gnauck, P. J. Winzer, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Zhu, and D. W. Pecham, “Spectrally efficient long-haul WDM transmission using 224-Gb/s polarization-multiplexed 16-QAM,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 373–377, 2011.

X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, B. Zhu, P. J. Winzer, A. H. Gnauck, and D. W. Peckham, “448-Gb/s reduced-guard-interval CO-OFDM transmission over 2000 km of ultra-large-area fiber and five 80-GHz-grid ROADMs,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 483–490, 2011.

Chen, X.

G. Gao, X. Chen, and W. Shieh, “Influence of PMD on fiber nonlinearity compensation using digital back propagation,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, pp. 14406–14418, 2012.

Chen, Z.

X. Li, F. Zhang, Z. Chen, and A. Xu, “Suppression of XPM and XPM-induced nonlinear phase noise for RZ-DPSK signals in 40 Gbit/s WDM transmission systems with optimum dispersion mapping,” Opt. Exp., vol. 15, pp. 18247–18252, 2007.

Chraplyvy, A. R.

C. J. McKinstrie, S. Radic, and A. R. Chraplyvy, “Parametric amplifiers driven by two pump waves,” IEEE Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 538–547, 2002.

A. R. Chraplyvy, “Limitations on lightwave communications imposed by optical-fiber nonlinearities,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 8, no. 10, pp. 1548–1557, 1990.

Cotter, D.

A. D. Ellis, J. Zhao, and D. Cotter, “Approaching the non-linear Shannon limit,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 423–433, 2010.

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R. Courant and D. Hilbert, Methods of Mathematical Physics. New York, NY, USA: Willey, 1989.

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Cutler, C. C.

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D. G. Foursa, Y. Cai, C. R. Davidson, A. Lucero, M. Mazurczyk, W. Patterson, O. Sinkin, W. Anderson, J.-X. Cai, G. Redington, M. Nissov, A. Pilipetskii, and N. S. Bergano, “Long-haul coherent QPSK transmission of 40 G channels with 120% spectral efficiency using increased linearity dispersion map with 100 km spans and EDFAs,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 2010, Paper OTuD2.

De Man, E.

C. R. S. Fludger, T. Duthel, D. van den Borne, C. Schulien, E.-D. Schmidt, T. Wuth, J. Geyer, E. De Man, G.-D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Coherent equalization and POLMUX-RZ-DQPSK for robust 100-GE transmission,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 64–72, 2008.

de Waardt, H.

C. R. S. Fludger, T. Duthel, D. van den Borne, C. Schulien, E.-D. Schmidt, T. Wuth, J. Geyer, E. De Man, G.-D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Coherent equalization and POLMUX-RZ-DQPSK for robust 100-GE transmission,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 64–72, 2008.

Dennis, M. L.

G. M. Carter, R. Mu, V. Grigoryan, P. Sinha, C. R. Menyuk, T. F. Carruthers, M. L. Dennis, and I. N. Duling, “20 Gb/s transmission of dispersion-managed solitons over 20,000 km,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 1999, Paper WC1.

Derevyanko, S. A.

J. E. Prilepsky, S. A. Derevyanko, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Nonlinear spectral management: Linearization of the lossless fiber channel,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, pp. 24344–24367, 2013.

K. S. Turitsyn, S. A. Derevyanko, I. V. Yurkevich, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Information capacity of optical fiber channels with zero average dispersion,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 91, no. 20, p. 203901, 2003.

Djordjevic, I.

I. Djordjevic, B. Vasic, M. Ivkovic, and I. Gabitov, “Achievable information rates for high-speed long-haul optical transmission,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 23, no. 11, pp. 3755–3763, 2005.

Doran, N. J.

P. Harper, S. B. Alleston, W. Forysiak, and N. J. Doran, “10 Gbit/s dispersion-managed soliton transmission over 13,400 km in a weak, symmetric non-zero dispersion shifted fiber dispersion map,” presented at the Conf. on Laser Electro-Optics, San Francisco, CA, USA, 2001, Paper CTuM5.

Dou, L.

Z. Tao, L. Dou, W. Yan, L. Li, T. Hoshida, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Multiplier-free intrachannel nonlinearity compensating algorithm operating at symbol rate,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 29, no. 17, pp. 2570–2576, 2011.

L. Dou, Z. Tao, Y. Akiyama, S. Oda, Y. Fan, T. Oyama, H. Nakashima, T. Hoshida, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Real-time 112Gb/s DWDM coherent transmission with 40% extended reach by transmitter-side low-complexity nonlinear mitigation,” presented at the Eur. Conf. and Expo. on Optical Communications, Geneva, Switzerland, 2012, Paper Th.1.D.3.

H. Nakashima, T. Oyama, Y. Akiyama, S. Oda, L. Dou, Y. Fan, Z. Tao, T. Hoshida, and J. C. Rasmussen, “PMD and PDL tolerances of transmitter-side non-linear mitigation in 112 Gb/s DP-QPSK transmission,” presented at theEur. Conf. and Expo. on Optical Communications, Geneva, Switzerland, 2012, Paper We.3.C.5.

W. Yan, Z. Tao, L. Dou, L. Li, S. Oda, T. Tanimura, T. Hoshida, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Low complexity digital perturbation back-propagation,” presented at the 37th Eur. Conf. Expo. on Optical Communications, Geneva, Switzerland, 2011, Paper Tu.3.A.2.

L. Li, Z. Tao, L. Dou, W. Yan, S. Oda, T. Tanimura, T. Hoshida, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Implementation efficient nonlinear equalizer based on correlated digital backpropagation,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2011, Paper OWW3.

Du, L. B.

L. B. Du and A. J. Lowery, “Experimental demonstration of XPM compensation for CO-OFDM systems with periodic dispersion maps,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2011, Paper no. OWW2.

L. B. Du and A. J. Lowery, “Fiber nonlinearity compensation for CO-OFDM systems with periodic dispersion maps,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 2009, Paper OTuO1.

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G. M. Carter, R. Mu, V. Grigoryan, P. Sinha, C. R. Menyuk, T. F. Carruthers, M. L. Dennis, and I. N. Duling, “20 Gb/s transmission of dispersion-managed solitons over 20,000 km,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 1999, Paper WC1.

Duthel, T.

C. R. S. Fludger, T. Duthel, D. van den Borne, C. Schulien, E.-D. Schmidt, T. Wuth, J. Geyer, E. De Man, G.-D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Coherent equalization and POLMUX-RZ-DQPSK for robust 100-GE transmission,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 64–72, 2008.

Elbers, J.-P.

C. Fürst, C. Scheerer, G. Mohs, J.-P. Elbers, and C. Glingener, “Influence of the dispersion map on limitations due to cross-phase modulation in WDM multispan transmission systems,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Anaheim, CA, USA, 2001, Paper MF4.

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D. Rafique and A. D. Ellis, “Various nonlinearity mitigation techniques employing optical and electronic approaches,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 23, no. 23, pp. 1838–1840, 2011.

D. Rafique, M. Mussolin, J. Mårtensson, M. Forzati, J. K. Fischer, L. Molle, M. Nölle, C. Schubert, and A. D. Ellis, “Polarization multiplexed 16 QAM transmission employing modified digital back-propagation,” Opt. Exp., vol. 19, pp. B805–B810, 2011.

D. Rafique, J. Zhao, and A. D. Ellis, “Digital back-propagation for spectrally efficient WDM 112 Gbit/s PM m-ary QAM transmission,” Opt. Exp., vol. 19, pp. 5219–5224, 2011.

D. Rafique and A. D. Ellis, “Nonlinearity compensation in multi-rate 28 Gbaud WDM systems employing optical and digital techniques under diverse link configurations,” Opt. Exp., vol. 19, pp. 16919–16926, 2011.

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D. Rafique and A.D. Ellis, “Impact of signal-ASE four-wave mixing on the effectiveness of digital back-propagation in 112 Gb/s PM-QPSK systems,” Opt. Exp., vol. 19, pp. 3449–3454, 2011.

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R.-J. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. J. Winzer, G. J. Foschini, and B. Goebel, “Capacity limits of optical fiber networks,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 662–701, 2010.

R.-J. Essiambre, G. J. Foschini, G. Kramer, and P. J. Winzer, “Capacity limits of information transport in fiber-optic networks,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 101, p. 163901, 2008.

R.-J. Essiambre, G. Raybon, and B. Mikkelsen, “Pseudo linear transmission of high-speed TDM signals,” in Fibero Optic Telecommunication IVB, I. Kaminow, T. Li, Eds. San Diego, CA, USA: Academic Press, 2002.

Fan, Y.

H. Nakashima, T. Oyama, Y. Akiyama, S. Oda, L. Dou, Y. Fan, Z. Tao, T. Hoshida, and J. C. Rasmussen, “PMD and PDL tolerances of transmitter-side non-linear mitigation in 112 Gb/s DP-QPSK transmission,” presented at theEur. Conf. and Expo. on Optical Communications, Geneva, Switzerland, 2012, Paper We.3.C.5.

L. Dou, Z. Tao, Y. Akiyama, S. Oda, Y. Fan, T. Oyama, H. Nakashima, T. Hoshida, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Real-time 112Gb/s DWDM coherent transmission with 40% extended reach by transmitter-side low-complexity nonlinear mitigation,” presented at the Eur. Conf. and Expo. on Optical Communications, Geneva, Switzerland, 2012, Paper Th.1.D.3.

Feng, X.

Y. Bao, Z. Li, J. Li, X. Feng, B. Guan, and G. Li, “Nonlinearity mitigation for high-speed optical OFDM transmitters using digital pre-distortion,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, pp. 7354–7361, 2013.

Fischer, J. K.

D. Rafique, M. Mussolin, J. Mårtensson, M. Forzati, J. K. Fischer, L. Molle, M. Nölle, C. Schubert, and A. D. Ellis, “Polarization multiplexed 16 QAM transmission employing modified digital back-propagation,” Opt. Exp., vol. 19, pp. B805–B810, 2011.

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B. Zhu, L. Leng, L. E. Nelson, S. Stulz, T. N. Nielsen, and D. A. Fishman, “Experimental investigation of dispersion maps for 40 × 10 Gb/s transmission over 1600 km of fiber with 100-km spans employing distributed Raman amplification,” presented at theOptical Fiber Communication Conf., Anaheim, CA, USA, 2001, Paper TuN3.

Fludger, C. R. S.

C. R. S. Fludger, T. Duthel, D. van den Borne, C. Schulien, E.-D. Schmidt, T. Wuth, J. Geyer, E. De Man, G.-D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Coherent equalization and POLMUX-RZ-DQPSK for robust 100-GE transmission,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 64–72, 2008.

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R. Bhamber, C. French, S. K. Turitsyn, V. Mezentsev, W. Forysiak, and J. H. B. Nijhof, “Lumped dispersion mapping and performance margins in existing SMF-DCF terrestrial links,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 7, pp. 106–110, 2008.

P. Harper, S. B. Alleston, W. Forysiak, and N. J. Doran, “10 Gbit/s dispersion-managed soliton transmission over 13,400 km in a weak, symmetric non-zero dispersion shifted fiber dispersion map,” presented at the Conf. on Laser Electro-Optics, San Francisco, CA, USA, 2001, Paper CTuM5.

Forzati, M.

D. Rafique, M. Mussolin, J. Mårtensson, M. Forzati, J. K. Fischer, L. Molle, M. Nölle, C. Schubert, and A. D. Ellis, “Polarization multiplexed 16 QAM transmission employing modified digital back-propagation,” Opt. Exp., vol. 19, pp. B805–B810, 2011.

Foschini, G. J.

R.-J. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. J. Winzer, G. J. Foschini, and B. Goebel, “Capacity limits of optical fiber networks,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 662–701, 2010.

R.-J. Essiambre, G. J. Foschini, G. Kramer, and P. J. Winzer, “Capacity limits of information transport in fiber-optic networks,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 101, p. 163901, 2008.

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D. G. Foursa, Y. Cai, C. R. Davidson, A. Lucero, M. Mazurczyk, W. Patterson, O. Sinkin, W. Anderson, J.-X. Cai, G. Redington, M. Nissov, A. Pilipetskii, and N. S. Bergano, “Long-haul coherent QPSK transmission of 40 G channels with 120% spectral efficiency using increased linearity dispersion map with 100 km spans and EDFAs,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 2010, Paper OTuD2.

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Frignac, Y.

Y. Frignac, J. Antona, and S. Bigo, “Enhanced analytical engineering rule for fast optimization of dispersion maps in 40 Gbit/s-based transmission systems,” presented at theOptical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2004, Paper TuN3.

Fürst, C.

C. Fürst, C. Scheerer, G. Mohs, J.-P. Elbers, and C. Glingener, “Influence of the dispersion map on limitations due to cross-phase modulation in WDM multispan transmission systems,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Anaheim, CA, USA, 2001, Paper MF4.

Gabitov, I.

I. Djordjevic, B. Vasic, M. Ivkovic, and I. Gabitov, “Achievable information rates for high-speed long-haul optical transmission,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 23, no. 11, pp. 3755–3763, 2005.

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G. Gao, X. Chen, and W. Shieh, “Influence of PMD on fiber nonlinearity compensation using digital back propagation,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, pp. 14406–14418, 2012.

Gao, Y.

Y. Gao, J. C. Cartledge, A. S. Karar, S. S.-H. Yam, M. O’Sullivan, C. Laperle, A. Borowiec, and K. Roberts, “Reducing the complexity of perturbation based nonlinearity pre-compensation using symmetric EDC and pulse shaping,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, pp. 1209–1219, 2014.

Y. Gao, A. S. Karar, J. C. Cartledge, S. Yam, M. O’Sullivan, C. Laperle, A. Borowiec, and K. Roberts, “Simplified nonlinearity pre-compensation using a modified summation criteria and non-uniform power profile,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Francisco, CA, USA, 2014, Paper Tu3A.6.

Gavioli, G.

S. J. Savory, G. Gavioli, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Electronic compensation of chromatic dispersion using a digital coherent receiver,” Opt. Exp., vol. 15, pp. 2120–2126, 2007.

Geyer, J.

C. R. S. Fludger, T. Duthel, D. van den Borne, C. Schulien, E.-D. Schmidt, T. Wuth, J. Geyer, E. De Man, G.-D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Coherent equalization and POLMUX-RZ-DQPSK for robust 100-GE transmission,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 64–72, 2008.

Glingener, C.

C. Fürst, C. Scheerer, G. Mohs, J.-P. Elbers, and C. Glingener, “Influence of the dispersion map on limitations due to cross-phase modulation in WDM multispan transmission systems,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Anaheim, CA, USA, 2001, Paper MF4.

Gnauck, A. H.

A. H. Gnauck, P. J. Winzer, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Zhu, and D. W. Pecham, “Spectrally efficient long-haul WDM transmission using 224-Gb/s polarization-multiplexed 16-QAM,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 373–377, 2011.

X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, B. Zhu, P. J. Winzer, A. H. Gnauck, and D. W. Peckham, “448-Gb/s reduced-guard-interval CO-OFDM transmission over 2000 km of ultra-large-area fiber and five 80-GHz-grid ROADMs,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 483–490, 2011.

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R.-J. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. J. Winzer, G. J. Foschini, and B. Goebel, “Capacity limits of optical fiber networks,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 662–701, 2010.

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G. Mohs, W. T. Anderson, and E. A. Golovchenko, “A new dispersion map for undersea optical communication systems,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Anaheim, CA, USA, 2007, Paper JThA41.

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Grigoryan, V.

G. M. Carter, R. Mu, V. Grigoryan, P. Sinha, C. R. Menyuk, T. F. Carruthers, M. L. Dennis, and I. N. Duling, “20 Gb/s transmission of dispersion-managed solitons over 20,000 km,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 1999, Paper WC1.

Gripp, J.

Grüner-Nielsen, L.

Guan, B.

Y. Bao, Z. Li, J. Li, X. Feng, B. Guan, and G. Li, “Nonlinearity mitigation for high-speed optical OFDM transmitters using digital pre-distortion,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, pp. 7354–7361, 2013.

Harper, P.

P. Harper, S. B. Alleston, W. Forysiak, and N. J. Doran, “10 Gbit/s dispersion-managed soliton transmission over 13,400 km in a weak, symmetric non-zero dispersion shifted fiber dispersion map,” presented at the Conf. on Laser Electro-Optics, San Francisco, CA, USA, 2001, Paper CTuM5.

Haruna, T.

M. Hirano, T. Haruna, Y. Tamura, T. Kawano, S. Ohnuki, Y. Yamamoto, Y. Koyano, and T. Sasaki, “Record low loss, record high FOM optical fiber with manufacturable process,” presented at theOptical Fiber Communication Conf., Anaheim, CA, USA, 2013, Paper PDP.A5.7.

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M. Kuschnerov, F. N. Hauske, K. Piyawanno, B. Spinnler, M. S. Alfiad, A. Napoli, and B. Lankl, “DSP for coherent single-carrier receivers,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 27, no. 16, pp. 3614–3622, 2009.

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Hirano, M.

M. Hirano, T. Haruna, Y. Tamura, T. Kawano, S. Ohnuki, Y. Yamamoto, Y. Koyano, and T. Sasaki, “Record low loss, record high FOM optical fiber with manufacturable process,” presented at theOptical Fiber Communication Conf., Anaheim, CA, USA, 2013, Paper PDP.A5.7.

Hirooka, T.

K. Toyoda, Y. Koizumi, T. Omiya, M. Yoshida, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “Marked performance improvement of 256 QAM transmission using a digital back-propagation method,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, pp. 19815–19821, 2012.

Hoshida, T.

Z. Tao, L. Dou, W. Yan, L. Li, T. Hoshida, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Multiplier-free intrachannel nonlinearity compensating algorithm operating at symbol rate,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 29, no. 17, pp. 2570–2576, 2011.

L. Li, Z. Tao, L. Dou, W. Yan, S. Oda, T. Tanimura, T. Hoshida, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Implementation efficient nonlinear equalizer based on correlated digital backpropagation,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2011, Paper OWW3.

T. Tanimura, S. Oda, T. Hoshida, L. Li, Z. Tao, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Experimental characterization of nonlinearity mitigation by digital back propagation and nonlinear polarization crosstalk canceller under high PMD condition,” presented at theOptical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2011, Paper JWA020.

H. Nakashima, T. Oyama, Y. Akiyama, S. Oda, L. Dou, Y. Fan, Z. Tao, T. Hoshida, and J. C. Rasmussen, “PMD and PDL tolerances of transmitter-side non-linear mitigation in 112 Gb/s DP-QPSK transmission,” presented at theEur. Conf. and Expo. on Optical Communications, Geneva, Switzerland, 2012, Paper We.3.C.5.

W. Yan, Z. Tao, L. Dou, L. Li, S. Oda, T. Tanimura, T. Hoshida, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Low complexity digital perturbation back-propagation,” presented at the 37th Eur. Conf. Expo. on Optical Communications, Geneva, Switzerland, 2011, Paper Tu.3.A.2.

T. Tanimura, T. Hoshida, T. Tanaka, L. Li, S. Oda, H. Nakashima, Z. Tao, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Semi-blind nonlinear equalization in coherent multi-span transmission system with inhomogeneous span parameters,” presented at theOptical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 2010, Paper OMR6.

S. Oda, T. Tanimura, T. Hoshida, C. Ohshima, H. Nakashima, Z. Tao, and J. C. Rasmussen, “112 Gb/s DP-QPSK transmission using a novel nonlinear compensator in digital coherent receiver,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 2009, Paper OThR6.

L. Li, Z. Tao, L. Liu, W. Yan, S. Oda, T. Hoshida, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Nonlinear polarization crosstalk canceller for dual-polarization digital coherent receivers,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 2010, Paper OWE3.

L. Dou, Z. Tao, Y. Akiyama, S. Oda, Y. Fan, T. Oyama, H. Nakashima, T. Hoshida, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Real-time 112Gb/s DWDM coherent transmission with 40% extended reach by transmitter-side low-complexity nonlinear mitigation,” presented at the Eur. Conf. and Expo. on Optical Communications, Geneva, Switzerland, 2012, Paper Th.1.D.3.

Huang, M.

S. Zhang, E. Mateo, L. Xu, M. Huang, F. Yaman, Y. Shao, T. Wang, Y. Inada, T. Inoue, T. Ogata, and Y. Aoki, “100 G upgrade over legacy submarine dispersion-managed fiber link using fiber nonlinearity compensation and maximum likelihood sequence estimation,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2012, Paper OTu2A.4.

Huang, Y.

Y. Huang, E. Mateo, M. Sato, D. Qian, F. Yaman, T. Inoue, Y. Inada, S. Zhang, Y. Aono, T. Tajima, T. Ogata, and Y. Aoki, “Real-time transoceanic transmission of 1-Tb/s nyquist superchannel at 2.86-b/s/Hz spectral efficiency,” presented at the Asia Communications and Photonics Conf.,  Guangzhou, China, 2012, Paper PAF4C.2.

Inada, Y.

Y. Huang, E. Mateo, M. Sato, D. Qian, F. Yaman, T. Inoue, Y. Inada, S. Zhang, Y. Aono, T. Tajima, T. Ogata, and Y. Aoki, “Real-time transoceanic transmission of 1-Tb/s nyquist superchannel at 2.86-b/s/Hz spectral efficiency,” presented at the Asia Communications and Photonics Conf.,  Guangzhou, China, 2012, Paper PAF4C.2.

S. Zhang, E. Mateo, L. Xu, M. Huang, F. Yaman, Y. Shao, T. Wang, Y. Inada, T. Inoue, T. Ogata, and Y. Aoki, “100 G upgrade over legacy submarine dispersion-managed fiber link using fiber nonlinearity compensation and maximum likelihood sequence estimation,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2012, Paper OTu2A.4.

T. Inoue, E. Mateo, F. Yaman, T. Wang, Y. Inada, T. Ogata, and Y. Aoki, “Low complexity nonlinearity compensation for 100 G DP-QPSK transmission over legacy NZ-DSF link with OOK channels,” presented at the Eur. Conf. and Expo. on Optical Communications, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 2012, Paper Mo.1.C.5.

Inoue, T.

Y. Huang, E. Mateo, M. Sato, D. Qian, F. Yaman, T. Inoue, Y. Inada, S. Zhang, Y. Aono, T. Tajima, T. Ogata, and Y. Aoki, “Real-time transoceanic transmission of 1-Tb/s nyquist superchannel at 2.86-b/s/Hz spectral efficiency,” presented at the Asia Communications and Photonics Conf.,  Guangzhou, China, 2012, Paper PAF4C.2.

T. Inoue, E. Mateo, F. Yaman, T. Wang, Y. Inada, T. Ogata, and Y. Aoki, “Low complexity nonlinearity compensation for 100 G DP-QPSK transmission over legacy NZ-DSF link with OOK channels,” presented at the Eur. Conf. and Expo. on Optical Communications, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 2012, Paper Mo.1.C.5.

S. Zhang, E. Mateo, L. Xu, M. Huang, F. Yaman, Y. Shao, T. Wang, Y. Inada, T. Inoue, T. Ogata, and Y. Aoki, “100 G upgrade over legacy submarine dispersion-managed fiber link using fiber nonlinearity compensation and maximum likelihood sequence estimation,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2012, Paper OTu2A.4.

Inuzuka, F.

E. Yamazaki, F. Inuzuka, K. Yonenaga, A. Takada, and M. Koga, “Compensation of interchannel crosstalk induced by optical fiber nonlinearity in carrier phase-locked WDM system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 9–11, 2007.

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E. Ip and J. M. Kahn, “Compensation of dispersion and nonlinear impairments using digital backpropagation,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 26, no. 20, pp. 3416–3425, 2008.

E. Ip and J. M. Kahn, “Digital equalization of chromatic dispersion and polarization mode dispersion,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 25, no. 8, pp. 2033–2043, 2007.

Ivkovic, M.

I. Djordjevic, B. Vasic, M. Ivkovic, and I. Gabitov, “Achievable information rates for high-speed long-haul optical transmission,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 23, no. 11, pp. 3755–3763, 2005.

Jansen, S. L.

Kahn, J. M.

E. Ip and J. M. Kahn, “Compensation of dispersion and nonlinear impairments using digital backpropagation,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 26, no. 20, pp. 3416–3425, 2008.

E. Ip and J. M. Kahn, “Digital equalization of chromatic dispersion and polarization mode dispersion,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 25, no. 8, pp. 2033–2043, 2007.

Karar, A. S.

Y. Gao, J. C. Cartledge, A. S. Karar, S. S.-H. Yam, M. O’Sullivan, C. Laperle, A. Borowiec, and K. Roberts, “Reducing the complexity of perturbation based nonlinearity pre-compensation using symmetric EDC and pulse shaping,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, pp. 1209–1219, 2014.

Y. Gao, A. S. Karar, J. C. Cartledge, S. Yam, M. O’Sullivan, C. Laperle, A. Borowiec, and K. Roberts, “Simplified nonlinearity pre-compensation using a modified summation criteria and non-uniform power profile,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Francisco, CA, USA, 2014, Paper Tu3A.6.

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E. Agrell and M. Karlsson, “Satellite constellations: Towards the nonlinear channel capacity,” presented at the IEEE Photonics Conf., Burlingame, CA, USA, 2012, Paper TuM1.

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B. Marks, W. L. Kath, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Dispersion maps with optimized amplifier placement for wavelength-division-multiplexing,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Baltimore,  MD, USA, 2000, Paper WA7.

Kawano, T.

M. Hirano, T. Haruna, Y. Tamura, T. Kawano, S. Ohnuki, Y. Yamamoto, Y. Koyano, and T. Sasaki, “Record low loss, record high FOM optical fiber with manufacturable process,” presented at theOptical Fiber Communication Conf., Anaheim, CA, USA, 2013, Paper PDP.A5.7.

Khoe, G.-D.

C. R. S. Fludger, T. Duthel, D. van den Borne, C. Schulien, E.-D. Schmidt, T. Wuth, J. Geyer, E. De Man, G.-D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Coherent equalization and POLMUX-RZ-DQPSK for robust 100-GE transmission,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 64–72, 2008.

Killey, R. I.

S. J. Savory, G. Gavioli, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Electronic compensation of chromatic dispersion using a digital coherent receiver,” Opt. Exp., vol. 15, pp. 2120–2126, 2007.

Koga, M.

E. Yamazaki, F. Inuzuka, K. Yonenaga, A. Takada, and M. Koga, “Compensation of interchannel crosstalk induced by optical fiber nonlinearity in carrier phase-locked WDM system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 9–11, 2007.

Koizumi, Y.

K. Toyoda, Y. Koizumi, T. Omiya, M. Yoshida, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “Marked performance improvement of 256 QAM transmission using a digital back-propagation method,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, pp. 19815–19821, 2012.

Koyano, Y.

M. Hirano, T. Haruna, Y. Tamura, T. Kawano, S. Ohnuki, Y. Yamamoto, Y. Koyano, and T. Sasaki, “Record low loss, record high FOM optical fiber with manufacturable process,” presented at theOptical Fiber Communication Conf., Anaheim, CA, USA, 2013, Paper PDP.A5.7.

Kramer, G.

R.-J. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. J. Winzer, G. J. Foschini, and B. Goebel, “Capacity limits of optical fiber networks,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 662–701, 2010.

R.-J. Essiambre, G. J. Foschini, G. Kramer, and P. J. Winzer, “Capacity limits of information transport in fiber-optic networks,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 101, p. 163901, 2008.

Krause, D. J.

K. Roberts, M. O’Sullivan, K.-T. Wu, H. Sun, A. Awadalla, D. J. Krause, and C. Laperle, “Performance of dual-polarization QPSK for optical transport systems,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 27, no. 16, pp. 3546–3559, 2009.

Kuo, B. P. P.

Z. Tong, A. O. J. Wiberg, E. Myslivets, B. P. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Spectral linewidth preservation in parametric frequency combs seeded by dual pumps,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, pp. 17610–17619, 2012.

E. Myslivets, B. P. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Generation of wideband frequency combs by continuous-wave seeding of multistage mixers with synthesized dispersion,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, pp. 3331–3344, 2012.

Kuo, B. P.-P.

V. Ataie, E. Myslivets, B. P.-P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Spectrally equalized frequency comb generation in multistage parametric mixer with nonlinear pulse shaping,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 840–846, 2014.

E. Temprana, V. Ataie, B. P.-P. Kuo, E. Myslivets, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Low-noise parametric frequency comb for continuous C-plus-L-band 16-QAM channels generation,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, pp. 6822–6828, 2014.

B. P.-P. Kuo, E. Myslivets, V. Ataie, E. G. Temprana, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Wideband parametric frequency comb as coherent optical carrier,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 31, no. 21, pp. 3414–3419, 2013.

B. P.-P. Kuo, E. Myslivets, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Wavelength multicasting via frequency comb generation in a bandwidth-enhanced fiber optical parametric mixer,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 29, no. 23, pp. 3515–3522, 2011.

Kuo, P. P.

V. Ataie, E. Temprana, L. Liu, Y. Myslivets, P. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Flex-grid compatible ultra wide frequency comb source for 31.8 Tb/s coherent transmission of 1520 UDWDM channels,” presented at theOptical Fiber Communication Conf., San Francisco, CA, USA, 2014, Paper Th5B.7.

Kuschnerov, M.

M. Kuschnerov, F. N. Hauske, K. Piyawanno, B. Spinnler, M. S. Alfiad, A. Napoli, and B. Lankl, “DSP for coherent single-carrier receivers,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 27, no. 16, pp. 3614–3622, 2009.

Lankl, B.

M. Kuschnerov, F. N. Hauske, K. Piyawanno, B. Spinnler, M. S. Alfiad, A. Napoli, and B. Lankl, “DSP for coherent single-carrier receivers,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 27, no. 16, pp. 3614–3622, 2009.

Laperle, C.

Y. Gao, J. C. Cartledge, A. S. Karar, S. S.-H. Yam, M. O’Sullivan, C. Laperle, A. Borowiec, and K. Roberts, “Reducing the complexity of perturbation based nonlinearity pre-compensation using symmetric EDC and pulse shaping,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, pp. 1209–1219, 2014.

K. Roberts, M. O’Sullivan, K.-T. Wu, H. Sun, A. Awadalla, D. J. Krause, and C. Laperle, “Performance of dual-polarization QPSK for optical transport systems,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 27, no. 16, pp. 3546–3559, 2009.

Y. Gao, A. S. Karar, J. C. Cartledge, S. Yam, M. O’Sullivan, C. Laperle, A. Borowiec, and K. Roberts, “Simplified nonlinearity pre-compensation using a modified summation criteria and non-uniform power profile,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Francisco, CA, USA, 2014, Paper Tu3A.6.

Lefevre, H. C.

Leng, L.

B. Zhu, L. Leng, L. E. Nelson, S. Stulz, T. N. Nielsen, and D. A. Fishman, “Experimental investigation of dispersion maps for 40 × 10 Gb/s transmission over 1600 km of fiber with 100-km spans employing distributed Raman amplification,” presented at theOptical Fiber Communication Conf., Anaheim, CA, USA, 2001, Paper TuN3.

Li, G.

Y. Bao, Z. Li, J. Li, X. Feng, B. Guan, and G. Li, “Nonlinearity mitigation for high-speed optical OFDM transmitters using digital pre-distortion,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, pp. 7354–7361, 2013.

L. Zhu and G. Li, “Nonlinearity compensation using dispersion-folded digital backward propagation,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, pp. 14362–14370, 2012.

L. Zhu and G. Li, “Nonlinearity compensation using dispersion-folded digital backward propagation,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, no. 13, pp. 14362–14370, 2012.

L. Zhu and G. Li, “Folded digital backward propagation for dispersion-managed fiber-optic transmission,” Opt. Exp., vol. 19, pp. 5953–5959, 2011.

E. F. Mateo, X. Zhou, and G. Li, “Improved digital backward propagation for the compensation of inter-channel nonlinear effects in polarization-multiplexed WDM systems,” Opt. Exp., vol. 19, pp. 570–583, 2011.

E. F. Mateo, F. Yaman, and G. Li, “Efficient compensation of inter-channel nonlinear effects via digital backward propagation in WDM optical transmission,” Opt. Exp., vol. 18, pp. 15144–15154, 2010.

E. Mateo, L. Zhu, and G. Li, “Impact of XPM and FWM on the digital implementation of impairment compensation for WDM transmission using backward propagation,” Opt. Exp., vol. 16, no. 20, pp. 16124–16137, 2008.

Li, J.

Y. Bao, Z. Li, J. Li, X. Feng, B. Guan, and G. Li, “Nonlinearity mitigation for high-speed optical OFDM transmitters using digital pre-distortion,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, pp. 7354–7361, 2013.

Li, L.

Z. Tao, L. Dou, W. Yan, L. Li, T. Hoshida, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Multiplier-free intrachannel nonlinearity compensating algorithm operating at symbol rate,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 29, no. 17, pp. 2570–2576, 2011.

T. Tanimura, S. Oda, T. Hoshida, L. Li, Z. Tao, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Experimental characterization of nonlinearity mitigation by digital back propagation and nonlinear polarization crosstalk canceller under high PMD condition,” presented at theOptical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2011, Paper JWA020.

W. Yan, Z. Tao, L. Dou, L. Li, S. Oda, T. Tanimura, T. Hoshida, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Low complexity digital perturbation back-propagation,” presented at the 37th Eur. Conf. Expo. on Optical Communications, Geneva, Switzerland, 2011, Paper Tu.3.A.2.

L. Li, Z. Tao, L. Dou, W. Yan, S. Oda, T. Tanimura, T. Hoshida, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Implementation efficient nonlinear equalizer based on correlated digital backpropagation,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2011, Paper OWW3.

L. Li, Z. Tao, L. Liu, W. Yan, S. Oda, T. Hoshida, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Nonlinear polarization crosstalk canceller for dual-polarization digital coherent receivers,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 2010, Paper OWE3.

T. Tanimura, T. Hoshida, T. Tanaka, L. Li, S. Oda, H. Nakashima, Z. Tao, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Semi-blind nonlinear equalization in coherent multi-span transmission system with inhomogeneous span parameters,” presented at theOptical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 2010, Paper OMR6.

Li, X.

X. Li, F. Zhang, Z. Chen, and A. Xu, “Suppression of XPM and XPM-induced nonlinear phase noise for RZ-DPSK signals in 40 Gbit/s WDM transmission systems with optimum dispersion mapping,” Opt. Exp., vol. 15, pp. 18247–18252, 2007.

Li, Z.

Y. Bao, Z. Li, J. Li, X. Feng, B. Guan, and G. Li, “Nonlinearity mitigation for high-speed optical OFDM transmitters using digital pre-distortion,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, pp. 7354–7361, 2013.

Liu, L.

V. Ataie, E. Temprana, L. Liu, Y. Myslivets, P. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Flex-grid compatible ultra wide frequency comb source for 31.8 Tb/s coherent transmission of 1520 UDWDM channels,” presented at theOptical Fiber Communication Conf., San Francisco, CA, USA, 2014, Paper Th5B.7.

L. Li, Z. Tao, L. Liu, W. Yan, S. Oda, T. Hoshida, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Nonlinear polarization crosstalk canceller for dual-polarization digital coherent receivers,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 2010, Paper OWE3.

Liu, X.

S. Chandrasekhar and X. Liu, “OFDM based superchannel transmission technology,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 30, no. 24, pp. 3816–3823, 2012.

A. H. Gnauck, P. J. Winzer, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Zhu, and D. W. Pecham, “Spectrally efficient long-haul WDM transmission using 224-Gb/s polarization-multiplexed 16-QAM,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 373–377, 2011.

X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, B. Zhu, P. J. Winzer, A. H. Gnauck, and D. W. Peckham, “448-Gb/s reduced-guard-interval CO-OFDM transmission over 2000 km of ultra-large-area fiber and five 80-GHz-grid ROADMs,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 483–490, 2011.

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B. J. C. Schmidt, A. J. Lowery, and J. Armstrong, “Experimental demonstrations of electronic dispersion compensation for long-haul transmission using direct-detection optical OFDM,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 196–203, 2008.

L. B. Du and A. J. Lowery, “Fiber nonlinearity compensation for CO-OFDM systems with periodic dispersion maps,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 2009, Paper OTuO1.

L. B. Du and A. J. Lowery, “Experimental demonstration of XPM compensation for CO-OFDM systems with periodic dispersion maps,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2011, Paper no. OWW2.

Lucero, A.

D. G. Foursa, Y. Cai, C. R. Davidson, A. Lucero, M. Mazurczyk, W. Patterson, O. Sinkin, W. Anderson, J.-X. Cai, G. Redington, M. Nissov, A. Pilipetskii, and N. S. Bergano, “Long-haul coherent QPSK transmission of 40 G channels with 120% spectral efficiency using increased linearity dispersion map with 100 km spans and EDFAs,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 2010, Paper OTuD2.

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Mamysheva, N.

Marhic, M.

M. Marhic, Fiber Optical Parametric Amplifiers, Oscillators and Related Devices. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge Univ. Press, 2008.

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B. Marks, W. L. Kath, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Dispersion maps with optimized amplifier placement for wavelength-division-multiplexing,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Baltimore,  MD, USA, 2000, Paper WA7.

Mårtensson, J.

D. Rafique, M. Mussolin, J. Mårtensson, M. Forzati, J. K. Fischer, L. Molle, M. Nölle, C. Schubert, and A. D. Ellis, “Polarization multiplexed 16 QAM transmission employing modified digital back-propagation,” Opt. Exp., vol. 19, pp. B805–B810, 2011.

Mateo, E.

E. Mateo, L. Zhu, and G. Li, “Impact of XPM and FWM on the digital implementation of impairment compensation for WDM transmission using backward propagation,” Opt. Exp., vol. 16, no. 20, pp. 16124–16137, 2008.

S. Zhang, E. Mateo, L. Xu, M. Huang, F. Yaman, Y. Shao, T. Wang, Y. Inada, T. Inoue, T. Ogata, and Y. Aoki, “100 G upgrade over legacy submarine dispersion-managed fiber link using fiber nonlinearity compensation and maximum likelihood sequence estimation,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2012, Paper OTu2A.4.

Y. Huang, E. Mateo, M. Sato, D. Qian, F. Yaman, T. Inoue, Y. Inada, S. Zhang, Y. Aono, T. Tajima, T. Ogata, and Y. Aoki, “Real-time transoceanic transmission of 1-Tb/s nyquist superchannel at 2.86-b/s/Hz spectral efficiency,” presented at the Asia Communications and Photonics Conf.,  Guangzhou, China, 2012, Paper PAF4C.2.

T. Inoue, E. Mateo, F. Yaman, T. Wang, Y. Inada, T. Ogata, and Y. Aoki, “Low complexity nonlinearity compensation for 100 G DP-QPSK transmission over legacy NZ-DSF link with OOK channels,” presented at the Eur. Conf. and Expo. on Optical Communications, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 2012, Paper Mo.1.C.5.

Mateo, E. F.

E. F. Mateo, X. Zhou, and G. Li, “Improved digital backward propagation for the compensation of inter-channel nonlinear effects in polarization-multiplexed WDM systems,” Opt. Exp., vol. 19, pp. 570–583, 2011.

E. F. Mateo, F. Yaman, and G. Li, “Efficient compensation of inter-channel nonlinear effects via digital backward propagation in WDM optical transmission,” Opt. Exp., vol. 18, pp. 15144–15154, 2010.

Mazurczyk, M.

D. G. Foursa, Y. Cai, C. R. Davidson, A. Lucero, M. Mazurczyk, W. Patterson, O. Sinkin, W. Anderson, J.-X. Cai, G. Redington, M. Nissov, A. Pilipetskii, and N. S. Bergano, “Long-haul coherent QPSK transmission of 40 G channels with 120% spectral efficiency using increased linearity dispersion map with 100 km spans and EDFAs,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 2010, Paper OTuD2.

McGhan, D.

D. McGhan, M. O’Sullivan, C. Bontu, and K. Roberts, “Electronic dispersion compensation,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Anaheim, CA, USA, 2006, Paper OWK1.

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C. J. McKinstrie and N. Alic, “Information efficiencies of parametric devices,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 794–811, 2012.

C. J. McKinstrie, S. Radic, and A. R. Chraplyvy, “Parametric amplifiers driven by two pump waves,” IEEE Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 538–547, 2002.

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G. M. Carter, R. Mu, V. Grigoryan, P. Sinha, C. R. Menyuk, T. F. Carruthers, M. L. Dennis, and I. N. Duling, “20 Gb/s transmission of dispersion-managed solitons over 20,000 km,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 1999, Paper WC1.

Mezentsev, V.

Mikkelsen, B.

R.-J. Essiambre, G. Raybon, and B. Mikkelsen, “Pseudo linear transmission of high-speed TDM signals,” in Fibero Optic Telecommunication IVB, I. Kaminow, T. Li, Eds. San Diego, CA, USA: Academic Press, 2002.

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P. P. Mitra and J. B. Stark, “Nonlinear limits to the information capacity of optical fibre communications,” Nature, vol. 411, pp. 1027–1030, 2001.

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G. Mohs, W. T. Anderson, and E. A. Golovchenko, “A new dispersion map for undersea optical communication systems,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Anaheim, CA, USA, 2007, Paper JThA41.

C. Fürst, C. Scheerer, G. Mohs, J.-P. Elbers, and C. Glingener, “Influence of the dispersion map on limitations due to cross-phase modulation in WDM multispan transmission systems,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Anaheim, CA, USA, 2001, Paper MF4.

Molle, L.

D. Rafique, M. Mussolin, J. Mårtensson, M. Forzati, J. K. Fischer, L. Molle, M. Nölle, C. Schubert, and A. D. Ellis, “Polarization multiplexed 16 QAM transmission employing modified digital back-propagation,” Opt. Exp., vol. 19, pp. B805–B810, 2011.

Mollenauer, L. F.

Morita, I.

Mu, R.

G. M. Carter, R. Mu, V. Grigoryan, P. Sinha, C. R. Menyuk, T. F. Carruthers, M. L. Dennis, and I. N. Duling, “20 Gb/s transmission of dispersion-managed solitons over 20,000 km,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 1999, Paper WC1.

Mussolin, M.

D. Rafique, M. Mussolin, J. Mårtensson, M. Forzati, J. K. Fischer, L. Molle, M. Nölle, C. Schubert, and A. D. Ellis, “Polarization multiplexed 16 QAM transmission employing modified digital back-propagation,” Opt. Exp., vol. 19, pp. B805–B810, 2011.

Myslivets, E.

E. Temprana, V. Ataie, B. P.-P. Kuo, E. Myslivets, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Low-noise parametric frequency comb for continuous C-plus-L-band 16-QAM channels generation,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, pp. 6822–6828, 2014.

V. Ataie, E. Myslivets, B. P.-P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Spectrally equalized frequency comb generation in multistage parametric mixer with nonlinear pulse shaping,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 840–846, 2014.

B. P.-P. Kuo, E. Myslivets, V. Ataie, E. G. Temprana, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Wideband parametric frequency comb as coherent optical carrier,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 31, no. 21, pp. 3414–3419, 2013.

E. Myslivets, B. P. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Generation of wideband frequency combs by continuous-wave seeding of multistage mixers with synthesized dispersion,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, pp. 3331–3344, 2012.

Z. Tong, A. O. J. Wiberg, E. Myslivets, B. P. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Spectral linewidth preservation in parametric frequency combs seeded by dual pumps,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, pp. 17610–17619, 2012.

B. P.-P. Kuo, E. Myslivets, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Wavelength multicasting via frequency comb generation in a bandwidth-enhanced fiber optical parametric mixer,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 29, no. 23, pp. 3515–3522, 2011.

Myslivets, Y.

V. Ataie, E. Temprana, L. Liu, Y. Myslivets, P. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Flex-grid compatible ultra wide frequency comb source for 31.8 Tb/s coherent transmission of 1520 UDWDM channels,” presented at theOptical Fiber Communication Conf., San Francisco, CA, USA, 2014, Paper Th5B.7.

Nakashima, H.

L. Dou, Z. Tao, Y. Akiyama, S. Oda, Y. Fan, T. Oyama, H. Nakashima, T. Hoshida, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Real-time 112Gb/s DWDM coherent transmission with 40% extended reach by transmitter-side low-complexity nonlinear mitigation,” presented at the Eur. Conf. and Expo. on Optical Communications, Geneva, Switzerland, 2012, Paper Th.1.D.3.

T. Tanimura, T. Hoshida, T. Tanaka, L. Li, S. Oda, H. Nakashima, Z. Tao, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Semi-blind nonlinear equalization in coherent multi-span transmission system with inhomogeneous span parameters,” presented at theOptical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 2010, Paper OMR6.

S. Oda, T. Tanimura, T. Hoshida, C. Ohshima, H. Nakashima, Z. Tao, and J. C. Rasmussen, “112 Gb/s DP-QPSK transmission using a novel nonlinear compensator in digital coherent receiver,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 2009, Paper OThR6.

H. Nakashima, T. Oyama, Y. Akiyama, S. Oda, L. Dou, Y. Fan, Z. Tao, T. Hoshida, and J. C. Rasmussen, “PMD and PDL tolerances of transmitter-side non-linear mitigation in 112 Gb/s DP-QPSK transmission,” presented at theEur. Conf. and Expo. on Optical Communications, Geneva, Switzerland, 2012, Paper We.3.C.5.

Nakazawa, M.

K. Toyoda, Y. Koizumi, T. Omiya, M. Yoshida, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “Marked performance improvement of 256 QAM transmission using a digital back-propagation method,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, pp. 19815–19821, 2012.

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S. Namiki and Y. Emori, “Ultrabroad-band Raman amplifiers pumped and gain-equalized by wavelengthdivision-multiplexed high-power laser diodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 7, pp. 3–16, 2001.

Napoli, A.

M. Kuschnerov, F. N. Hauske, K. Piyawanno, B. Spinnler, M. S. Alfiad, A. Napoli, and B. Lankl, “DSP for coherent single-carrier receivers,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 27, no. 16, pp. 3614–3622, 2009.

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G. Shulkind and M. Nazarathy, “Nonlinear digital back propagation compensator for coherent optical OFDM based on factorizing the volterra series transfer function,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, pp. 13145–13161, 2013.

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B. Zhu, L. Leng, L. E. Nelson, S. Stulz, T. N. Nielsen, and D. A. Fishman, “Experimental investigation of dispersion maps for 40 × 10 Gb/s transmission over 1600 km of fiber with 100-km spans employing distributed Raman amplification,” presented at theOptical Fiber Communication Conf., Anaheim, CA, USA, 2001, Paper TuN3.

Neubelt, M. J.

Nielsen, T. N.

B. Zhu, L. Leng, L. E. Nelson, S. Stulz, T. N. Nielsen, and D. A. Fishman, “Experimental investigation of dispersion maps for 40 × 10 Gb/s transmission over 1600 km of fiber with 100-km spans employing distributed Raman amplification,” presented at theOptical Fiber Communication Conf., Anaheim, CA, USA, 2001, Paper TuN3.

Nijhof, J. H. B.

Nissov, M.

D. G. Foursa, Y. Cai, C. R. Davidson, A. Lucero, M. Mazurczyk, W. Patterson, O. Sinkin, W. Anderson, J.-X. Cai, G. Redington, M. Nissov, A. Pilipetskii, and N. S. Bergano, “Long-haul coherent QPSK transmission of 40 G channels with 120% spectral efficiency using increased linearity dispersion map with 100 km spans and EDFAs,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 2010, Paper OTuD2.

Nölle, M.

D. Rafique, M. Mussolin, J. Mårtensson, M. Forzati, J. K. Fischer, L. Molle, M. Nölle, C. Schubert, and A. D. Ellis, “Polarization multiplexed 16 QAM transmission employing modified digital back-propagation,” Opt. Exp., vol. 19, pp. B805–B810, 2011.

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A. Hasegawa and T. Nyu, “Eigenvalue communication,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 395–399, 1993.

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Y. Gao, J. C. Cartledge, A. S. Karar, S. S.-H. Yam, M. O’Sullivan, C. Laperle, A. Borowiec, and K. Roberts, “Reducing the complexity of perturbation based nonlinearity pre-compensation using symmetric EDC and pulse shaping,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, pp. 1209–1219, 2014.

K. Roberts, M. O’Sullivan, K.-T. Wu, H. Sun, A. Awadalla, D. J. Krause, and C. Laperle, “Performance of dual-polarization QPSK for optical transport systems,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 27, no. 16, pp. 3546–3559, 2009.

D. McGhan, M. O’Sullivan, C. Bontu, and K. Roberts, “Electronic dispersion compensation,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Anaheim, CA, USA, 2006, Paper OWK1.

Y. Gao, A. S. Karar, J. C. Cartledge, S. Yam, M. O’Sullivan, C. Laperle, A. Borowiec, and K. Roberts, “Simplified nonlinearity pre-compensation using a modified summation criteria and non-uniform power profile,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Francisco, CA, USA, 2014, Paper Tu3A.6.

Oda, S.

T. Tanimura, T. Hoshida, T. Tanaka, L. Li, S. Oda, H. Nakashima, Z. Tao, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Semi-blind nonlinear equalization in coherent multi-span transmission system with inhomogeneous span parameters,” presented at theOptical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 2010, Paper OMR6.

S. Oda, T. Tanimura, T. Hoshida, C. Ohshima, H. Nakashima, Z. Tao, and J. C. Rasmussen, “112 Gb/s DP-QPSK transmission using a novel nonlinear compensator in digital coherent receiver,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 2009, Paper OThR6.

L. Li, Z. Tao, L. Liu, W. Yan, S. Oda, T. Hoshida, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Nonlinear polarization crosstalk canceller for dual-polarization digital coherent receivers,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 2010, Paper OWE3.

L. Dou, Z. Tao, Y. Akiyama, S. Oda, Y. Fan, T. Oyama, H. Nakashima, T. Hoshida, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Real-time 112Gb/s DWDM coherent transmission with 40% extended reach by transmitter-side low-complexity nonlinear mitigation,” presented at the Eur. Conf. and Expo. on Optical Communications, Geneva, Switzerland, 2012, Paper Th.1.D.3.

H. Nakashima, T. Oyama, Y. Akiyama, S. Oda, L. Dou, Y. Fan, Z. Tao, T. Hoshida, and J. C. Rasmussen, “PMD and PDL tolerances of transmitter-side non-linear mitigation in 112 Gb/s DP-QPSK transmission,” presented at theEur. Conf. and Expo. on Optical Communications, Geneva, Switzerland, 2012, Paper We.3.C.5.

T. Tanimura, S. Oda, T. Hoshida, L. Li, Z. Tao, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Experimental characterization of nonlinearity mitigation by digital back propagation and nonlinear polarization crosstalk canceller under high PMD condition,” presented at theOptical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2011, Paper JWA020.

W. Yan, Z. Tao, L. Dou, L. Li, S. Oda, T. Tanimura, T. Hoshida, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Low complexity digital perturbation back-propagation,” presented at the 37th Eur. Conf. Expo. on Optical Communications, Geneva, Switzerland, 2011, Paper Tu.3.A.2.

L. Li, Z. Tao, L. Dou, W. Yan, S. Oda, T. Tanimura, T. Hoshida, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Implementation efficient nonlinear equalizer based on correlated digital backpropagation,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2011, Paper OWW3.

Ogata, T.

Y. Huang, E. Mateo, M. Sato, D. Qian, F. Yaman, T. Inoue, Y. Inada, S. Zhang, Y. Aono, T. Tajima, T. Ogata, and Y. Aoki, “Real-time transoceanic transmission of 1-Tb/s nyquist superchannel at 2.86-b/s/Hz spectral efficiency,” presented at the Asia Communications and Photonics Conf.,  Guangzhou, China, 2012, Paper PAF4C.2.

T. Inoue, E. Mateo, F. Yaman, T. Wang, Y. Inada, T. Ogata, and Y. Aoki, “Low complexity nonlinearity compensation for 100 G DP-QPSK transmission over legacy NZ-DSF link with OOK channels,” presented at the Eur. Conf. and Expo. on Optical Communications, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 2012, Paper Mo.1.C.5.

S. Zhang, E. Mateo, L. Xu, M. Huang, F. Yaman, Y. Shao, T. Wang, Y. Inada, T. Inoue, T. Ogata, and Y. Aoki, “100 G upgrade over legacy submarine dispersion-managed fiber link using fiber nonlinearity compensation and maximum likelihood sequence estimation,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2012, Paper OTu2A.4.

Ohnuki, S.

M. Hirano, T. Haruna, Y. Tamura, T. Kawano, S. Ohnuki, Y. Yamamoto, Y. Koyano, and T. Sasaki, “Record low loss, record high FOM optical fiber with manufacturable process,” presented at theOptical Fiber Communication Conf., Anaheim, CA, USA, 2013, Paper PDP.A5.7.

Ohshima, C.

S. Oda, T. Tanimura, T. Hoshida, C. Ohshima, H. Nakashima, Z. Tao, and J. C. Rasmussen, “112 Gb/s DP-QPSK transmission using a novel nonlinear compensator in digital coherent receiver,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 2009, Paper OThR6.

Omiya, T.

K. Toyoda, Y. Koizumi, T. Omiya, M. Yoshida, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “Marked performance improvement of 256 QAM transmission using a digital back-propagation method,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, pp. 19815–19821, 2012.

Oyama, T.

H. Nakashima, T. Oyama, Y. Akiyama, S. Oda, L. Dou, Y. Fan, Z. Tao, T. Hoshida, and J. C. Rasmussen, “PMD and PDL tolerances of transmitter-side non-linear mitigation in 112 Gb/s DP-QPSK transmission,” presented at theEur. Conf. and Expo. on Optical Communications, Geneva, Switzerland, 2012, Paper We.3.C.5.

L. Dou, Z. Tao, Y. Akiyama, S. Oda, Y. Fan, T. Oyama, H. Nakashima, T. Hoshida, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Real-time 112Gb/s DWDM coherent transmission with 40% extended reach by transmitter-side low-complexity nonlinear mitigation,” presented at the Eur. Conf. and Expo. on Optical Communications, Geneva, Switzerland, 2012, Paper Th.1.D.3.

Papen, G. C.

M. H. Taghavi, G. C. Papen, and P. H. Siegel, “On the multiuser capacity of WDM in a nonlinear optical fiber: Coherent communication,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory, vol. 52, no. 11, pp. 5008–5022, 2006.

Patterson, W.

D. G. Foursa, Y. Cai, C. R. Davidson, A. Lucero, M. Mazurczyk, W. Patterson, O. Sinkin, W. Anderson, J.-X. Cai, G. Redington, M. Nissov, A. Pilipetskii, and N. S. Bergano, “Long-haul coherent QPSK transmission of 40 G channels with 120% spectral efficiency using increased linearity dispersion map with 100 km spans and EDFAs,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 2010, Paper OTuD2.

Pecham, D. W.

A. H. Gnauck, P. J. Winzer, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Zhu, and D. W. Pecham, “Spectrally efficient long-haul WDM transmission using 224-Gb/s polarization-multiplexed 16-QAM,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 373–377, 2011.

Peckham, D. W.

X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, B. Zhu, P. J. Winzer, A. H. Gnauck, and D. W. Peckham, “448-Gb/s reduced-guard-interval CO-OFDM transmission over 2000 km of ultra-large-area fiber and five 80-GHz-grid ROADMs,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 483–490, 2011.

Petermann, K.

F. Zhang, C. A. Bunge, K. Petermann, and A. Richter, “Optimum dispersion mapping of single-channel 40 Gbit/s return-to-zero differential phase-shift keying transmission systems,” Opt. Exp., vol. 14, pp. 6613–6618, 2006.

Pilipetskii, A.

D. G. Foursa, Y. Cai, C. R. Davidson, A. Lucero, M. Mazurczyk, W. Patterson, O. Sinkin, W. Anderson, J.-X. Cai, G. Redington, M. Nissov, A. Pilipetskii, and N. S. Bergano, “Long-haul coherent QPSK transmission of 40 G channels with 120% spectral efficiency using increased linearity dispersion map with 100 km spans and EDFAs,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 2010, Paper OTuD2.

Piyawanno, K.

M. Kuschnerov, F. N. Hauske, K. Piyawanno, B. Spinnler, M. S. Alfiad, A. Napoli, and B. Lankl, “DSP for coherent single-carrier receivers,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 27, no. 16, pp. 3614–3622, 2009.

Prilepsky, J. E.

J. E. Prilepsky, S. A. Derevyanko, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Nonlinear spectral management: Linearization of the lossless fiber channel,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, pp. 24344–24367, 2013.

Proakis, J. G.

J. G. Proakis and M. Salehi, Digital Communications, 5th ed. New York, NY, USA: McGraw-Hill, 2007.

Qian, D.

Y. Huang, E. Mateo, M. Sato, D. Qian, F. Yaman, T. Inoue, Y. Inada, S. Zhang, Y. Aono, T. Tajima, T. Ogata, and Y. Aoki, “Real-time transoceanic transmission of 1-Tb/s nyquist superchannel at 2.86-b/s/Hz spectral efficiency,” presented at the Asia Communications and Photonics Conf.,  Guangzhou, China, 2012, Paper PAF4C.2.

Radic, S.

E. Temprana, V. Ataie, B. P.-P. Kuo, E. Myslivets, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Low-noise parametric frequency comb for continuous C-plus-L-band 16-QAM channels generation,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, pp. 6822–6828, 2014.

V. Ataie, E. Myslivets, B. P.-P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Spectrally equalized frequency comb generation in multistage parametric mixer with nonlinear pulse shaping,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 840–846, 2014.

B. P.-P. Kuo, E. Myslivets, V. Ataie, E. G. Temprana, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Wideband parametric frequency comb as coherent optical carrier,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 31, no. 21, pp. 3414–3419, 2013.

E. Myslivets, B. P. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Generation of wideband frequency combs by continuous-wave seeding of multistage mixers with synthesized dispersion,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, pp. 3331–3344, 2012.

Z. Tong, A. O. J. Wiberg, E. Myslivets, B. P. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Spectral linewidth preservation in parametric frequency combs seeded by dual pumps,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, pp. 17610–17619, 2012.

B. P.-P. Kuo, E. Myslivets, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Wavelength multicasting via frequency comb generation in a bandwidth-enhanced fiber optical parametric mixer,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 29, no. 23, pp. 3515–3522, 2011.

C. J. McKinstrie, S. Radic, and A. R. Chraplyvy, “Parametric amplifiers driven by two pump waves,” IEEE Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 538–547, 2002.

S. Radic, “Forward, bi-directional and higher order Raman amplifiers,” in Raman Amplifiers for Telecommunications 1, vol. 90/1, M. Islam, Ed. New York, NY, USA: Springer, 2004.

N. Alic and S. Radic, “Optical frequency combs for telecom and datacom applications,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Francisco, CA, USA, 2014, Paper W4E.4.

V. Ataie, E. Temprana, L. Liu, Y. Myslivets, P. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Flex-grid compatible ultra wide frequency comb source for 31.8 Tb/s coherent transmission of 1520 UDWDM channels,” presented at theOptical Fiber Communication Conf., San Francisco, CA, USA, 2014, Paper Th5B.7.

Rafique, D.

D. Rafique and A. D. Ellis, “Various nonlinearity mitigation techniques employing optical and electronic approaches,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 23, no. 23, pp. 1838–1840, 2011.

D. Rafique, M. Mussolin, J. Mårtensson, M. Forzati, J. K. Fischer, L. Molle, M. Nölle, C. Schubert, and A. D. Ellis, “Polarization multiplexed 16 QAM transmission employing modified digital back-propagation,” Opt. Exp., vol. 19, pp. B805–B810, 2011.

D. Rafique and A.D. Ellis, “Impact of signal-ASE four-wave mixing on the effectiveness of digital back-propagation in 112 Gb/s PM-QPSK systems,” Opt. Exp., vol. 19, pp. 3449–3454, 2011.

D. Rafique, J. Zhao, and A. D. Ellis, “Digital back-propagation for spectrally efficient WDM 112 Gbit/s PM m-ary QAM transmission,” Opt. Exp., vol. 19, pp. 5219–5224, 2011.

D. Rafique and A. D. Ellis, “Nonlinearity compensation in multi-rate 28 Gbaud WDM systems employing optical and digital techniques under diverse link configurations,” Opt. Exp., vol. 19, pp. 16919–16926, 2011.

Rasmussen, J. C.

Z. Tao, L. Dou, W. Yan, L. Li, T. Hoshida, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Multiplier-free intrachannel nonlinearity compensating algorithm operating at symbol rate,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 29, no. 17, pp. 2570–2576, 2011.

L. Li, Z. Tao, L. Dou, W. Yan, S. Oda, T. Tanimura, T. Hoshida, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Implementation efficient nonlinear equalizer based on correlated digital backpropagation,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2011, Paper OWW3.

T. Tanimura, S. Oda, T. Hoshida, L. Li, Z. Tao, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Experimental characterization of nonlinearity mitigation by digital back propagation and nonlinear polarization crosstalk canceller under high PMD condition,” presented at theOptical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2011, Paper JWA020.

H. Nakashima, T. Oyama, Y. Akiyama, S. Oda, L. Dou, Y. Fan, Z. Tao, T. Hoshida, and J. C. Rasmussen, “PMD and PDL tolerances of transmitter-side non-linear mitigation in 112 Gb/s DP-QPSK transmission,” presented at theEur. Conf. and Expo. on Optical Communications, Geneva, Switzerland, 2012, Paper We.3.C.5.

W. Yan, Z. Tao, L. Dou, L. Li, S. Oda, T. Tanimura, T. Hoshida, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Low complexity digital perturbation back-propagation,” presented at the 37th Eur. Conf. Expo. on Optical Communications, Geneva, Switzerland, 2011, Paper Tu.3.A.2.

T. Tanimura, T. Hoshida, T. Tanaka, L. Li, S. Oda, H. Nakashima, Z. Tao, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Semi-blind nonlinear equalization in coherent multi-span transmission system with inhomogeneous span parameters,” presented at theOptical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 2010, Paper OMR6.

S. Oda, T. Tanimura, T. Hoshida, C. Ohshima, H. Nakashima, Z. Tao, and J. C. Rasmussen, “112 Gb/s DP-QPSK transmission using a novel nonlinear compensator in digital coherent receiver,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 2009, Paper OThR6.

L. Li, Z. Tao, L. Liu, W. Yan, S. Oda, T. Hoshida, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Nonlinear polarization crosstalk canceller for dual-polarization digital coherent receivers,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 2010, Paper OWE3.

L. Dou, Z. Tao, Y. Akiyama, S. Oda, Y. Fan, T. Oyama, H. Nakashima, T. Hoshida, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Real-time 112Gb/s DWDM coherent transmission with 40% extended reach by transmitter-side low-complexity nonlinear mitigation,” presented at the Eur. Conf. and Expo. on Optical Communications, Geneva, Switzerland, 2012, Paper Th.1.D.3.

Raybon, G.

R.-J. Essiambre, G. Raybon, and B. Mikkelsen, “Pseudo linear transmission of high-speed TDM signals,” in Fibero Optic Telecommunication IVB, I. Kaminow, T. Li, Eds. San Diego, CA, USA: Academic Press, 2002.

Redington, G.

D. G. Foursa, Y. Cai, C. R. Davidson, A. Lucero, M. Mazurczyk, W. Patterson, O. Sinkin, W. Anderson, J.-X. Cai, G. Redington, M. Nissov, A. Pilipetskii, and N. S. Bergano, “Long-haul coherent QPSK transmission of 40 G channels with 120% spectral efficiency using increased linearity dispersion map with 100 km spans and EDFAs,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 2010, Paper OTuD2.

Richter, A.

F. Zhang, C. A. Bunge, K. Petermann, and A. Richter, “Optimum dispersion mapping of single-channel 40 Gbit/s return-to-zero differential phase-shift keying transmission systems,” Opt. Exp., vol. 14, pp. 6613–6618, 2006.

Roberts, K.

Y. Gao, J. C. Cartledge, A. S. Karar, S. S.-H. Yam, M. O’Sullivan, C. Laperle, A. Borowiec, and K. Roberts, “Reducing the complexity of perturbation based nonlinearity pre-compensation using symmetric EDC and pulse shaping,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, pp. 1209–1219, 2014.

K. Roberts, M. O’Sullivan, K.-T. Wu, H. Sun, A. Awadalla, D. J. Krause, and C. Laperle, “Performance of dual-polarization QPSK for optical transport systems,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 27, no. 16, pp. 3546–3559, 2009.

D. McGhan, M. O’Sullivan, C. Bontu, and K. Roberts, “Electronic dispersion compensation,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Anaheim, CA, USA, 2006, Paper OWK1.

Y. Gao, A. S. Karar, J. C. Cartledge, S. Yam, M. O’Sullivan, C. Laperle, A. Borowiec, and K. Roberts, “Simplified nonlinearity pre-compensation using a modified summation criteria and non-uniform power profile,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Francisco, CA, USA, 2014, Paper Tu3A.6.

Saha, M.

M. Saha and A. K. Sarma, “Solitary wave solutions and modulation instability analysis of the nonlinear Schrodinger equation with higher order dispersion and nonlinear terms,” Commun. Nonlinear Sci. Numer. Simulat., vol. 18, pp. 2420–2425, 2013.

Salehi, M.

J. G. Proakis and M. Salehi, Digital Communications, 5th ed. New York, NY, USA: McGraw-Hill, 2007.

Sarma, A. K.

M. Saha and A. K. Sarma, “Solitary wave solutions and modulation instability analysis of the nonlinear Schrodinger equation with higher order dispersion and nonlinear terms,” Commun. Nonlinear Sci. Numer. Simulat., vol. 18, pp. 2420–2425, 2013.

Sasaki, T.

M. Hirano, T. Haruna, Y. Tamura, T. Kawano, S. Ohnuki, Y. Yamamoto, Y. Koyano, and T. Sasaki, “Record low loss, record high FOM optical fiber with manufacturable process,” presented at theOptical Fiber Communication Conf., Anaheim, CA, USA, 2013, Paper PDP.A5.7.

Sato, M.

Y. Huang, E. Mateo, M. Sato, D. Qian, F. Yaman, T. Inoue, Y. Inada, S. Zhang, Y. Aono, T. Tajima, T. Ogata, and Y. Aoki, “Real-time transoceanic transmission of 1-Tb/s nyquist superchannel at 2.86-b/s/Hz spectral efficiency,” presented at the Asia Communications and Photonics Conf.,  Guangzhou, China, 2012, Paper PAF4C.2.

Savory, S. J.

S. J. Savory, G. Gavioli, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Electronic compensation of chromatic dispersion using a digital coherent receiver,” Opt. Exp., vol. 15, pp. 2120–2126, 2007.

Scheerer, C.

C. Fürst, C. Scheerer, G. Mohs, J.-P. Elbers, and C. Glingener, “Influence of the dispersion map on limitations due to cross-phase modulation in WDM multispan transmission systems,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Anaheim, CA, USA, 2001, Paper MF4.

Schenk, T. C.

Schmidt, B. J. C.

B. J. C. Schmidt, A. J. Lowery, and J. Armstrong, “Experimental demonstrations of electronic dispersion compensation for long-haul transmission using direct-detection optical OFDM,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 196–203, 2008.

Schmidt, E.-D.

C. R. S. Fludger, T. Duthel, D. van den Borne, C. Schulien, E.-D. Schmidt, T. Wuth, J. Geyer, E. De Man, G.-D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Coherent equalization and POLMUX-RZ-DQPSK for robust 100-GE transmission,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 64–72, 2008.

Schubert, C.

D. Rafique, M. Mussolin, J. Mårtensson, M. Forzati, J. K. Fischer, L. Molle, M. Nölle, C. Schubert, and A. D. Ellis, “Polarization multiplexed 16 QAM transmission employing modified digital back-propagation,” Opt. Exp., vol. 19, pp. B805–B810, 2011.

Schulien, C.

C. R. S. Fludger, T. Duthel, D. van den Borne, C. Schulien, E.-D. Schmidt, T. Wuth, J. Geyer, E. De Man, G.-D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Coherent equalization and POLMUX-RZ-DQPSK for robust 100-GE transmission,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 64–72, 2008.

Seeds, A. J.

A. J. Seeds, “Microwave photonics,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech., vol. 50, no. 3, pp. 877–887, 2002.

Shannon, C. E.

C. E. Shannon, “A mathematical theory of communication,” Bell Syst. Tech. J., vol. 27, pp. 379–423, 1948.

Shao, Y.

S. Zhang, E. Mateo, L. Xu, M. Huang, F. Yaman, Y. Shao, T. Wang, Y. Inada, T. Inoue, T. Ogata, and Y. Aoki, “100 G upgrade over legacy submarine dispersion-managed fiber link using fiber nonlinearity compensation and maximum likelihood sequence estimation,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2012, Paper OTu2A.4.

Shaw, H. J.

Shieh, W.

G. Gao, X. Chen, and W. Shieh, “Influence of PMD on fiber nonlinearity compensation using digital back propagation,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, pp. 14406–14418, 2012.

Shulkind, G.

G. Shulkind and M. Nazarathy, “Nonlinear digital back propagation compensator for coherent optical OFDM based on factorizing the volterra series transfer function,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, pp. 13145–13161, 2013.

Siegel, P. H.

M. H. Taghavi, G. C. Papen, and P. H. Siegel, “On the multiuser capacity of WDM in a nonlinear optical fiber: Coherent communication,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory, vol. 52, no. 11, pp. 5008–5022, 2006.

Sinha, P.

G. M. Carter, R. Mu, V. Grigoryan, P. Sinha, C. R. Menyuk, T. F. Carruthers, M. L. Dennis, and I. N. Duling, “20 Gb/s transmission of dispersion-managed solitons over 20,000 km,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 1999, Paper WC1.

Sinkin, O.

D. G. Foursa, Y. Cai, C. R. Davidson, A. Lucero, M. Mazurczyk, W. Patterson, O. Sinkin, W. Anderson, J.-X. Cai, G. Redington, M. Nissov, A. Pilipetskii, and N. S. Bergano, “Long-haul coherent QPSK transmission of 40 G channels with 120% spectral efficiency using increased linearity dispersion map with 100 km spans and EDFAs,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 2010, Paper OTuD2.

Smith, K.

Spinnler, B.

M. Kuschnerov, F. N. Hauske, K. Piyawanno, B. Spinnler, M. S. Alfiad, A. Napoli, and B. Lankl, “DSP for coherent single-carrier receivers,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 27, no. 16, pp. 3614–3622, 2009.

Stark, J. B.

P. P. Mitra and J. B. Stark, “Nonlinear limits to the information capacity of optical fibre communications,” Nature, vol. 411, pp. 1027–1030, 2001.

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B. Zhu, L. Leng, L. E. Nelson, S. Stulz, T. N. Nielsen, and D. A. Fishman, “Experimental investigation of dispersion maps for 40 × 10 Gb/s transmission over 1600 km of fiber with 100-km spans employing distributed Raman amplification,” presented at theOptical Fiber Communication Conf., Anaheim, CA, USA, 2001, Paper TuN3.

Sun, H.

K. Roberts, M. O’Sullivan, K.-T. Wu, H. Sun, A. Awadalla, D. J. Krause, and C. Laperle, “Performance of dual-polarization QPSK for optical transport systems,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 27, no. 16, pp. 3546–3559, 2009.

Taghavi, M. H.

M. H. Taghavi, G. C. Papen, and P. H. Siegel, “On the multiuser capacity of WDM in a nonlinear optical fiber: Coherent communication,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory, vol. 52, no. 11, pp. 5008–5022, 2006.

Tajima, T.

Y. Huang, E. Mateo, M. Sato, D. Qian, F. Yaman, T. Inoue, Y. Inada, S. Zhang, Y. Aono, T. Tajima, T. Ogata, and Y. Aoki, “Real-time transoceanic transmission of 1-Tb/s nyquist superchannel at 2.86-b/s/Hz spectral efficiency,” presented at the Asia Communications and Photonics Conf.,  Guangzhou, China, 2012, Paper PAF4C.2.

Takada, A.

E. Yamazaki, F. Inuzuka, K. Yonenaga, A. Takada, and M. Koga, “Compensation of interchannel crosstalk induced by optical fiber nonlinearity in carrier phase-locked WDM system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 9–11, 2007.

Tamura, Y.

M. Hirano, T. Haruna, Y. Tamura, T. Kawano, S. Ohnuki, Y. Yamamoto, Y. Koyano, and T. Sasaki, “Record low loss, record high FOM optical fiber with manufacturable process,” presented at theOptical Fiber Communication Conf., Anaheim, CA, USA, 2013, Paper PDP.A5.7.

Tanaka, H.

Tanaka, T.

T. Tanimura, T. Hoshida, T. Tanaka, L. Li, S. Oda, H. Nakashima, Z. Tao, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Semi-blind nonlinear equalization in coherent multi-span transmission system with inhomogeneous span parameters,” presented at theOptical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 2010, Paper OMR6.

Tang, J.

J. Tang, “The shannon channel capacity of dispersion-free nonlinear optical fiber transmission,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 19, no. 8, pp. 1104–1109, 2001.

Tanimura, T.

S. Oda, T. Tanimura, T. Hoshida, C. Ohshima, H. Nakashima, Z. Tao, and J. C. Rasmussen, “112 Gb/s DP-QPSK transmission using a novel nonlinear compensator in digital coherent receiver,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 2009, Paper OThR6.

T. Tanimura, T. Hoshida, T. Tanaka, L. Li, S. Oda, H. Nakashima, Z. Tao, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Semi-blind nonlinear equalization in coherent multi-span transmission system with inhomogeneous span parameters,” presented at theOptical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 2010, Paper OMR6.

T. Tanimura, S. Oda, T. Hoshida, L. Li, Z. Tao, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Experimental characterization of nonlinearity mitigation by digital back propagation and nonlinear polarization crosstalk canceller under high PMD condition,” presented at theOptical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2011, Paper JWA020.

L. Li, Z. Tao, L. Dou, W. Yan, S. Oda, T. Tanimura, T. Hoshida, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Implementation efficient nonlinear equalizer based on correlated digital backpropagation,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2011, Paper OWW3.

W. Yan, Z. Tao, L. Dou, L. Li, S. Oda, T. Tanimura, T. Hoshida, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Low complexity digital perturbation back-propagation,” presented at the 37th Eur. Conf. Expo. on Optical Communications, Geneva, Switzerland, 2011, Paper Tu.3.A.2.

Tao, Z.

Z. Tao, L. Dou, W. Yan, L. Li, T. Hoshida, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Multiplier-free intrachannel nonlinearity compensating algorithm operating at symbol rate,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 29, no. 17, pp. 2570–2576, 2011.

T. Tanimura, S. Oda, T. Hoshida, L. Li, Z. Tao, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Experimental characterization of nonlinearity mitigation by digital back propagation and nonlinear polarization crosstalk canceller under high PMD condition,” presented at theOptical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2011, Paper JWA020.

W. Yan, Z. Tao, L. Dou, L. Li, S. Oda, T. Tanimura, T. Hoshida, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Low complexity digital perturbation back-propagation,” presented at the 37th Eur. Conf. Expo. on Optical Communications, Geneva, Switzerland, 2011, Paper Tu.3.A.2.

H. Nakashima, T. Oyama, Y. Akiyama, S. Oda, L. Dou, Y. Fan, Z. Tao, T. Hoshida, and J. C. Rasmussen, “PMD and PDL tolerances of transmitter-side non-linear mitigation in 112 Gb/s DP-QPSK transmission,” presented at theEur. Conf. and Expo. on Optical Communications, Geneva, Switzerland, 2012, Paper We.3.C.5.

L. Dou, Z. Tao, Y. Akiyama, S. Oda, Y. Fan, T. Oyama, H. Nakashima, T. Hoshida, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Real-time 112Gb/s DWDM coherent transmission with 40% extended reach by transmitter-side low-complexity nonlinear mitigation,” presented at the Eur. Conf. and Expo. on Optical Communications, Geneva, Switzerland, 2012, Paper Th.1.D.3.

L. Li, Z. Tao, L. Dou, W. Yan, S. Oda, T. Tanimura, T. Hoshida, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Implementation efficient nonlinear equalizer based on correlated digital backpropagation,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2011, Paper OWW3.

L. Li, Z. Tao, L. Liu, W. Yan, S. Oda, T. Hoshida, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Nonlinear polarization crosstalk canceller for dual-polarization digital coherent receivers,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 2010, Paper OWE3.

S. Oda, T. Tanimura, T. Hoshida, C. Ohshima, H. Nakashima, Z. Tao, and J. C. Rasmussen, “112 Gb/s DP-QPSK transmission using a novel nonlinear compensator in digital coherent receiver,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 2009, Paper OThR6.

T. Tanimura, T. Hoshida, T. Tanaka, L. Li, S. Oda, H. Nakashima, Z. Tao, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Semi-blind nonlinear equalization in coherent multi-span transmission system with inhomogeneous span parameters,” presented at theOptical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 2010, Paper OMR6.

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M. G. Taylor, “Coherent detection method using DSP for demodulation of signal and subsequent equalization of propagation impairments,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 674–676, 2004.

Temprana, E.

E. Temprana, V. Ataie, B. P.-P. Kuo, E. Myslivets, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Low-noise parametric frequency comb for continuous C-plus-L-band 16-QAM channels generation,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, pp. 6822–6828, 2014.

V. Ataie, E. Temprana, L. Liu, Y. Myslivets, P. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Flex-grid compatible ultra wide frequency comb source for 31.8 Tb/s coherent transmission of 1520 UDWDM channels,” presented at theOptical Fiber Communication Conf., San Francisco, CA, USA, 2014, Paper Th5B.7.

Temprana, E. G.

B. P.-P. Kuo, E. Myslivets, V. Ataie, E. G. Temprana, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Wideband parametric frequency comb as coherent optical carrier,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 31, no. 21, pp. 3414–3419, 2013.

Tong, Z.

Z. Tong, A. O. J. Wiberg, E. Myslivets, B. P. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Spectral linewidth preservation in parametric frequency combs seeded by dual pumps,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, pp. 17610–17619, 2012.

Toyoda, K.

K. Toyoda, Y. Koizumi, T. Omiya, M. Yoshida, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “Marked performance improvement of 256 QAM transmission using a digital back-propagation method,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, pp. 19815–19821, 2012.

Turitsyn, K. S.

K. S. Turitsyn, S. A. Derevyanko, I. V. Yurkevich, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Information capacity of optical fiber channels with zero average dispersion,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 91, no. 20, p. 203901, 2003.

Turitsyn, S. K.

E. G. Turitsyna and S. K. Turitsyn, “Digital signal processing based on inverse scattering transform,” Opt. Lett., vol. 38, pp. 4186–4188, 2013.

J. E. Prilepsky, S. A. Derevyanko, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Nonlinear spectral management: Linearization of the lossless fiber channel,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, pp. 24344–24367, 2013.

R. Bhamber, C. French, S. K. Turitsyn, V. Mezentsev, W. Forysiak, and J. H. B. Nijhof, “Lumped dispersion mapping and performance margins in existing SMF-DCF terrestrial links,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 7, pp. 106–110, 2008.

K. S. Turitsyn, S. A. Derevyanko, I. V. Yurkevich, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Information capacity of optical fiber channels with zero average dispersion,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 91, no. 20, p. 203901, 2003.

B. Marks, W. L. Kath, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Dispersion maps with optimized amplifier placement for wavelength-division-multiplexing,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Baltimore,  MD, USA, 2000, Paper WA7.

Turitsyna, E. G.

van den Borne, D.

C. R. S. Fludger, T. Duthel, D. van den Borne, C. Schulien, E.-D. Schmidt, T. Wuth, J. Geyer, E. De Man, G.-D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Coherent equalization and POLMUX-RZ-DQPSK for robust 100-GE transmission,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 64–72, 2008.

Vasic, B.

I. Djordjevic, B. Vasic, M. Ivkovic, and I. Gabitov, “Achievable information rates for high-speed long-haul optical transmission,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 23, no. 11, pp. 3755–3763, 2005.

Veng, T.

Wang, T.

S. Zhang, E. Mateo, L. Xu, M. Huang, F. Yaman, Y. Shao, T. Wang, Y. Inada, T. Inoue, T. Ogata, and Y. Aoki, “100 G upgrade over legacy submarine dispersion-managed fiber link using fiber nonlinearity compensation and maximum likelihood sequence estimation,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2012, Paper OTu2A.4.

T. Inoue, E. Mateo, F. Yaman, T. Wang, Y. Inada, T. Ogata, and Y. Aoki, “Low complexity nonlinearity compensation for 100 G DP-QPSK transmission over legacy NZ-DSF link with OOK channels,” presented at the Eur. Conf. and Expo. on Optical Communications, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 2012, Paper Mo.1.C.5.

Wiberg, A. O. J.

Z. Tong, A. O. J. Wiberg, E. Myslivets, B. P. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Spectral linewidth preservation in parametric frequency combs seeded by dual pumps,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, pp. 17610–17619, 2012.

Winzer, P. J.

A. H. Gnauck, P. J. Winzer, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Zhu, and D. W. Pecham, “Spectrally efficient long-haul WDM transmission using 224-Gb/s polarization-multiplexed 16-QAM,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 373–377, 2011.

X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, B. Zhu, P. J. Winzer, A. H. Gnauck, and D. W. Peckham, “448-Gb/s reduced-guard-interval CO-OFDM transmission over 2000 km of ultra-large-area fiber and five 80-GHz-grid ROADMs,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 483–490, 2011.

R.-J. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. J. Winzer, G. J. Foschini, and B. Goebel, “Capacity limits of optical fiber networks,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 662–701, 2010.

R.-J. Essiambre, G. J. Foschini, G. Kramer, and P. J. Winzer, “Capacity limits of information transport in fiber-optic networks,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 101, p. 163901, 2008.

Wu, K.-T.

K. Roberts, M. O’Sullivan, K.-T. Wu, H. Sun, A. Awadalla, D. J. Krause, and C. Laperle, “Performance of dual-polarization QPSK for optical transport systems,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 27, no. 16, pp. 3546–3559, 2009.

Wuth, T.

C. R. S. Fludger, T. Duthel, D. van den Borne, C. Schulien, E.-D. Schmidt, T. Wuth, J. Geyer, E. De Man, G.-D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Coherent equalization and POLMUX-RZ-DQPSK for robust 100-GE transmission,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 64–72, 2008.

Xu, A.

X. Li, F. Zhang, Z. Chen, and A. Xu, “Suppression of XPM and XPM-induced nonlinear phase noise for RZ-DPSK signals in 40 Gbit/s WDM transmission systems with optimum dispersion mapping,” Opt. Exp., vol. 15, pp. 18247–18252, 2007.

Xu, L.

S. Zhang, E. Mateo, L. Xu, M. Huang, F. Yaman, Y. Shao, T. Wang, Y. Inada, T. Inoue, T. Ogata, and Y. Aoki, “100 G upgrade over legacy submarine dispersion-managed fiber link using fiber nonlinearity compensation and maximum likelihood sequence estimation,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2012, Paper OTu2A.4.

Yam, S.

Y. Gao, A. S. Karar, J. C. Cartledge, S. Yam, M. O’Sullivan, C. Laperle, A. Borowiec, and K. Roberts, “Simplified nonlinearity pre-compensation using a modified summation criteria and non-uniform power profile,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Francisco, CA, USA, 2014, Paper Tu3A.6.

Yam, S. S.-H.

Y. Gao, J. C. Cartledge, A. S. Karar, S. S.-H. Yam, M. O’Sullivan, C. Laperle, A. Borowiec, and K. Roberts, “Reducing the complexity of perturbation based nonlinearity pre-compensation using symmetric EDC and pulse shaping,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, pp. 1209–1219, 2014.

Yamamoto, Y.

M. Hirano, T. Haruna, Y. Tamura, T. Kawano, S. Ohnuki, Y. Yamamoto, Y. Koyano, and T. Sasaki, “Record low loss, record high FOM optical fiber with manufacturable process,” presented at theOptical Fiber Communication Conf., Anaheim, CA, USA, 2013, Paper PDP.A5.7.

Yaman, F.

E. F. Mateo, F. Yaman, and G. Li, “Efficient compensation of inter-channel nonlinear effects via digital backward propagation in WDM optical transmission,” Opt. Exp., vol. 18, pp. 15144–15154, 2010.

T. Inoue, E. Mateo, F. Yaman, T. Wang, Y. Inada, T. Ogata, and Y. Aoki, “Low complexity nonlinearity compensation for 100 G DP-QPSK transmission over legacy NZ-DSF link with OOK channels,” presented at the Eur. Conf. and Expo. on Optical Communications, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 2012, Paper Mo.1.C.5.

S. Zhang, E. Mateo, L. Xu, M. Huang, F. Yaman, Y. Shao, T. Wang, Y. Inada, T. Inoue, T. Ogata, and Y. Aoki, “100 G upgrade over legacy submarine dispersion-managed fiber link using fiber nonlinearity compensation and maximum likelihood sequence estimation,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2012, Paper OTu2A.4.

Y. Huang, E. Mateo, M. Sato, D. Qian, F. Yaman, T. Inoue, Y. Inada, S. Zhang, Y. Aono, T. Tajima, T. Ogata, and Y. Aoki, “Real-time transoceanic transmission of 1-Tb/s nyquist superchannel at 2.86-b/s/Hz spectral efficiency,” presented at the Asia Communications and Photonics Conf.,  Guangzhou, China, 2012, Paper PAF4C.2.

Yamazaki, E.

E. Yamazaki, F. Inuzuka, K. Yonenaga, A. Takada, and M. Koga, “Compensation of interchannel crosstalk induced by optical fiber nonlinearity in carrier phase-locked WDM system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 9–11, 2007.

Yan, W.

Z. Tao, L. Dou, W. Yan, L. Li, T. Hoshida, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Multiplier-free intrachannel nonlinearity compensating algorithm operating at symbol rate,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 29, no. 17, pp. 2570–2576, 2011.

W. Yan, Z. Tao, L. Dou, L. Li, S. Oda, T. Tanimura, T. Hoshida, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Low complexity digital perturbation back-propagation,” presented at the 37th Eur. Conf. Expo. on Optical Communications, Geneva, Switzerland, 2011, Paper Tu.3.A.2.

L. Li, Z. Tao, L. Dou, W. Yan, S. Oda, T. Tanimura, T. Hoshida, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Implementation efficient nonlinear equalizer based on correlated digital backpropagation,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2011, Paper OWW3.

L. Li, Z. Tao, L. Liu, W. Yan, S. Oda, T. Hoshida, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Nonlinear polarization crosstalk canceller for dual-polarization digital coherent receivers,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 2010, Paper OWE3.

Yang, J.

J. Yang and K. R. Akylas, “Continuous families of embedded solitons in the third order nonlinear schrodinger equation,” Stud. Appl. Math., vol. 111, pp. 359–375, 2003.

Yonenaga, K.

E. Yamazaki, F. Inuzuka, K. Yonenaga, A. Takada, and M. Koga, “Compensation of interchannel crosstalk induced by optical fiber nonlinearity in carrier phase-locked WDM system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 9–11, 2007.

Yoshida, M.

K. Toyoda, Y. Koizumi, T. Omiya, M. Yoshida, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “Marked performance improvement of 256 QAM transmission using a digital back-propagation method,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, pp. 19815–19821, 2012.

Yurkevich, I. V.

K. S. Turitsyn, S. A. Derevyanko, I. V. Yurkevich, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Information capacity of optical fiber channels with zero average dispersion,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 91, no. 20, p. 203901, 2003.

Zhang, F.

X. Li, F. Zhang, Z. Chen, and A. Xu, “Suppression of XPM and XPM-induced nonlinear phase noise for RZ-DPSK signals in 40 Gbit/s WDM transmission systems with optimum dispersion mapping,” Opt. Exp., vol. 15, pp. 18247–18252, 2007.

F. Zhang, C. A. Bunge, K. Petermann, and A. Richter, “Optimum dispersion mapping of single-channel 40 Gbit/s return-to-zero differential phase-shift keying transmission systems,” Opt. Exp., vol. 14, pp. 6613–6618, 2006.

Zhang, S.

S. Zhang, E. Mateo, L. Xu, M. Huang, F. Yaman, Y. Shao, T. Wang, Y. Inada, T. Inoue, T. Ogata, and Y. Aoki, “100 G upgrade over legacy submarine dispersion-managed fiber link using fiber nonlinearity compensation and maximum likelihood sequence estimation,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2012, Paper OTu2A.4.

Y. Huang, E. Mateo, M. Sato, D. Qian, F. Yaman, T. Inoue, Y. Inada, S. Zhang, Y. Aono, T. Tajima, T. Ogata, and Y. Aoki, “Real-time transoceanic transmission of 1-Tb/s nyquist superchannel at 2.86-b/s/Hz spectral efficiency,” presented at the Asia Communications and Photonics Conf.,  Guangzhou, China, 2012, Paper PAF4C.2.

Zhao, J.

D. Rafique, J. Zhao, and A. D. Ellis, “Digital back-propagation for spectrally efficient WDM 112 Gbit/s PM m-ary QAM transmission,” Opt. Exp., vol. 19, pp. 5219–5224, 2011.

A. D. Ellis, J. Zhao, and D. Cotter, “Approaching the non-linear Shannon limit,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 423–433, 2010.

Zhou, X.

E. F. Mateo, X. Zhou, and G. Li, “Improved digital backward propagation for the compensation of inter-channel nonlinear effects in polarization-multiplexed WDM systems,” Opt. Exp., vol. 19, pp. 570–583, 2011.

Zhu, B.

X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, B. Zhu, P. J. Winzer, A. H. Gnauck, and D. W. Peckham, “448-Gb/s reduced-guard-interval CO-OFDM transmission over 2000 km of ultra-large-area fiber and five 80-GHz-grid ROADMs,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 483–490, 2011.

A. H. Gnauck, P. J. Winzer, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Zhu, and D. W. Pecham, “Spectrally efficient long-haul WDM transmission using 224-Gb/s polarization-multiplexed 16-QAM,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 373–377, 2011.

B. Zhu, L. Leng, L. E. Nelson, S. Stulz, T. N. Nielsen, and D. A. Fishman, “Experimental investigation of dispersion maps for 40 × 10 Gb/s transmission over 1600 km of fiber with 100-km spans employing distributed Raman amplification,” presented at theOptical Fiber Communication Conf., Anaheim, CA, USA, 2001, Paper TuN3.

Zhu, L.

L. Zhu and G. Li, “Nonlinearity compensation using dispersion-folded digital backward propagation,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, pp. 14362–14370, 2012.

L. Zhu and G. Li, “Nonlinearity compensation using dispersion-folded digital backward propagation,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, no. 13, pp. 14362–14370, 2012.

L. Zhu and G. Li, “Folded digital backward propagation for dispersion-managed fiber-optic transmission,” Opt. Exp., vol. 19, pp. 5953–5959, 2011.

E. Mateo, L. Zhu, and G. Li, “Impact of XPM and FWM on the digital implementation of impairment compensation for WDM transmission using backward propagation,” Opt. Exp., vol. 16, no. 20, pp. 16124–16137, 2008.

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X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, B. Zhu, P. J. Winzer, A. H. Gnauck, and D. W. Peckham, “448-Gb/s reduced-guard-interval CO-OFDM transmission over 2000 km of ultra-large-area fiber and five 80-GHz-grid ROADMs,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 483–490, 2011.

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X. Li, F. Zhang, Z. Chen, and A. Xu, “Suppression of XPM and XPM-induced nonlinear phase noise for RZ-DPSK signals in 40 Gbit/s WDM transmission systems with optimum dispersion mapping,” Opt. Exp., vol. 15, pp. 18247–18252, 2007.

F. Zhang, C. A. Bunge, K. Petermann, and A. Richter, “Optimum dispersion mapping of single-channel 40 Gbit/s return-to-zero differential phase-shift keying transmission systems,” Opt. Exp., vol. 14, pp. 6613–6618, 2006.

D. Rafique, M. Mussolin, J. Mårtensson, M. Forzati, J. K. Fischer, L. Molle, M. Nölle, C. Schubert, and A. D. Ellis, “Polarization multiplexed 16 QAM transmission employing modified digital back-propagation,” Opt. Exp., vol. 19, pp. B805–B810, 2011.

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D. Rafique, J. Zhao, and A. D. Ellis, “Digital back-propagation for spectrally efficient WDM 112 Gbit/s PM m-ary QAM transmission,” Opt. Exp., vol. 19, pp. 5219–5224, 2011.

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L. Zhu and G. Li, “Nonlinearity compensation using dispersion-folded digital backward propagation,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, no. 13, pp. 14362–14370, 2012.

L. Zhu and G. Li, “Folded digital backward propagation for dispersion-managed fiber-optic transmission,” Opt. Exp., vol. 19, pp. 5953–5959, 2011.

E. F. Mateo, X. Zhou, and G. Li, “Improved digital backward propagation for the compensation of inter-channel nonlinear effects in polarization-multiplexed WDM systems,” Opt. Exp., vol. 19, pp. 570–583, 2011.

L. Zhu and G. Li, “Nonlinearity compensation using dispersion-folded digital backward propagation,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, pp. 14362–14370, 2012.

E. F. Mateo, F. Yaman, and G. Li, “Efficient compensation of inter-channel nonlinear effects via digital backward propagation in WDM optical transmission,” Opt. Exp., vol. 18, pp. 15144–15154, 2010.

E. Myslivets, B. P. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Generation of wideband frequency combs by continuous-wave seeding of multistage mixers with synthesized dispersion,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, pp. 3331–3344, 2012.

Y. Gao, J. C. Cartledge, A. S. Karar, S. S.-H. Yam, M. O’Sullivan, C. Laperle, A. Borowiec, and K. Roberts, “Reducing the complexity of perturbation based nonlinearity pre-compensation using symmetric EDC and pulse shaping,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, pp. 1209–1219, 2014.

K. Toyoda, Y. Koizumi, T. Omiya, M. Yoshida, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “Marked performance improvement of 256 QAM transmission using a digital back-propagation method,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, pp. 19815–19821, 2012.

G. Shulkind and M. Nazarathy, “Nonlinear digital back propagation compensator for coherent optical OFDM based on factorizing the volterra series transfer function,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, pp. 13145–13161, 2013.

Y. Bao, Z. Li, J. Li, X. Feng, B. Guan, and G. Li, “Nonlinearity mitigation for high-speed optical OFDM transmitters using digital pre-distortion,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, pp. 7354–7361, 2013.

G. Gao, X. Chen, and W. Shieh, “Influence of PMD on fiber nonlinearity compensation using digital back propagation,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, pp. 14406–14418, 2012.

E. Mateo, L. Zhu, and G. Li, “Impact of XPM and FWM on the digital implementation of impairment compensation for WDM transmission using backward propagation,” Opt. Exp., vol. 16, no. 20, pp. 16124–16137, 2008.

Z. Tong, A. O. J. Wiberg, E. Myslivets, B. P. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Spectral linewidth preservation in parametric frequency combs seeded by dual pumps,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, pp. 17610–17619, 2012.

E. Temprana, V. Ataie, B. P.-P. Kuo, E. Myslivets, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Low-noise parametric frequency comb for continuous C-plus-L-band 16-QAM channels generation,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, pp. 6822–6828, 2014.

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K. S. Turitsyn, S. A. Derevyanko, I. V. Yurkevich, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Information capacity of optical fiber channels with zero average dispersion,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 91, no. 20, p. 203901, 2003.

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V. Ataie, E. Temprana, L. Liu, Y. Myslivets, P. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Flex-grid compatible ultra wide frequency comb source for 31.8 Tb/s coherent transmission of 1520 UDWDM channels,” presented at theOptical Fiber Communication Conf., San Francisco, CA, USA, 2014, Paper Th5B.7.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 2nd ed. San Diego, CA, USA: Academic Press, 1995.

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R. Courant and D. Hilbert, Methods of Mathematical Physics. New York, NY, USA: Willey, 1989.

J. G. Proakis and M. Salehi, Digital Communications, 5th ed. New York, NY, USA: McGraw-Hill, 2007.

S. Zhang, E. Mateo, L. Xu, M. Huang, F. Yaman, Y. Shao, T. Wang, Y. Inada, T. Inoue, T. Ogata, and Y. Aoki, “100 G upgrade over legacy submarine dispersion-managed fiber link using fiber nonlinearity compensation and maximum likelihood sequence estimation,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2012, Paper OTu2A.4.

Y. Huang, E. Mateo, M. Sato, D. Qian, F. Yaman, T. Inoue, Y. Inada, S. Zhang, Y. Aono, T. Tajima, T. Ogata, and Y. Aoki, “Real-time transoceanic transmission of 1-Tb/s nyquist superchannel at 2.86-b/s/Hz spectral efficiency,” presented at the Asia Communications and Photonics Conf.,  Guangzhou, China, 2012, Paper PAF4C.2.

T. Inoue, E. Mateo, F. Yaman, T. Wang, Y. Inada, T. Ogata, and Y. Aoki, “Low complexity nonlinearity compensation for 100 G DP-QPSK transmission over legacy NZ-DSF link with OOK channels,” presented at the Eur. Conf. and Expo. on Optical Communications, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 2012, Paper Mo.1.C.5.

M. Hirano, T. Haruna, Y. Tamura, T. Kawano, S. Ohnuki, Y. Yamamoto, Y. Koyano, and T. Sasaki, “Record low loss, record high FOM optical fiber with manufacturable process,” presented at theOptical Fiber Communication Conf., Anaheim, CA, USA, 2013, Paper PDP.A5.7.

E. Agrell and M. Karlsson, “Satellite constellations: Towards the nonlinear channel capacity,” presented at the IEEE Photonics Conf., Burlingame, CA, USA, 2012, Paper TuM1.

G. M. Carter, R. Mu, V. Grigoryan, P. Sinha, C. R. Menyuk, T. F. Carruthers, M. L. Dennis, and I. N. Duling, “20 Gb/s transmission of dispersion-managed solitons over 20,000 km,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 1999, Paper WC1.

M. Marhic, Fiber Optical Parametric Amplifiers, Oscillators and Related Devices. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge Univ. Press, 2008.

S. Radic, “Forward, bi-directional and higher order Raman amplifiers,” in Raman Amplifiers for Telecommunications 1, vol. 90/1, M. Islam, Ed. New York, NY, USA: Springer, 2004.

D. McGhan, M. O’Sullivan, C. Bontu, and K. Roberts, “Electronic dispersion compensation,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Anaheim, CA, USA, 2006, Paper OWK1.

L. B. Du and A. J. Lowery, “Fiber nonlinearity compensation for CO-OFDM systems with periodic dispersion maps,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 2009, Paper OTuO1.

P. Harper, S. B. Alleston, W. Forysiak, and N. J. Doran, “10 Gbit/s dispersion-managed soliton transmission over 13,400 km in a weak, symmetric non-zero dispersion shifted fiber dispersion map,” presented at the Conf. on Laser Electro-Optics, San Francisco, CA, USA, 2001, Paper CTuM5.

D. G. Foursa, Y. Cai, C. R. Davidson, A. Lucero, M. Mazurczyk, W. Patterson, O. Sinkin, W. Anderson, J.-X. Cai, G. Redington, M. Nissov, A. Pilipetskii, and N. S. Bergano, “Long-haul coherent QPSK transmission of 40 G channels with 120% spectral efficiency using increased linearity dispersion map with 100 km spans and EDFAs,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 2010, Paper OTuD2.

B. Marks, W. L. Kath, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Dispersion maps with optimized amplifier placement for wavelength-division-multiplexing,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Baltimore,  MD, USA, 2000, Paper WA7.

G. Mohs, W. T. Anderson, and E. A. Golovchenko, “A new dispersion map for undersea optical communication systems,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Anaheim, CA, USA, 2007, Paper JThA41.

L. Dou, Z. Tao, Y. Akiyama, S. Oda, Y. Fan, T. Oyama, H. Nakashima, T. Hoshida, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Real-time 112Gb/s DWDM coherent transmission with 40% extended reach by transmitter-side low-complexity nonlinear mitigation,” presented at the Eur. Conf. and Expo. on Optical Communications, Geneva, Switzerland, 2012, Paper Th.1.D.3.

Y. Gao, A. S. Karar, J. C. Cartledge, S. Yam, M. O’Sullivan, C. Laperle, A. Borowiec, and K. Roberts, “Simplified nonlinearity pre-compensation using a modified summation criteria and non-uniform power profile,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Francisco, CA, USA, 2014, Paper Tu3A.6.

N. Alic and S. Radic, “Optical frequency combs for telecom and datacom applications,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Francisco, CA, USA, 2014, Paper W4E.4.

H. Nakashima, T. Oyama, Y. Akiyama, S. Oda, L. Dou, Y. Fan, Z. Tao, T. Hoshida, and J. C. Rasmussen, “PMD and PDL tolerances of transmitter-side non-linear mitigation in 112 Gb/s DP-QPSK transmission,” presented at theEur. Conf. and Expo. on Optical Communications, Geneva, Switzerland, 2012, Paper We.3.C.5.

S. Oda, T. Tanimura, T. Hoshida, C. Ohshima, H. Nakashima, Z. Tao, and J. C. Rasmussen, “112 Gb/s DP-QPSK transmission using a novel nonlinear compensator in digital coherent receiver,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 2009, Paper OThR6.

L. Li, Z. Tao, L. Liu, W. Yan, S. Oda, T. Hoshida, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Nonlinear polarization crosstalk canceller for dual-polarization digital coherent receivers,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 2010, Paper OWE3.

T. Tanimura, T. Hoshida, T. Tanaka, L. Li, S. Oda, H. Nakashima, Z. Tao, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Semi-blind nonlinear equalization in coherent multi-span transmission system with inhomogeneous span parameters,” presented at theOptical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 2010, Paper OMR6.

L. B. Du and A. J. Lowery, “Experimental demonstration of XPM compensation for CO-OFDM systems with periodic dispersion maps,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2011, Paper no. OWW2.

W. Yan, Z. Tao, L. Dou, L. Li, S. Oda, T. Tanimura, T. Hoshida, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Low complexity digital perturbation back-propagation,” presented at the 37th Eur. Conf. Expo. on Optical Communications, Geneva, Switzerland, 2011, Paper Tu.3.A.2.

L. Li, Z. Tao, L. Dou, W. Yan, S. Oda, T. Tanimura, T. Hoshida, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Implementation efficient nonlinear equalizer based on correlated digital backpropagation,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2011, Paper OWW3.

T. Tanimura, S. Oda, T. Hoshida, L. Li, Z. Tao, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Experimental characterization of nonlinearity mitigation by digital back propagation and nonlinear polarization crosstalk canceller under high PMD condition,” presented at theOptical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2011, Paper JWA020.

C. Fürst, C. Scheerer, G. Mohs, J.-P. Elbers, and C. Glingener, “Influence of the dispersion map on limitations due to cross-phase modulation in WDM multispan transmission systems,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Anaheim, CA, USA, 2001, Paper MF4.

B. Zhu, L. Leng, L. E. Nelson, S. Stulz, T. N. Nielsen, and D. A. Fishman, “Experimental investigation of dispersion maps for 40 × 10 Gb/s transmission over 1600 km of fiber with 100-km spans employing distributed Raman amplification,” presented at theOptical Fiber Communication Conf., Anaheim, CA, USA, 2001, Paper TuN3.

R.-J. Essiambre, G. Raybon, and B. Mikkelsen, “Pseudo linear transmission of high-speed TDM signals,” in Fibero Optic Telecommunication IVB, I. Kaminow, T. Li, Eds. San Diego, CA, USA: Academic Press, 2002.

Y. Frignac, J. Antona, and S. Bigo, “Enhanced analytical engineering rule for fast optimization of dispersion maps in 40 Gbit/s-based transmission systems,” presented at theOptical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2004, Paper TuN3.

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