Abstract

Although the pump relative intensity noise transfer phenomenon in traditional Raman amplified amplitude-shift keying fiber communication systems has been investigated intensively, the stochastic intensity fluctuation of Raman pump laser will interplay with fiber nonlinearity and leads to additional phase noise of signal in the multilevel modulated coherent optical communication system. Such phase noise is defined as relative phase noise (RPN). In this paper, we present comprehensive analysis regarding the characteristics and impairments of RPN through both theoretical derivation and Monte Carlo simulation. We derive the analytical expressions of phase error variance for M-ary PSK and 16QAM modulation formats in consideration of RPN using decision-aided maximum-likelihood phase estimation algorithm. The analysis can be used to predict RPN induced impairment theoretically. Bit error rate (BER) performance is evaluated and compared for QPSK, 8PSK, 16PSK, and 16QAM modulation formats, and the result shows that in the context of RPN 16QAM signal outperforms 16PSK which has the same spectral efficiency. Finally, we extend the analytical result obtained in pump nondepletion regime to depletion regime via numerical analysis. It is observed by comparison that Q-factor penalty will increase in depletion regime.

© 2014 IEEE

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