Abstract

A novel multifunctional optical device, combining optical filtering, amplification, attenuation and switching functions in one unit, was designed and demonstrated in covering both C- and L-bands, by taking advantage of excellent electrooptic (EO) property in the gain media of 2.0 mol% Er<sup>3+</sup> doped and 2.0 mol%Er<sup>3+</sup>, 5.0 mol%Yb<sup>3+</sup> codoped lanthanum-modified lead zirconate titanate (PLZT) ceramics. In order to optimize the multifunctional device, the absorption and photoluminescence spectra and optical gain profiles of the core components-optically active ceramic variable waveplates were studied experimentally, along with the dielectric, optical, thermal and EO characterization of the typical non-memory ceramic plates. This work has paved a way leading to a broader spectrum of applications, specifically in constructing monolithic, array- and microchip-based devices and systems, with erbium and other rare earth doped PLZT ceramics as both gain media and electrically variable waveplates.

© 2013 IEEE

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  6. G. H. Haertling, Electronic Ceramics (Marcel Dekker, 1987) pp. 371-492.
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  9. A. S. S. de Camargo, E. R. Botero, E. R. M. Andreeta, D. Garcia, J. A. Eiras, L. A. O. Nunes, "2.8 and 1.55 µm emission from diode-pumped Er3+-doped and Yb3+ co-doped lead lanthanum zirconate titanate transparent ferroelectric ceramic," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 241112 (2005).
  10. A. S. S. de Camargo, E. R. Botero, D. Garcia, J. A. Eiras, L. A. O. Nunes, "Nd3+-doped lead lanthanum zirconate titanate transparent ferroelectric ceramic as a laser material: Energy transfer and stimulated emission," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 152905 (2005).
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2008 (1)

A. Ikesue, Y. L. Aung, "Ceramic laser materials," Nature Photon. 2, 721-727 (2008).

2006 (2)

A. Ikesue, Y. L. Auang, T. Taira, T. Kamimura, K. Yoshida, G. L. Messing, "Progress in ceramic lasers," Ann. Rev. Mater. Res. 36, 397-429 (2006).

J. W. Zhang, Y. K. Zou, Q. Chen, R. Zhang, K. K. Li, H. Jiang, P. L. Huang, X. Chen, "Optical amplification in Nd3+ doped electro-optic lanthanum lead zirconate titanate ceramics," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 061113 (2006).

2005 (3)

A. S. S. de Camargo, E. R. Botero, E. R. M. Andreeta, D. Garcia, J. A. Eiras, L. A. O. Nunes, "2.8 and 1.55 µm emission from diode-pumped Er3+-doped and Yb3+ co-doped lead lanthanum zirconate titanate transparent ferroelectric ceramic," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 241112 (2005).

A. S. S. de Camargo, E. R. Botero, D. Garcia, J. A. Eiras, L. A. O. Nunes, "Nd3+-doped lead lanthanum zirconate titanate transparent ferroelectric ceramic as a laser material: Energy transfer and stimulated emission," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 152905 (2005).

B. Li, Z. Zhang, J. Yang, K. Li, H. Jiang, X. Chen, A. Wang, J. Xie, H. Ming, "Optical transition probability of Nd3+ ions doped in Ferroelectric PLZT for active electro-optic applications," Chin. Phys. Lett. 22, 80-82 (2005).

2004 (3)

X. Chen, K. Li, K. Zhou, R. Zhang, H. Jiang, G. Ozen, B. Di Bartolo, "Novel electro-optic ceramic materials for microchip and high power lasers," Micro Nano Syst. Mat. Res. Soc. 782, (2004) A5. 57. 1.

J. Wisdom, M. Gigonnet, R. L. Byer, "Ceramic lasers: Ready for action," Photon. Spectra 38, 51-57 (2004).

A. S. S. de Camargo, L. A. de O. Nunes, I. A. Santos, D. Garcia, J. A. Eiras, "Structural and spectroscopic properties of rare-earth (Nd3+, Er3+, and Yb3+) doped transparent lead lanthanum zirconate titanate ceramics," J. Appl. Phys. 95, 2135 (2004).

2003 (1)

A. A. Kaminskii, "Modern developments in the physics of crystalline laser materials," Phys. Stat. Sol. (a) 200, 215-296 (2003).

1995 (1)

A. Ikesue, T. Kinoshita, K. Kamata, K. Yoshida, "Fabrication and optical properties of high-performance polycrystalline Nd:YAG ceramics for solid-state lasers," J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 78, 1033-1040 (1995).

1992 (1)

T. S. Kubo, T. J. Kane, "Diode-pumped lasers at five eye-safe wavelengths," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1033-1040 (1992).

1988 (2)

T. Y. Fan, R. L. Byer, "Diode laser-pumped solid-state lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron QE-24, 895-912 (1988).

A. Cordova-Plaza, T. Y. Fan, M. J. F. Digonnet, R. L. Byer, H. J. Shaw, "Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 continuous-wave laser pumped by laser diode," Opt. Lett. 13, 209 (1988).

1987 (1)

A. Cordova-Plaza, I. J. F. Digonnet, H. J. Shaw, "Miniatured CW and active internally Q-switched Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron QE-23, 262 (1987).

1986 (1)

T. Y. Fan, A. Cordova-Plaza, M. J. F. Digonnet, R. L. Byer, H. J. Shaw, "Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 spectroscopy and laser devices," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 13, 140 (1986).

1975 (1)

I. P. Kaminow, L. W. Stulz, "Nd:LiNbO3 laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron QE-11, 306 (1975).

Ann. Rev. Mater. Res. (1)

A. Ikesue, Y. L. Auang, T. Taira, T. Kamimura, K. Yoshida, G. L. Messing, "Progress in ceramic lasers," Ann. Rev. Mater. Res. 36, 397-429 (2006).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

A. S. S. de Camargo, E. R. Botero, E. R. M. Andreeta, D. Garcia, J. A. Eiras, L. A. O. Nunes, "2.8 and 1.55 µm emission from diode-pumped Er3+-doped and Yb3+ co-doped lead lanthanum zirconate titanate transparent ferroelectric ceramic," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 241112 (2005).

A. S. S. de Camargo, E. R. Botero, D. Garcia, J. A. Eiras, L. A. O. Nunes, "Nd3+-doped lead lanthanum zirconate titanate transparent ferroelectric ceramic as a laser material: Energy transfer and stimulated emission," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 152905 (2005).

J. W. Zhang, Y. K. Zou, Q. Chen, R. Zhang, K. K. Li, H. Jiang, P. L. Huang, X. Chen, "Optical amplification in Nd3+ doped electro-optic lanthanum lead zirconate titanate ceramics," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 061113 (2006).

Chin. Phys. Lett. (1)

B. Li, Z. Zhang, J. Yang, K. Li, H. Jiang, X. Chen, A. Wang, J. Xie, H. Ming, "Optical transition probability of Nd3+ ions doped in Ferroelectric PLZT for active electro-optic applications," Chin. Phys. Lett. 22, 80-82 (2005).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron (3)

T. Y. Fan, R. L. Byer, "Diode laser-pumped solid-state lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron QE-24, 895-912 (1988).

I. P. Kaminow, L. W. Stulz, "Nd:LiNbO3 laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron QE-11, 306 (1975).

A. Cordova-Plaza, I. J. F. Digonnet, H. J. Shaw, "Miniatured CW and active internally Q-switched Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron QE-23, 262 (1987).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

T. S. Kubo, T. J. Kane, "Diode-pumped lasers at five eye-safe wavelengths," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1033-1040 (1992).

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (1)

A. Ikesue, T. Kinoshita, K. Kamata, K. Yoshida, "Fabrication and optical properties of high-performance polycrystalline Nd:YAG ceramics for solid-state lasers," J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 78, 1033-1040 (1995).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

A. S. S. de Camargo, L. A. de O. Nunes, I. A. Santos, D. Garcia, J. A. Eiras, "Structural and spectroscopic properties of rare-earth (Nd3+, Er3+, and Yb3+) doped transparent lead lanthanum zirconate titanate ceramics," J. Appl. Phys. 95, 2135 (2004).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B (1)

T. Y. Fan, A. Cordova-Plaza, M. J. F. Digonnet, R. L. Byer, H. J. Shaw, "Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 spectroscopy and laser devices," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 13, 140 (1986).

Micro Nano Syst. Mat. Res. Soc. (1)

X. Chen, K. Li, K. Zhou, R. Zhang, H. Jiang, G. Ozen, B. Di Bartolo, "Novel electro-optic ceramic materials for microchip and high power lasers," Micro Nano Syst. Mat. Res. Soc. 782, (2004) A5. 57. 1.

Nature Photon. (1)

A. Ikesue, Y. L. Aung, "Ceramic laser materials," Nature Photon. 2, 721-727 (2008).

Opt. Lett. (1)

Photon. Spectra (1)

J. Wisdom, M. Gigonnet, R. L. Byer, "Ceramic lasers: Ready for action," Photon. Spectra 38, 51-57 (2004).

Phys. Stat. Sol. (a) (1)

A. A. Kaminskii, "Modern developments in the physics of crystalline laser materials," Phys. Stat. Sol. (a) 200, 215-296 (2003).

Other (4)

G. H. Haertling, Electronic Ceramics (Marcel Dekker, 1987) pp. 371-492.

H. Jiang, Y. K. Zou, Q. Chen, K. K. Li, R. Zhang, Y. Wang, "Transparent electro-optic ceramics and devices," Proc. SPIE (2005) pp. 380-394.

P. Huang, X. Chen, Y. K. Zou, K. K. Li, J. W. Zhang, H. Jiang, "Optical amplification in Er3+-doped and Yb3+-codoped electro-optic lanthanum lead zirconate titanate ceramics," Proc. CLEO/QELS (2009).

http://www.scientificmaterials.com/downloads/Er_YAG.pdf.

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