Abstract

We propose and experimentally demonstrate dynamic control of phase-matching in fiber-based four-wave mixing (FWM) for wavelength conversion of communication signals. By introducing self-compensation of optical gain/loss with stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) pump and Stokes waves, the FWM phase-matching condition and hence the conversion efficiency (CE) can be flexibly controlled. The phase difference between the interplaying fields is manipulated by modifying the refractive index through SBS without disturbing the initial parameters of the FWM process. The scheme is first applied to wavelength conversion of 10 Gbit/s non-return-to-zero (NRZ) on-off-keying (OOK) signal. Its performance on phase-transparent wavelength conversion is subsequently examined using 10 Gbit/s NRZ differential-phase-shift-keying (DPSK) signal. Eye diagrams, FWM spectra and bit-error rate (BER) performances for the converted signals without SBS, with gain-transparent SBS for maximum CE and for minimum CE are analyzed. In the OOK/DPSK wavelength conversion with gain-transparent SBS, the CE has been reduced by 10.7/11.4 dB at a signal-pump spectral spacing of 1.9/1.94 nm; while it has been enhanced by 8.8/7.4 dB at a signal-pump spectral spacing of 4.1/4.07 nm. The pronounced enhancement of the CE at large signal-pump spectral spacing results in enlargement of the 3-dB FWM conversion bandwidth. Limitations in the extent of bandwidth enlargement and noise performance are discussed. Potential use of the scheme in other applications is also described.

© 2013 IEEE

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2012

N. E. Dahdah, D. S. Govan, M. Jamshidifar, N. J. Doran, M. E. Marhic, "Fiber optical parametric amplifier performance in a 1-Tb/s DWDM communication system," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 18, 950-957 (2012).

2011

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, L. Grüner-Nielsen, "Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers," Nature Photon. 5, 430-436 (2011).

L. Wang, Y. Dai, K. P. Lei, J. Du, C. Shu, "All-optical RZ-to-NRZ and NRZ-to-PRZ format conversions based on delay-asymmetric nonlinear loop mirror," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 368-370 (2011).

2010

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O'Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, "All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems," Nature Photon. 4, 690-695 (2010).

L.-S. Yan, A.-L. Yi, W. Pan, B. Luo, J. Ye, "Simultaneous NRZ-to-RZ format conversion and one-to-six error-free channel multicasting using a single pump in a highly nonlinear fiber," Opt. Exp. 18, 21404-21409 (2010).

X. Wu, J. Wang, O. F. Yilmaz, S. R. Nuccio, A. Bogoni, A. E. Willner, "Bit-rate-variable and order-switchable optical multiplexing of high-speed pseudorandom bit sequence using optical delays," Opt. Lett. 35, 3042-3044 (2010).

2009

2008

E. Mateo, F. Yaman, G. Li, "Control of four-wave mixing phase-matching condition using the Brillouin slow-light effect in fibers," Opt. Lett. 33, 488-390 (2008).

2005

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, A. L. Gaeta, "Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153-902 (2005).

K. Y. Song, M. G. Herráez, L. Thévenaz, "Observation of pulse delaying and advancement in optical fibers using stimulated Brillouin scattering," Opt. Exp.. 13, 82-88 (2005).

2002

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, P. Hedekvist, "Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 8, 506-520 (2002).

1993

Z. Su, X. Zhu, W. Sibbett, "Conversion of femtosecond pulses from the 1.5- to the 1.3-$\mu{\hbox {m}}$ region by self-phase-modulation-mediated four-wave mixing," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 10, 1050-1053 (1993).

1992

K. Inoue, "Four-wave mixing in an optical fiber in the zero-dispersion wavelength region," J. Lightw. Technol. 10, 1553-1561 (1992).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron.

N. E. Dahdah, D. S. Govan, M. Jamshidifar, N. J. Doran, M. E. Marhic, "Fiber optical parametric amplifier performance in a 1-Tb/s DWDM communication system," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 18, 950-957 (2012).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

L. Wang, Y. Dai, K. P. Lei, J. Du, C. Shu, "All-optical RZ-to-NRZ and NRZ-to-PRZ format conversions based on delay-asymmetric nonlinear loop mirror," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 368-370 (2011).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron.

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, P. Hedekvist, "Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 8, 506-520 (2002).

J. Lightw. Technol.

K. Inoue, "Four-wave mixing in an optical fiber in the zero-dispersion wavelength region," J. Lightw. Technol. 10, 1553-1561 (1992).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B

Z. Su, X. Zhu, W. Sibbett, "Conversion of femtosecond pulses from the 1.5- to the 1.3-$\mu{\hbox {m}}$ region by self-phase-modulation-mediated four-wave mixing," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 10, 1050-1053 (1993).

Nature Photon.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, L. Grüner-Nielsen, "Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers," Nature Photon. 5, 430-436 (2011).

Nature Photon.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O'Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, "All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems," Nature Photon. 4, 690-695 (2010).

Opt. Exp.

L.-S. Yan, A.-L. Yi, W. Pan, B. Luo, J. Ye, "Simultaneous NRZ-to-RZ format conversion and one-to-six error-free channel multicasting using a single pump in a highly nonlinear fiber," Opt. Exp. 18, 21404-21409 (2010).

Opt. Lett.

E. Mateo, F. Yaman, G. Li, "Control of four-wave mixing phase-matching condition using the Brillouin slow-light effect in fibers," Opt. Lett. 33, 488-390 (2008).

Opt. Exp..

K. Y. Song, M. G. Herráez, L. Thévenaz, "Observation of pulse delaying and advancement in optical fibers using stimulated Brillouin scattering," Opt. Exp.. 13, 82-88 (2005).

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. Lett.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, A. L. Gaeta, "Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153-902 (2005).

Other

K. P. Hansen, J. R. Folkenberg, C. Peucheret, A. Bjarklev, "Fully dispersion controlled triangular-core nonlinear photonic crystal fiber," Proc. OFC/NFOEC 2003 (2003).

S. Takasaka, Y. Mimura, M. Takahashi, R. Sugizaki, H. Ogoshi, "Flat and broad amplification by quasi-phase-matched fiber optical parametric amplifier," Proc. OFC/NFOEC 2012 (2012).

L. Wang, C. Shu, "Four-wave mixing bandwidth enlargement using phase-matching control by gain-transparent stimulated Brillouin scattering," Proc. Photonics in Switching Conf. (2012).

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Elsevier, 2009).

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