Abstract

We derive analytical expressions for the performance of a long-haul DWDM communication system employing in-line phase insensitive fiber optic parametric amplifiers (FOPA). In our analysis the impairments of both transmission fibers and FOPAs are taken into account. The analytical model is verified with simulations. The performance of FOPA is compared with EDFA and it is shown that a broad band long-haul DWDM transmission system based on FOPAs as in-line amplifiers could be feasible.

© 2013 IEEE

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  1. J. Hansryd, P. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, P.-O. Hedekvist, "Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 8, 506-520 (2002).
  2. M. E. Marhic, Fiber Optical Parametric Amplifiers, Oscillators and Related Devices (Cambridge Univ. Press, 2008).
  3. B.-P. Kuo, P. Chui, K.-Y. Wong, "A comprehensive study on crosstalk suppression techniques in fiber optical parametric amplifier by modulation format," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 14, 659-665 (2008).
  4. P. Kylemark, P. Hedekvist, H. Sunnerud, M. Karlsson, P. Andrekson, "Noise characteristics of fiber optical parametric amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 409-416 (2004).
  5. P. Kylemark, M. Karlsson, T. Torounidis, P. Andrekson, "Noise statistics in fiber optical parametric amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 612-620 (2007).
  6. P. L. Voss, P. Kumar, "Raman-noise-induced noise-figure limit for χ3 parametric amplifiers," Opt. Lett. 29, 445-447 (2004).
  7. P. Kylemark, "Statistics of wavelength division multiplexed channels in fiber-optical parametric amplification," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 654-662 (2008).
  8. R. Elschner, T. Richter, C. Schubert, "Characterization of FWMinduced crosstalk for WDM operation of a fiber-optical parametric amplifier," Proc. ECOC (2011).
  9. M. Jamshidifar, A. Vedadi, M. Marhic, "Reduction of four-wavemixing crosstalk in a short fiber-optical parametric amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1244-1246 (2009).
  10. A. Splett, C. Kurtzke, K. Petermann, "Ultimate transmission capacity of amplified optical fiber communication systems taking into account fiber nonlinearities," Proc. ECOC (1993).
  11. A. Carena, V. Curri, G. Bosco, P. Poggiolini, F. Forghieri, "Modeling of the impact of nonlinear propagation effects in uncompensated optical coherent transmission links," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 1524-1539 (2012).
  12. H. Louchet, A. Hodzic, K. Petermann, "Analytical model for the performance evaluation of DWDM transmission systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1219-1221 (2003).
  13. N. Dahdah, D. Govan, M. Jamshidifar, N. Doran, M. Marhic, "Fiber optical parametric amplifier performance in a 1-Tb/s DWDM communication system," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 18, 950-957 (2012).
  14. I. Sackey, T. Richter, C. Meuer, R. Elschner, M. Jazayerifar, C. Petermann, C. Schubert, "Characterization of polarization insensitive FOPA using a polarization-maintaining highly non-linear fiber," Proc. OFC (2013).
  15. R. Elschner, K. Petermann, "BER performance of 16-QAM signals amplified by dual-pump fiber optical parametric amplifiers," Proc. OFC (2010).
  16. G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems (Wiley, 2002).
  17. S. Moro, A. Peric, N. Alic, B. Stossel, S. Radic, "Phase noise in fiber-optic parametric amplifiers and converters and its impact on sensing and communication systems," Opt. Exp. 18, 21 449-21 460 (2010).
  18. J. G. Proakis, Digital Communications (McGraw-Hill, 2000).
  19. D. Qian, M.-F. Huang, E. Ip, Y.-K. Huang, Y. Shao, J. Hu, T. Wang, "101.7-Tb/s (370×294-Gb/s) PDM-128QAM-OFDM transmission over 3×55-km SSMF using pilot-based phase noise mitigation," Proc. OFC (2011).

2012 (2)

A. Carena, V. Curri, G. Bosco, P. Poggiolini, F. Forghieri, "Modeling of the impact of nonlinear propagation effects in uncompensated optical coherent transmission links," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 1524-1539 (2012).

N. Dahdah, D. Govan, M. Jamshidifar, N. Doran, M. Marhic, "Fiber optical parametric amplifier performance in a 1-Tb/s DWDM communication system," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 18, 950-957 (2012).

2010 (1)

S. Moro, A. Peric, N. Alic, B. Stossel, S. Radic, "Phase noise in fiber-optic parametric amplifiers and converters and its impact on sensing and communication systems," Opt. Exp. 18, 21 449-21 460 (2010).

2009 (1)

M. Jamshidifar, A. Vedadi, M. Marhic, "Reduction of four-wavemixing crosstalk in a short fiber-optical parametric amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1244-1246 (2009).

2008 (2)

P. Kylemark, "Statistics of wavelength division multiplexed channels in fiber-optical parametric amplification," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 654-662 (2008).

B.-P. Kuo, P. Chui, K.-Y. Wong, "A comprehensive study on crosstalk suppression techniques in fiber optical parametric amplifier by modulation format," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 14, 659-665 (2008).

2007 (1)

P. Kylemark, M. Karlsson, T. Torounidis, P. Andrekson, "Noise statistics in fiber optical parametric amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 612-620 (2007).

2004 (2)

P. Kylemark, P. Hedekvist, H. Sunnerud, M. Karlsson, P. Andrekson, "Noise characteristics of fiber optical parametric amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 409-416 (2004).

P. L. Voss, P. Kumar, "Raman-noise-induced noise-figure limit for χ3 parametric amplifiers," Opt. Lett. 29, 445-447 (2004).

2003 (1)

H. Louchet, A. Hodzic, K. Petermann, "Analytical model for the performance evaluation of DWDM transmission systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1219-1221 (2003).

2002 (1)

J. Hansryd, P. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, P.-O. Hedekvist, "Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 8, 506-520 (2002).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

H. Louchet, A. Hodzic, K. Petermann, "Analytical model for the performance evaluation of DWDM transmission systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1219-1221 (2003).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (2)

N. Dahdah, D. Govan, M. Jamshidifar, N. Doran, M. Marhic, "Fiber optical parametric amplifier performance in a 1-Tb/s DWDM communication system," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 18, 950-957 (2012).

J. Hansryd, P. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, P.-O. Hedekvist, "Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 8, 506-520 (2002).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

B.-P. Kuo, P. Chui, K.-Y. Wong, "A comprehensive study on crosstalk suppression techniques in fiber optical parametric amplifier by modulation format," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 14, 659-665 (2008).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

M. Jamshidifar, A. Vedadi, M. Marhic, "Reduction of four-wavemixing crosstalk in a short fiber-optical parametric amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1244-1246 (2009).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

A. Carena, V. Curri, G. Bosco, P. Poggiolini, F. Forghieri, "Modeling of the impact of nonlinear propagation effects in uncompensated optical coherent transmission links," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 1524-1539 (2012).

J. Lightw. Technol. (3)

P. Kylemark, "Statistics of wavelength division multiplexed channels in fiber-optical parametric amplification," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 654-662 (2008).

P. Kylemark, P. Hedekvist, H. Sunnerud, M. Karlsson, P. Andrekson, "Noise characteristics of fiber optical parametric amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 409-416 (2004).

P. Kylemark, M. Karlsson, T. Torounidis, P. Andrekson, "Noise statistics in fiber optical parametric amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 612-620 (2007).

Opt. Exp. (1)

S. Moro, A. Peric, N. Alic, B. Stossel, S. Radic, "Phase noise in fiber-optic parametric amplifiers and converters and its impact on sensing and communication systems," Opt. Exp. 18, 21 449-21 460 (2010).

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (8)

J. G. Proakis, Digital Communications (McGraw-Hill, 2000).

D. Qian, M.-F. Huang, E. Ip, Y.-K. Huang, Y. Shao, J. Hu, T. Wang, "101.7-Tb/s (370×294-Gb/s) PDM-128QAM-OFDM transmission over 3×55-km SSMF using pilot-based phase noise mitigation," Proc. OFC (2011).

M. E. Marhic, Fiber Optical Parametric Amplifiers, Oscillators and Related Devices (Cambridge Univ. Press, 2008).

R. Elschner, T. Richter, C. Schubert, "Characterization of FWMinduced crosstalk for WDM operation of a fiber-optical parametric amplifier," Proc. ECOC (2011).

A. Splett, C. Kurtzke, K. Petermann, "Ultimate transmission capacity of amplified optical fiber communication systems taking into account fiber nonlinearities," Proc. ECOC (1993).

I. Sackey, T. Richter, C. Meuer, R. Elschner, M. Jazayerifar, C. Petermann, C. Schubert, "Characterization of polarization insensitive FOPA using a polarization-maintaining highly non-linear fiber," Proc. OFC (2013).

R. Elschner, K. Petermann, "BER performance of 16-QAM signals amplified by dual-pump fiber optical parametric amplifiers," Proc. OFC (2010).

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems (Wiley, 2002).

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