Abstract

Waveguide coupling to closed loop coupled-resonator optical waveguides is explored. By coupling a CROW chain back on itself, a reduction in individual resonant linewidth is achieved making these slow light modes more conducive to periodic filters toward novel frequency-comb integration. Through numerical simulation by finite-difference time-domain methods, the importance of waveguide symmetry conditions for coupling is illustrated. The impact of unit cavity mode symmetry strongly impacts the necessary coupling geometry to both cavities and waveguides. Design insight into different waveguide coupling schemes is provided while aiming to achieve transmission of the resonant structure exhibited by the isolated resonator.

© 2013 IEEE

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  2. T. Lei, A. W. Poon, "Modeling of coupled-resonator optical waveguide (CROW) based refractive index sensors using pixelized spatial detection at a single wavelength," Opt. Exp. 19, 22227-22241 (2011).
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  26. S. V. Boriskina, "Spectrally engineered photonic molecules as optical sensors with enhanced sensitivity: A proposal and numerical analysis," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B Opt. Phys. 23, 1565-1573 (2006).
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  28. J. Scheuer, A. Yariv, "Sagnac effect in coupled-resonator slow-light waveguide structures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, (2006).
  29. B. Z. Steinberg, "Rotating photonic crystals: A medium for compact optical gyroscopes," Phys. Rev. E 71, (2005).
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  31. M. Sumetsky, B. J. Eggleton, "Modeling and optimization of complex photonic resonant cavity circuits," Opt. Exp. 11, 381-391 (2003).
  32. A. R. A. Chalcraft, S. Lam, B. D. Jones, D. Szymanski, R. Oulton, A. C. T. Thijssen, M. S. Skolnick, D. M. Whittaker, T. F. Krauss, A. M. Fox, "Mode structure of coupled L3 photonic crystal cavities," Opt. Exp. 19, 5670-5675 (2011).
  33. S. Declair, T. Meier, A. Zrenner, J. Forstner, "Numerical analysis of coupled photonic crystal cavities," Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 9, 345-350 (2011).
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2012 (3)

C. Sorrentino, J. R. E. Toland, C. P. Search, "Ultra-sensitive chip scale Sagnac gyroscope based on periodically modulated coupling of a coupled resonator optical waveguide," Opt. Exp. 20, 354-363 (2012).

P. J. Delfyett, I. Ozdur, N. Hoghooghi, M. Akbulut, J. Davila-Rodriguez, S. Bhooplapur, "Advanced Ultrafast Technologies Based on Optical Frequency Combs," IEEE Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 18, 258-274 (2012).

H. C. Liu, A. Yariv, "“Ideal” optical delay lines based on tailored-coupling and reflecting, coupled-resonator optical waveguides," Opt. Lett. 37, 1964-1966 (2012).

2011 (10)

H. C. Liu, A. Yariv, "Synthesis of high-order bandpass filters based on coupled-resonator optical waveguides (CROWs)," Opt. Exp. 19, 17653-17668 (2011).

A. R. A. Chalcraft, S. Lam, B. D. Jones, D. Szymanski, R. Oulton, A. C. T. Thijssen, M. S. Skolnick, D. M. Whittaker, T. F. Krauss, A. M. Fox, "Mode structure of coupled L3 photonic crystal cavities," Opt. Exp. 19, 5670-5675 (2011).

S. Declair, T. Meier, A. Zrenner, J. Forstner, "Numerical analysis of coupled photonic crystal cavities," Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 9, 345-350 (2011).

N. Ishikura, T. Baba, E. Kuramochi, M. Notomi, "Large tunable fractional delay of slow light pulse and its application to fast optical correlator," Opt. Exp. 19, 24102-24108 (2011).

B. Ellis, M. A. Mayer, G. Shambat, T. Sarmiento, J. Harris, E. E. Haller, J. Vuckovic, "Ultralow-threshold electrically pumped quantum-dot photonic-crystal nanocavity laser," Nature Photon. 5, 297-300 (2011).

V. Chaudhery, C. S. Huang, A. Pokhriyal, J. Polans, B. T. Cunningham, "Spatially selective photonic crystal enhanced fluorescence and application to background reduction for biomolecule detection assays," Opt. Exp. 19, 23327-23340 (2011).

T. Lei, A. W. Poon, "Modeling of coupled-resonator optical waveguide (CROW) based refractive index sensors using pixelized spatial detection at a single wavelength," Opt. Exp. 19, 22227-22241 (2011).

S. Yamada, B. S. Song, T. Asano, S. Noda, "Experimental investigation of thermo-optic effects in SiC and Si photonic crystal nanocavities," Opt. Lett. 36, 3981-3983 (2011).

W. H. Zheng, W. J. Zhou, Y. F. Wang, A. J. Liu, W. Chen, H. L. Wang, F. Y. Fu, A. Y. Qi, "Lateral cavity photonic crystal surface-emitting laser with ultralow threshold," Opt. Lett. 36, 4140-4142 (2011).

B. Corcoran, M. D. Pelusi, C. Monat, J. T. Li, L. O'Faolain, T. F. Krauss, B. J. Eggleton, "Ultracompact 160 Gbaud all-optical demultiplexing exploiting slow light in an engineered silicon photonic crystal waveguide," Opt. Lett. 36, 1728-1730 (2011).

2010 (6)

Y. Y. Gong, B. Ellis, G. Shambat, T. Sarmiento, J. S. Harris, J. Vuckovic, "Nanobeam photonic crystal cavity quantum dot laser," Opt. Exp. 18, 8781-8789 (2010).

S. Matsuo, A. Shinya, T. Kakitsuka, K. Nozaki, T. Segawa, T. Sato, Y. Kawaguchi, M. Notomi, "High-speed ultracompact buried heterostructure photonic-crystal laser with 13 fJ of energy consumed per bit transmitted," Nature Photon. 4, 648-654 (2010).

S. A. Schulz, L. O'Faolain, D. M. Beggs, T. P. White, A. Melloni, T. F. Krauss, "Dispersion engineered slow light in photonic crystals: A comparison," J. Opt. 12, (2010).

L. Razzari, D. Duchesne, M. Ferrera, R. Morandotti, S. Chu, B. E. Little, D. J. Moss, "CMOS-compatible integrated optical hyper-parametric oscillator," Nature Photon. 4, 41-45 (2010).

C. Agger, T. S. Skovgard, N. Gregersen, J. Mork, "Modeling of mode-locked coupled-resonator optical waveguide lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 1804-1812 (2010).

M. L. Cooper, G. Gupta, M. A. Schneider, W. M. J. Green, S. Assefa, F. N. Xia, Y. A. Vlasov, S. Mookherjea, "Statistics of light transport in 235-ring silicon coupled-resonator optical waveguides," Opt. Exp. 18, 26505-26516 (2010).

2008 (2)

M. Notomi, E. Kuramochi, T. Tanabe, "Large-scale arrays of ultrahigh-Q coupled nanocavities," Nature Photon. 2, 741-747 (2008).

T. Baba, "Slow light in photonic crystals," Nature Photon. 2, 465-473 (2008).

2007 (3)

L. Chremmos, N. Uzunoglu, "Properties of regular polygons of coupled microring resonators," App. Opt. 46, 7730-7738 (2007).

A. Faraon, E. Waks, D. Englund, I. Fushman, J. Vuckovic, "Efficient photonic crystal cavity-waveguide couplers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, (2007).

V. Van, "Dual-mode microring reflection filters," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3142-3150 (2007).

2006 (2)

S. V. Boriskina, "Spectrally engineered photonic molecules as optical sensors with enhanced sensitivity: A proposal and numerical analysis," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B Opt. Phys. 23, 1565-1573 (2006).

J. Scheuer, A. Yariv, "Sagnac effect in coupled-resonator slow-light waveguide structures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, (2006).

2005 (2)

B. Z. Steinberg, "Rotating photonic crystals: A medium for compact optical gyroscopes," Phys. Rev. E 71, (2005).

Y. Liu, Z. Wang, M. H. Han, S. H. Fan, R. Dutton, "Mode-locking of monolithic laser diodes incorporating coupled-resonator optical waveguides," Opt. Exp. 13, 4539-4553 (2005).

2004 (3)

S. Mookherjea, "Semiconductor coupled-resonator optical waveguide laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 3265-3267 (2004).

J. K. S. Poon, J. Scheuer, A. Yariv, "Wavelength-selective reflector based on a circular array of coupled microring resonators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1331-1333 (2004).

T. J. Karle, Y. J. Chai, C. N. Morgan, I. H. White, T. F. Krauss, "Observation of pulse compression in photonic crystal coupled cavity waveguides," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 514-519 (2004).

2003 (1)

M. Sumetsky, B. J. Eggleton, "Modeling and optimization of complex photonic resonant cavity circuits," Opt. Exp. 11, 381-391 (2003).

2002 (1)

M. Qiu, "Effective index method for heterostructure-slab-waveguide-based two-dimensional photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1163-1165 (2002).

1999 (1)

App. Opt. (1)

L. Chremmos, N. Uzunoglu, "Properties of regular polygons of coupled microring resonators," App. Opt. 46, 7730-7738 (2007).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

S. Mookherjea, "Semiconductor coupled-resonator optical waveguide laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 3265-3267 (2004).

A. Faraon, E. Waks, D. Englund, I. Fushman, J. Vuckovic, "Efficient photonic crystal cavity-waveguide couplers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, (2007).

M. Qiu, "Effective index method for heterostructure-slab-waveguide-based two-dimensional photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1163-1165 (2002).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

J. K. S. Poon, J. Scheuer, A. Yariv, "Wavelength-selective reflector based on a circular array of coupled microring resonators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1331-1333 (2004).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

C. Agger, T. S. Skovgard, N. Gregersen, J. Mork, "Modeling of mode-locked coupled-resonator optical waveguide lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 1804-1812 (2010).

IEEE Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

P. J. Delfyett, I. Ozdur, N. Hoghooghi, M. Akbulut, J. Davila-Rodriguez, S. Bhooplapur, "Advanced Ultrafast Technologies Based on Optical Frequency Combs," IEEE Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 18, 258-274 (2012).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

T. J. Karle, Y. J. Chai, C. N. Morgan, I. H. White, T. F. Krauss, "Observation of pulse compression in photonic crystal coupled cavity waveguides," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 514-519 (2004).

J. Opt. (1)

S. A. Schulz, L. O'Faolain, D. M. Beggs, T. P. White, A. Melloni, T. F. Krauss, "Dispersion engineered slow light in photonic crystals: A comparison," J. Opt. 12, (2010).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

V. Van, "Dual-mode microring reflection filters," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3142-3150 (2007).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B Opt. Phys. (1)

S. V. Boriskina, "Spectrally engineered photonic molecules as optical sensors with enhanced sensitivity: A proposal and numerical analysis," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B Opt. Phys. 23, 1565-1573 (2006).

Nature Photon. (1)

B. Ellis, M. A. Mayer, G. Shambat, T. Sarmiento, J. Harris, E. E. Haller, J. Vuckovic, "Ultralow-threshold electrically pumped quantum-dot photonic-crystal nanocavity laser," Nature Photon. 5, 297-300 (2011).

Nature Photon. (4)

L. Razzari, D. Duchesne, M. Ferrera, R. Morandotti, S. Chu, B. E. Little, D. J. Moss, "CMOS-compatible integrated optical hyper-parametric oscillator," Nature Photon. 4, 41-45 (2010).

S. Matsuo, A. Shinya, T. Kakitsuka, K. Nozaki, T. Segawa, T. Sato, Y. Kawaguchi, M. Notomi, "High-speed ultracompact buried heterostructure photonic-crystal laser with 13 fJ of energy consumed per bit transmitted," Nature Photon. 4, 648-654 (2010).

M. Notomi, E. Kuramochi, T. Tanabe, "Large-scale arrays of ultrahigh-Q coupled nanocavities," Nature Photon. 2, 741-747 (2008).

T. Baba, "Slow light in photonic crystals," Nature Photon. 2, 465-473 (2008).

Opt. Exp. (5)

N. Ishikura, T. Baba, E. Kuramochi, M. Notomi, "Large tunable fractional delay of slow light pulse and its application to fast optical correlator," Opt. Exp. 19, 24102-24108 (2011).

Y. Liu, Z. Wang, M. H. Han, S. H. Fan, R. Dutton, "Mode-locking of monolithic laser diodes incorporating coupled-resonator optical waveguides," Opt. Exp. 13, 4539-4553 (2005).

H. C. Liu, A. Yariv, "Synthesis of high-order bandpass filters based on coupled-resonator optical waveguides (CROWs)," Opt. Exp. 19, 17653-17668 (2011).

M. Sumetsky, B. J. Eggleton, "Modeling and optimization of complex photonic resonant cavity circuits," Opt. Exp. 11, 381-391 (2003).

M. L. Cooper, G. Gupta, M. A. Schneider, W. M. J. Green, S. Assefa, F. N. Xia, Y. A. Vlasov, S. Mookherjea, "Statistics of light transport in 235-ring silicon coupled-resonator optical waveguides," Opt. Exp. 18, 26505-26516 (2010).

Opt. Lett. (1)

S. Yamada, B. S. Song, T. Asano, S. Noda, "Experimental investigation of thermo-optic effects in SiC and Si photonic crystal nanocavities," Opt. Lett. 36, 3981-3983 (2011).

Opt. Exp. (5)

C. Sorrentino, J. R. E. Toland, C. P. Search, "Ultra-sensitive chip scale Sagnac gyroscope based on periodically modulated coupling of a coupled resonator optical waveguide," Opt. Exp. 20, 354-363 (2012).

V. Chaudhery, C. S. Huang, A. Pokhriyal, J. Polans, B. T. Cunningham, "Spatially selective photonic crystal enhanced fluorescence and application to background reduction for biomolecule detection assays," Opt. Exp. 19, 23327-23340 (2011).

T. Lei, A. W. Poon, "Modeling of coupled-resonator optical waveguide (CROW) based refractive index sensors using pixelized spatial detection at a single wavelength," Opt. Exp. 19, 22227-22241 (2011).

Y. Y. Gong, B. Ellis, G. Shambat, T. Sarmiento, J. S. Harris, J. Vuckovic, "Nanobeam photonic crystal cavity quantum dot laser," Opt. Exp. 18, 8781-8789 (2010).

A. R. A. Chalcraft, S. Lam, B. D. Jones, D. Szymanski, R. Oulton, A. C. T. Thijssen, M. S. Skolnick, D. M. Whittaker, T. F. Krauss, A. M. Fox, "Mode structure of coupled L3 photonic crystal cavities," Opt. Exp. 19, 5670-5675 (2011).

Opt. Lett. (4)

Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. (1)

S. Declair, T. Meier, A. Zrenner, J. Forstner, "Numerical analysis of coupled photonic crystal cavities," Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 9, 345-350 (2011).

Phys. Rev. E (1)

B. Z. Steinberg, "Rotating photonic crystals: A medium for compact optical gyroscopes," Phys. Rev. E 71, (2005).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

J. Scheuer, A. Yariv, "Sagnac effect in coupled-resonator slow-light waveguide structures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, (2006).

Proc. OSA CLEO (1)

M. D. Weed, C. Williams, P. Delfyett, W. V. Schoenfeld, "Feedback in coupled-resonance optical waveguides," Proc. OSA CLEO (2012) pp. CM3M.4.

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