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comprehensive design and performance analysis of low earth orbit satellite
quantum communication," New J. Phys. 15, 023006 (2013) http://stacks.iop.org/1367-2630/15/i=2/a=023006.

E. Meyer-Scott, Z. Yan, A. Mac Donald, J.-P. Bourgoin, H. Hübel, T. Jennewein, "How to implement decoy-state quantum key
distribution for a satellite uplink with 50-dB channel loss," Phys. Rev. A 84, 062326 (2011).

M. Jofre, A. Gardelein, G. Anzolin, W. Amaya, J. Capmany, R. Ursin, L. Penate, D. Lopez, J. L. S. Juan, J. A. Carrasco, F. Garcia, F. J. Torcal-Milla, L. M. Sanchez-Brea, E. Bernabeu, J. M. Perdigues, T. Jennewein, J. P. Torres, M. W. Mitchell, V. Pruneri, "Fast
optical source for quantum key distribution based on semiconductoroptical
amplifiers," Opt. Exp. 19, 3825-3834 (2011).

E. Meyer-Scott, H. Hubel, A. Fedrizzi, C. Erven, G. Weihs, T. Jennewein, "Quantum
entanglement distribution with 810 nm photons through telecom fibers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 031117 (2010).

A. R. Dixon, Z. L. Yuan, J. F. Dynes, A. W. Sharpe, A. J. Shields, "Continuous operation of high
bit rate quantum key distribution," Appl. Phys.
Lett. 96, 161102 (2010).

M. Jofre, A. Gardelein, G. Anzolin, G. Molina-Terriza, J. P. Torres, M. W. Mitchell, V. Pruneri, "100 mhz amplitude and polarization
modulated optical source for free-space quantum key distribution at 850 nm," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 2572-2578 (2010).

Y. Liu, T.-Y. Chen, J. Wang, W.-Q. Cai, X. Wan, L.-K. Chen, J.-H. Wang, S.-B. Liu, H. Liang, L. Yang, C.-Z. Peng, K. Chen, Z.-B. Chen, J.-W. Pan, "Decoy-state quantum key distribution
with polarized photons over 200 km," Opt. Exp. 18, 8587-8594 (2010).

I. Lucio-Martinez, P. Chan, X. Mo, S. Hosier, W. Tittel, "Proof-of-concept of real-world quantum key distribution
with quantum frames," New J. Phys. 11, 095001 (2009) http://stacks.iop.org/1367-2630/11/i=9/a=095001.

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optical quantum information applications," Nat
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M. Toyoshima, H. Takenaka, Y. Shoji, Y. Takayama, Y. Koyama, H. Kunimori, "Polarization measurements through space-to-ground
atmospheric propagation paths by using a highly polarized laser source in
space," Opt. Exp. 17, 22 333-22
340 (2009) http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-25-22333.

C. Bonato, A. Tomaello, V. D. Deppo, G. Naletto, P. Villoresi, "Feasibility of satellite quantum
key distribution," New J. Phys. 11, 045017 (2009) (25pp).

C. Erven, X. Ma, R. Laflamme, G. Weihs, "Entangled quantum key distribution with a biased basis choice," New J. Phys. 11, 045025 (2009) (15pp).

D. Stucki, N. Walenta, F. Vannel, R. T. Thew, N. Gisin, H. Zbinden, S. Gray, C. R. Towery, S. Ten, "High rate long distance quantum key distribution over 250
km of ultra low loss fibres," New J. Phys. 11, 075003 (2009).

A. R. Dixon, Z. L. Yuan, J. F. Dynes, A. W. Sharpe, A. J. Shields, "Gigahertz decoy quantum key
distribution with 1 mbit/s secure key rate," Opt.
Exp. 16, 18 790-18 797 (2008).

P. Villoresi, T. Jennewein, F. Tamburini, M. Aspelmeyer, C. Bonato, R. Ursin, C. Pernechele, V. Luceri, G. Bianco, A. Zeilinger, C. Barbieri, "Experimental verification of the feasibility
of a quantum channel between space and earth," New
J. Phys. 10, 033038 (2008) (12pp).

X. Liu, C. Liao, J. Mi, J. Wang, S. Liu, "Intrinsically
stable phase-modulated polarization encoding system for quantum key distribution," Phys. Lett. A 373, 54-57 (2008).

E.-L. Miao, Z.-F. Han, T. Zhang, G.-C. Guo, "The feasibility of geostationary satellite-to-ground
quantum key distribution," Phys. Lett. A 361, 29-32 (2007).

X. Ma, C.-H. F. Fung, H.-K. Lo, "Quantum key distribution with entangled
photon sources," Phys. Rev. A 76, 012307 (2007).

H.-K. Lo, X. Ma, K. Chen, "Decoy state quantum key distribution," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 230504 (2005).

X. Ma, B. Qi, Y. Zhao, H.-K. Lo, "Practical
decoy state for quantum key distribution," Phys.
Rev. A 72, 012326 (2005).

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imperfect devices," Quantum Information and
Computation 4, 325-360 (2004).

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G. Brassard, N. Lütkenhaus, T. Mor, B. C. Sanders, "Limitations on practical quantum cryptography," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1330-1333 (2000).

F. Dios, J. A. Rubio, A. Rodríguez, A. Comerón, "Scintillation and beam-wander
analysis in an optical ground station-satellite uplink," Appl. Opt. 43, 3866-3873 (2004).

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A. R. Dixon, Z. L. Yuan, J. F. Dynes, A. W. Sharpe, A. J. Shields, "Continuous operation of high
bit rate quantum key distribution," Appl. Phys.
Lett. 96, 161102 (2010).

E. Meyer-Scott, H. Hubel, A. Fedrizzi, C. Erven, G. Weihs, T. Jennewein, "Quantum
entanglement distribution with 810 nm photons through telecom fibers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 031117 (2010).

S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, H. De Riedmatten, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. De Micheli, D. Ostrowsky, N. Gisin, "Ppln waveguide for quantum communication," Eur. Phys. J. D. Atomic, Molecular, Optical Plasma Phys. 18, 155-160 (2002).

M. Aspelmeyer, T. Jennewein, M. Pfennigbauer, W. R. Leeb, A. Zeilinger, "Long-distance quantum communication
with entangled photons using satellites," IEEE
J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 9, 1541-1551 (2003).

M. Jofre, A. Gardelein, G. Anzolin, G. Molina-Terriza, J. P. Torres, M. W. Mitchell, V. Pruneri, "100 mhz amplitude and polarization
modulated optical source for free-space quantum key distribution at 850 nm," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 2572-2578 (2010).

G. Li, P. Yu, "Optical intensity modulators for digital
and analog applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2010-2030 (2003).

R. H. Hadfield, "Single-photon detectors for
optical quantum information applications," Nat
Photon 3, 696-705 (2009).

J. G. Rarity, P. R. Tapster, P. M. Gorman, P. Knight, "Ground to satellite secure
key exchange using quantum cryptography," New
J. Phys. 4, 82 (2002).

P. Villoresi, T. Jennewein, F. Tamburini, M. Aspelmeyer, C. Bonato, R. Ursin, C. Pernechele, V. Luceri, G. Bianco, A. Zeilinger, C. Barbieri, "Experimental verification of the feasibility
of a quantum channel between space and earth," New
J. Phys. 10, 033038 (2008) (12pp).

C. Bonato, A. Tomaello, V. D. Deppo, G. Naletto, P. Villoresi, "Feasibility of satellite quantum
key distribution," New J. Phys. 11, 045017 (2009) (25pp).

C. Erven, X. Ma, R. Laflamme, G. Weihs, "Entangled quantum key distribution with a biased basis choice," New J. Phys. 11, 045025 (2009) (15pp).

D. Stucki, N. Walenta, F. Vannel, R. T. Thew, N. Gisin, H. Zbinden, S. Gray, C. R. Towery, S. Ten, "High rate long distance quantum key distribution over 250
km of ultra low loss fibres," New J. Phys. 11, 075003 (2009).

I. Lucio-Martinez, P. Chan, X. Mo, S. Hosier, W. Tittel, "Proof-of-concept of real-world quantum key distribution
with quantum frames," New J. Phys. 11, 095001 (2009) http://stacks.iop.org/1367-2630/11/i=9/a=095001.

J.-P. Bourgoin, E. Meyer-Scott, B. L. Higgins, B. Helou, C. Erven, H. Hübel, B. Kumar, D. Hudson, I. D'Souza, R. Girard, R. Laflamme, T. Jennewein, "A
comprehensive design and performance analysis of low earth orbit satellite
quantum communication," New J. Phys. 15, 023006 (2013) http://stacks.iop.org/1367-2630/15/i=2/a=023006.

A. R. Dixon, Z. L. Yuan, J. F. Dynes, A. W. Sharpe, A. J. Shields, "Gigahertz decoy quantum key
distribution with 1 mbit/s secure key rate," Opt.
Exp. 16, 18 790-18 797 (2008).

M. Jofre, A. Gardelein, G. Anzolin, W. Amaya, J. Capmany, R. Ursin, L. Penate, D. Lopez, J. L. S. Juan, J. A. Carrasco, F. Garcia, F. J. Torcal-Milla, L. M. Sanchez-Brea, E. Bernabeu, J. M. Perdigues, T. Jennewein, J. P. Torres, M. W. Mitchell, V. Pruneri, "Fast
optical source for quantum key distribution based on semiconductoroptical
amplifiers," Opt. Exp. 19, 3825-3834 (2011).

M. Toyoshima, H. Takenaka, Y. Shoji, Y. Takayama, Y. Koyama, H. Kunimori, "Polarization measurements through space-to-ground
atmospheric propagation paths by using a highly polarized laser source in
space," Opt. Exp. 17, 22 333-22
340 (2009) http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-25-22333.

Y. Liu, T.-Y. Chen, J. Wang, W.-Q. Cai, X. Wan, L.-K. Chen, J.-H. Wang, S.-B. Liu, H. Liang, L. Yang, C.-Z. Peng, K. Chen, Z.-B. Chen, J.-W. Pan, "Decoy-state quantum key distribution
with polarized photons over 200 km," Opt. Exp. 18, 8587-8594 (2010).

X. Ma, B. Qi, Y. Zhao, H.-K. Lo, "Practical
decoy state for quantum key distribution," Phys.
Rev. A 72, 012326 (2005).

W.-Y. Hwang, "Quantum key distribution with
high loss: Toward global secure communication," Phys.
Rev. Lett. 91, 057901 (2003).

X. Liu, C. Liao, J. Mi, J. Wang, S. Liu, "Intrinsically
stable phase-modulated polarization encoding system for quantum key distribution," Phys. Lett. A 373, 54-57 (2008).

E.-L. Miao, Z.-F. Han, T. Zhang, G.-C. Guo, "The feasibility of geostationary satellite-to-ground
quantum key distribution," Phys. Lett. A 361, 29-32 (2007).

E. Meyer-Scott, Z. Yan, A. Mac Donald, J.-P. Bourgoin, H. Hübel, T. Jennewein, "How to implement decoy-state quantum key
distribution for a satellite uplink with 50-dB channel loss," Phys. Rev. A 84, 062326 (2011).

X. Ma, C.-H. F. Fung, H.-K. Lo, "Quantum key distribution with entangled
photon sources," Phys. Rev. A 76, 012307 (2007).

T. Jennewein, C. Simon, G. Weihs, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, "Quantum cryptography with entangled photons," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4729-4732 (2000).

H.-K. Lo, X. Ma, K. Chen, "Decoy state quantum key distribution," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 230504 (2005).

G. Brassard, N. Lütkenhaus, T. Mor, B. C. Sanders, "Limitations on practical quantum cryptography," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1330-1333 (2000).

D. Gottesman, H.-K. Lo, N. Lütkenhaus, J. Preskill, "Security of quantum key distribution with
imperfect devices," Quantum Information and
Computation 4, 325-360 (2004).

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, "Quantum cryptography," Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145-195 (2002).

E. Meyer-Scott, Experimental Quantum Communication
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