Abstract

For the first time, simulations have been performed to evaluate and compare the link power budget and power dissipation of 100 Gb/s carrierless amplitude and phase modulation-16/64 (CAP-16/64) and 16/64-quadrature amplitude modulation-orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (16/64-QAM-OFDM) systems over feedforward error correction (FEC) enhanced single mode fiber (SMF) links using an 18.6 GHz bandwidth directly modulated laser, for both single channel and two coarse wavelength division multiplexing (CWDM) channel cases. It is shown that single channel CAP-16 and 16-QAM-OFDM links can successfully support transmission over 5 km SMF, with a power dissipation of ∼2 times that of a 4×25 Gb/s NRZ system. Even when the loss of the optical multiplexing/demultiplexing operations is considered, the use of two CWDM channels supports transmission over 5 km SMF with CAP-16 and 16-QAM-OFDM. The CWDM systems do not increase transceiver power dissipation greatly.

© 2013 IEEE

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  1. IEEE 802.3ba—40 Gb/s and 100 Gb/s Ethernet, (2010).
  2. S. Bhoja, "Study of PAM modulation for 100 GE over a single laser," IEEE Next Gen 100 G Optical Ethernet Study Group (2012) http://www.ieee802.org/3/100GNGOPTX/public/jan12/bhoja_01_0112_NG100GOPTX.pdf.
  3. V. Bhatt, B. Dama, G. Nicholl, "Update on advanced modulation for a low cost 100 G single mode fiber PMD," IEEE Next Gen 100 G Optical Ethernet Study Group (2012) http://www.ieee802.org/3/100GNGOPTX/public/jul12/nicholl_01_0712_optx.pdf.
  4. J. L. Wei, J. D. Ingham, D. G. Cunningham, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, "Performance and power dissipation comparisons between 28 Gb/s NRZ, PAM, CAP and optical OFDM systems for datacommunication applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 3273-3280 (2012).
  5. J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, "40 Gb/s carrierless amplitude and phase modulation for low-cost optical datacommunication links," OFC/NFOEC11 (2011) Paper OThZ3.
  6. J. L. Wei, C. Sánches, R. P. Giddings, E. Hugues-Salas, J. M. Tang, "Significant improvements in optical power budgets of real-time optical OFDM PON systems," Opt. Exp. 18, 20732-20745 (2010).
  7. J. J. Werner, "Tutorial on carrierless AM/PM," Part I and II, ANSI X3T9.5 TP/PMD Working Group (1992&1993).
  8. E. Vanin, "Performance evaluation of intensity modulated optical OFDM system with digital baseband distortion," Opt. Exp. 19, 4280-4293 (2011).
  9. Fibre Channel—Methodologies for Signal Quality Specification (FC-MSQS) InterNational Committee for Information Technology Standards (INCITS)/TR-46-2011INCITS (2011).
  10. X. Zheng, X. Q. Jin, R. P. Giddings, J. L. Wei, E. Hugues-Salas, Y. H. Hong, J. M. Tang, "Negative power penalties of optical OFDM signal transmissions in directly modulated DFB laser-based IMDD systems incorporating negative dispersion fibres," IEEE Photonics J. 2, 532-542 (2010).
  11. J. L. Wei, J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, "Performance studies of 100 Gigabit Ethernet enabled by advanced modulation formats," IEEE Next Gen 100 G Optical Ethernet Study Group (2012) http://www.ieee802.org/3/100GNGOPTX/public/may12/ingham_01_0512_optx.pdf.
  12. P. Milder, R. Bouziane, R. Koutsoyannis, C. R. Berger, Y. Benlachtar, R. I. Killey, M. Glick, J. C. Hoe, "Design and simulation of 25 Gb/s optical OFDM transceiver ASICs," ECOC 2011 GenevaSwitzerland (2011) Paper We.9.A.5.
  13. R. S. Tucker, "Green optical communication—Part I: Energy limitations in transport," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 17, 245-260 (2011).
  14. M. Möller, "High-speed electronic circuits for 100 Gb/s transport networks," Proc. OFC/NFOEC10 (2010).
  15. 55–65 GSa/s 8-bit DAC http://www.chais.info.
  16. 56GSa/s 8-BIT ADC http://www.chais.info Fujitsu factsheet, preliminary data..
  17. J. L. Wei, L. Geng, D. G. Cunningham, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, "100 Gigabit Ethernet transmission enabled by carrierless amplitude and phase modulation using QAM receivers," Proc. OFC/NFOEC13 (2013).
  18. R. P. Giddings, E. Hugues-Salas, J. M. Tang, "Experimental demonstration of record high 19.125 Gb/s real-time end-to-end dual-band optical OFDM transmission over 25 km SMF in a simple EML-based IMDD system," Opt. Exp. 20, 20666-20679 (2012).

2012

S. Bhoja, "Study of PAM modulation for 100 GE over a single laser," IEEE Next Gen 100 G Optical Ethernet Study Group (2012) http://www.ieee802.org/3/100GNGOPTX/public/jan12/bhoja_01_0112_NG100GOPTX.pdf.

V. Bhatt, B. Dama, G. Nicholl, "Update on advanced modulation for a low cost 100 G single mode fiber PMD," IEEE Next Gen 100 G Optical Ethernet Study Group (2012) http://www.ieee802.org/3/100GNGOPTX/public/jul12/nicholl_01_0712_optx.pdf.

J. L. Wei, J. D. Ingham, D. G. Cunningham, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, "Performance and power dissipation comparisons between 28 Gb/s NRZ, PAM, CAP and optical OFDM systems for datacommunication applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 3273-3280 (2012).

J. L. Wei, J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, "Performance studies of 100 Gigabit Ethernet enabled by advanced modulation formats," IEEE Next Gen 100 G Optical Ethernet Study Group (2012) http://www.ieee802.org/3/100GNGOPTX/public/may12/ingham_01_0512_optx.pdf.

R. P. Giddings, E. Hugues-Salas, J. M. Tang, "Experimental demonstration of record high 19.125 Gb/s real-time end-to-end dual-band optical OFDM transmission over 25 km SMF in a simple EML-based IMDD system," Opt. Exp. 20, 20666-20679 (2012).

2011

R. S. Tucker, "Green optical communication—Part I: Energy limitations in transport," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 17, 245-260 (2011).

E. Vanin, "Performance evaluation of intensity modulated optical OFDM system with digital baseband distortion," Opt. Exp. 19, 4280-4293 (2011).

2010

X. Zheng, X. Q. Jin, R. P. Giddings, J. L. Wei, E. Hugues-Salas, Y. H. Hong, J. M. Tang, "Negative power penalties of optical OFDM signal transmissions in directly modulated DFB laser-based IMDD systems incorporating negative dispersion fibres," IEEE Photonics J. 2, 532-542 (2010).

J. L. Wei, C. Sánches, R. P. Giddings, E. Hugues-Salas, J. M. Tang, "Significant improvements in optical power budgets of real-time optical OFDM PON systems," Opt. Exp. 18, 20732-20745 (2010).

IEEE Photonics J.

X. Zheng, X. Q. Jin, R. P. Giddings, J. L. Wei, E. Hugues-Salas, Y. H. Hong, J. M. Tang, "Negative power penalties of optical OFDM signal transmissions in directly modulated DFB laser-based IMDD systems incorporating negative dispersion fibres," IEEE Photonics J. 2, 532-542 (2010).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron.

R. S. Tucker, "Green optical communication—Part I: Energy limitations in transport," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 17, 245-260 (2011).

IEEE Next Gen 100 G Optical Ethernet Study Group

V. Bhatt, B. Dama, G. Nicholl, "Update on advanced modulation for a low cost 100 G single mode fiber PMD," IEEE Next Gen 100 G Optical Ethernet Study Group (2012) http://www.ieee802.org/3/100GNGOPTX/public/jul12/nicholl_01_0712_optx.pdf.

IEEE Next Gen 100 G Optical Ethernet Study Group

S. Bhoja, "Study of PAM modulation for 100 GE over a single laser," IEEE Next Gen 100 G Optical Ethernet Study Group (2012) http://www.ieee802.org/3/100GNGOPTX/public/jan12/bhoja_01_0112_NG100GOPTX.pdf.

IEEE Next Gen 100 G Optical Ethernet Study Group

J. L. Wei, J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, "Performance studies of 100 Gigabit Ethernet enabled by advanced modulation formats," IEEE Next Gen 100 G Optical Ethernet Study Group (2012) http://www.ieee802.org/3/100GNGOPTX/public/may12/ingham_01_0512_optx.pdf.

J. Lightw. Technol.

J. L. Wei, J. D. Ingham, D. G. Cunningham, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, "Performance and power dissipation comparisons between 28 Gb/s NRZ, PAM, CAP and optical OFDM systems for datacommunication applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 3273-3280 (2012).

Opt. Exp.

R. P. Giddings, E. Hugues-Salas, J. M. Tang, "Experimental demonstration of record high 19.125 Gb/s real-time end-to-end dual-band optical OFDM transmission over 25 km SMF in a simple EML-based IMDD system," Opt. Exp. 20, 20666-20679 (2012).

Opt. Exp.

J. L. Wei, C. Sánches, R. P. Giddings, E. Hugues-Salas, J. M. Tang, "Significant improvements in optical power budgets of real-time optical OFDM PON systems," Opt. Exp. 18, 20732-20745 (2010).

E. Vanin, "Performance evaluation of intensity modulated optical OFDM system with digital baseband distortion," Opt. Exp. 19, 4280-4293 (2011).

Other

Fibre Channel—Methodologies for Signal Quality Specification (FC-MSQS) InterNational Committee for Information Technology Standards (INCITS)/TR-46-2011INCITS (2011).

J. J. Werner, "Tutorial on carrierless AM/PM," Part I and II, ANSI X3T9.5 TP/PMD Working Group (1992&1993).

J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, "40 Gb/s carrierless amplitude and phase modulation for low-cost optical datacommunication links," OFC/NFOEC11 (2011) Paper OThZ3.

IEEE 802.3ba—40 Gb/s and 100 Gb/s Ethernet, (2010).

P. Milder, R. Bouziane, R. Koutsoyannis, C. R. Berger, Y. Benlachtar, R. I. Killey, M. Glick, J. C. Hoe, "Design and simulation of 25 Gb/s optical OFDM transceiver ASICs," ECOC 2011 GenevaSwitzerland (2011) Paper We.9.A.5.

M. Möller, "High-speed electronic circuits for 100 Gb/s transport networks," Proc. OFC/NFOEC10 (2010).

55–65 GSa/s 8-bit DAC http://www.chais.info.

56GSa/s 8-BIT ADC http://www.chais.info Fujitsu factsheet, preliminary data..

J. L. Wei, L. Geng, D. G. Cunningham, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, "100 Gigabit Ethernet transmission enabled by carrierless amplitude and phase modulation using QAM receivers," Proc. OFC/NFOEC13 (2013).

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