Abstract

This study employed the coherent phase modulation (PM) detection method to characterize the phase noise of a Sampled-Grating Distributed Bragg Reflector (SGDBR) laser via delayed self-heterodyne (DSH) measurements. We derived the formula for phase-error variance from the FM noise spectrum of the laser and performed measurements on the Distributed Feedback (DFB) and SGDBR lasers. The results confirmed that the DFB laser phase noise is well described by white FM noise while the SGDBR laser has additional frequency fluctuations below 400 MHz. The measurement and simulation results also demonstrated that the low frequency excess noise significantly broadens the linewidth of SGDBR lasers and can degrade the performance of coherent optical communication systems.

© 2013 IEEE

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  9. T. N. Huynh, L. Nguyen, L. Barry, "Delayed self-heterodyne phase noise measurements with coherent phase modulation detection," Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 249-251 (2012).
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  19. K. Shi, F. Smyth, P. M. Anadarajah, D. Reid, Y. Yu, L. P. Barry, "Linewidth of SG-DBR laser and its effect on DPSK transmission," Opt. Commun. 283, 5040-5045 (2010).
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  21. A. K. Mishra, A. D. Ellis, L. P. Barry, "Time-resolved Q-factor measurement and its application in performance analysis of 42.6 Gbit/s packets generated by SGDBR lasers," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 1144-1151 (2010).
  22. M. Seimetz, "Performance of coherent optical square-16-QAM-systems based on IQ-transmitters and homodyne receivers with digital phase estimation," Proc. OFC 2006 .
  23. N. J. Kasdin, "Discrete simulation of colored noise and stochastic processes and 1/fα power law noise generation," Proc. IEEE 83, 802-827 (1995).
  24. T. N. Huynh, F. Smyth, L. Nguyen, L. P. Barry, "Effects of phase noise of monolithic tunable laser on coherent communication systems," Opt. Exp. 20, B244-B249 (2012).
  25. K. Kikuchi, "Characterization of semiconductor-laser phase noise and estimation of bit-error rate performance with low-speed offline digital coherent receivers," Opt. Exp. 20, 5291-5302 (2012).

2012 (3)

T. N. Huynh, L. Nguyen, L. Barry, "Delayed self-heterodyne phase noise measurements with coherent phase modulation detection," Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 249-251 (2012).

T. N. Huynh, F. Smyth, L. Nguyen, L. P. Barry, "Effects of phase noise of monolithic tunable laser on coherent communication systems," Opt. Exp. 20, B244-B249 (2012).

K. Kikuchi, "Characterization of semiconductor-laser phase noise and estimation of bit-error rate performance with low-speed offline digital coherent receivers," Opt. Exp. 20, 5291-5302 (2012).

2011 (2)

R. Maher, B. Thomsen, "Dynamic linewidth measurement technique using digital intradyne coherent receivers," Opt. Exp. 19, B313-B322 (2011).

A. H. Gnauck, P. J. Winzer, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Zhu, D. W. Peckham, "Spectrally efficient long-haul WDM transmission using 224-Gb/s polarization-multiplexed 16-QAM," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 373-377 (2011).

2010 (4)

S. Zang, P. Y. Kam, J. Chen, C. Yu, "Bit-error rate performance of coherent optical M-ary PSK/QAM using decision-aided maximum likelihood phase estimation," Opt. Exp. 18, 12088-12103 (2010).

S. Ristic, A. Bhardwaj, M. J. Rodwell, L. A. Coldren, L. A. Johansson, "An optical phase-locked loop photonic integrated circuit," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 526-538 (2010).

A. K. Mishra, A. D. Ellis, L. P. Barry, "Time-resolved Q-factor measurement and its application in performance analysis of 42.6 Gbit/s packets generated by SGDBR lasers," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 1144-1151 (2010).

K. Shi, F. Smyth, P. M. Anadarajah, D. Reid, Y. Yu, L. P. Barry, "Linewidth of SG-DBR laser and its effect on DPSK transmission," Opt. Commun. 283, 5040-5045 (2010).

2008 (1)

S. Camatel, V. Ferrero, "Narrow linewidth CW laser phase noise characterization methods for coherent transmission system applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 3048-3054 (2008).

2005 (1)

J. P. Tourrenc, "Low-frequency FM-noise-induced lineshape: A theoretical and experimental approach," J. Quantum Electron. 41, 549-553 (2005).

1997 (1)

M. C. Amann, R. Hakimi, B. Borchert, S. Illek, "Linewidth broadening by 1/f noise in wavelength-tunable laser diode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 1512-1514 (1997).

1995 (1)

N. J. Kasdin, "Discrete simulation of colored noise and stochastic processes and 1/fα power law noise generation," Proc. IEEE 83, 802-827 (1995).

1990 (1)

M. C. Amann, R. Schimpe, "Excess linewidth broadening in wavelength-tunable laser diodes," Electron. Lett. 26, 279-280 (1990).

1989 (1)

K. Kikuchi, "Effect of 1/f-type FM noise on semiconductor-laser linewidth residual in high-power limit," J. Quantum Electron 25, 563-570 (1989).

1984 (1)

K. Kikuchi, T. Okoshi, M. Nagamatsu, N. Henmi, "Degradation of bit-error rate in coherent optical communications," J. Lightw. Technol. 2, 1024-1033 (1984).

1983 (1)

M. J. O'Mahony, I. D. Henning, "Semiconductor laser linewidth broadening due to 1/f carrier noise," Electron. Lett. 19, 1000-1001 (1983).

1980 (1)

T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, A. Nakazama, "Novel method for high resolution measurement of laser output spectrum," Electron. Lett. 16, 630 (1980).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. C. Amann, R. Hakimi, B. Borchert, S. Illek, "Linewidth broadening by 1/f noise in wavelength-tunable laser diode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 1512-1514 (1997).

Electron. Lett. (3)

M. C. Amann, R. Schimpe, "Excess linewidth broadening in wavelength-tunable laser diodes," Electron. Lett. 26, 279-280 (1990).

M. J. O'Mahony, I. D. Henning, "Semiconductor laser linewidth broadening due to 1/f carrier noise," Electron. Lett. 19, 1000-1001 (1983).

T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, A. Nakazama, "Novel method for high resolution measurement of laser output spectrum," Electron. Lett. 16, 630 (1980).

J. Lightw. Technol. (5)

S. Camatel, V. Ferrero, "Narrow linewidth CW laser phase noise characterization methods for coherent transmission system applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 3048-3054 (2008).

A. H. Gnauck, P. J. Winzer, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Zhu, D. W. Peckham, "Spectrally efficient long-haul WDM transmission using 224-Gb/s polarization-multiplexed 16-QAM," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 373-377 (2011).

S. Ristic, A. Bhardwaj, M. J. Rodwell, L. A. Coldren, L. A. Johansson, "An optical phase-locked loop photonic integrated circuit," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 526-538 (2010).

K. Kikuchi, T. Okoshi, M. Nagamatsu, N. Henmi, "Degradation of bit-error rate in coherent optical communications," J. Lightw. Technol. 2, 1024-1033 (1984).

A. K. Mishra, A. D. Ellis, L. P. Barry, "Time-resolved Q-factor measurement and its application in performance analysis of 42.6 Gbit/s packets generated by SGDBR lasers," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 1144-1151 (2010).

J. Quantum Electron (1)

K. Kikuchi, "Effect of 1/f-type FM noise on semiconductor-laser linewidth residual in high-power limit," J. Quantum Electron 25, 563-570 (1989).

J. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. P. Tourrenc, "Low-frequency FM-noise-induced lineshape: A theoretical and experimental approach," J. Quantum Electron. 41, 549-553 (2005).

Opt. Commun. (1)

K. Shi, F. Smyth, P. M. Anadarajah, D. Reid, Y. Yu, L. P. Barry, "Linewidth of SG-DBR laser and its effect on DPSK transmission," Opt. Commun. 283, 5040-5045 (2010).

Opt. Exp. (4)

R. Maher, B. Thomsen, "Dynamic linewidth measurement technique using digital intradyne coherent receivers," Opt. Exp. 19, B313-B322 (2011).

S. Zang, P. Y. Kam, J. Chen, C. Yu, "Bit-error rate performance of coherent optical M-ary PSK/QAM using decision-aided maximum likelihood phase estimation," Opt. Exp. 18, 12088-12103 (2010).

T. N. Huynh, F. Smyth, L. Nguyen, L. P. Barry, "Effects of phase noise of monolithic tunable laser on coherent communication systems," Opt. Exp. 20, B244-B249 (2012).

K. Kikuchi, "Characterization of semiconductor-laser phase noise and estimation of bit-error rate performance with low-speed offline digital coherent receivers," Opt. Exp. 20, 5291-5302 (2012).

Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

T. N. Huynh, L. Nguyen, L. Barry, "Delayed self-heterodyne phase noise measurements with coherent phase modulation detection," Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 249-251 (2012).

Proc. IEEE (1)

N. J. Kasdin, "Discrete simulation of colored noise and stochastic processes and 1/fα power law noise generation," Proc. IEEE 83, 802-827 (1995).

Other (7)

M. Seimetz, "Performance of coherent optical square-16-QAM-systems based on IQ-transmitters and homodyne receivers with digital phase estimation," Proc. OFC 2006 .

K. Kikuchi, K. Igarashi, "Characterization of semiconductor-laser phase noise with digital coherent receiver," Proc. OFC 2011 .

M. Nakazawa, K. Kikuchi, T. Miyazaki, High Spectral Density Optical Communication Technologies (Springer-Verlag, 2010).

M. Seimetz, "Laser linewidth limitations for optical systems with high-order modulation employing feed forward digital carrier phase estimation," Proc. OFC (2008).

S. Nakagawa, "Phase noise of widely-tunable SGDBR laser," Proc. OFC 2003 .

M. C. Larson, "High performance widely-tunable SG-DBR lasers," Proc. SPIE 2003 pp. 66-80.

T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, Coherent Optical Fiber Communications (Kluwer, 1988).

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