Abstract

A novel scheme for quantitative calibration of a phase-shift formed in a linearly chirped fiber Bragg grating is numerically and experimentally demonstrated, which is based on the utilization of either a wavelength- or a power-interrogated fiber ring laser. Moreover, an application example of the proposed phase-shift FBG to temperature measurement has been proposed and experimentally demonstrated.

© 2013 IEEE

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  1. M. Guy, J. Taylor, R. Kashyap, "Single-frequency erbium fibre ring laser with intracavityphase-shifted fibre Bragg grating narrowband filter," Electron. Lett. 31, 1924-1925 (1995).
  2. W. Loh, R. Laming, "1.55 μm phase-shifted distributed feedback fibre laser," Electron. Lett. 31, 1440-1442 (1995).
  3. A. Asseh, H. Storoy, J. Kringlebotn, W. Margulis, B. Sahlgren, S. Sandgren, R. Stubbe, G. Edwall, "10 cm YB3+ DFB fibre laser with permanent phase shifted grating," Electron. Lett. 31, 969-970 (1995).
  4. M. Li, X. Chen, T. Fujii, Y. Kudo, H. Li, Y. Painchaud, "Multiwavelength fiber laser based on the utilization of a phase-shifted phase-only sampled fiber Bragg grating," Opt. Lett. 34, 1717-1719 (2009).
  5. G. Agrawal, S. Radic, "Phase-shifted fiber Bragg gratings and their application for wavelength demultiplexing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 995-997 (1994).
  6. D. Gatti, G. Galzerano, D. Janner, S. Longhi, P. Laporta, "Fiber strain sensor based on a π-phase-shifted Bragg grating and the Pound-Drever-Hall technique," Opt. Exp. 16, 1945-1950 (2008).
  7. A. Iadicicco, A. Cusano, A. Cutolo, R. Bernini, M. Giordano, "Thinned fiber Bragg gratings as high sensitivity refractive index sensor," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1149-1151 (2004).
  8. W. Liang, Y. Huang, Y. Xu, R. K. L. A. Yariv, "Highly sensitive fiber Bragg grating refractive index sensors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 151122-151122-3 (2005).
  9. N. Berger, B. Levit, B. Fischer, M. Kulishov, D. Plant, J. Azaña, "Temporal differentiation of optical signals using a phase-shifted fiber Bragg grating," Opt. Exp. 15, 371-381 (2007).
  10. M. Asghari, J. Azaña, "Design of all-optical high-order temporal integrators based on multiple-phase-shifted Bragg gratings," Opt. Exp. 16, 11 459-11 469 (2008).
  11. M. Asghari, J. Azaña, "All-optical Hilbert transformer based on a single phase-shifted fiber Bragg grating: Design and analysis," Opt. Lett. 34, 334-336 (2009).
  12. M. Li, J. Yao, "All-fiber temporal photonic fractional Hilbert transformer based on a directly designed fiber Bragg grating," Opt. Lett. 35, 223-225 (2010).
  13. R. Kashyap, P. Mckee, D. Armes, "UV written reflection grating structures in photosensitive opticalfibres using phase-shifted phase masks," Electron. Lett. 30, 1977-1978 (1994).
  14. J. Canning, M. Sceats, "π-phase-shifted periodic distributed structures in optical fibres by UV post-processing," Electron. Lett. 30, 1344-1345 (1994).
  15. A. Cusano, D. Paladino, A. Iadicicco, "Microstructured fiber Bragg gratings," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 1663-1697 (2009).
  16. D. Paladino, A. Iadicocco, S. Campopiano, A. Cusano, "Not-lithographic fabrication of micro-structured fiber Bragg gratings evanescent wave sensors," Opt. Exp. 17, 1042-1054 (2009).
  17. M. Janos, J. Canning, "Permanent and transient resonances thermally induced in optical fibre Bragg gratings," Electron. Lett. 31, 1007 (1995).
  18. D. Uttamchandani, A. Othonos, "Phase shifted Bragg gratings formed in optical fibres by post-fabrication thermal processing," Opt. Commun. 127, 200-204 (1996).
  19. S. Li, N. Ngo, S. Tjin, P. Shum, J. Zhang, "Thermally tunable narrow-bandpass filter based on a linearly chirped fiber Bragg grating," Opt. Lett. 29, 29-31 (2004).
  20. M. Li, H. Li, Y. Painchaud, "Multi-channel notch filter based on a phase-shift phase-only sampled fiber Bragg grating," Opt. Exp. 16, 19388-19394 (2008).
  21. A. Ahuja, P. Steinvurzel, B. Eggleton, J. Rogers, "Tunable single phase-shifted and superstructure gratings using microfabricated on-fiber thin film heaters," Opt. Commun. 184, 119-125 (2000).
  22. M. Xu, A. Alavie, R. Maaskant, M. Ohn, "Tunable fibre bandpass filter based on a linearly chirped fibreBragg grating for wavelength demultiplexing," Electron. Lett. 32, 1918-1919 (1996).
  23. X. Chen, Y. Painchaud, K. Ogusu, H. Li, "Phase shifts induced by the piezoelectric transducers attached to a linearly chirped fiber Bragg grating," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 2017-2022 (2010).
  24. T. Erdogan, "Fiber grating spectra," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 1277-1294 (1997).
  25. J. Skaar, L. Wang, T. Erdogan, "On the synthesis of fiber Bragg gratings by layer peeling," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 165-173 (2001).

2010 (2)

X. Chen, Y. Painchaud, K. Ogusu, H. Li, "Phase shifts induced by the piezoelectric transducers attached to a linearly chirped fiber Bragg grating," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 2017-2022 (2010).

M. Li, J. Yao, "All-fiber temporal photonic fractional Hilbert transformer based on a directly designed fiber Bragg grating," Opt. Lett. 35, 223-225 (2010).

2009 (4)

M. Asghari, J. Azaña, "All-optical Hilbert transformer based on a single phase-shifted fiber Bragg grating: Design and analysis," Opt. Lett. 34, 334-336 (2009).

M. Li, X. Chen, T. Fujii, Y. Kudo, H. Li, Y. Painchaud, "Multiwavelength fiber laser based on the utilization of a phase-shifted phase-only sampled fiber Bragg grating," Opt. Lett. 34, 1717-1719 (2009).

A. Cusano, D. Paladino, A. Iadicicco, "Microstructured fiber Bragg gratings," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 1663-1697 (2009).

D. Paladino, A. Iadicocco, S. Campopiano, A. Cusano, "Not-lithographic fabrication of micro-structured fiber Bragg gratings evanescent wave sensors," Opt. Exp. 17, 1042-1054 (2009).

2008 (3)

M. Li, H. Li, Y. Painchaud, "Multi-channel notch filter based on a phase-shift phase-only sampled fiber Bragg grating," Opt. Exp. 16, 19388-19394 (2008).

D. Gatti, G. Galzerano, D. Janner, S. Longhi, P. Laporta, "Fiber strain sensor based on a π-phase-shifted Bragg grating and the Pound-Drever-Hall technique," Opt. Exp. 16, 1945-1950 (2008).

M. Asghari, J. Azaña, "Design of all-optical high-order temporal integrators based on multiple-phase-shifted Bragg gratings," Opt. Exp. 16, 11 459-11 469 (2008).

2007 (1)

N. Berger, B. Levit, B. Fischer, M. Kulishov, D. Plant, J. Azaña, "Temporal differentiation of optical signals using a phase-shifted fiber Bragg grating," Opt. Exp. 15, 371-381 (2007).

2005 (1)

W. Liang, Y. Huang, Y. Xu, R. K. L. A. Yariv, "Highly sensitive fiber Bragg grating refractive index sensors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 151122-151122-3 (2005).

2004 (2)

A. Iadicicco, A. Cusano, A. Cutolo, R. Bernini, M. Giordano, "Thinned fiber Bragg gratings as high sensitivity refractive index sensor," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1149-1151 (2004).

S. Li, N. Ngo, S. Tjin, P. Shum, J. Zhang, "Thermally tunable narrow-bandpass filter based on a linearly chirped fiber Bragg grating," Opt. Lett. 29, 29-31 (2004).

2001 (1)

J. Skaar, L. Wang, T. Erdogan, "On the synthesis of fiber Bragg gratings by layer peeling," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 165-173 (2001).

2000 (1)

A. Ahuja, P. Steinvurzel, B. Eggleton, J. Rogers, "Tunable single phase-shifted and superstructure gratings using microfabricated on-fiber thin film heaters," Opt. Commun. 184, 119-125 (2000).

1997 (1)

T. Erdogan, "Fiber grating spectra," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 1277-1294 (1997).

1996 (2)

M. Xu, A. Alavie, R. Maaskant, M. Ohn, "Tunable fibre bandpass filter based on a linearly chirped fibreBragg grating for wavelength demultiplexing," Electron. Lett. 32, 1918-1919 (1996).

D. Uttamchandani, A. Othonos, "Phase shifted Bragg gratings formed in optical fibres by post-fabrication thermal processing," Opt. Commun. 127, 200-204 (1996).

1995 (4)

M. Janos, J. Canning, "Permanent and transient resonances thermally induced in optical fibre Bragg gratings," Electron. Lett. 31, 1007 (1995).

M. Guy, J. Taylor, R. Kashyap, "Single-frequency erbium fibre ring laser with intracavityphase-shifted fibre Bragg grating narrowband filter," Electron. Lett. 31, 1924-1925 (1995).

W. Loh, R. Laming, "1.55 μm phase-shifted distributed feedback fibre laser," Electron. Lett. 31, 1440-1442 (1995).

A. Asseh, H. Storoy, J. Kringlebotn, W. Margulis, B. Sahlgren, S. Sandgren, R. Stubbe, G. Edwall, "10 cm YB3+ DFB fibre laser with permanent phase shifted grating," Electron. Lett. 31, 969-970 (1995).

1994 (3)

R. Kashyap, P. Mckee, D. Armes, "UV written reflection grating structures in photosensitive opticalfibres using phase-shifted phase masks," Electron. Lett. 30, 1977-1978 (1994).

J. Canning, M. Sceats, "π-phase-shifted periodic distributed structures in optical fibres by UV post-processing," Electron. Lett. 30, 1344-1345 (1994).

G. Agrawal, S. Radic, "Phase-shifted fiber Bragg gratings and their application for wavelength demultiplexing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 995-997 (1994).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

W. Liang, Y. Huang, Y. Xu, R. K. L. A. Yariv, "Highly sensitive fiber Bragg grating refractive index sensors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 151122-151122-3 (2005).

Electron. Lett. (7)

M. Guy, J. Taylor, R. Kashyap, "Single-frequency erbium fibre ring laser with intracavityphase-shifted fibre Bragg grating narrowband filter," Electron. Lett. 31, 1924-1925 (1995).

W. Loh, R. Laming, "1.55 μm phase-shifted distributed feedback fibre laser," Electron. Lett. 31, 1440-1442 (1995).

A. Asseh, H. Storoy, J. Kringlebotn, W. Margulis, B. Sahlgren, S. Sandgren, R. Stubbe, G. Edwall, "10 cm YB3+ DFB fibre laser with permanent phase shifted grating," Electron. Lett. 31, 969-970 (1995).

R. Kashyap, P. Mckee, D. Armes, "UV written reflection grating structures in photosensitive opticalfibres using phase-shifted phase masks," Electron. Lett. 30, 1977-1978 (1994).

J. Canning, M. Sceats, "π-phase-shifted periodic distributed structures in optical fibres by UV post-processing," Electron. Lett. 30, 1344-1345 (1994).

M. Janos, J. Canning, "Permanent and transient resonances thermally induced in optical fibre Bragg gratings," Electron. Lett. 31, 1007 (1995).

M. Xu, A. Alavie, R. Maaskant, M. Ohn, "Tunable fibre bandpass filter based on a linearly chirped fibreBragg grating for wavelength demultiplexing," Electron. Lett. 32, 1918-1919 (1996).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Skaar, L. Wang, T. Erdogan, "On the synthesis of fiber Bragg gratings by layer peeling," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 165-173 (2001).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

A. Iadicicco, A. Cusano, A. Cutolo, R. Bernini, M. Giordano, "Thinned fiber Bragg gratings as high sensitivity refractive index sensor," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1149-1151 (2004).

G. Agrawal, S. Radic, "Phase-shifted fiber Bragg gratings and their application for wavelength demultiplexing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 995-997 (1994).

J. Lightw. Technol. (3)

A. Cusano, D. Paladino, A. Iadicicco, "Microstructured fiber Bragg gratings," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 1663-1697 (2009).

X. Chen, Y. Painchaud, K. Ogusu, H. Li, "Phase shifts induced by the piezoelectric transducers attached to a linearly chirped fiber Bragg grating," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 2017-2022 (2010).

T. Erdogan, "Fiber grating spectra," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 1277-1294 (1997).

Opt. Commun. (2)

A. Ahuja, P. Steinvurzel, B. Eggleton, J. Rogers, "Tunable single phase-shifted and superstructure gratings using microfabricated on-fiber thin film heaters," Opt. Commun. 184, 119-125 (2000).

D. Uttamchandani, A. Othonos, "Phase shifted Bragg gratings formed in optical fibres by post-fabrication thermal processing," Opt. Commun. 127, 200-204 (1996).

Opt. Exp. (5)

M. Li, H. Li, Y. Painchaud, "Multi-channel notch filter based on a phase-shift phase-only sampled fiber Bragg grating," Opt. Exp. 16, 19388-19394 (2008).

D. Paladino, A. Iadicocco, S. Campopiano, A. Cusano, "Not-lithographic fabrication of micro-structured fiber Bragg gratings evanescent wave sensors," Opt. Exp. 17, 1042-1054 (2009).

D. Gatti, G. Galzerano, D. Janner, S. Longhi, P. Laporta, "Fiber strain sensor based on a π-phase-shifted Bragg grating and the Pound-Drever-Hall technique," Opt. Exp. 16, 1945-1950 (2008).

N. Berger, B. Levit, B. Fischer, M. Kulishov, D. Plant, J. Azaña, "Temporal differentiation of optical signals using a phase-shifted fiber Bragg grating," Opt. Exp. 15, 371-381 (2007).

M. Asghari, J. Azaña, "Design of all-optical high-order temporal integrators based on multiple-phase-shifted Bragg gratings," Opt. Exp. 16, 11 459-11 469 (2008).

Opt. Lett. (4)

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