Abstract

In this paper, we study the use of integrated semiconductor optical amplifiers as the basic building block for larger-scale programmable photonic circuits. Making use of the non-linear response of these devices, we study the performance of 4-bit all-optical NOR gates based on fully integrable components for high speed all-optical look up tables. Feasibility of the proposed architecture is demonstrated by proof-of-concept experiments using both commercially available devices and photonic integrated circuits.

© 2013 IEEE

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  1. Z. Li, "All-optical logic gates using semiconductor optical amplifier assisted by optical filter," Electron. Lett. 41, 12-13 (2005).
  2. G. Berrettini, A. Malacarne, P. Ghelfi, "Reconfigurable all-optical logic gate based on a single SOA with improved dynamics," Proc. OFC (2006) pp. 3.
  3. Y. T. Byun, K. S. Choi, Y. M. Jhon, D. H. Woo, S. Lee, S. H. Kim, "Realization of high-speed all-optical or gate using cross-gain modulation," Proc. Symp. Quarterly J. Modern Foreign Literatures 436-437 (2005).
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  5. K. L. Hall, K. A. Rauschenbach, "100-Gbit/s bitwise logic," Opt. Lett. 23, 1271-1273 (1998).
  6. S. Kumar, A. E. Willner, "Simultaneous four-wave mixing and cross-gain modulation for implementing an all-optical XNOR logic gate using a single SOA.," Opt. Exp. 14, 5092-5097 (2006).
  7. A. Villafranca, M. Cabezón, D. Izquierdo, J. J. Martínez, I. Garcés, "Programmable all-optical logic gates based on semiconductor optical amplifiers," Proc. 13th ICTON (2011).
  8. S. Kim, J. Kim, B. Yu, "All-optical NAND gate using cross-gain modulation in semiconductor optical amplifiers," Electron. Lett. 41, 1027-1028 (2005).
  9. A. Sharaiha, J. Topomondzo, P. Morel, "All-optical logic AND-NOR gate with three inputs based on cross-gain modulation in a semiconductor optical amplifier," Opt. Commun. 265, 322-325 (2006).
  10. Y. J. Jung, N. Park, "Non-linear optical gate based on auto-correlated cross gain modulation effect in folded Tandem-SOAs," Proc. COIN-NGNCON (2006) pp. 316-318.
  11. A. Sharaiha, A. Hamie, "Cross gain modulation analysis in two cascaded semiconductor optical amplifiers," Proc. 2003 CLEO/Europe (2003) pp. 197.
  12. O. Qasaimeh, "Analytical model for cross-gain modulation and crosstalk in quantum-well semiconductor optical amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 12, 1412-1456 (2008).
  13. X. Yang, R. J. Manning, W. Hu, "Simple 40 Gbit/s all-optical XOR gate," Electron. Lett. 46, 222 (2010).
  14. J. Kim, J. Kang, T. Kim, S. Han, "10 Gbit/s all-optical composite logic gates with XOR, NOR, OR and NAND functions using SOA-MZI structures," Electron. Lett. 42, 4-5 (2006).
  15. J. Zhang, J. Wu, C. Feng, G. Zhou, K. Xu, "40 Gbit/s all-optical logic NOR gate based on a semiconductor optical amplifier and a filter," Opt. Eng. 45, 205-207 (2006).
  16. Y. Liu, "Error-free 320-Gb/s all-optical wavelength conversion using a single semiconductor optical amplifier," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 103-108 (2007).
  17. Y. Liu, "Error-free all-optical wavelength conversion at 160 gb/s using a semiconductor optical amplifier and an optical bandpass filter," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 230-236 (2006).
  18. J. H. Kim, B. C. Kim, Y. T. B. Yun, Y. M. J. Hon, "All-optical and gate using cross-gain modulation in semiconductor optical amplifiers," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 608-610 (2004).
  19. J. H. Kim, "All-optical XOR gate using semiconductor optical amplifiers without additional input beam," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 101-1438 (2002).
  20. T. Fjelde, "Demonstration of 20 Gbit/s all-optical logic XOR in integrated SOA-based interferometric wavelength converter," Electron. Lett. 36, 1863-1864 (2000).
  21. C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, "20 Gb/s all-optical XOR with UNI gate," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1271-1836 (2000).
  22. J. Dong, X. Zhang, J. Xu, D. Huang, "40 Gb/s all-optical logic NOR and OR gates using a semiconductor optical amplifier: Experimental demonstration and theoretical analysis," Opt. Commun. 281, 1710-1715 (2008).
  23. A. Rostami, H. Baghban, A. Nejad, R. M. Qartavol, H. R. Saghai, "Tb/s optical logic gates based on quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifier," J. Quantum Electron. 46, 354-360 (2010).
  24. A. Bogoni, X. Wu, Z. Bakhtiari, S. Nuccio, A. E. Willner, "640 Gb/s all-optical logic functions in a PPLN waveguide," Proc. ECOC (2010) pp. 1-3.
  25. F. Li, T. D. Vo, C. Husko, M. Pelusi, D.-X. Xu, A. Densmore, R. Ma, S. Janz, B. J. Eggleton, D. J. Moss, "All-optical XOR logic gate for 40 Gb/s DPSK signals via FWM in a silicon nanowire.," Opt. Exp. 19, 20364-20371 (2011).
  26. L. Lei, Y. Zhang, J. Dong, Y. Yu, X. Zhang, "40-Gb/s 16-ary all-optical logic minterms generation for four-line inputs," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1322-1324 (2011).
  27. J. Xu, X. Zhang, Y. Zhang, J. Dong, D. Liu, D. Huang, "Reconfigurable all-optical logic gates for multi-input differential phase-shift keying signals: Design and experiments," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 5268-5275 (2009).
  28. A. Reale, P. Lugli, "Modeling nonlinear propagation of optical signals in semiconductor," J. Comput. Electron. 413-416 (2003).
  29. T. R. Zaman, X. Guo, R. J. Ram, "Proposal for a polarization-independent integrated optical circulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1359-1361 (2006).

2011

F. Li, T. D. Vo, C. Husko, M. Pelusi, D.-X. Xu, A. Densmore, R. Ma, S. Janz, B. J. Eggleton, D. J. Moss, "All-optical XOR logic gate for 40 Gb/s DPSK signals via FWM in a silicon nanowire.," Opt. Exp. 19, 20364-20371 (2011).

L. Lei, Y. Zhang, J. Dong, Y. Yu, X. Zhang, "40-Gb/s 16-ary all-optical logic minterms generation for four-line inputs," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1322-1324 (2011).

2010

X. Yang, R. J. Manning, W. Hu, "Simple 40 Gbit/s all-optical XOR gate," Electron. Lett. 46, 222 (2010).

A. Rostami, H. Baghban, A. Nejad, R. M. Qartavol, H. R. Saghai, "Tb/s optical logic gates based on quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifier," J. Quantum Electron. 46, 354-360 (2010).

2009

J. Xu, X. Zhang, Y. Zhang, J. Dong, D. Liu, D. Huang, "Reconfigurable all-optical logic gates for multi-input differential phase-shift keying signals: Design and experiments," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 5268-5275 (2009).

2008

J. Dong, X. Zhang, J. Xu, D. Huang, "40 Gb/s all-optical logic NOR and OR gates using a semiconductor optical amplifier: Experimental demonstration and theoretical analysis," Opt. Commun. 281, 1710-1715 (2008).

O. Qasaimeh, "Analytical model for cross-gain modulation and crosstalk in quantum-well semiconductor optical amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 12, 1412-1456 (2008).

2007

Y. Liu, "Error-free 320-Gb/s all-optical wavelength conversion using a single semiconductor optical amplifier," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 103-108 (2007).

2006

Y. Liu, "Error-free all-optical wavelength conversion at 160 gb/s using a semiconductor optical amplifier and an optical bandpass filter," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 230-236 (2006).

J. Kim, J. Kang, T. Kim, S. Han, "10 Gbit/s all-optical composite logic gates with XOR, NOR, OR and NAND functions using SOA-MZI structures," Electron. Lett. 42, 4-5 (2006).

J. Zhang, J. Wu, C. Feng, G. Zhou, K. Xu, "40 Gbit/s all-optical logic NOR gate based on a semiconductor optical amplifier and a filter," Opt. Eng. 45, 205-207 (2006).

A. Sharaiha, J. Topomondzo, P. Morel, "All-optical logic AND-NOR gate with three inputs based on cross-gain modulation in a semiconductor optical amplifier," Opt. Commun. 265, 322-325 (2006).

S. Kumar, A. E. Willner, "Simultaneous four-wave mixing and cross-gain modulation for implementing an all-optical XNOR logic gate using a single SOA.," Opt. Exp. 14, 5092-5097 (2006).

T. R. Zaman, X. Guo, R. J. Ram, "Proposal for a polarization-independent integrated optical circulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1359-1361 (2006).

2005

S. Kim, J. Kim, B. Yu, "All-optical NAND gate using cross-gain modulation in semiconductor optical amplifiers," Electron. Lett. 41, 1027-1028 (2005).

Z. Li, "All-optical logic gates using semiconductor optical amplifier assisted by optical filter," Electron. Lett. 41, 12-13 (2005).

Y. T. Byun, K. S. Choi, Y. M. Jhon, D. H. Woo, S. Lee, S. H. Kim, "Realization of high-speed all-optical or gate using cross-gain modulation," Proc. Symp. Quarterly J. Modern Foreign Literatures 436-437 (2005).

2004

J. H. Kim, B. C. Kim, Y. T. B. Yun, Y. M. J. Hon, "All-optical and gate using cross-gain modulation in semiconductor optical amplifiers," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 608-610 (2004).

2003

A. Reale, P. Lugli, "Modeling nonlinear propagation of optical signals in semiconductor," J. Comput. Electron. 413-416 (2003).

2002

J. H. Kim, "All-optical XOR gate using semiconductor optical amplifiers without additional input beam," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 101-1438 (2002).

2000

T. Fjelde, "Demonstration of 20 Gbit/s all-optical logic XOR in integrated SOA-based interferometric wavelength converter," Electron. Lett. 36, 1863-1864 (2000).

C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, "20 Gb/s all-optical XOR with UNI gate," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1271-1836 (2000).

K. E. Stubkjaer, "Semiconductor optical amplifier-based all-optical gates for high-speed optical processing," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 6, 1428-1435 (2000).

1998

Electron. Lett.

J. Kim, J. Kang, T. Kim, S. Han, "10 Gbit/s all-optical composite logic gates with XOR, NOR, OR and NAND functions using SOA-MZI structures," Electron. Lett. 42, 4-5 (2006).

Electron. Lett.

X. Yang, R. J. Manning, W. Hu, "Simple 40 Gbit/s all-optical XOR gate," Electron. Lett. 46, 222 (2010).

Z. Li, "All-optical logic gates using semiconductor optical amplifier assisted by optical filter," Electron. Lett. 41, 12-13 (2005).

S. Kim, J. Kim, B. Yu, "All-optical NAND gate using cross-gain modulation in semiconductor optical amplifiers," Electron. Lett. 41, 1027-1028 (2005).

T. Fjelde, "Demonstration of 20 Gbit/s all-optical logic XOR in integrated SOA-based interferometric wavelength converter," Electron. Lett. 36, 1863-1864 (2000).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron.

K. E. Stubkjaer, "Semiconductor optical amplifier-based all-optical gates for high-speed optical processing," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 6, 1428-1435 (2000).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

T. R. Zaman, X. Guo, R. J. Ram, "Proposal for a polarization-independent integrated optical circulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1359-1361 (2006).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

L. Lei, Y. Zhang, J. Dong, Y. Yu, X. Zhang, "40-Gb/s 16-ary all-optical logic minterms generation for four-line inputs," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1322-1324 (2011).

C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, "20 Gb/s all-optical XOR with UNI gate," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1271-1836 (2000).

J. H. Kim, "All-optical XOR gate using semiconductor optical amplifiers without additional input beam," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 101-1438 (2002).

J. Comput. Electron.

A. Reale, P. Lugli, "Modeling nonlinear propagation of optical signals in semiconductor," J. Comput. Electron. 413-416 (2003).

J. Lightw. Technol.

Y. Liu, "Error-free all-optical wavelength conversion at 160 gb/s using a semiconductor optical amplifier and an optical bandpass filter," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 230-236 (2006).

J. Lightw. Technol.

J. Xu, X. Zhang, Y. Zhang, J. Dong, D. Liu, D. Huang, "Reconfigurable all-optical logic gates for multi-input differential phase-shift keying signals: Design and experiments," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 5268-5275 (2009).

Y. Liu, "Error-free 320-Gb/s all-optical wavelength conversion using a single semiconductor optical amplifier," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 103-108 (2007).

O. Qasaimeh, "Analytical model for cross-gain modulation and crosstalk in quantum-well semiconductor optical amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 12, 1412-1456 (2008).

J. Quantum Electron.

A. Rostami, H. Baghban, A. Nejad, R. M. Qartavol, H. R. Saghai, "Tb/s optical logic gates based on quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifier," J. Quantum Electron. 46, 354-360 (2010).

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.

J. H. Kim, B. C. Kim, Y. T. B. Yun, Y. M. J. Hon, "All-optical and gate using cross-gain modulation in semiconductor optical amplifiers," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 608-610 (2004).

Opt. Commun.

J. Dong, X. Zhang, J. Xu, D. Huang, "40 Gb/s all-optical logic NOR and OR gates using a semiconductor optical amplifier: Experimental demonstration and theoretical analysis," Opt. Commun. 281, 1710-1715 (2008).

A. Sharaiha, J. Topomondzo, P. Morel, "All-optical logic AND-NOR gate with three inputs based on cross-gain modulation in a semiconductor optical amplifier," Opt. Commun. 265, 322-325 (2006).

Opt. Eng.

J. Zhang, J. Wu, C. Feng, G. Zhou, K. Xu, "40 Gbit/s all-optical logic NOR gate based on a semiconductor optical amplifier and a filter," Opt. Eng. 45, 205-207 (2006).

Opt. Exp.

S. Kumar, A. E. Willner, "Simultaneous four-wave mixing and cross-gain modulation for implementing an all-optical XNOR logic gate using a single SOA.," Opt. Exp. 14, 5092-5097 (2006).

F. Li, T. D. Vo, C. Husko, M. Pelusi, D.-X. Xu, A. Densmore, R. Ma, S. Janz, B. J. Eggleton, D. J. Moss, "All-optical XOR logic gate for 40 Gb/s DPSK signals via FWM in a silicon nanowire.," Opt. Exp. 19, 20364-20371 (2011).

Opt. Lett.

Proc. Symp. Quarterly J. Modern Foreign Literatures

Y. T. Byun, K. S. Choi, Y. M. Jhon, D. H. Woo, S. Lee, S. H. Kim, "Realization of high-speed all-optical or gate using cross-gain modulation," Proc. Symp. Quarterly J. Modern Foreign Literatures 436-437 (2005).

Other

A. Villafranca, M. Cabezón, D. Izquierdo, J. J. Martínez, I. Garcés, "Programmable all-optical logic gates based on semiconductor optical amplifiers," Proc. 13th ICTON (2011).

G. Berrettini, A. Malacarne, P. Ghelfi, "Reconfigurable all-optical logic gate based on a single SOA with improved dynamics," Proc. OFC (2006) pp. 3.

Y. J. Jung, N. Park, "Non-linear optical gate based on auto-correlated cross gain modulation effect in folded Tandem-SOAs," Proc. COIN-NGNCON (2006) pp. 316-318.

A. Sharaiha, A. Hamie, "Cross gain modulation analysis in two cascaded semiconductor optical amplifiers," Proc. 2003 CLEO/Europe (2003) pp. 197.

A. Bogoni, X. Wu, Z. Bakhtiari, S. Nuccio, A. E. Willner, "640 Gb/s all-optical logic functions in a PPLN waveguide," Proc. ECOC (2010) pp. 1-3.

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