Abstract

Dynamic Bandwidth Allocation (DBA) is a major research challenge in the migration of Passive Optical Networks (PON) systems towards Long Reach PON, especially when hybrid WDM/TDM is used (LR WDM/TDM PON). New solutions for Dynamic Bandwidth and Wavelength Assignment (DBWA) are sought to address two main critical issues of such PON systems: how to schedule the transmissions over multiple wavelengths and how to efficiently exploit the bandwidth in presence of long propagation delays of long reach scenarios. In this work, for the first time, we investigate the Multi-thread polling in a LR WDM/TDM PON. Then, we propose a new DBWA scheme, called EFT-partial-VF Multi-threaded, which effectively combines some of the features of, the Earliest Finish Time with Void Filling (EFT-VF) algorithm, with the Multi-thread algorithm. The two proposed solutions, namely the MT algorithm and the EFT-partial-VF Multi-threaded algorithm, provide significant improvement in terms of average delay, if compared with existing algorithms such as the EFT and the EFT-VF. Besides this, we extend the definition of polling cycle to hybrid WDM/TDM PON and we provide a method to calculate it.

© 2013 IEEE

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  1. H. Song, B.-W. Kim, B. Mukherjee, "Long-reach optical access networks: A survey of research challenges, demonstrations, and bandwidth assignment mechanisms," IEEE Commun. Surveys Tutor. 12, 112-123 (2010).
  2. R. P. Davey, P. Healey, I. Hope, P. Watkinson, D. B. Payne, O. Marmur, J. Ruhmann, Y. Zuiderveld, "DWDM reach extension of a GPON to 135 km," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 29-31 (2006).
  3. G. Talli, P. D. Townsend, "DWDM-TDM long-reach PON for next-generation optical access," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2874-2834 (2006).
  4. F. T. An, K. S. Kim, D. Gutierrez, S. Yam, E. (S.-T.) Hu, K. Shrikhande, L. G. Kazovsky, "SUCCESS: A next-generation hybrid WDM/TDM optical access network architecture," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2557-2569 (2004).
  5. J.-H. Yu, B.-W. Kim, N. Kim, "WDM/TDMA Hybrid-PON: Wx-PON system," Proc. ICACT 2009 (2009).
  6. B. Skubic, J. Chen, J. Ahmed, B. Chen, L. Wosinska, B. Mukherjee, "Dynamic bandwidth allocation for long-reach PON: Overcoming performance degradation," IEEE Commun. Mag. 48, 100-108 (2010).
  7. K. Kanonakis, I. Tomkos, "Improving the efficiency of online upstream scheduling and wavelength assignment in hybrid WDM/TDMA EPON networks," J. Select. Areas Commun. 28, 838-848 (2010).
  8. Standard (2004) http://ieee802.org/3/.
  9. B. Kantarci, H. Mouftah, "Bandwidth distribution solutions for performance enhancement in long-reach passive optical networks," IEEE Commun. Surveys Tutor. 14, 714-733 (2011).
  10. M. Lehan, C. M. Assi, M. Maier, A. R. Dhaini, "Resource management in STARGATE-based Ethernet passive optical networks (SG-EPONs)," IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1, 279-293 (2009).
  11. H.-T. Lin, Z.-H. Ho, H.-C. Cheng, W.-R. Chang, "SPON: A slotted long-reach PON architecture for supporting internetworking capability," Proc. MILCOM 2009 (2009).
  12. J. Segarra, V. Sales, J. Prat, "OLT design approach for resilient extended PON with OBS dynamic bandwidth allocation sharing the OLT optical resources," Proc. ICTON 2008 ().
  13. N. Antunes, C. Fricker, P. Robert, J. Roberts, "GATE-driven dynamic wavelength and bandwidth allocation for WDM EPONs," Proc. GLOBECOM 2010 (2010).
  14. H. Song, B.-W. Kim, B. Mukherjee, "Multi-thread polling: A dynamic bandwidth distribution scheme in long-reach PON," Proc. GLOBECOM 2007 (2007).
  15. M. S. Kiaei, L. Meng, C. M. Assi, M. Maier, "Efficient scheduling and grant sizing methods for WDM PONs," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 1922-1931 (2010).
  16. J. Zhang, N. Ansari, "Scheduling hybrid WDM/TDM passive optical networks with nonzero laser tuning time," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 19, 1014-1027 (2011).
  17. G. Kramer, G. Pesavento, B. Mukherjee, "IPACT: A dynamic protocol for an Ethernet PON (EPON)," IEEE Communication Mag. 40, 74-80 (2002).
  18. G. Kramer, DESL User Manual. http://www.glenkramer.com/uc davis/code/desl.html.
  19. K. Tanaka, A. Agata, Y. Horiuchi, "IEEE 802.3av 10 G-EPON standardization and its research and development status," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 651-661 (2010).

2011 (2)

B. Kantarci, H. Mouftah, "Bandwidth distribution solutions for performance enhancement in long-reach passive optical networks," IEEE Commun. Surveys Tutor. 14, 714-733 (2011).

J. Zhang, N. Ansari, "Scheduling hybrid WDM/TDM passive optical networks with nonzero laser tuning time," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 19, 1014-1027 (2011).

2010 (5)

M. S. Kiaei, L. Meng, C. M. Assi, M. Maier, "Efficient scheduling and grant sizing methods for WDM PONs," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 1922-1931 (2010).

K. Tanaka, A. Agata, Y. Horiuchi, "IEEE 802.3av 10 G-EPON standardization and its research and development status," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 651-661 (2010).

B. Skubic, J. Chen, J. Ahmed, B. Chen, L. Wosinska, B. Mukherjee, "Dynamic bandwidth allocation for long-reach PON: Overcoming performance degradation," IEEE Commun. Mag. 48, 100-108 (2010).

K. Kanonakis, I. Tomkos, "Improving the efficiency of online upstream scheduling and wavelength assignment in hybrid WDM/TDMA EPON networks," J. Select. Areas Commun. 28, 838-848 (2010).

H. Song, B.-W. Kim, B. Mukherjee, "Long-reach optical access networks: A survey of research challenges, demonstrations, and bandwidth assignment mechanisms," IEEE Commun. Surveys Tutor. 12, 112-123 (2010).

2009 (1)

M. Lehan, C. M. Assi, M. Maier, A. R. Dhaini, "Resource management in STARGATE-based Ethernet passive optical networks (SG-EPONs)," IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1, 279-293 (2009).

2006 (2)

R. P. Davey, P. Healey, I. Hope, P. Watkinson, D. B. Payne, O. Marmur, J. Ruhmann, Y. Zuiderveld, "DWDM reach extension of a GPON to 135 km," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 29-31 (2006).

G. Talli, P. D. Townsend, "DWDM-TDM long-reach PON for next-generation optical access," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2874-2834 (2006).

2004 (1)

F. T. An, K. S. Kim, D. Gutierrez, S. Yam, E. (S.-T.) Hu, K. Shrikhande, L. G. Kazovsky, "SUCCESS: A next-generation hybrid WDM/TDM optical access network architecture," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2557-2569 (2004).

2002 (1)

G. Kramer, G. Pesavento, B. Mukherjee, "IPACT: A dynamic protocol for an Ethernet PON (EPON)," IEEE Communication Mag. 40, 74-80 (2002).

IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (1)

M. Lehan, C. M. Assi, M. Maier, A. R. Dhaini, "Resource management in STARGATE-based Ethernet passive optical networks (SG-EPONs)," IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1, 279-293 (2009).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

B. Skubic, J. Chen, J. Ahmed, B. Chen, L. Wosinska, B. Mukherjee, "Dynamic bandwidth allocation for long-reach PON: Overcoming performance degradation," IEEE Commun. Mag. 48, 100-108 (2010).

IEEE Commun. Surveys Tutor. (2)

B. Kantarci, H. Mouftah, "Bandwidth distribution solutions for performance enhancement in long-reach passive optical networks," IEEE Commun. Surveys Tutor. 14, 714-733 (2011).

H. Song, B.-W. Kim, B. Mukherjee, "Long-reach optical access networks: A survey of research challenges, demonstrations, and bandwidth assignment mechanisms," IEEE Commun. Surveys Tutor. 12, 112-123 (2010).

IEEE Communication Mag. (1)

G. Kramer, G. Pesavento, B. Mukherjee, "IPACT: A dynamic protocol for an Ethernet PON (EPON)," IEEE Communication Mag. 40, 74-80 (2002).

IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. (1)

J. Zhang, N. Ansari, "Scheduling hybrid WDM/TDM passive optical networks with nonzero laser tuning time," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 19, 1014-1027 (2011).

J. Lightw. Technol. (3)

K. Tanaka, A. Agata, Y. Horiuchi, "IEEE 802.3av 10 G-EPON standardization and its research and development status," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 651-661 (2010).

G. Talli, P. D. Townsend, "DWDM-TDM long-reach PON for next-generation optical access," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2874-2834 (2006).

F. T. An, K. S. Kim, D. Gutierrez, S. Yam, E. (S.-T.) Hu, K. Shrikhande, L. G. Kazovsky, "SUCCESS: A next-generation hybrid WDM/TDM optical access network architecture," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2557-2569 (2004).

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

R. P. Davey, P. Healey, I. Hope, P. Watkinson, D. B. Payne, O. Marmur, J. Ruhmann, Y. Zuiderveld, "DWDM reach extension of a GPON to 135 km," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 29-31 (2006).

M. S. Kiaei, L. Meng, C. M. Assi, M. Maier, "Efficient scheduling and grant sizing methods for WDM PONs," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 1922-1931 (2010).

J. Select. Areas Commun. (1)

K. Kanonakis, I. Tomkos, "Improving the efficiency of online upstream scheduling and wavelength assignment in hybrid WDM/TDMA EPON networks," J. Select. Areas Commun. 28, 838-848 (2010).

Other (7)

Standard (2004) http://ieee802.org/3/.

G. Kramer, DESL User Manual. http://www.glenkramer.com/uc davis/code/desl.html.

J.-H. Yu, B.-W. Kim, N. Kim, "WDM/TDMA Hybrid-PON: Wx-PON system," Proc. ICACT 2009 (2009).

H.-T. Lin, Z.-H. Ho, H.-C. Cheng, W.-R. Chang, "SPON: A slotted long-reach PON architecture for supporting internetworking capability," Proc. MILCOM 2009 (2009).

J. Segarra, V. Sales, J. Prat, "OLT design approach for resilient extended PON with OBS dynamic bandwidth allocation sharing the OLT optical resources," Proc. ICTON 2008 ().

N. Antunes, C. Fricker, P. Robert, J. Roberts, "GATE-driven dynamic wavelength and bandwidth allocation for WDM EPONs," Proc. GLOBECOM 2010 (2010).

H. Song, B.-W. Kim, B. Mukherjee, "Multi-thread polling: A dynamic bandwidth distribution scheme in long-reach PON," Proc. GLOBECOM 2007 (2007).

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