Abstract

The authors report on high-speed, very large-area, visible light photoreceivers suitable for large-core 1 mm polymer optical fibers (POF). The receivers are based on metal-semiconductor-metal photodetectors (MSM-PD) grown on gallium-arsenide (GaAs) substrate. Three active diameters of ∅1000 μm, ∅700 μm and ∅400 μm were fabricated in order to meet the requirements of the following three specific POF applications.The first photoreceiver was designed to characterize the bandwidth of 1 mm POF. For that reason the receiver has an active diameter of ∅1000 μm to detect all modes at the end of the fiber. With this receiver the frequency response of 1 mm graded-index (GI-) POF was measured up to 12 GHz.The ∅700 μm photoreceiver was designed for high-speed data transmission. Due to the large active area there is no need for an optical concentrator and the 1 mm POF can simply be butt-coupled to the receiver. With this receiver a novel real-time transmission of 10 Gb/s over up to 20 m GI-POF using simple non return to zero (NRZ) modulation is presented.For data rates beyond 10 Gb/s the ∅400 μm photoreceiver with a 3-dB bandwidth of 11 GHz was designed. A record bit rate of 32 Gb/s was transmitted with this receiver over large-core 1 mm polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) GI-POF.These achieved results are by far the best reported values for large-area visible light photoreceivers.

© 2013 IEEE

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  1. C. Gimeno, C. Aldea, S. Celma, F. Aznar, "A cost-effective 1.25 Gb/s CMOS receiver for 50 m large-core SI-POF links," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 485-487 (2012).
  2. F. Ho, W. Hung, S. Cheng, T. Choi, S. Yau, G. Egnisaban, E. Wong, T. Mangente, T. Wipiejewski, "Small size fiber optic modules based on plastic packaging technology for gigabit speed video link applications," Proc. 56th Electronic Components Technology Conf. (2006) pp. 1001-1007.
  3. A. Marchlewski, H. Zimmermann, "High-Speed pof receivers," Proc. 4th WSEAS Int. Conf. Electromagnetics, Wireless and Optical Comμnications (2006).
  4. M. Atef, R. Swoboda, H. Zimmermann, "1.25 Gbit/s over 50 m step-index plastic optical fiber using a fully integrated optical receiver with an integrated equalizer," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 118-122 (2012).
  5. F. Aznar, C. Sánchez-Azqueta, S. Celma, B. Calvo, "Gigabit receiver over 1-mm SI-POF for home area networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 2668-2674 (2012).
  6. Y. Dong, K. Martin, "A monolithic 3.125 Gbps fiber optic receiver front-end for POF applications in 65 nm CMOS," Proc. IEEE Custom Integrated Circuits Conf. (2011) pp. 1-4.
  7. M. Lang, W. Bronner, W. Benz, M. Ludwig, V. Hurm, G. Kaufel, A. Leuther, J. Rosenzweig, M. Schlechtweg, "Complete monolithic integrated 2.5 Gbit/s optoelectronic receiver with large area MSM photodiode for 850 nm wavelength," Electron. Lett. 37, 1247-1249 (2001).
  8. J. G. Graeme, Photodiode Amplifiers: Op amp Solutions (McGraw-Hill Professional, 1995).
  9. D. L. Rogers, "Integrated optical receivers using MSM detectors," J. Lightw. Technol. 9, 1635-1638 (1991).
  10. V. Krishnaμrthy, M. C. Hargis, M. R. Melloch, "A 4-GHz large-area (160 000 mm2) MSM-PD on ITG-GaAs," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 71-73 (2000).

2012 (3)

C. Gimeno, C. Aldea, S. Celma, F. Aznar, "A cost-effective 1.25 Gb/s CMOS receiver for 50 m large-core SI-POF links," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 485-487 (2012).

M. Atef, R. Swoboda, H. Zimmermann, "1.25 Gbit/s over 50 m step-index plastic optical fiber using a fully integrated optical receiver with an integrated equalizer," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 118-122 (2012).

F. Aznar, C. Sánchez-Azqueta, S. Celma, B. Calvo, "Gigabit receiver over 1-mm SI-POF for home area networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 2668-2674 (2012).

2001 (1)

M. Lang, W. Bronner, W. Benz, M. Ludwig, V. Hurm, G. Kaufel, A. Leuther, J. Rosenzweig, M. Schlechtweg, "Complete monolithic integrated 2.5 Gbit/s optoelectronic receiver with large area MSM photodiode for 850 nm wavelength," Electron. Lett. 37, 1247-1249 (2001).

2000 (1)

V. Krishnaμrthy, M. C. Hargis, M. R. Melloch, "A 4-GHz large-area (160 000 mm2) MSM-PD on ITG-GaAs," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 71-73 (2000).

1991 (1)

D. L. Rogers, "Integrated optical receivers using MSM detectors," J. Lightw. Technol. 9, 1635-1638 (1991).

Electron. Lett. (1)

M. Lang, W. Bronner, W. Benz, M. Ludwig, V. Hurm, G. Kaufel, A. Leuther, J. Rosenzweig, M. Schlechtweg, "Complete monolithic integrated 2.5 Gbit/s optoelectronic receiver with large area MSM photodiode for 850 nm wavelength," Electron. Lett. 37, 1247-1249 (2001).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

V. Krishnaμrthy, M. C. Hargis, M. R. Melloch, "A 4-GHz large-area (160 000 mm2) MSM-PD on ITG-GaAs," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 71-73 (2000).

C. Gimeno, C. Aldea, S. Celma, F. Aznar, "A cost-effective 1.25 Gb/s CMOS receiver for 50 m large-core SI-POF links," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 485-487 (2012).

J. Lightw. Technol. (3)

M. Atef, R. Swoboda, H. Zimmermann, "1.25 Gbit/s over 50 m step-index plastic optical fiber using a fully integrated optical receiver with an integrated equalizer," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 118-122 (2012).

F. Aznar, C. Sánchez-Azqueta, S. Celma, B. Calvo, "Gigabit receiver over 1-mm SI-POF for home area networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 2668-2674 (2012).

D. L. Rogers, "Integrated optical receivers using MSM detectors," J. Lightw. Technol. 9, 1635-1638 (1991).

Other (4)

J. G. Graeme, Photodiode Amplifiers: Op amp Solutions (McGraw-Hill Professional, 1995).

Y. Dong, K. Martin, "A monolithic 3.125 Gbps fiber optic receiver front-end for POF applications in 65 nm CMOS," Proc. IEEE Custom Integrated Circuits Conf. (2011) pp. 1-4.

F. Ho, W. Hung, S. Cheng, T. Choi, S. Yau, G. Egnisaban, E. Wong, T. Mangente, T. Wipiejewski, "Small size fiber optic modules based on plastic packaging technology for gigabit speed video link applications," Proc. 56th Electronic Components Technology Conf. (2006) pp. 1001-1007.

A. Marchlewski, H. Zimmermann, "High-Speed pof receivers," Proc. 4th WSEAS Int. Conf. Electromagnetics, Wireless and Optical Comμnications (2006).

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