Abstract

We perform a comprehensive study on the implementation of active harmonic and rational harmonic mode-locking of a fiber optical parametric oscillator (FOPO). In particular, the effect of pump parameters and cavity designs on the characteristics of the generated pulses are analyzed. Two methods of frequency μltiplication in FOPOs are discussed and compared and we show that we can generate optical pulses with very high-repetition-rate (up to 240 GHz) using rational harmonic mode-locking. We find that optical pulses with short duration can be obtained using pump pulses with small duty cycle, large pump power, and an intra-cavity optical filter with proper bandwidth. In addition, optical pulses with low root-mean-square timing jitter are achievable when no pump phase modulation is applied and hybrid gain of erbium-doped fiber amplifier and parametric amplifier is used. High supermode noise suppression ratio is achieved by taking advantage of the fast parametric gain and the combined effect of self-phase modulation and spectral filtering. We conclude that synchronous-pumping of an actively mode-locked FOPO offers many advantages in terms of reducing the cavity loss, increasing the modulation frequency, enabling rational harmonic mode-locking, and applications to all-optical clock recovery.

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  6. B. Bakhshi, P. Andrekson, "40 GHz actively modelocked polarisation maintaining erbium fibre ring laser," Electron. Lett. 36, 411-413 (2000).
  7. K. Vlachos, C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, H. Avramopoulos, "Ultrafast semiconductor-based fiber laser sources," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 10, 147-154 (2004).
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  16. M. E. Marhic, K. K. Y. Wong, L. G. Kazovsky, "Wide-band tuning of the gain spectra of one-pump fiber optical parametric amplifiers," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 10, 1133-1141 (2004).
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  23. Y. Deng, Q. Lin, F. Lu, G. P. Agrawal, W. H. Knox, "Broadly tunable femtosecond parametric oscillator using a photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 30, 1234-1236 (2005).
  24. J. E. Sharping, M. A. Foster, A. L. Gaeta, J. Lasri, O. Lyngnes, K. Vogel, "Octave-spanning, high-power microstructure-fiber-based optical parametric oscillators," Opt. Express 15, 1474-1479 (2007).
  25. G. K. L. Wong, S. G. μrdoch, R. Leonhardt, J. D. Harvey, V. Marie, "High-conversion-efficiency widely-tunable all-fiber optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Exp. 15, 2947-2952 (2007).
  26. Y. Q. Xu, S. G. μrdoch, R. Leonhardt, J. D. Harvey, "Raman-assisted continuous-wave tunable all-fiber optical parametric oscillator," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 26, 1351-1356 (2009).
  27. A. Gershikov, E. Shumakher, A. Willinger, G. Eisenstein, "Fiber parametric oscillator for the 2 $\μ{\rm m}$ wavelength range based on narrowband optical parametric amplification," Opt. Lett. 35, 3198-3200 (2010).
  28. J. E. Sharping, C. Pailo, C. Gu, L. Kiani, J. R. Sanborn, "Microstructure fiber optical parametric oscillator with femtosecond output in the 1200 to 1350 nm wavelength range," Opt. Exp. 18, 3911-3916 (2010).
  29. Y. Zhou, K. K. Y. Cheung, S. Yang, P. C. Chui, K. K. Y. Wong, "A time-dispersion-tuned picosecond fiber-optical parametric oscillator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1223-1225 (2009).
  30. Y. Zhou, K. K. Y. Cheung, S. Yang, P. C. Chui, K. K. Y. Wong, "Ultra-widely tunable, narrow linewidth picosecond fiber-optical parametric oscillator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1756-1758 (2010).
  31. B. P. P. Kuo, N. Alic, P. F. Wysocki, S. Radic, "Siμltaneous wavelength-swept generation in NIR and SWIR bands over combined 329-nm band using swept-pump fiber optical parametric oscillator," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 410-416 (2011).
  32. C. Gu, H. Wei, S. Chen, W. Tong, J. E. Sharping, "Fiber optical parametric oscillator for sub-50 fs pulse generation: Optimization of fiber length," Opt. Lett. 35, 3516-3518 (2010).
  33. S. Yang, Y. Zhou, J. Li, K. K. Y. Wong, "Actively mode-locked fiber optical parametric oscillator," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 15, 393-398 (2009).
  34. S. Yang, K. K. Y. Cheung, Y. Zhou, K. K. Y. Wong, "Dispersion-tuned harmonically mode-locked fiber-optical parametric oscillator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 580-582 (2010).
  35. J. Lasri, P. Devgan, R. Tang, J. E. Sharping, P. Kumar, "A microstructure-fiber-based 10-GHz synchronized tunable optical parametric oscillator in the 1550-nm regime," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1058-1060 (2003).
  36. P. S. Devgan, J. Lasri, R. Tang, V. S. Grigoryan, W. L. Kath, P. Kumar, "10-GHz dispersion-managed soliton fiber-optical parametric oscillator using regenerative mode locking," Opt. Lett. 30, 528-530 (2005).
  37. J. Lasri, P. Devgan, R. Tang, V. S. Grigoryan, W. L. Kath, P. Kumar, "Regeneratively modelocked dual-wavelength soliton-pulse fibre-optical parametric oscillator in C-and L-bands," Electron. Lett. 40, 622-623 (2004).
  38. J. Li, T. Huang, L. R. Chen, "Rational harmonic mode-locking of a fiber optical parametric oscillator at 30 GHz," IEEE Photonics J. 3, 468-475 (2011).
  39. J. Li, T. Huang, L. R. Chen, "40–200 GHz pulse train generation in a mode-locked fiber optical parametric oscillator," Proc. IEEE Photonics Conf. (2011) pp. 883-884.
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  42. C. Gu, C. Goulart, J. E. Sharping, "Cross-phase-modulation-induced spectral effects in high-efficiency picosecond fiber optical parametric oscillators," Opt. Lett. 36, 1488-1490 (2011).
  43. R. Paschotta, "Timing jitter and phase noise of mode-locked fiber lasers," Opt. Exp. 18, 5041-5054 (2010).
  44. Y. Su, L. Wang, A. Agrawal, P. Kumar, "All-optical limiter using gain flattened fibre parametric amplifier," Electron. Lett. 36, 1103-1105 (2000).
  45. M. Nakazawa, K. Taμra, E. Yoshida, "Supermode noise suppression in a harmonically modelocked fibre laser by selfphase modulation and spectral filtering," Electron. Lett. 32, 461-463 (1996).
  46. A. μssot, A. Durecu-Legrand, E. Lantz, C. Simonneau, D. Bayart, H. Maillotte, T. Sylvestre, "Impact of pump phase modulation on the gain of fiber optical parametric amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1289-1291 (2004).
  47. J. Li, T. Huang, L. R. Chen, "Detailed analysis of all-optical clock recovery at 10 Gb/s based on a fiber optical parametric oscillator," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 18, 701-708 (2012).
  48. K. K. Gupta, N. Onodera, K. S. Abedin, M. Hyodo, "Pulse repetition frequency μltiplication via intracavity optical filtering in AM mode-locked fiber ring lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 284-286 (2002).
  49. G. Zhu, H. Chen, N. Dutta, "Time domain analysis of a rational harmonic mode locked ring fiber laser," J. Appl. Phys. 90, 2143-2147 (2001).
  50. G. Contestabile, M. Presi, R. Proietti, N. Calabretta, E. Ciaramella, "A simple and low-power optical limiter for μlti-GHz pulse trains," Opt. Exp. 15, 9849-9858 (2007).
  51. C. G. Lee, Y. J. Kim, H. K. Choi, C. S. Park, "Pulse-amplitude equalization in a rational harmonic mode-locked semiconductor ring laser using optical feedback," Opt. Comμn. 209, 417-425 (2002).
  52. M. Y. Jeon, H. K. Lee, J. T. Ahn, D. S. Lim, H. Y. Kim, K. H. Kim, E. H. Lee, "External fibre laser based pulse amplitude equalisation scheme for rational harmonic modelocking in a ring-type fibre laser," Electron. Lett. 34, 182-184 (1998).
  53. E. Yoshida, M. Nakazawa, "80~200 GHz erbium doped fibre laser using a rational harmonic mode-locking technique," Electron. Lett. 32, 1370-1372 (1996).
  54. J. Li, T. Huang, L. R. Chen, "Wavelength tunable all-optical clock recovery at 40 Gb/s based on a fiber optical parametric oscillator," IEEE Photonics Conf. (2011) pp. 228-229.
  55. J. Li, L. R. Chen, "Tunable and reconfigurable μltiwavelength fiber optical parametric oscillator with 25 GHz spacing," Opt. Lett. 35, 1872-1874 (2010).

2012 (2)

T. Richter, E. Palushani, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, L. Molle, M. Nölle, C. Schubert, "Transmission of single-channel 16-QAM data signals at terabaud symbol rates," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 504-511 (2012).

J. Li, T. Huang, L. R. Chen, "Detailed analysis of all-optical clock recovery at 10 Gb/s based on a fiber optical parametric oscillator," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 18, 701-708 (2012).

2011 (3)

J. Li, T. Huang, L. R. Chen, "Rational harmonic mode-locking of a fiber optical parametric oscillator at 30 GHz," IEEE Photonics J. 3, 468-475 (2011).

C. Gu, C. Goulart, J. E. Sharping, "Cross-phase-modulation-induced spectral effects in high-efficiency picosecond fiber optical parametric oscillators," Opt. Lett. 36, 1488-1490 (2011).

B. P. P. Kuo, N. Alic, P. F. Wysocki, S. Radic, "Siμltaneous wavelength-swept generation in NIR and SWIR bands over combined 329-nm band using swept-pump fiber optical parametric oscillator," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 410-416 (2011).

2010 (10)

C. Gu, H. Wei, S. Chen, W. Tong, J. E. Sharping, "Fiber optical parametric oscillator for sub-50 fs pulse generation: Optimization of fiber length," Opt. Lett. 35, 3516-3518 (2010).

Y. Zhou, K. K. Y. Cheung, S. Yang, P. C. Chui, K. K. Y. Wong, "Ultra-widely tunable, narrow linewidth picosecond fiber-optical parametric oscillator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1756-1758 (2010).

S. Yang, K. K. Y. Cheung, Y. Zhou, K. K. Y. Wong, "Dispersion-tuned harmonically mode-locked fiber-optical parametric oscillator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 580-582 (2010).

R. Paschotta, "Timing jitter and phase noise of mode-locked fiber lasers," Opt. Exp. 18, 5041-5054 (2010).

J. Boggio, S. Moro, B. Kuo, N. Alic, B. Stossel, S. Radic, "Tunable parametric all-fiber short-wavelength IR transmitter," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 443-447 (2010).

L. Lavoute, J. C. Knight, P. Dupriez, W. J. Wadsworth, "High power red and near-IR generation using four wave mixing in all integrated fibre laser systems," Opt. Exp. 18, 16193-16205 (2010).

J. E. Sharping, C. Pailo, C. Gu, L. Kiani, J. R. Sanborn, "Microstructure fiber optical parametric oscillator with femtosecond output in the 1200 to 1350 nm wavelength range," Opt. Exp. 18, 3911-3916 (2010).

J. Li, L. R. Chen, "Tunable and reconfigurable μltiwavelength fiber optical parametric oscillator with 25 GHz spacing," Opt. Lett. 35, 1872-1874 (2010).

T. Cai, L. R. Chen, "40-80-160 GHz tunable mode-locked semiconductor fiber laser incorporating a nonlinear optical loop mirror," Opt. Express 18, 18113-18118 (2010).

A. Gershikov, E. Shumakher, A. Willinger, G. Eisenstein, "Fiber parametric oscillator for the 2 $\μ{\rm m}$ wavelength range based on narrowband optical parametric amplification," Opt. Lett. 35, 3198-3200 (2010).

2009 (3)

Y. Q. Xu, S. G. μrdoch, R. Leonhardt, J. D. Harvey, "Raman-assisted continuous-wave tunable all-fiber optical parametric oscillator," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 26, 1351-1356 (2009).

Y. Zhou, K. K. Y. Cheung, S. Yang, P. C. Chui, K. K. Y. Wong, "A time-dispersion-tuned picosecond fiber-optical parametric oscillator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1223-1225 (2009).

S. Yang, Y. Zhou, J. Li, K. K. Y. Wong, "Actively mode-locked fiber optical parametric oscillator," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 15, 393-398 (2009).

2008 (2)

J. E. Sharping, "Microstructure fiber based optical parametric oscillators," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2184-2191 (2008).

L. R. Chen, J. C. Cartledge, "Mode-locking in a semiconductor fiber laser using cross-absorption modulation in an electroabsorption modulator and application to all-optical clock recovery," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 799-806 (2008).

2007 (4)

T. Torounidis, P. Andrekson, "Broadband single-pumped fiber-optic parametric amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 650-652 (2007).

J. E. Sharping, M. A. Foster, A. L. Gaeta, J. Lasri, O. Lyngnes, K. Vogel, "Octave-spanning, high-power microstructure-fiber-based optical parametric oscillators," Opt. Express 15, 1474-1479 (2007).

G. Contestabile, M. Presi, R. Proietti, N. Calabretta, E. Ciaramella, "A simple and low-power optical limiter for μlti-GHz pulse trains," Opt. Exp. 15, 9849-9858 (2007).

G. K. L. Wong, S. G. μrdoch, R. Leonhardt, J. D. Harvey, V. Marie, "High-conversion-efficiency widely-tunable all-fiber optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Exp. 15, 2947-2952 (2007).

2006 (3)

P. J. Delfyett, S. Gee, M. T. Choi, H. Izadpanah, W. Lee, S. Ozharar, F. Quinlan, T. Yilmaz, "Optical frequency combs from semiconductor lasers and applications in ultrawideband signal processing and comμnications," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2701-2719 (2006).

S. J. B. Yoo, "Optical packet and burst switching technologies for the future photonic internet," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4468-4492 (2006).

T. Torounidis, P. A. Andrekson, B. E. Olsson, "Fiber-optical parametric amplifier with 70-dB gain," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1194-1196 (2006).

2005 (4)

A. Y. H. Chen, G. K. L. Wong, S. G. μrdoch, R. Leonhardt, J. D. Harvey, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. S. J. Russell, "Widely tunable optical parametric generation in a photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 30, 762-764 (2005).

P. S. Devgan, J. Lasri, R. Tang, V. S. Grigoryan, W. L. Kath, P. Kumar, "10-GHz dispersion-managed soliton fiber-optical parametric oscillator using regenerative mode locking," Opt. Lett. 30, 528-530 (2005).

T. Torounidis, M. Karlsson, P. A. Andrekson, "Fiber optical parametric amplifier pulse source: Theory and experiments," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 4067-4073 (2005).

Y. Deng, Q. Lin, F. Lu, G. P. Agrawal, W. H. Knox, "Broadly tunable femtosecond parametric oscillator using a photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 30, 1234-1236 (2005).

2004 (4)

A. μssot, A. Durecu-Legrand, E. Lantz, C. Simonneau, D. Bayart, H. Maillotte, T. Sylvestre, "Impact of pump phase modulation on the gain of fiber optical parametric amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1289-1291 (2004).

J. Lasri, P. Devgan, R. Tang, V. S. Grigoryan, W. L. Kath, P. Kumar, "Regeneratively modelocked dual-wavelength soliton-pulse fibre-optical parametric oscillator in C-and L-bands," Electron. Lett. 40, 622-623 (2004).

M. E. Marhic, K. K. Y. Wong, L. G. Kazovsky, "Wide-band tuning of the gain spectra of one-pump fiber optical parametric amplifiers," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 10, 1133-1141 (2004).

K. Vlachos, C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, H. Avramopoulos, "Ultrafast semiconductor-based fiber laser sources," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 10, 147-154 (2004).

2003 (2)

J. D. Harvey, R. Leonhardt, S. Coen, G. K. L. Wong, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. S. J. Russell, "Scalar modulation instability in the normal dispersion regime by use of a photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 28, 2225-2227 (2003).

J. Lasri, P. Devgan, R. Tang, J. E. Sharping, P. Kumar, "A microstructure-fiber-based 10-GHz synchronized tunable optical parametric oscillator in the 1550-nm regime," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1058-1060 (2003).

2002 (4)

K. K. Gupta, N. Onodera, K. S. Abedin, M. Hyodo, "Pulse repetition frequency μltiplication via intracavity optical filtering in AM mode-locked fiber ring lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 284-286 (2002).

C. J. McKinstrie, S. Radic, A. Chraplyvy, "Parametric amplifiers driven by two pump waves," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 8, 538-547 (2002).

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, P. O. Hedekvist, "Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 8, 506-520 (2002).

C. G. Lee, Y. J. Kim, H. K. Choi, C. S. Park, "Pulse-amplitude equalization in a rational harmonic mode-locked semiconductor ring laser using optical feedback," Opt. Comμn. 209, 417-425 (2002).

2001 (1)

G. Zhu, H. Chen, N. Dutta, "Time domain analysis of a rational harmonic mode locked ring fiber laser," J. Appl. Phys. 90, 2143-2147 (2001).

2000 (5)

Y. Su, L. Wang, A. Agrawal, P. Kumar, "All-optical limiter using gain flattened fibre parametric amplifier," Electron. Lett. 36, 1103-1105 (2000).

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, "A 40-GHz 850-fs regeneratively FM mode-locked polarization-maintaining erbium fiber ring laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1613-1615 (2000).

B. Bakhshi, P. Andrekson, "40 GHz actively modelocked polarisation maintaining erbium fibre ring laser," Electron. Lett. 36, 411-413 (2000).

M. Shirane, Y. Hashimoto, H. Yamada, H. Yokoyama, "A compact optical sampling measurement system using mode-locked laser-diode modules," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1537-1539 (2000).

H. A. Haus, "Mode-locking of lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 6, 1173-1185 (2000).

1998 (1)

M. Y. Jeon, H. K. Lee, J. T. Ahn, D. S. Lim, H. Y. Kim, K. H. Kim, E. H. Lee, "External fibre laser based pulse amplitude equalisation scheme for rational harmonic modelocking in a ring-type fibre laser," Electron. Lett. 34, 182-184 (1998).

1996 (3)

E. Yoshida, M. Nakazawa, "80~200 GHz erbium doped fibre laser using a rational harmonic mode-locking technique," Electron. Lett. 32, 1370-1372 (1996).

M. E. Marhic, Y. Park, F. S. Yang, L. G. Kazovsky, "Broadband fiber-optical parametric amplifiers and wavelength converters with low-ripple Chebyshev gain spectra," Opt. Lett. 21, 1354-1356 (1996).

M. Nakazawa, K. Taμra, E. Yoshida, "Supermode noise suppression in a harmonically modelocked fibre laser by selfphase modulation and spectral filtering," Electron. Lett. 32, 461-463 (1996).

Electron. Lett. (2)

B. Bakhshi, P. Andrekson, "40 GHz actively modelocked polarisation maintaining erbium fibre ring laser," Electron. Lett. 36, 411-413 (2000).

J. Lasri, P. Devgan, R. Tang, V. S. Grigoryan, W. L. Kath, P. Kumar, "Regeneratively modelocked dual-wavelength soliton-pulse fibre-optical parametric oscillator in C-and L-bands," Electron. Lett. 40, 622-623 (2004).

Electron. Lett. (4)

Y. Su, L. Wang, A. Agrawal, P. Kumar, "All-optical limiter using gain flattened fibre parametric amplifier," Electron. Lett. 36, 1103-1105 (2000).

M. Nakazawa, K. Taμra, E. Yoshida, "Supermode noise suppression in a harmonically modelocked fibre laser by selfphase modulation and spectral filtering," Electron. Lett. 32, 461-463 (1996).

M. Y. Jeon, H. K. Lee, J. T. Ahn, D. S. Lim, H. Y. Kim, K. H. Kim, E. H. Lee, "External fibre laser based pulse amplitude equalisation scheme for rational harmonic modelocking in a ring-type fibre laser," Electron. Lett. 34, 182-184 (1998).

E. Yoshida, M. Nakazawa, "80~200 GHz erbium doped fibre laser using a rational harmonic mode-locking technique," Electron. Lett. 32, 1370-1372 (1996).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

A. μssot, A. Durecu-Legrand, E. Lantz, C. Simonneau, D. Bayart, H. Maillotte, T. Sylvestre, "Impact of pump phase modulation on the gain of fiber optical parametric amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1289-1291 (2004).

J. Lasri, P. Devgan, R. Tang, J. E. Sharping, P. Kumar, "A microstructure-fiber-based 10-GHz synchronized tunable optical parametric oscillator in the 1550-nm regime," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1058-1060 (2003).

IEEE Photonics J. (1)

J. Li, T. Huang, L. R. Chen, "Rational harmonic mode-locking of a fiber optical parametric oscillator at 30 GHz," IEEE Photonics J. 3, 468-475 (2011).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, P. O. Hedekvist, "Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 8, 506-520 (2002).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

K. Vlachos, C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, H. Avramopoulos, "Ultrafast semiconductor-based fiber laser sources," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 10, 147-154 (2004).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (5)

C. J. McKinstrie, S. Radic, A. Chraplyvy, "Parametric amplifiers driven by two pump waves," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 8, 538-547 (2002).

M. E. Marhic, K. K. Y. Wong, L. G. Kazovsky, "Wide-band tuning of the gain spectra of one-pump fiber optical parametric amplifiers," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 10, 1133-1141 (2004).

S. Yang, Y. Zhou, J. Li, K. K. Y. Wong, "Actively mode-locked fiber optical parametric oscillator," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 15, 393-398 (2009).

J. Li, T. Huang, L. R. Chen, "Detailed analysis of all-optical clock recovery at 10 Gb/s based on a fiber optical parametric oscillator," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 18, 701-708 (2012).

H. A. Haus, "Mode-locking of lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 6, 1173-1185 (2000).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

S. Yang, K. K. Y. Cheung, Y. Zhou, K. K. Y. Wong, "Dispersion-tuned harmonically mode-locked fiber-optical parametric oscillator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 580-582 (2010).

Y. Zhou, K. K. Y. Cheung, S. Yang, P. C. Chui, K. K. Y. Wong, "Ultra-widely tunable, narrow linewidth picosecond fiber-optical parametric oscillator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1756-1758 (2010).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

T. Torounidis, P. Andrekson, "Broadband single-pumped fiber-optic parametric amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 650-652 (2007).

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